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lndan men golamez sammelan

golamez sammelan 1930 se 1932 ee. ke bich lndan men ayojit hua. is sammelan ka ayojan tatkalin vaisaray lard irvin ki 31 agast, 1929 ee. ki ghoshana ke adhar par hua tha. is sammelan men lard irvin ne saiman kamishan ki riport prakashit ho jane ke uparant bharat ke naye snvidhan ki rachana ke lie lndan men 'golamez sammelan' ka prastav rakha.

sammelan ka ayojan

saiman kamishan ke sabhi sadasy angrez the, jisase bharatiyon men tivr asntosh utpann ho gaya. isi asntosh ko door karane ke abhipray se is sammelan ka ayojan kiya gaya tha. 1929 ee. men bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke lahaur adhiveshan men pndit javahar lal neharoo ne adhyaksh pad se spasht ghoshana ki thi ki bharatavasiyon ka lakshy poorn svatntrata hai aur kangres ka golamez sammelan men bhag lena vyarth hoga. 6 aprail, 1930 ee. ko mahatma gandhi ne savinay avgya andolan arambh kiya aur usake ek mas ke uparant hi saiman kamishan ki riport prakashit huee. bharat sarakar ne aaurdinens raj lagoo karake kathor damananiti ka ashray liya aur mahatma gandhi sahit kangres ke sabhi netaon ko jel men bnd kar diya. isase yadyapi andolan prakat roop men to shant ho gaya lekin apratyaksh roop se usaki agni sulagati hi rahi. nirantar badhate hue asntosh ko door karane ke lie hi navambar, 1931 ee. men lndan men 'golamez sammelan' ka ayojan hua, jisamen bharat aur inglaind ke sabhi rajanitik dalon ke pratinidhiyon ko amntrit kiya gaya. is sammelan ki adhyakshata inglaind ke tatkalin pradhanamntri raimze maikdonald ne ki aur tin sammelan ayojit kiye-

  1. pratham golamez sammelan - 12 sitambar, 1930 ee. se 29 janavari, 1931 ee. tak
  2. dvitiy golamez sammelan - 7 sitambar, 1930 ee. se 2 disambar, 1931 ee. tak
  3. tritiy golamez sammelan - 17 navambar, 1932 ee. se 24 disambar, 1932 ee. tak

pratham sammelan

pratham sammelan men bharatiy rashtriy kangres ne apana koee pratinidhi nahin bheja tha. is sammelan se itana labh hua ki british sarakar ne is pratibndh ke sath kendr aur pranton ki vidhanasabhaon ko shasan sambandhi uttaradayitv saunpana svikar kar liya ki kendriy vidhanamndal ka gathan british bharat tatha deshi rajyon ke sambandh ke adhar par ho.

dvitiy sammelan

dvitiy sammelan men mahatma gandhi ne kangres ke ekamatr pratinidhi banakar bhag liya. isamen mukhy roop se sampradayik pratinidhitv ke adhar par siton ke bntavare ke jatil prashn par vichar-vinimay hota raha. kintu is prashn par paraspar mataiky n ho saka, kyonki musalaman pratinidhiyon ko aisa vishvas ho gaya tha ki hinduon se samajhauta karane ki apeksha angrezon se unhen adhik siten prapt ho sakengi. is gatirodh ka labh uthakar pradhanamntri raimze maikadonald ne sampradayik nirnay ki ghoshana ki, jisamen keval many alpasakhyakon ko hi nahin, balki hinduon ke dalit varg ko bhi alag pratinidhitv dene ki vyavastha thi.

tritiy sammelan

tritiy golamez sammelan men bharatiy snvaidhanik pragati ke kuchh siddhanton par sabhi log sahamat ho ge. jinhen ek shvetapatr ke roop men british snsad ke donon sadanon ki snyukt pravar samiti ke sammukh rakha gaya. yahi shvetapatr age chalakar 1933 ee. ke 'gavarnament aauf indiya ekt' (bharatiy shasan vidhan) ka adhar bana.


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bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 136 |

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