रानी की वाव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rani ki vav
rani ki vav
vivaran 'rani ki vav' ek bhoomigat snrachana hai, jisamen sidhiyon ki ek shrrinkhala, chaude chabootare, mndap aur divaron par moortiyan bani hain.
rajy gujarat
zila patan
nirmata rani udayamati
nirman kal varsh 1063
bhaugolik sthiti 23° 51′ 32.11″ uttar, 72° 6′ 5.83″ poorv
prasiddhi vishv virasat sthal soochi men shamil[1]
any janakari rani ki vav ko rani udayamati ne apane pati raja bhimadev ki yad men banavaya tha. raja bhimadev gujarat ke solnki rajavnsh ke snsthapak the.
adyatan‎

rani ki vav (angrezi:Rani ki vav) bharat ke gujarat rajy ke patan zile men sthit prasiddh bavadi (sidhidar kuan) hai. 23 joon, 2014 ko ise yoonesko ke vishv virasat sthal men sammilit kiya gaya.[1] bavadi men bani bahut-si kalakritiyon ki moortiyon men jyadatar bhagavan vishnu se snbndhit hain. bhagavan vishnu ke dashavatar ke roop men hi bavadi men moortiyon ka nirman kiya gaya hai, jiname mukhy roop se kalki, ram, krishna, narasimha, vaman, varahi aur dusare mukhy avatar bhi shamil hain. isake sath-sath bavadi men nagakanya aur yogini jaisi sundar apsaraon ki kalakritiyan bhi banayi gayi hain. bavadi ki kalakritiyon ko adbhut aur akarshit roop men banaya gaya hai.

itihas

rani ki vav ko rani udayamati ne apane pati raja bhimadev ki yad men varsh 1063 ee. men banavaya tha. raja bhimadev gujarat ke solnki rajavnsh ke snsthapak the. bhoogarbhiy badalavon ke karan ane vali badh aur lupt huee sarasvati nadi ke karan yah bahumooly dharohar takariban 700 salon tak gad ki paraton tale dabi rahi. bad men bharatiy puratatv vibhag ne ise khoja. vav ke khnbhe solnki vnsh aur usake arkitekchar ke nayab namoone hain. vav ki divaron aur khnbhon par jyadatar nakkashiyan ram, vaman, mahishasuramardini, kalki jaise avataron ke kee roopon men bhagavan vishnu ko samarpit hain. is vav men ek chhota dvar bhi hai, jahan se 30 kilomitar lambi surng nikalati hai. rani ki vav aisi ikalauti bavadi hai, jo vishv dharohar soochi men shamil huee hai.[2]

vishv virasat sthal

gujarat ki aitihasik, kala v sanskritik mahatv vali patan ki khoobasoorat rani ki vav ab vishv virasat sthal ban gee hai. yah gujarat ke lie gaurav ki bat hai. isase pahale varsh 2004 men pnchamahal zile men sthit chanpaner-pavagadh kile ko bhi yoonesko vishv virasat soochi men shamil kar chuka hai. katar desh ki rajadhani doha men jari snyukt rashtr, shaikshik, vaigyanik aur sanskritik sngathan (yoonesko) ki vishv virasat samiti ke 38ven satr men 23 joon, 2014 ko yah ghoshana ki gee. bharat ke gujarat rajy ke patan zile men sthit "rani ki vav" ko vishv virasat ki nee soochi men shamil kie jane ka aupacharik ailan kar diya gaya. 11vin sadi men nirmit is vav ko yoonesko ki vishv virasat samiti ne bharat men sthit sabhi vav (stepavel) ki rani ka bhi khitab diya hai.[3]

visheshataen

  • yah bavadi ek bhoomigat snrachana hai jisamen sidhiyon ki ek shrrinkhala, chaude chabootare, mndap aur divaron par moortiyan bani hain jisake jariye gahare pani men utara ja sakata hai. yah sat mnjila bavadi hai jisamen panch nikas dvar hai aur isamen bani 800 se jyada moortiyan aj bhi maujood hain. yah bavadi bharatiy puratatv sarvekshan ke tahat snrakshit smarak hai.
  • rani ki vav ko jal prabndhan pranali men bhoojal snsadhanon ke upayog ki takanik ka behatarin udaharan mana hai. yah 11vin sadi ka bharatiy bhoomigat vastu snrachana ka ek anoothe prakar ka sabase vikasit evn vyapak udaharan hai, jo bharat men vav nirman ke vikas ki gatha darshata hai.
  • sat mnjila yah vav maroo-gurjar shaili ko darshata hai. ye qarib sat shatabdi tak sarasvati nadi ke lapata hone ke bad gad men dab gaya tha. ise bharatiy puratatv sarve ne vapas khoja.
  • ‘rani ki vav’ aisi ikalauti bavali hai, jo vishv dharohar soochi men shamil huee hai, jo is bat ka saboot hai ki prachin bharat men jal-prabndhan ki vyavastha kitani behatarin thi. bharat ki is anamol dharohar ko vishv dharohar soochi men shamil karavane men patan ke sthaniy logon ka bhi mahatvapoorn yogadan hai, jinhonne is poori prakriya ke dauran bharatiy puratatv sarvekshan vibhag aur rajy sarakar ko har kadam par apana poora sahayog diya hai.
  • nishchit rup se jab ap rani-ki-vav se bahar nikalate hain, to ap kunon ke bare men poori nee janakari ke sath lautate hain. ye kune andhere vale, gahare aur rahash‍yamay nahin hain; gujarat men ye uth‍krishh‍t sh‍marak hain. rani-ki-vav ke mamale men yah 11vin shatabh‍di ke solnki vnsh ke kalakaron ki kala ka jita-jagata praman hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 rani ki vav vishv virasat ghoshit (hindi) laiv hindustan. abhigaman tithi: 1 julaee, 2014.
  2. v‌rld heritej ki list men bharat ki do saits shamil (hindi) jagaran daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 1 julaee, 2014.
  3. vishv virasat bani rani ki vav (hindi) rajasthan patrika. abhigaman tithi: 1 julaee, 2014.

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