हजीरा संयंत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hajira snyntr gujarat men soorat se 15 ki.mi. door tapti nadi ke kinare soorat hajira sh‍tet haeeve par hajira men sthit hai. is snyntr ki sthapana urvarak, amoniya tatha jaiv urvarakon ke uth‍padan karane ke lie ki gee thi. bharat ki bhootapoorv pradhanamntri sh‍vargiy shrimati indira gandhi ne 5 faravari, 1982 ko is snyntr ki adharashila rakhi thi. hajira urvarak snyntr men amoniya ki do sh‍trim aur yooriya ki char sh‍trim hain. yooriya ki punarmoolh‍yankint varshik uth‍padan kshamata 1.729 miliyan mi.tan aur amoniya ki punarmoolh‍yankint varshik uth‍padan kshamata 1.003 miliyan mi.tan hai. is pariyojana par 957 karod rupay ki anumanit lagat ki tulana men 890 karod rupaya ki lagat aee thi aur is prakar pariyojana poonji lagat men 67 karod rupaya ki bachat huee thi.

sthapana

hajira sh‍thit bhari pani snyntr, jise hajira amoniya vish‍tar ke roop men bhi jana jata hai, men amoniya-haidrojan vinimay ekal tapiy prakriya ka prayog kiya jata hai. yah snyntr soorat shahar se lagabhag 16 kilomitar ki doori par sh‍thit hai. desh ki poorv pradhanamntri indira gandhi ne 5 faravari, 1982 ko is snyntr ki ninv rakhi thi. is snyntr ne hajira men agast, 1986 men kary shuroo kiya tatha yah snyntr janavari, 1991 men kamishan kiya gaya.[1]

kary pranali

is snyntr men do prithakh aisotopik vinimay ikaiyon se bani huee do sh‍trimon, antim snvardhan ikaiyan, antim uth‍padan ikaiyan evn bhnjan<ref(krek)</ref> ikaiyon ke sath ek amoniya snshh‍leshan ki sajha ikaee sammilit hai. bharan snshh‍leshan gais, jo ek bhag naitrojan tatha amoniya snyntr se praph‍t dyooteriyam yukh‍t haidrojan ke tin bhag ka mishran hai, ko lagabhag 181-220 ki.gra/varg se.mi.2 ke dab par lagabhag 96 ti/echar. ki pravah dar par snyntr men pahunchaya jata hai. gais ke dab ko boosh‍tar dvara 40 ki.gra/varg se.mi.2 tak prathamat: badhaya jata hai aur snyntr men dab men ane vali giravat par nigah rakhi jati hai. tab ise snyntr se lautaee gee bahirgaman thndi gais dvara ooshh‍ma vinimayak men thnda kiya jata hai.

isake pashh‍chath yah gais shuddhikaran ikaee men se gujari jati hai. is ikaee men gais men sh‍thit aauksijan janit ashuddhiyon ko door kiya jata hai tatha gais ko amoniya ke sath sntriph‍t kiya jata hai. amoniya ke sath sntriph‍t shuddh snshh‍leshan gais ko tab –250 sentigret par chalane vale pahale aisotopik vinimay tavar se gujara jata hai, jahan gais men sh‍thit dayooteriyam ka poteshiyam emaid uth‍prerak yukh‍t drav amoniya, jise taauvar ke oopar se dala jata hai, ke prati pravah sh‍trim men sh‍thanantaran ho jata hai. vinimay tavar ki talahati se praph‍t dayooteriyam snvardhit amoniyo ko tab doosare aisotopik vinimay tavar men bhara jata hai, jahan ise snvardhit amoniya ke bhnjan se praph‍t snvardhit snshh‍leshan gaison ke sath snpark karate hue age snvardhit kiya jata hai. snvardhit gais tatha doosare aisotopik vinimay tavar se praph‍t drav ke ek bhag ko tab antim snvardhan khnd men le jaya jata hai, jahan amoniya men dyooteriyam ki sandrata ko age 99.8 pratishat tak ke vanchhaniy sh‍tar tak badhaya jata hai. ant men is prakar praph‍t snvardhit amoniya men se uth‍prerak ko mukh‍t kiya jata hai aur isaka bhnjan kiya jata hai. is snvardhit snshh‍leshan gais ke ek hish‍se ko bhari pani ke uth‍padan hetu shushh‍k hava men jalaya jata hai. tathapi behatar pun:praph‍ti dakshata ke karan, antim snvardhan khnd men amoniya men dyooteriyam ki sandrata ko kam rakha jata hai, jisase ki lagabhag 60 pratishat bhari pani ka uth‍padan ho jae. isake pashh‍chat tab isaka nirvat asavan kiya jata hai, taki nabhikiy gred ke bhari pani ka uth‍padan kiya ja sake.[1]

pratham vinimay tavar se praph‍t dyooteriyam avakshayit thndi snshh‍leshan gais ko amoniya snyntr men lautae jane se pahale, ise a rahi bharan gais ke sath garm kiya jata hai tatha ise amoniya snshh‍leshan ikaee men se gujara jata hai. is ikaee men, snshh‍leshan gais ke ek bhag jo bhnjakon men bhnjit amoniya ki matra ke samatulh‍y hai, ko drav amoniya men parivartit kiya jata hai tatha ise pahale vinimay tavar ke oopar se dala jata hai. shesh avakshayit snshh‍leshan gais jo apoorti ki gee bharan gais ke samatulh‍y hai, ko amoniya snyntr men lautaya jata hai. is snyntr ko vidyut gujarat rajh‍y vidyut bord ke 66 ke.vi. grid dvara upalabh‍dh karaee jati hai. snyntr ke bhnjakon ko garm karane ke lie prayukh‍t eedhan prakritik gais hai, jisaki apoorti gail dvara ki jati hai.

pramukh visheshataen

hajira snyntr ki pramukh visheshataen nimnalikhit hain-

  1. yah snyntr bharat ka aisa doosara bhari pani snyntr hai, jo amoniya-haidrojan vinimay prakriya par adharit hai tatha jise bina kisi videshi sahayog ke sh‍thapit kiya gaya hai.
  2. aisotopik vinimay ikaee ka mool dizain sh‍vanirmit kiya gaya tha.
  3. is snyntr men paramh‍paragat nh‍yoomaitik enalaaug pranali ki bajae upakaraniy evn prakriya niyntran hetu maikro-prosesar par adharit vitarit ankiy niyntran pranali ke upayog ki navinatam praudyogiki ko apanaya hua hai. yah pranali kshetr niyntran kendron hetu paryavekshan evn manitaran snbndhit kary avashh‍yakataon ko upalabh‍dh karata hai.
  4. yah snyntr pranali se praph‍t ankaden ka pradarshan evn unaka rikard karata hai tatha isamen data lag karane evn alarm sndeshon ko print karane ki suvidha hai.
  5. is snyntr men do sh‍trim hoti hain, jinamen kuchh sanjha ikaiyan, jaise- snshh‍leshan ikaee, up-kendr, nishh‍kriy gais ikaee, upakaraniy vayu ikaee, uth‍prerak nirman ikaee, shitalak tavar adi samh‍milit hai.
  6. yah pariyojana bina atirikh‍t samay lie saphalatapoorvak dhng se poori ki ja chuki hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 bhari pani snyntr hajira (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 13 mee, 2013.

bahari kadiyan

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