गुरुकुल कांगड़ी विश्वविद्यालय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gurukul kangadi vishvavidyalay
gurukul kangadi vishvavidyalay
vivaran 'gurukul kangadi vishvavidyalay' uttarakhand ka prasiddh vishvavidyalay hai. yahan pratyek prakar ki aur har star ki shiksha ka madhyam hindi hai.
rajy uttarakhand
zila haridvar
sthapana 1902
snsthapak svami shraddhanand
shikshan madhyam hindi
snbndhit lekh uttarakhand, haridvar, svami shraddhanand
any janakari 4 march, 1902 ee. ko gurukul pnjab ke gujaranvala se kangadi laya gaya. gurukul ka arnbh 34 vidyarthiyon ke sath kuchh ghas-phoos ki jhopadiyon men kiya gaya tha.

  gurukul kangadi vishvavidyalay (angrezi: Gurukul Kangri Vishwavidyalaya) bharat ke prasiddh vishvavidyalayon men se ek hai. yah haridvar, uttarakhand men sthit hai. isaki sthapana 1902 men svami shraddhanand ne ki thi. laaurd maikale dvara bharat men pratipadit angrezi madhyam ki pashchaty shiksha niti ke sthan par rashtriy vikalp ke roop men rashtrabhasha hindi ke madhyam se vaidik sahity, bharatiy darshan, bharatiy snskriti evn sahity ke sath-sath adhunik vishayon ki uchch shiksha ke adhyayan tatha anusndhan ke lie yah vishvavidyalay sthapit kiya gaya tha.

sthiti tatha uddeshy

gurukul kangadi vishvavidyalay haridvar relave steshan se lagabhag 5 kilomitar ki doori par dakshin men sthit hai. is vishvavidyalay ka pramukh uddeshy jati aur chhuachhoot ke bhedabhav ke bina guru-shishy parampara ke antargat adhyapakon evn vidyarthiyon ke madhy nirantar ghanisht sambandh sthapit kar chhatr-chhatraon ko prachin evn adhunik vishayon ki shiksha dekar unaka manasik aur sharirik vikas kar charitravan adarsh nagarik banana hai.

itihas

bharat men 19vin shatabdi men do prakar ki shiksha paddhatiyan prachalit thin-

  1. pahali paddhati british sarakar dvara apane shasan ki avashyakataon ko poora karane ke lie vikasit ki gee sarakari skoolon aur vishvavidyalayon ki pranali thi.
  2. doosari snskrit, vyakaran, darshan adi bharatiy vanh‌may ki vibhinn vidyaon ko prachin parnparagat vidhi se adhyayan karane ki pathashala paddhati thi.

  donon paddhatiyon men kuchh gnbhir dosh the. pahali paddhati men poorvi gyan-vigyan ki ghor apeksha thi aur yah sarvatha arashtriy thi. isake prabal samarthak tatha 1835 ee. men apane suprasiddh smaranapatr dvara isaka pravartan karane vale laaurd maikale (1800-1859 ee.) ke matanusar- 'kisi achchhe yooropiy pustakalay ki alamari ke ek khane men padi pustakon ka mahatv bharat aur arab ke samooche sahity ke barabar tha. at: sarakari shiksha paddhati men bharatiy vanh‌may ki ghor upeksha karate hue angrezi tatha pashchaty sahity aur gyan-vigyan ke adhyayan par bal diya gaya. is shiksha paddhati ka pradhan uddeshy mekale ke shabdon men 'bharatiyon ka ek aisa samooh paida karana tha, jo rng tatha rakt ki drishti se to bharatiy ho, parntu ruchi, mati aur achar-vichar ki drishti se angrez ho.' isalie yah shiksha paddhati bharat ke rashtriy aur dharmik adarshon ke pratikool thi.   doosari shiksha pranali, pndit mndali men prachalit pathashala paddhati thi. isamen yadyapi bharatiy vanh‌may ka adhyayan karaya jata tha, tathapi usamen navin tatha vartaman samay ke lie avashyak gyan-vigyan ki ghor upeksha thi. us samay desh ki badi avashyakata paurasty evn pashchaty gyan-vigyan ka samanvayay karate hue donon shiksha paddhatiyon ke utkrishth tatvon ke samnjasy dvara ek rashtriy shiksha pranali ka vikas karana tha. is mahatvapoorn kary ko snpann karane men gurukul kangadi ne bada sahayog diya.

sthapana

gurukul ke snsthapak mahatma munshiram pichhali shatabdi ke bharatiy sanskritik punarjagaran men asadharan mahatv rakhane vale ary samaj ke pravartak maharshi dayannd ke suprasiddh grnth 'satyarth prakash' men pratipadit shiksha snbndhi vicharon se bade prabhavit hue. unhonne 1897 men apane patr 'saddharm pracharak' dvara gurukul shiksha pranali ke punarudvar ka prabal andolan arnbh kiya. 30 aktoobar, 1898 ko unhonne isaki vistrit yojana rakhi. navnbar, 1898 ee. men pnjab ke ary samajon ke kendriy sngathan 'ary pratinidhi sabha' ne gurukul kholane ka prastav svikar kiya aur mahatma munshiram ne yah pratigya ki ki ve is kary ke lie, jab tak 30,000 rupaya ekatr nahin kar lenge, tab tak apane ghar men pair nahin rakhenge. tatkalin paristhitiyon men is dussadhy kary ko apane anavarat udyog aur avichal nishtha se unhonne ath mas men poora kar liya. 16 mee, 1900 ko pnjab ke gujaranvala sthan par ek vaidik pathashala ke sath gurukul ki sthapana kar di gee.

sthan parivartan

gurukul ki sthapana bhale hi ho gee thi, parntu mahatma munshiram ko yah sthan upayukt pratit nahin hua. ve shukl yajurved ke ek mntr (26.15) 'upahvare girinan sngame ch nadinan. dhiya vipro ajayat' ke anusar nadi aur parvat ke nikat koee sthan chahate the. isi samay najibabad ke dharmanishth rees munshi amanasinh ji ne is kary ke lie mahatma munshiram ko 1,200 bighe ka apana kangadi gram dan diya. himalay ki upatyaka men gnga ke tat par saghan ramanik vanon se ghiri kangadi ki bhoomi gurukul ke lie adarsh thi. at: yahan ghane jngal saph kar kuchh chhappar banae ge aur holi ke din somavar, 4 march, 1902 ko gurukul gujaranvala se kangadi laya gaya. gurukul ka arnbh 34 vidyarthiyon ke sath kuchh phoos ki jhopadiyon men kiya gaya.

vikas

pnjab ki ary janata ke udar dan aur sahayog se isaka vikas tivr gati se hone laga. 1907 ee. men isaka mahavidyalay vibhag arnbh hua. 1912 ee. men gurukul kangadi se shiksha samapt kar nikalane vale snatakon ka pahala dikshant samaroh hua. is samay sarakar ke prabhav se sarvatha svatntr hone ke karan ise chirakal tak british sarakar rajadrohi snstha samajhati rahi. 1917 ee. men vayasaray laaurd chemsaford ke gurukul agaman ke bad is sndeh ka nivaran hua. 1921 ee. men ary pratinidhi sabha ne isaka vistar karane ke lie ved, ayurved, krishi aur sadharan (arth‌s) mahavidyalayon ko banane ka nishchay kiya. 1923 men mahavidyalay ki shiksha aur pariksha vishayak vyavastha ke lie ek shikshapatal banaya gaya. desh ke vibhinn bhagon men isase prarena grahan karake, isake adarshon aur pathavidhi ka anusaran karane vale anek gurukul sthapit hue.

badh se kshati

24 sitnbar, 1924 ko gurukul par bhishan daivi vipatti aee. gnga ki asadharan badh ne gngatat par bani imaraton ko bhaynkar kshati pahunchaee. bhavishy men badh ke prakop se suraksha ke lie 1 mee, 1930 ko gurukul gnga ke poorvi tat se hatakar pashchimi tat par gnga ki nahar par haridvar ke samip vartaman sthan par laya gaya. 1935 men isaka prabndh karane ke lie 'ary pratinidhi sabha', pnjab ke antargat ek prithakh vidyasabha ka sngathan hua.

shiksha ka madhyam

prarambh se hi gurukul men sab vishayon ki shiksha rashtrabhasha hindi ke madhyam dvara di jati thi. vigyan, ganit, pashchaty darshan adi vishay bhi hindi men hi padhae jate the. jab san 1907 men mahavidyalay vibhag khula to usamen bhi hindi ko hi madhyam rakha gaya. us samay hindi men uchch shiksha dena ek asambhav bat samajhi jati thi. gurukul ne ise karyaroop men parinat karake dikha diya. us samay adhunik vidvanon ki pustaken hindi men nahin thi. gurukul ke upadhyayon ne pahale-pahal is kshetr men kam kiya aur gurukul ke anek uchchakoti ke granth prakashit hue. pro. maheshacharan sinh ki 'hindi kaimistri', pro. sathe ka 'vikasavad', shriyut govardhan ki 'bhautiki' aur 'rasayan', pro. ramasharanadas saksena ka 'gunatmak vishleshan', pro. sinha ka 'vanaspatishastr', pro. prananath ka 'arthashastr', 'rashtriy ay-vyay shastr' aur 'rajanitishastr', pro. balakrishn ka 'arthashastr' aur 'rajanitishastr' aur pro. sudhakar ka 'manovigyan' hindi men apane-apane vishay ke pahale granth hain. hindi men vaigyanik granthon ki rachana hi gurukul dvara prarambh huee. in vaigyanik granthon ke atirikt any bhi bahut se uchchakoti ke granth gurukul dvara prakashit hue. pro. ramadev ne bharatiy itihas ke snbndh men maulik anusndhan kar apana prasiddh 'bharatavarsh ka itihas' prakashit kiya.

gurukul shiksha ki visheshataen

gurukul shiksha ki katipay visheshataen nimnalikhit hain-  

  1. indr vidyavachaspati ne gurukul shiksha ki visheshata batate hue likha hai ki, "gurukul shiksha-pranali ki sabase badi visheshata jo use any pranaliyon se bhinn karati hai, yah hai ki jahan any shiksha-paddhatiyon men adhyayan par adhik bal diya jata hai, vahan gurukul shiksha-pranali men adhyayan ko keval sadhan manakar charitr nirman ko pramukhata di jati hai. niahsandeh yah pramukh visheshata hai.
  2. pratyek prakar ki aur har star ki shiksha ka madhyam hindi hai.
  3. balak guru ke kul ka ang banakar rahata hai. balak apane ghar ya parivar se keval hatakar doosare parivar men pahunchata hai. janm dene vale apane pita ke chhote parivar se hatakar achar ki shiksha dene vale achary ke bade parivar ka sadasy ban jata hai.
  4. balak ko niahshulk shiksha di jati hai.
  5. balak ke pita ka samajik-arthik star kya hai, isaka koee lihaj gurukul men nahin rakha jata hai. at: dhani-nirdhan, oonch-nich ka koee bhed-bhav gurukul men nahin barata jata.
  6. balakon men tapasyapoorn jivan ka abhyas karaya jata hai.
  7. ashram ka jivan vidyarthiyon ko asvasthakari prabhavon se bachata hai. vratabhyas dvara unaka shatak prashikshan bhi hota hai.
  8. kathor parivikshan tatha nishchit dainik karyakram dvara vidyarthiyon men samay ka sadupayog karane ki pravritti vikasit ki jati hai.
  9. vidyarthiyon ko vibhinn vishayon par prachin bharatiy tatha adhunik pashchimi vicharon ka tulanatmak gyan milata hai.
  10. parikshaon ka atnk nahin rahata.
  11. kaksha uttirn karane ke lie keval pariksha bhavan men sampann huee pariksha men uttirn hona avashyak nahin, dainik jivan ke karyakramon ko niyamit roop se karana bhi avashyak hai.
  12. shiksha ka star atyant uchch hai.
  13. pustakalay ke prayog par bal diya jata hai. pustakalay men vibhinn vishayon ke achchhestar ki lagabhag ek lakh pustaken hain. bhasha ki drishti se hindi, angrezi, snskrit, urdoo tatha any bharatiy bhashaon ke atirikt roosi bhasha ki bhi pustaken vahan hai.
  14. samanvit vikas par dhyan diya jata hai. isi ka parinam hai ki gurukul ke har tin snatakon men se ek pratishthit lekhak hai.
  15. gurukul ke chhatr-chhatraon ne sharirik vyayam ke ne pratiman sthapit kie hain. chhati par patthar todana bahut se adamiyon se bhari gadi chhati par se nikalana, chalati motar ko kamar men rassa bandh kar rok dena adi vyayam ek or hain to doosari or hai haauki, valibaaul adi ki unaki tim jinhonne kolakata, merath, dilli adi men puraskar prapt kie hai.

bharat sarakar dvara manyata

joon, 1962 men bharat sarakar ne is shikshan snstha ke rashtriy svaroop tatha shiksha ke kshetr men isake apratim yogadan ko drishti men rakhate hue 'vishvavidyalay anudan ayog' ke ekt 1956 ki dhara 3 ke antargat samavishvavidyalay ki manyata pradan ki aur vaidik sahity, snskrit sahity, darshan, hindi sahity, angrezi, manovigyan, ganit tatha prachin bharatiy itihas snskriti evn puratattv vishayon men snatakottar adhyayan ki vyavastha ki gee. uparokt vishayon ke atirikt vartaman men vishvavidyalay men bhautiki, rasayan vigyan, kampyootar vigyan, abhiyantriki, ayurvigyan v prabandhan ke adhyayan-adhyapan ki vyavastha hai. vishvavidyalay anudan ayog dvara sthapit svayattashasi snsthan ‘rashtriy moolyankan evn pratyayan parishad’ mee, 2002 men vishvavidyalay ko char sitaron se alnkrit kiya gaya tha. parishad ke sadasyon ne vishvavidyalay ki snstuti yahan ke parivesh, shaikshik vatavaran, shuddh paryavaran, brihat pustakalay tatha antararashtriy star ke sngrahalay adi se prabhavit hokar ki thi. vishvavidyalay ki sabhi upadhiyan 'bharat sarakar'/'vishvavidyalay anudan ayog' dvara many hain. yah vishvavidyalay 'bharatiy vishvavidyalay sngh tatha kamanavailth vishvavidyalay sngh ka sadasy hai.  

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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