सत्यार्थ प्रकाश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

satyarth prakash
satyarth prakash ka avaran prishth
vivaran 'satyarth prakash' ki rachana ary samaj ke pravartak svami dayanand sarasvati ne ki thi. is grnth men chaudah adhyay hain.
lekhak dayanand sarasvati
bhasha hindi
uddeshy 'satyarth prakash' ki rachana ka pramukh uddeshy ary samaj ke siddhanton ka prachar-prasar tha.
vishesh yadyapi dayanand sarasvati ki matribhasha gujarati thi aur ve dharapravah snskrit bhi bolate the, kintu phir bhi unhonne 'satyarth prakash' ki rachana hindi men ki.
any janakari svami ji poore bharat men ghoom-ghoomakar shastrarth evn vyakhyan kar rahe the. unake anuyayiyon ne anurodh kiya ki yadi in shastrarthon evn vyakhyanon ko lipibaddh kar diya jay to ye amar ho jayen.

satyarth prakash namak grnth ki rachana svami dayanand sarasvati ne ki thi. dayanand sarasvati ne is grnth ki rachana hindi men ki. halanki unaki matribhasha gujarati thi, aur snskrit bhasha ka bhi itana gyan unhonne arjit kar liya tha ki dhara pravah bol sakate the, phir bhi svami ji ne 'satyarth prakash' namak grnth ki rachana hindi men ki. svamiji ka kahana tha- "meri ankh to us din ko dekhane ke lie taras rahi hai, jab kashmir se kanyakumari tak sab bharatiy ek hi bhasha bolane aur samajhane lag jaenge."

bhasha

kaha jata hai ki jab svami dayanand sarasvati varsh 1972 men kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) men keshavachandr sen se mile to unhonne svami ji ko yah salah de dali ki ap snskrit chhodakar hindi bolana arambh kar den to bharat ka asim kalyan ho. tabhi se svami dayanand ji ke vyakhyanon ki bhasha hindi ho gayi aur shayad isi karan svami ji ne 'satyarth prakash' ki bhasha bhi hindi hi rakhi.[1]

adhyay tatha vishay

'satyarth prakash' men chaudah adhyay[2] hain. isamen in vishayon par vichar kiya gaya hai-

  1. balashiksha
  2. adhyayan adhyapan
  3. vivah evn grihasth
  4. vanaprasth
  5. sannyas rajadharm
  6. eeshvar
  7. srishti utpatti
  8. bndhamoksh
  9. achar anachar
  10. aryavartadeshiy matamatantar
  11. eesaee mat tatha islam

uddeshy

svami dayanand sarasvati poore desh men ghoom-ghoomakar shastrarth evn vyakhyan kar rahe the. isase unake anuyayiyon ne anurodh kiya ki yadi in shastrarthon evn vyakhyanon ko lipibaddh kar diya jay to ye amar ho jayen. 'satyarth prakash' ki rachana svami ji ke anuyayiyon ke is anurodh ke karan hi sambhav huee. 'satyarth prakash' ki rachana ka pramukh uddeshy ary samaj ke siddhanton ka prachar-prasar tha. isake sath-sath isamen eesaee, islam evn any kee pnthon v maton ka khandan bhi hai. tatkalin samay men hindoo shastron ka galat arth nikal kar hindoo dharm evn snskriti ko badanam karane ka shadayntr bhi chal raha tha. isi ko dhyan men rakhakar maharshi dayanand ne isaka nam 'satyarth prakash' rakha.[1]

samaj sudharak svami dayannd sarasvati ki is rachana (san 1875) ka mukhy prayojan saty ko saty aur mithya ko mithya hi pratipadan karana hai. yadyapi hindoo jivan vyakti aur samaj, donon ko samaksh rakhakar chalata hai, to bhi hinduon men pray: dekha jata hai ki samashtivadi ki apeksha vyaktivadi pravritti adhik hai. dhyan men magn upasak ke samip isi samaj ka koee vyakti tadap raha ho to vah use dhyan bhng ka karan samajhega, yah nahin ki vah bhi ram ya krishn hi hai. phir unnisavin shati men angrezi sabhyata ka bahut prabaly tha. angrezi ke prachar ke parinamasvaroop hindoo hi apani snskriti ko hey manane aur pashchim ka andhanukaran karane men garv samajhane lage the. bharatiyon ko bharatiyata se bhrasht karane ki laaurd maikale ki yojana ke anusar hinduon ko patit karane ke lie angrezi shiksha pranali par jor tha. videshi sarakar tatha angrez samaj apane ejent padariyon ke dvara eesa ka jhnda desh ke ek kone se doosare kone tak phaharane ke lie karodon rupe kharch kar rahe the. hindoo apana dharmik evn rashtriy gaurav kho chuke the. 144 hindoo prati din musalaman ban jate; eesaee isase kahin adhik. padari 'rngila krishn', 'sita ka chhinala' adi saikadon gndi pustikaen bant rahe the. in niradhar lanchhanon ka uttar dene ke sthan men brahm samaj valon ne ulate rashtriyata ka virodh kiya. ved adi ki pratishtha karana to door raha, pet bhar unaki ninda ki.

lekhak kathan

is grnth ki bhasha ke snbndh men svayn lekhak ne san 1882 men likha ki- "jis samay mainne yah grnth banaya tha, us samay…..snskrit bhashan karane….aur janmabhoomi ki bhasha gujarati hone ke karan mujhako is bhasha (hindi) ka vishesh parigyan n tha. isase bhasha ashuddh ban gee thi. ib…isako bhasha-vyakaran-anusar shuddh karake doosari bar chhapavaya hai."

svami dayannd sarasvati ne ary samaj aur 'satyarth prakash' ke dvara in ghatak pravrittiyon ko roka. unhonne yahan tak likha- "svarajy svadesh men utpann hue (vyakti)….mntri hone chahien. paramatma hamara raja hai…., vah kripa karake …..hamako rajyadhikari kare." isake sath hi unhonne ary sabhyata evn snskriti se prakhar prem aur ved, upanishad adi ary satsahity tatha bharat ki parnparaon ke prati shraddha bhi par bal diya. svasamaj, svadharm, svabhasha tatha svarashtr ke prati bhakti jagane tatha tark pradhan baten karane ke karan uttar bharat ke padhe likhe hindoo dhire-dhire idhar khinche chale ae, jisase ary samaj samajik evn shaikshanik kshetron men lokapriy hua.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 satyarth prakash (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 01 sitambar, 2013.
  2. samullas

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