मीना कुमारी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mina kumari
mina kumari
poora nam mahajabin bano
prasiddh nam mina kumari
janm 1 agast, 1932
janm bhoomi munbee
mrityu 31 march, 1972
mrityu sthan mumbee
abhibhavak pita- ali bakhsh, mata- iqabal begam
pati/patni kamal amarohi
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr abhinetri, shayar
mukhy filmen 'baijoo bavara', 'yahoodi', 'phool aur patthar', 'sahib bibi aur gulam', 'pakiza', 'parinita', 'bahoo begam aur mere apane' adi.
puraskar-upadhi sarvashreshth abhinetri ke lie 'filmapheyar' puraskar (char bar)
prasiddhi snvad adayagi ka vishesh lahaza
nagarikata bharatiy

mina kumari (angrezi: Meena Kumari, janm-1 agast 1932; mrityu- 31 march 1972) film jagath ki prasiddh abhinetri thin. inaka poora nam 'mahajabin bano' tha. mina kumari apani dard bhari avaz aur bhavanatmak abhinay ke lie darshakon ke bich bahut prasiddh rahi hain. unaki 'sahib bibi aur gulam', 'pakiza', 'parinita', 'bahoo begam' aur 'mere apane' dil ko chhoo lene vali kalatmak filmen hain.

parichay

mina kumari ka janm 1 agast, 1932 ko munbee, maharashtr men ek madhyam vargiy muslim parivar men hua tha. unake pita ka nam ali bakhsh tha aur mata ikabal begam (mool nam prabhavati) thin. mina kumari ka mool nam 'mahajabin bano' tha. jab unaka janm hua, tab pita ali bakhh‍sh aur man ikabal begam ke pas daaukh‍tar ko dene ke paise nahin the. halat yah thi ki donon ne tay kiya ki bachh‍chi ko kisi anathalay ke bahar sidhiyon par chhod diya jae aur chhod bhi diya gaya. lekin, pita ka man nahin mana aur vah palat kar bhage aur bachh‍chi ko god men uthakar ghar le ae. kisi tarah mushkil bhare halaton se ladate hue unhonne usaki paravarish ki.[1] mina ke pita ek parasi thietar men kam kiya karate the aur mata ek nartaki thin. parivar ki arthik sthiti kharab rahane ke karan mina kumari ko bachapan men hi skool chhod dena pada. varsh 1939 men bataur bal kalakar unako vijay bhatt ki film 'ledaraphes' men kam karane ka mauqa mila.

prarambhik sngharsh

apani pahachan ko talashati mina kumari ko lagabhag das varshon tak film jagath men sngharsh karana pada. is bich unaki 'vir ghatotkach' (1949) aur 'shri ganesh mahima' (1950) jaisi filmen pradarshit to huee, par unhen inase kuchh khas pahachan nahin mili. varsh 1952 men mina kumari ko vijay bhatt ke nirdeshan men 'baijoo bavara' men kam karane ka mauqa mila. is film ki saphalata ke bad mina kumari bataur abhinetri film jagath men apani pahachan banane men saphal ho geen.

vivah

24 mee, 1952 ko mina kumari ne kamal amarohi se shadi kar li. mina kumari ki jivani 'minakumari- e klasik bayografi' likhane vale vinod mehata ke anusar- "mina kumari aur kamal amarohi ka pyar mosammi ke joos se shuroo hua tha. jab kamal amarohi mina kumari ko dekhane poona ke aspatal men pahunche to unaki chhoti bahan ne unase shikayat ki ki apa joos nahin pi rahi hain. kamal ne gilas apane hathon men liya, mina ke sir ko palng se uthaya aur gilas ko unake munh tak le ge. mina ne ek ghoont men hi sara joos khatm kar diya. har hafte kamal sayan se poona draiv kar mina se milane pahunchate. phir unhen lagane laga ki hafte men ek din kafi nahin hai. jis din unhen nahin milana hota, vah ek doosare ko khat likhate.... har roz ek khat. lekin un khaton par koee tikat nahin lagaya jata. vah khat vah ek-doosare ko khud apane hathon se dete."[2]

kamal amarohi se manamutav

lekin mina kumari aur kamal amarohi ke vaivahik jivan men kuchh dinon bad hi darar dikhaee deni shuroo ho gee. kamal amarohi ne mina kumari ko filmon men kam karane ki anumati to di, lekin un par tin sharten lagaeen. pahali shart thi ki mina kumari sham sadhe 6 baje tak ghar laut aen. doosari shart thi ki mina kumari ke mekap room men unake mekap main ke alava koee purush nahin baithega aur unaki akhiri shart thi ki mina kumari hamesha apani hi kar men baithengi jo unhen stoodiyo le kar jaegi aur phir vapas ghar laegi.

raj kapoor ki parti

jis din mina kumari ne kamal amarohi ki sharton par dastakhat kie, usi din se unhonne unhen todana shuroo kar diya. sabase pahali ghatana tab huee, jab 'sharada' ki shooting ke dauran raj kapoor ne mina kumari ko ek parti men amntrit kiya. ek roosi film pratinidhimndal bnbee aya hua tha. raj kapoor unake samman men ek svagat samaroh kar rahe the. mina kumari ne unaka nimntran svikar kar liya aur apane pati ko fon kar kaha ki vah der se ghar lautengi. unhonne isaka karan raj kapoor ki parti nahin bataya, balki ye kaha ki unaki shooting der tak chalegi. agale hi din ittefak se kamal amarohi ki mulakat un mehamanon se ho gee jo raj kapoor ki parti men maujood the. unase unhen pata chala ki unaki bibi shooting men vyast n hokar parti men thin. jab vah ghar lautin to unhonne is bare men kamal ko kuchh nahin bataya. bad men jab kamal ne unase is hani rahit dhokhe ka zikr kiya to mina kumari ne kaha ki vah unhen pareshan nahin karana chahati thin.

kamal mana nahin sake mina ko

ek din kamal amarohi ke sachiv bakar ne mina kumari ko abhineta pradip kumar ki kar se utarate hue dekh liya. bad men kuchh aur ghatanaen hueen aur mina kumari ne ye tay kiya ki vah kamal amarohi ke ghar kabhi vapas nahin jaengi. kamal amarohi ke putr tajadar amarohi ke anusar- "mina kumari kamal ke ghar se nikalane ka bahana talash kar rahi thin taki vah azad pakshi ki tarah rah saken. jab chhoti ammi ghar se chali geen to baba ne ek shauhar hone ke nate apana farz nibhaya. vah mahamood sahab ke yahan chali gee thin. vah vahan ge. chhoti ammi ne apane ap ko ek kamare men laauk kiya hua tha. baba daravaza pit kar kahate rahe- 'mnjoo bahar ao, mujhase bat karo. tumhen kya shikayat hai. mujhe batao.' lekin vah bahar nahin aeen.

mahamood sahab ne kaha abhi ye nahin manengi. thodi der men ye thndi ho jaengi. ap bad men inase milane a jaiega. baba ne tin-char bar daravaze ko thoka aur phir kaha- 'mnjoo tum andar ho aur mujhe sun rahi ho. main ab ja raha hoon. main ab laut kar nahin aoonga. mainne tumako manane ki bahut koshish ki, lekin tum nahin mani. lekin isaka matalab ye nahin hai ki tumhara mujh par koee haq nahin hai. hamare ghar ke daravaze hamesha tumhare lie khule hain aur khule rahenge. tum jab chahana a jana."[2]

kamal ka vaauk aut

is bich kuchh aisi ghatanaen hueen, jinhonne kamal amarohi aur mina kumari ke bich ki doori ko patane ke bajae aur badha diya. vinod mehata ke anusar- "soharab modi ne mina kumari aur kamal amarohi donon ko 'iroz' sinema men ek film primiyar par amntrit kiya. soharab ne maharashtr ke rajyapal se mina kumari ka parichay karate hue kaha- 'ye mashahoor abhinetri mina kumari hain.... aur ye inake pati kamal amarohi hain.' isase pahale ki donon ek-doosare ko namaste kahate, amarohi ne kaha- 'nahin, main kamal amarohi hoon aur ye meri patni hain... mashahoor film adakara mina kumari.' itana kah kar vah sinema haaul se bahar chale ge aur mina kumari ko akele baithakar vah film dekhani padi."

trejedi kvin

mina kumari ki poori zindagi sinema ke parde par bharatiy aurat ki 'traijedi' ko utarate hue guzari. yahan tak ki unhen apani khud ki niji traijedi ke bare men sochane ka vakt hi nahin mila. lekin ye kahana ki mina kumari ke abhinay men 'traijedi' ke alava aur koee 'shed' nahin tha, unake sath beinsafi hogi. film 'parinita' ki shant bngali alhad navayauvana ko len, ya 'baijoo bavara' ki chnchal hasin premika ko len ya phir 'sahab bibi aur gulam' ki samnti atyachar jhelane vali bahoo ho ya 'pakiza' ki sahabajan, sabhi ne bharatiy janamanas ke dil par amit chhap chhodi hai.

mina kumari ek abhinetri ke roop men 32 salon tak bharatiy sine jagat par chhaee rahin. behad bhavuk aur sada doosaron ki madad karane ko tatpar mina kumari ki zindagi doosaron ko sukh bantate aur doosare ke du:kh batorate hue biti thi. kamal amarohi ke bete tajadar amarohi ke anusar- "mina kumari ko kabhi khoobasoorat chehare ke taur par logon ne nahin edares kiya, jaisa ki madhubala ko kaha gaya- 'vinas aauf d indiyan skrin', naragis ke lie bhi logon ne kaha- 'farst ledi aauf indiyan skrin'. mina ko khitab mila 'trejedi kvin' ka aur unhonne 'trejedi' ko apana odhana, bichhauna bana liya. logon ne samajha ki vah jaise kiradar filmon men kar rahi hain, asal zindagi men bhi vah vahi bhoomika nibha rahi hain. dilachasp bat ye thi ki logon ke sath-sath khud unhonne bhi aisa samajhana shuroo kar diya tha.

filmi safar

varsh 1957 men pradarshit film 'sharada' men mina kumari ke abhinay ke ne ayam darshakon ko dekhane ko mile. is film men mina kumari ne abhineta rajakapoor ki preyasi ke alava unaki sauteli man ki bhoomika bhi nibhaee. halanki usi varsh film 'madar indiya' ke lie film abhinetri nargis ko sare puraskar die ge, lekin 'baaumbe jarnalist esosieshan' ne mina kumari ko us varsh ki sarvashreshth abhinetri ke lie namit kiya.

film pakiza

kamal amarohi aur mina kumari bhale hi pati aur patni ke roop men ek-doosare se alag rahe hon, lekin abhinetri ke taur par vah hamesha kamal amarohi ki filmon men kam karane ke lie upalabdh thin. yahi vajah hai ki amarohi se 5 salon tak alag rahane ke bavajood unhonne unaki film 'pakiza' ki shooting poori karane ka faisala kiya. jis tarah se shahajahan ne tajamahal banakar mumataz mahal ko hamesha ke lie amar kar diya, vaise hi kamal amarohi ne 'pakiza' banakar mina kumari ke lie tajamahal khada kiya aur unako amar kar diya. jab-jab bharatiy filmon ka itihas likha jaega, 'pakiza' ka zikr zaroor hoga. is film men yogadan raj kumar sahab ka bhi hai, ashok kumar ka bhi hai aur nadira ka bhi hai, lekin tin nam hamesha zinda rahenge- mina kumari, kamal amarohi aur pakiza. varsh 1972 men jab 'pakiza' pradarshit huee to film men mina kumari ke abhinay ko dekhakar darshak mugdh ho ge aur yah film aj bhi mina kumari ke jivnt abhinay ke lie yad ki jati hai.[2]

mina kumari

sahanayak

mina kumari ke sinema kairiyar men unaki jodi film abhineta ashok kumar ke sath kafi prasiddh rahi. mina kumari aur ashok kumar ki jodi vali filmon men 'tamasha', 'parinita', 'badaban', 'bndish', 'bhigi rat', 'shatarnj', 'ek hi rasta', 'savera', 'pharishta', 'arati', 'chitralekha', 'benazir', 'bahoo begam', 'javab' aur 'pakiza' jaisi filmen shamil hain. hindi film jagath men 'trejedi kvin' kahi jani vali mina kumari ki jodi 'trejedi king' dilip kumar ke sath bhi kafi pasnd ki gee. mina kumari aur dilip kumar ki jodi ne 'phutapath', 'azad', 'kohinoor' aur 'yahoodi' jaisi filmon men ek sath kam kiya.

charitr bhoomikaen

abhinay men aee ekaroopata se bachane aur svny ko charitr abhinetri ke roop men sthapit karane ke lie mina kumari ne khud ko vibhinn bhoomikaon men pesh kiya. isake bad mina kumari ne charitr bhoomika vali 'javab' aur 'dushman' jaisi kee suparahit filmon ke jarie bhi darshakon ke dil par raj kiya.

samman aur puraskar

mina kumari

varsh 1962 mina kumari ke sinema kariyar ka aham padav sabit hua. is varsh unaki 'arati', 'main chup rahoongi' jaisi filmen pradarshit hueen. isake sath hi in filmon ke lie ve sarvashreshth abhinetri ke 'filmapheyar' puraskar ke lie namit ki geen. yah 'filmapheyar' ke itihas men pahala aisa mauqa tha, jahan ek abhinetri ko 'filmapheyar' ke tin vargon men namit kiya gaya tha.

sarvashreshth abhinetri ka 'filmapheyar' puraskar

mina kumari ko mile sammanon ki charcha ki jae to unhen apane abhinay ke lie char bar 'filmapheyar' puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya. mina kumari ko sabase pahale varsh 1953 men pradarshit film 'parinita' ke lie sarvashreshth abhinetri ka 'filmapheyar' puraskar diya gaya. isake bad varsh 1954 men bhi film 'baijoo bavara' ke lie unhen 'filmapheyar' ke sarvashreshth abhinetri ke puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya. isake bad mina kumari ko 'filmapheyar' puraskar ke lie lagabhag 8 varshon tak intazar karana pada aur varsh 1963 men pradarshit film 'sahib bibi aur gulam' ke lie unhen 'filmapheyar' mila. isake bad varsh 1966 men film 'kajal' ke lie bhi mina kumari sarvashreshth abhinetri ke 'filmapheyar' puraskar se sammanit ki geen.

firaq gorakhapuri aur mina kumari

mina kumari ko philm indastri men 'trejedi kvin' ka darja mila. philmon ke sath-sath asal jindagi men bhi unake sath kee du:khad hadase hue. jane-mane urdoo shayar firaq gorakhapuri ne ek bar mushayara chhod diya tha, kyonki unhonne dekha ki usamen abhinetri mira kumari shamil ho rahi hain. unaka kahana tha ki mushayare sirph shayaron ki jagah hain. yah vakaya 1959-1960 ka hai, jab firaq gorakhapuri ko ek mushayare men amntrit kiya gaya tha. firaq gorakhapuri ka asali nam raghupati sahay tha. ‘phirak gorakhapuri: d poyat aauph pen end eksataisi’ namak pustak men is vakaye ka jikr kiya gaya hai. firaq ki is jivani ke lekhak unake rishtedar ajay manasinh the.[3]

jab firaq mushayara sthal par pahunche to unaka taliyon ki gadagadahat ke sath svagat kiya gaya aur mushayare ki shuruat poore josho-kharosh ke sath huee. karib ek ghnte ke bad vahan ailan kiya gaya ki mauke par adakara mina kumari pahunch chuki hain. mushayare men shamil log shayaron ko mnch par chhodakar mina kumari ki jhalak pane ke lie bhage. isase naraz firaq gorakhapuri ne mauke se jane ka phaisala kiya. is par ayojak unhen manane ki koshish men jut ge. mina kumari ne bhi sharmindagi mahasoos ki aur firaq se bar-bar gujarish ki ki vah ruken. mina kumari ne unase kaha, "janab, main apako sunane ke lie aee hoon." firaq ne is par turnt javab diya, "mushayara mujara ban chuka hai. main aisi mahaphil se talluk nahin rakhata."

isake ek din bar firaq gorakhapuri ne kaha, "main mina kumari ki vajah se vahan se nahin hata tha. ayojakon aur darshakon ke vyavahar ke karan vahan se hata, jinhonne hamari beijjati ki thi." unaki dalil thi ki "mushayara shayari ka mnch hai. yahan ke kalakar sirph shayar hote hain aur yahan ki vyavastha men ek padanukram hota hai jisaka palan kiya jana chahie."

dakoo amrit lal se mulakat

film 'pakiza' ki shooting ke dauran kamal amarohi aur mina kumari ke sath ek dilachasp ghatana ghati. mashahoor patrika 'autaluk' ke snpadak rahe vinod mehata ne mina kumari ki jivani 'minakumari- e klasik bayografi' nam se likhi hai, unake anusar- 'autador shooting par kamal amarohi aksar do karon par jaya karate the. ek bar dilli jate hue madhy pradesh men shivapuri men unaki kar men paitrol khatm ho gaya. kamal amarohi ne kaha ki 'ham rat kar men sadak par hi bitaenge.'

unako pata nahin tha ki ye dakuon ka ilaka hai. adhi rat ke bad karib ek darjan dakuon ne unaki karon ko gher liya. unhonne karon men baithe hue logon se kaha ki vah niche utaren. kamal amarohi ne kar se utarane se inkar kar diya aur kaha ki 'jo bhi mujhase milana chahata hai, meri kar ke pas ae.' thodi der bad ek silk ka payajama aur kamiz pahane hue ek shakhs unake pas aya. usane poochha- 'ap kaun hain?' amarohi ne javab diya- 'main kamal hoon aur is ilake men shooting kar raha hoon. hamari kar ka paitrol khatm ho gaya hai.' dakoo ko laga ki vah rayafal shooting ki bat kar rahe hain. lekin jab use bataya gaya ki ye film shooting hai aur doosari kar men mina kumari bhi baithi hain, tab usake havabhav badal ge. usane turnt sngit, nach aur khane ka intazam karaya. unhen sone ki jagah di aur subah unaki kar ke lie petrol bhi mngava diya. chalate-chalate usane mina kumari se kaha ki vah nukile chakoo se usake hath par apana aautograf de den. jaise-taise mina kumari ne aautograf die. agale shahar men jakar unhen pata chala ki unhonne madhy pradesh ke us samay ke nami dakoo amrit lal ke sath rat bitaee thi.[2]

bimari men bhi abhinay

sharab pine aur tnbakoo khane ki lat ne mina kumari ke svasthy ko itani buri tarah se bigada ki vah isase kabhi ubar nahin paeen. unake antim dinon ke sathi aur unaki akhiri film 'gomati ke kinare' ke nirdeshak savan kumar tak ke anusar- "6 dinon tak to meri film bahut achchhi bani. isake bad vah bimar pad geen. unaka hamesha zor rahata tha ki kisi bhi halat men film ki shooting n roki jae." hamara aisa bhavanatmak rishta ho gaya tha ki ham ek-doosare ko takalif dene ke bare men soch bhi nahin sakate the. mina ji itani kamazor ho gee thin ki shaaut dete samay vah gir sakati thin. logon ko pata nahin hai ki jab vah abhinay kar rahi hoti thin to main unhen pichhe se pakade hue hota tha aur shaaut ke bad unhen kursi par baitha deta tha. main unaka ehasanamnd hoon ki unhonne mujhe dayarektar banaya. unaki shart thi ki agar tum film nirdeshit karoge, tabhi main ye film karoongi."

mrityu

apane akhiri dinon men mina kumari ko 'sent elizabeth narsing hom' men bharti karaya gaya tha. narsing hom ke kamara nnbar 26 men unake akhiri shabd the- "apa, apa, main marana nahin chahati." jaise hi unaki badi bahan khurshid ne unhen sahara diya, vah koma men chali geen aur phir usase kabhi nahin ubarin. lagabhag tin dashak tak apane snjida abhinay se darshakon ke dilon par raj karane vali is mahanh abhinetri mina kumari ka nidhan 31 march, 1972 ko hua.

googal doodal

mina kumari par googal ka doodal

hindi sinema men 'trejadi kvin' ke nam se mashahoor abhinetri mina kumari ka 1 agast, 2018 ko 85van janmadin hai. apane shanadar abhinay aur lajavab khoobasoorati ke lie philm indastri ke sath-sath am janata ke dil men ve aj bhi jinda hain. sirph ek najar dekhakar sabhi ko apana kayal banane vali abhinetri mina kumari ko yad karate hue googal ne bahut hi shanadar doodal banaya hai. karib tin dashakon tak baaulivud par raj karane vali mina kumari ne kee philmon men kuchh aisa abhinay kiya ki log unhen aj bhi bhula nahin pae hain. philm 'sahab bivi aur gulam' ke git 'n jao saiyan chhudake baiyan..' ke lie chahane vale unhen aj bhi yad karate hain.

googal ke doodal men mina kumar sadi men najar a rahi hain. googal ke doodal par bani tasvir men bhi mina kumar ke chehare par dard saph najar ata hai. 'pakija' jaisi philmon se darshakon ko divana bana dene vali mina kumari ka asali nam 'mahajabin begam' tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. janm ke bad anathalay chhod ae the pita (hindi) jagran.com. abhigaman tithi: 01 agast, 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 jab mina kumari ne chakoo se dakoo ke hath par aautograf die (hindi) bbc.com. abhigaman tithi: 01 agast, 2018.
  3. phirak gorakhapuri ne mina kumari par nikala tha gussa (hindi) khabar.ndtv.com. abhigaman tithi: 01 agast, 2018.

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