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निरुपा रॉय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nirupa raauy
nirupa raauy
poora nam nirupa raauy
any nam kokila ben
janm 4 janavari, 1931
janm bhoomi balasad, gujarat
mrityu 13 aktoobar, 2004
pati/patni kamal raauy
sntan do putr- 'yogesh' aur 'kiran'
karm bhoomi gujarat, munbee
karm-kshetr abhinay
mukhy filmen 'gnga tere desh men', 'chhaya', 'shahanaee', 'mard', 'betab', 'shahid', 'divar', 'amar akabar enthani', 'patal bhairavi', 'garibi', 'har har mahadev', 'chalabaj' 'poorab aur pashchim', 'lal badashah' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'film feyar puraskar' (tin bar), 'munim ji' (1956), 'chhaya' (1962), 'shahanaee' (1965)
prasiddhi man ki bhoomika men prasiddh
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari nirupa raauy ne apane sine kairiyar ki shuruat 1946 men pradarshit gujarati film 'ganasundari' se ki thi.

nirupa raauy (angrezi: Nirupa Roy; janm- 4 janavari, 1931, gujarat; mrityu- 13 aktoobar, 2004) ko hindi sinema men ek aisi abhinetri ke taur par yad kiya jata hai, jinhonne apane kiradaron se man ke charitr ko naye ayam diye. vaise unaka mool nam 'kokila ben' tha. bharatiy sinema men jab bhi man ke kiradar ko sashakt karane ki bat ati hai to sabase pahala nam nirupa raauy ka hi ata hai, jinhonne apani bemisal adayagi se man ke kiradar ko hindi sinema men bulandiyon par pahunchaya. is behatariy adakara ko tin bar sarvashreshth sahayak abhinetri ka 'film feyar puraskar' dekar sammanit kiya gaya tha.

janm tatha parivar

nirupa raauy ka janm 4 janavari, 1931 ko gujarat rajy ke balasad men ek madhyamavargiy gujarati parivar men hua tha. gaur varn ki vajah se unhen 'dhori chakali' kahakar pukara jata tha. unake pita relave men sarakari naukar the. nirupa raauy ne chauthi tak shiksha prapt ki. jab vah matr 15 sal ki hi thin, unaka unaka vivah munbee men karyarat rashaning vibhag ke karmachari kamal raauy se ho gaya. vivah ke bad nirupa raauy bhi munbee a geen. raauy dampatti do putron ke mata-pita bhi bane, jinake nam 'yogesh' aur 'kiran' rakhe gaye.

prarambhik sngharsh

unhin dinon nirmata-nirdeshak bi. em. vyas apani nee film 'ranakadevi' ke lie ne cheharon ki talash kar rahe the. unhonne apani film men kalakaron ki avashyakata ke lie akhabar men vigyapan diya. nirupa raauy ke pati filmon ke behad shaukin the aur abhineta banane ki ichchha rakhate the. kamal raauy apani patni ko lekar bi. em. vyas se milane ge aur abhineta banane ki peshakash ki, lekin bi. em. vyas ne kaha ki unaka vyaktitv abhineta banane ke layaq nahin hai. lekin yadi vah chahen to unaki patni ko film men abhinetri ke roop men kam mil sakata hai. film 'ranakadevi' men nirupa raauy 150 rupaye prati mah par kam karane lagin. kintu kuchh samay bad hi unhen bhi is film se alag kar diya gaya. yah nirupa raauy ke sngharsh ki shuruat thi.[1]

kairiyar ki shuruat

nirupa raauy ne apane sine kairiyar ki shuruat 1946 men pradarshit gujarati film 'ganasundari' se ki thi. varsh 1949 men pradarshit film 'hamari mnjil' se unhonne hindi film ki or bhi rukh kiya. o. pi. datta ke nirdeshan men bani is film men unake nayak ki bhoomika prem adib ne nibhaee. usi varsh unhen jayaraj ke sath film 'garibi' men kam karane ka avasar mila. in filmon ki saphalata ke bad vah abhinetri ke roop men apani pahachan banane men saphal hueen. 1951 men nirupa raauy ki ek aur mahattvapoorn film 'har har mahadev' aee. is film men unhonne devi parvati ki bhoomika nibhaee thi. is film ki saphalata ke bad vah darshakon ke bich devi ke roop men bhi prasiddh ho geen. isi dauran unhonne film 'vir bhimasen' men draupadi ka kiradar nibhaya, jise kafi vahavahi mili. pachas aur sath ke dashak men nirupa raauy ne jitani bhi filmon men kam kiya, unamen se adhikatar filmon ki kahani dharmik aur bhakti bhavana se poorn thi. halanki 1951 men pradarshit film 'sindabad d selar' men nirupa raauy ne nakaratmak charitn bhi nibhaya.

saphalata

varsh 1953 men pradarshit film 'do bigha zamin' nirupa raauy ke sine kairiyar ke lie mil ka patthar sabit huee. vimal raauy ke nirdeshan men bani is film men vah ek kisan ki patni ki bhoomika men dikhaee din. film men balaraj sahani ne mukhy bhoomika nibhaee thi. behatarin abhinay se saji is film men damadar abhinay ke lie unhen antarashtriy khyati prapt huee. 1955 men 'filmistan stoodiyo' ke bainar tale bani film 'munim ji' nirupa raauy ki aham film sabit huee. is film men unhonne devannd ki man ki bhoomika nibhaee thi. film men apane sashakt abhinay ke lie vah sarvashreshth sahayak abhinetri ke 'film feyar puraskar' se sammanit ki geen. lekin isake bad chhah varsh tak unhonne man ki bhoomika svikar nahin ki.[1]

man ka charitr

1961 men pradarshit film 'chhaya' men unhonne ek bar phir man ki bhoomika nibhaee. isamen unhonne asha parekh ki man ki bhoomika nibhaee thin. is film men bhi unake jabaradast abhinay ko dekhate hue unhen sarvashreshth sahayak abhinetri ke 'film feyar puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya. san 1975 men pradarshit film 'divar' nirupa raauy ke kairiyar ki mahattvapoorn filmon men shumar ki jati hai. yash chopada ke nirdeshan men bani is film men unhonne achchhaee aur buraee ka pratinidhitv karane vale shashi kapoor aur amitabh bachchan ki man ki bhoomika nibhaee. film men unhonne apane svabhavik abhinay se man ke charitr ko jivnt kar diya.

nirupa raauy ke sine kairiyar par nazar dalen to pata chalata hai ki suparastar amitabh bachchan ki man ke roop men unaki bhoomika atynt prabhavashali rahi. unhonne sarvapratham film 'divar' men amitabh bachchan ki man ki bhoomika nibhaee thi. isake bad 'khoon pasina', 'mukaddar ka sikndar', 'amar akabar enthani', 'suhag', 'inkalab', 'giraftar', 'mard' aur 'gnga jamuna sarasvati' jaisi filmon men bhi vah amitabh bachchan ki man ki bhoomika men dikhaee din. varsh 1999 men pradarshit hone vali film 'lal badashah' men vah antim bar amitabh bachchan ki man ki bhoomika men dikhaee din.[1]

mukhy filmen

nirupa raauy ne apane panch dashak ke lnbe sine kairiyar men lagabhag 300 filmon men abhinay kiya. unaki kairiyar ki ullekhaniy filmon men kuchh hain-

  1. lal badashah - 1999
  2. jahan tum le chalo - 1999
  3. ansoo bane angare - 1993
  4. gnga tere desh men - 1988
  5. patal bhairavi - 1985
  6. mard - 1985
  7. betab - 1983
  8. khoon aur pani - 1981
  9. suhag - 1979
  10. amar akabar enthani - 1979
  11. khanadan - 1979
  12. divar - 1975
  13. shahid - 1965
  14. shahanaee - 1965
  15. chhaya - 1962
  16. bajigar - 1959
  17. chalabaj - 1958
  18. nagamani - 1957
  19. munim ji - 1956
  20. do bigha zamin - 1953
  21. dashavatar - 1951
  22. shri vishnu bhagavan - 1951
  23. har har mahadev - 1950
  24. garibi - 1949

puraskar v samman

nirupa raauy ko tin bar sarvashreshth sahayak abhinetri ka 'film feyar puraskar' diya gaya tha. sabase pahale unhen 1956 ki film 'munim ji' ke lie yah puraskar diya gaya, jisamen nirupa raauy devannd ki man ki bhoomika men thin. isake bad unhen san 1962 ki film 'chhaya' ke lie yah puraskar diya gaya. isake bad unhen film 'shahanaee' ke lie 1965 men puraskrit kiya gaya tha.

nidhan

bharatiy hindi sinema men man ke kiradar ko jivnt karane vali is mahanh abhinetri ki 13 aktoobar, 2004 ko maut ho gee. unhen aj bhi baaulivud ki sabase sarvashreshth man mana jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 nirupa raauy (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 4 aktoobar, 2012.

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