मदर इंडिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

madar indiya
Mother-India.jpg
nirdeshak mahaboob khan
nirmata mahaboob khan
lekhak mahaboob khan,vazahat mirza, es ali raza
kalakar nargis, rajakumar, rajendr kumar, sunil datt aur kanhaiya lal
prasiddh charitr sukkhi lala
sngit naushad
gitakar shakil badayoonni
gayak lata mngeshakar, shamashad begam, muhammad rafi aur manna de
prasiddh git duniya men jab aye hain to…, matavala jiya, o mere lal aja
chhayankan faroodan e eerani
snpadan shamasudin qadari
vitarak mahaboob prodakshns
pradarshan tithi 14 faravari, 1957
avadhi 172 minat
bhasha hindi
puraskar karaloveri antararashtriy film mahotsav:- sarvashreshth abhinetri; filmafeyar:- sarvashreshth film, sarvashreshth nirdeshak puraskar, sarvashreshth abhinetri puraskar, sarvashreshth chhayakar puraskar, sarvashreshth dhvani puraskar
bajat 40,00,000 rupaye

madar indiya mahaboob khan ke dvara nirdeshit ek vikhyat hindi film hai, isaka pradarshan 1957 men hua tha.

kathavastu

1940 men film "aurat" men mahaboob ek am hindustani aurat ke sngharsh aur hausale ko salam karate hain aur use ek aisi jivan vali mahila ke roop men pesh karate hain, jo viparit halat men bhi datakar khadi rahati hai. is film men ek ganv ki kahani hai, jisamen ek kutil aur lalachi sahookar apani havas poori karane ke lie kisan parivar ki ek stri par atyachar karata hai. satrah sal bad yani 1957 men mahaboob ne isi film ka naya snskaran "madar indiya" shirshak ke sath banaya. "aurat" ki tarah "madar indiya" ko bhi apar saphalata hasil huee aur is film ne mahaboob ko bharatiy sine itihas men amar kar diya.

nargis (radha), mastar sajid khan (birajoo) aur mastar surendr (ramoo)
Nargis (Radha), Master Sajid Khan (Birju), Master Surendra (Ramu)

nirman

"madar indiya" ko banane men poore tin sal lage aur is dauran kul milakar sau dinon tak shooting ki gee. film ki shooting mahaboob ke bandra stoodiyo aur dakshin gujarat men umara nam ke ek chhote-se shahar men huee thi. film ka kuchh hissa sarar aur kashipura ganvon men bhi filmaya gaya tha. [1] as-pas base ye donon ganv badauda zile men ate hain.

git-sngit

film ka git-sngit bhi bahut pasnd kiya gaya. shakil badayoonni ke likhe bhavapoorn giton ko naushad ki surili dhunon ka sahara mila tha. naushad ke sngit ki ek khoobi yah bhi thi ki ve apani dhunon men lok-sngit ka badi kushalata ke sath istemal karate the. giton ke lie pashrv gayakon ka chunav karane men bhi naushad mahir the. unhonne film ke zyadatar git shamashad begam, muhammad rafi aur manna de se gavaen, jabaki nargis par filmae ge giton men unhonne lata mngeshakar ki avaz ka istemal kiya. lata ne bhi "madar indiya" ke giton men apani tamam bhavanaen utar din aur yahi vajah hai ki film men unake gae git aj bhi sngit premiyon ko behad pasnd hain. lata ke gae "duniya men ham ae hain to jina hi padega" aur "o mere lal aja" jaise giton ko log aj bhi bade chav se sunate hain.

nargis (radha), sunil datt (birajoo) aur rajendr kumar (ramoo)
Nargis (Radha), Sunil Dutt (Birju), Rajendra Kumar (Ramu)

chhayaknn

"madar indiya" ke chhayaknn faradoon e. eerani ne kiya tha. jinake sath mahaboob ki dosti film "al hilal" ke vaqt se hi thi. mahaboob ki filmon men pharadoon ki chhayaknn dekhate hi banata hai, khas taur par mahaboob ki "andaj" aur "amar" jaisi blaik end vhait filmon men to pharadoon ne kamal ki chhayaknn kiya hai. pharadoon ne "madar indiya" ke drishyon ko khoobasoorat banane ki har mumakin koshish ki. autador lokeshan ke drishyon men pharadoon ka kaimara kudarat ki khoobasoorat karigari ko bakhoobi parade par chitrit karata hai. film men ganv-dehat ke drishy bhi bade jivnt hokar ubharate hain.
door-door tak phaila nila asaman....raste men dhool udati huee bailagadi chali ja rahi hai....bailon ke gale men bndhe ghungharooon ki roonajhun ki madhur dhvani apake dil ko chhoo jati hai!

snvad

"madar indiya" ka skrinaple bahut prabhavi tha aur isake dayalaaug behad asaradar the. "aurat" ke dayalaaug vazahat mirja ne likhe the, isalie yah svabhavik hi tha ki mahaboob ne "madar indiya" ke snvad likhane ka dayitv bhi unhen hi saunpa. vazahat mirja ko natakiy drishyon ki snrachana karane men maharat hasil thi aur "madar indiya" ke drishyon men bhi unhonne apana yahi kamal dikhaya. film ke kiradaron ki zindagi men ane vale utar-chadhav tatha unake gamon aur khushiyon ko unhonne apane damadar snvadon men piroya. yahi karan hai ki radha, shyamoo ya birajoo jaise kiradar itane vishvasaniy banakar parade par ubhare. [2]

kanhaiya lal (sukkhi lala)
Kanhaiyalal (Sukhilala)

mahaboob aur vazahat mirza donon ka svabhav ek jaisa tha, isalie unamen aksar jhagada ho jata tha. "madar indiya" ki shooting ke dauran bhi aisa kee bar hua. naubat yahan tak a gee ki ek martaba to vazahat mirja ne mahaboob ke pas ittila bhijava di ki ve film ke lie dayalaaug nahin likhenge. tab mahaboob ne hi ek rasta nikala. unhonne saiyad ali raja ko madhyasth banaya aur unhen yah zimmedari saunpi ki ve vazahat mirja se snvad likhavaen aur sait par mahaboob ke pas pahunchaen. ali raja isase pahale mahaboob ke lie "andaj" ki kahani likh chuke the. ve vazahat mirja ka bahut samman karate the, lekin jab "madar indiya" ke kredits dene ki bari aee, to mahaboob ne snvad lekhak ke taur par vazahat mirja ke sath ali raja ka nam bhi dene ka phaisala kiya. vazahat mirja ko jab yah bat pata lagi, to unhonne etaraj kiya aur is bare men ek chitthi mahaboob ke pas bheji....lekin tab tak mahaboob apani film ko antim roop de chuke the aur unake pas itana vaqt bhi nahin tha ki ve film ki kehradit lain men kuchh pherabadal kar pate.

mahaboob ne "madar indiya" ke taital rol men nargis ko liya, jinhen ve 1943 men bani apani film "takadir" ke jarie jamane ke samane la chuke the. nargis ki ginati pachas ke dashak ki kamayab abhinetriyon men hoti thi. us daur men unhonne anek filmon men mukhy nayika ke taur par kam kiya, lekin "madar indiya" ka rol unake lie kitana aham tha, yah khud nargis ne ek intaravyoo men bataya tha. unhonne kaha tha, "....jab mujhe "madar indiya" ka rol aauphar kiya gaya, to mujhe laga ki ek kalakar hone ke nate mainne jo ummiden laga rakhi hain, akhirakar unake poora hone ka vaqt a gaya hai......" [3]

jab kabhi lokapriy bharatiy filmon ke bare men rayashumari ki jati hai, "madar indiya" hamesha pahali payadan par khadi nazar ati hai. hindi sinema ki chnd klasik filmon men "madar indiya" ki ginati ki jati hai aur sirf apane desh men hi nahin, duniya ke baki mulkon men bhi har pidhi ke darshakon ne is film ko pasnd kiya hai. [4]

nirmata

mahaboob khan ki madar indiya bharatiy sinema ki sabase mahattvapoorn aur sarahi jane vali filmon men se ek hai. madar indiya ki patakatha bhi zabardast thi. film ki kamayabi men usaki sashakt patakatha ka bhi aham yogadan raha tha. [5] halanki sinema ek drishy madhyam hai, lekin film ko kahane ki kala men usake snvadon ki bhoomika ko qatee nazarandaj nahin kiya ja sakata. kisi bhi film ke snvad n keval usake samajik aur sanskritik pariprekshy ka nirman karate hain, balki ve usake mukhy kiradaron ki bhavanaon ko bhi vyakt karate hain. yahi bat madar indiya par bhi lagoo hoti hai. varsh 1957 men rilij huee yah film aauskar puraskaron ke lie namit hone vali pahali hindi film thi.

mahaboob khan stamp
Mehboob Khan Stamp

film men naragis, rajakumar, sunil datt, kanhaiyalal aur rajendr kumar ke snvadon ne sngharsh aur jujharoopan ki is amar gatha ko jivnt kar diya tha. madar indiya patakatha vazahat mirja aur saiyad ali raja ne nirdeshak mehaboob khan ke sath likhi thi. varsh 1908 men lakhanoo men janme vazahat mirja ne apana filmi kairiyar kalakatta ke nyoo thietar men sahayak kaimaramain ki haisiyat se shuroo kiya tha. 40 ke dashak men ve munbee chale ae.

unhonne munbee men apane kamakaj ki shuruat abhineta aur film nirdeshak ke roop men ki thi, lekin bad men ve patakatha lekhan men ruchi lene lage. ve urdoo ke behatarin shayar bhi the, halanki unaki shayari kabhi samane nahin a saki. unhonne bharat ki kuchh behatarin filmon ka skrin ple likha hai, jinamen madar indiya ke alava mugale ajam, shikast, yahoodi, gnga jamana aur lidar shamil hain. mehaboob khan ke sath vazahat mirja ne chhah filmen ki thin aur madar indiya in donon maharathiyon ka shreshthatam sajha prayas tha.

saiyad ali raja jane-mane lekhak aga jani kashmiri ke bhatije the. raja ki lekhan shaili bahut vishisht thi aur apani pahali hi film men unhonne isaki jhalak dikhaee. yah film thi mehaboob khan ki andaj. is film men apane jamane ke do diggaj abhineta dilip kumar aur raj kapoor ek sath nazar ae the. isake bad raja ne mehaboob khan ki an ke snvad bhi likhe. isi film ki shooting ke dauran unaki bhent abhinetri nimmi se huee thi aur bad men donon ne shadi kar li. saiyad ali raja ne ek patakatha lekhak ke roop men ne manak sthapit kie the.[6]

radha banin thin nargis

nargis (radha)
Nargis (Radha)

film 'madar indiya' men radha ki bhoomika ke zarie bharatiy nari ko ek naya aur sashakt roop dene vali nargis hindi sinema ki mahanatam abhinetriyon men se ek thin jinhonne lagabhag do dashak lnbe filmi safar men darjanon yadagar aur snvadenashil bhoomikaen kin aur apane sahaj abhinay se darshakon ka manornjan kiya. 1940 aur 50 ke dashak men unhonne kee filmon men kam kiya aur 1957 men pradarshit mahaboob khan ki film 'madar indiya' unaki sarvadhik charchit filmon men rahi. is film ko aauskar ke lie namit kiya gaya tha. antararashtriy star par charchit film 'madar indiya' men radha ki bhoomika ke lie nargis ko film pheyar sahit kee puraskar mile. isi film men shooting ke dauran abhineta sunil datt ne ag se unaki jan bachaee thi aur bad men donon ne shadi kar li thi.[7]

sunil datt bane birajoo

baaulivud ke mashahoor abhineta sunil datt ne apane sine kariyar ki shuruat varsh 1955 men pradarshit film relave pletapharm se ki lekin film ki asaphalata se vah apani pahachan banane men kamayab nahin ho sake. sunil datt ki qismat ka sitara 1957 men pradarshit film madar indiya se chamaka. isamen vah ek ऎse yuvak birajoo ki bhoomika men dikhaee die jo ganv men samajik vyavastha se kafi naraz hai aur vidroh kar dakoo ban jata hai. bad men sahookar se badala lene ke lie vah usaki putri ka apaharan kar leta hai, lekin is koshish men vah apani man ke hathon mara jata hai. is film men enti hiro ka kiradar nibhakar vah darshakon ka dil jitane men kamayab ho ge.[8]

mukhy kalakar

nargis (radha), sunil datt (birajoo) aur rajendr kumar (ramoo)
Nargis (Radha), Sunil Dutt (Birju), Rajendra Kumar (Ramu)
  • nargis - radha
  • sunil datt - birajoo
  • rajendr kumar - ramoo
  • raj kumar - shyamoo
  • kanhaiya lal - sukkhi lala
  • kumakum - chnpa
  • mukari - shnbhu
  • shila naeek - kamala
  • azad - chndr
  • mastar sajid khan - yuva birajoo
  • mastar surendr - yuva ramoo

puraskar

  • karaloveri antararashtriy film mahotsav:- sarvashreshth abhinetri naragis datt
  • filmafeyar:- sarvashreshth film
  • filmafeyar:- sarvashreshth nirdeshak puraskar mahaboob khan
  • filmafeyar:- sarvashreshth abhinetri puraskar naragis
  • filmafeyar:- sarvashreshth chhayakar puraskar faroodan e eerani
  • filmafeyar:- sarvashreshth dhvani puraskar ar kaushik


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sarar ganv men hi mahaboob ka janm hua tha
  2. aise bani "madar indiya" (hindi) patrika. abhigaman tithi: 27 agast, 2010.
  3. filmaphear / 25 aprel 1958
  4. niyogi buks, nee dilli se prakashit nasarin munni kabir ki pustak "d dayalaaug aauf madar indiya" ke kuchh ansh.
  5. lekhika aur daaukyoomentri filmakar nasarin munni kabir ne mehaboob khan ki is klasik film ke snvadon ko ek kitab ki shakl men snjoya hai. ve isase pahale bhi sinema par kee kitaben likh chuki hain, jinamen shamil hain varsh 1996 men prakashit gurudatt : a laiph in sinema, varsh 2009 men prakashit lata mngeshakar : in har on vaauis men prakashit d dayalaaug aauf avara : raj kapoors immortal klasik. unaki nee kitab men madar indiya ke snvadon ke sath hi shakil badayoonni ke sadabahar giton ko bhi devanagari, urdoo aur roman lipi men jagah di gee hai.
  6. madar indiya ka charitr gadhane vale maharathi (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) dainik bhaskar. abhigaman tithi: 27 agast, 2010.
  7. bharatiy nari ko sashakt roop dene vali abhinetri thin nargis (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) hindustan. abhigaman tithi: 27 agast, 2010.
  8. madar indiya se chamaka sunil datt ka sitara (hindi) khas khabar. abhigaman tithi: 27 agast, 2010.

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