शमशाद बेगम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shamashad begam
shamashad begam
poora nam shamashad begam
janm 14 aprail, 1919
janm bhoomi amritasar, pnjab
mrityu 23 aprail, 2013
mrityu sthan mumbee
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr parshvagayan
mukhy filmen 'madar indiya', 'mugal-e-azam', 'patnga', 'ar par', 'si.aee.di'., 'babul', 'didar', 'baijoo bavara', 'bahar', 'mela', 'kismat' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'padmabhooshan' (2009)
prasiddhi hindi filmon ki prasiddh parshvagayika
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari pahali bar shamashad begam ki avaz lahaur ke peshavar rediyo ke madhyam se 16 disambar, 1947 ko logon ke samane aee.

shamashad begam (angrezi: Shamshad Begum; janm- 14 aprail, 1919, pnjab; mrityu- 23 aprail, 2013, mumbee) bharatiy sinema men hindi filmon ki shuruati parshvagayikaon men se ek thin. hindi sinema ke prarambhik daur men unaki khanakhati aur surili avaz ne ek bahut badi snkhya men unake prashasakon ki bhid taiyar kar di thi. hindi filmon ke kee suparahit git, jaise- 'kabhi ar kabhi par', 'kajara mohabbat vala', 'leke pahala-pahala pyar', 'boojh mera kya nam re' shamashad begam ke nam par darj hain. in giton ki lokapriyata ne shamashad begam ko prasiddhi ki bulandiyon par pahuncha diya tha. varsh 2009 men bharat sarakar ne shamashad begam ko kala ke kshetr men unake vishisht yogadan ke lie 'padmabhooshan' se sammanit kiya tha.

janm

shamashad begam ka janm 14 aprail, san 1919 ko pnjab rajy ke amritasar men hua tha. ve apani yuvavastha se hi ke. el. sahagal ki bahut badi prashnsak thin. filmen dekhana aur git sunana unhen bahut pasand tha. filmen dekhane ka shauq shamashad begam ko is kadar tha ki unhonne film 'devadas' chaudah bar dekhi thi. shamashad begam ka vivah ganapatalal batto ke sath hua tha. varsh 1955 men pati ki mrityu ke bad ve mumbee a gee thin aur beti usha ratra aur damad ke sath rahane lagi thin.

gayan ki shuruat

pahali bar shamashad begam ki avaz lahaur ke peshavar rediyo ke madhyam se 16 disambar, 1947 ko logon ke samane aee. unaki avaz ke jadoo ne logon ko unaka prashnsak bana diya. tatkalin samay men shamashad begam ko pratyek git gane par pandrah rupaye parishramik milata tha. us samay ki prasiddh kampani jenofon, jo ki sngit rikaaurd karati thi, usase anubandh poora hone par shamashad begam ko 5000 rupaye se sammanit kiya gaya tha.

prasiddhi

shamashad begam ki sammohak avaz ne mahanh sngitakar naushad aur o. pi. naiyyar ka dhyan apani or khinch liya tha aur inhonne filmon men parshvagayika ke roop men inhen gayan ka mauka diya. isake bad to shamashad begam ki surili avaz ne logon ko inaka divana bana diya. pachas, ath aur sattar ke dashak men shamashad begam sngit nirdeshakon ki pahali pasnd bani rahin. shamashad begam ne 'aaul indiya rediyo' ke lie bhi gaya. inhonne apana myoozikal grup 'd kraun thietrikal knpani aauf paraphaaurming art' banaya aur isake madhyam se poore desh men anekon prastutiyan din. inhonne kuchh myoozik knpaniyon ke lie bhakti ke git bhi gae.[1] mashahoor sngitakar o. pi. naiyar ne unaki avaz ko 'mndir ki ghnti' bataya tha. shamashad begam ne us samay ke sabhi mashahoor sngitakaron ke sath kam kiya.

shamashad begam ki surili avaz ne sarngi ke ustad husain bakhshavale saheb ka dhyan bhi apani or khincha aur unhonne inhen apani shishya bana liya. lahaur ke sngitakar gulam haidar ne inaki jaduee avaz ka istemal film 'khajanchi' (1941) aur 'khanadan' (1942) men kiya. varsh 1944 men shamashad begam gulam haidar ki tim ke sath munbee a gee thin. yahan inhonne kee filmon ke lie gaya. inhonne pashchaty se prabhavit pahala git 'meri jan meri jan sanade ke sanade' gakar dhoom macha di thi. inaki gayan shaili poori tarah maulik thi. inhen lata mngeshakar, asha bhonsale, gita datt aur amirabaee karnataki se jara bhi kam nahin anka gaya.

holi ka prasiddh git

bharat ke pramukh tyoharon men se ek holi par yoon to hindi filmon men asnkhy gane likhe aur gaye ge hain, kintu holi ka sabase lokapriy git shakil badayoonni ne likha tha. is git ko apane samay ke khyatiprapt sngitakar naushad ne sngitabaddh kiya. shamashad begam ne is git ko apani surili avaz se sajakar amar bana diya. film 'madar indiya' ka yah git abhinetri nargis par filmaya gaya tha aur git ke bol the- "holi aee re kanhaee rng chhalake, suna de zara bansoori". is git men gopiyan natakhat krishn se guzarish kar rahi hain ki ve holi ke mauke par apani jadooee bansuri bajana bnd n karen. yah git apane samay ke sabase saphal giton men se ek tha, jo logon ke hriday par chha gaya tha.

pramukh git

nadiri begam ke kuchh pramukh git
git film
'chhod babul ka ghar' madar indiya
'holi aee re kanhaee' madar indiya (1957)
'o gadi vale gadi dhire hank re' madar indiya
'teri mahafil men qismat azama kar ham bhi dekhenge' mugal-e-azam
'mere piya ge rngoon' patnga
'kabhi ar kabhi par' ar par
'leke pahala pahala pyar' si.aee.di. (1956)
'kahin pe nigahen kahin pe nishana' si.aee.di. (1956)
'boojh mera kya nam re, nadi kinare ganv re' si.aee.di. (1956) (1956)
'milate hi ankhen dil hua divana kisi ka' babul
'bachapan ke din bhula n dena' didar
'door koee gae' baijoo bavara
'saiya dil men ana re' bahar
'mohan ki muraliya baje' mela (1948)
'kajara muhabbat vala' qismat (1968)

avaz ka jadoo

apani surili avaz se hindi film sngit ki sunahari hastakshar shamashad begam ke ganon men alhad jharane ki laparavah ravani, jivan ki sachchaee jaisa khuradarapan aur bahut din pahale chubhe kisi kante ki rah rahakar uthane vali tis ka sa ehasas samajh men ata hai. unaki avaz ki yah adaen sunane valon ko barabas hi apani or akarshit karati hai aur unake ganon ki lokapriyata ka alam yah hai ki aj bhi un par rimiks ban rahe hain.

puraskar v samman

  1. 'prestijiyas o.pi. naiyar avard' - 2009
  2. 'padm bhooshan - 2009

rochak tathy

shamashad begam se snbndhit kuch rochak tathy[2]
pahali hi film men 9 gane shamashad begam ne apane gayan kariyar ki shuruat rediyo se ki. unaki pahali hindi film ‘khajanchi’ thi. film ke sare 9 gane shamashad ne gae. unhonne 16 disnbar, 1947 ko peshavar rediyo ke lie gana gaya. unake is gane se o.pi. naiyyar kafi prabhavit hue aur unhen apani film men gane ka mauka diya. 50, 60 aur 70 ke dashak men shamashad sngitakaron ki pasndida hua karati thin.
rimiks ki rani begam ne jamane men shamashad begam ke jitane ganon ko rimiks kiya gaya shayad hi kisi aur gayak ke ganon ko kiya gaya ho. khas bat ye rahi ki shamashad ka orijanal gana jitana mashahoor hua utane hi hit unake rimiks bhi hue. unake ‘sainya dil men ana re’, ‘kajara mohabbat vala’, ‘kabhi ar kabhi par’ jaise ganon ke rimiks kafi lokapriy hue. ‘kajara mohabbat vala’ ke rimiks ko to sonoo nigam ne avaz bhi di. shamashad begam ko in rimiks par koee etaraj nahin raha. vo inhen vakt ki mang manati thin.
mobail ki shan shamashad shamashad begam ke gane aj bhi kee logon ke mobail phon ki plelist men mil jaenge. unaki avaz ka jadoo hai hi aisa. yahi nahin shamashad ke gane ringatons ke rup men bhi hit rahe hain. nabbe ke dashak men unake gane sabase jyada daunalod ki gee ringatons men shamil the.
hiro ke lie di avaz 1968 men aee film ‘kismat’ men shamashad begam ne hiroin babita nahin balki hiro vishvajit ke lie avaz di thi. film men vishvajit par filmae kuchh ganon men vo ladaki ke bhesh men the jisake lie avaz shamashad ki istemal ki gee.
pashchimi dhun adharit pahala gana shamashad ne apani avaz ki vividhata ko sabit karate hue pashchimi dhun par adharit gane bhi gae. unhonne si. ramachndr dvara knpoj kiya hua gana ‘ana meri jan snde ke snde’ gakar dhoom macha di. ye unaka pahala pashchimi dhun par adharit gana tha.
50 sal purana ‘katiya karun’ film 'raaukastar' ka gana ‘katiya karoon’ kafi hit raha tha lekin kya ap janate hain ki ye gana shamashad ke pachas sal pahale gae gane se prerit hai. marahoom gayika shamashad begam ne ‘katiya karoon’ ko 1963 men gaya tha. yah gana shvet-shyam pnjabi film 'pind di kurahi' men abhinetri nishi par filmaya gaya.
isalie nahin khinchavati thin photo shamashad begam ko kaimare ke samane ana pasnd nahin tha. kuchh logon ka manana hai ki shamashad khud ko khoobasoorat nahin manati thin isalie vo photo nahin khinchavati thin. vahin kuchh log kahate hain ki unhonne apane pita se kabhi kaimare ke samane n ane ka vada kiya tha. yahi vajah hai ki shamashad begam ki bahut kam tasviren upalabdh hain.
ke. el. sahagal ki divani, 17 bar dekhi devadas shamashad begam ke. el. sahagal ki bahut badi phain thin. unhonne sahagal ki film devadas 14 bar dekhi thi. yahi nahin vo unaki gayaki se bhi kafi prabhavit thin.
kee bhashaon men gae gane shamashad begam ne ‘nishan’ jaisi filmon nen bahubhashi git bhi gae. film ‘shabanam’ men barman da ke sngit nirdeshan men unhonne ek gane men 6 bhashaon men ek sath gaya. vah gair-filmi rekaaurds ke lie bhi gati rahin. hindi, pnjabi, urdoo aur pashto men bhi unake kee gair-filmi gane hain.
o. pi. naiyar ki ‘tenpal bel’  filmi duniya men shamashad ko gane ka mauka dene sngitakar o.pi naiyyar unhen ‘tenpal bel’ kahate the. naiyyar shamashad ki avaz ki tulana mndir men bajane vali ghntiyon ki avaz se karate the. shamashad ki gayan shaili poori tarah maulik thi aur unhonne lata mngeshakar, asha bhonsale, gita datt aur amirabaee karnataki ke daur men apani alag pahachan banaee thi.

nidhan

bharatiy sinema men apani surili avaz se logon ka dil jit lene vali mashahoor parshvagayika shamashad begam ka nidhan 23 aprail, 2013 ko mumbee men ho gaya. shamashan begam ne hindi film jagat se bhale hi kee varsh pahale dooriyan bana li thin, kintu apane poore kairiyar men beshumar aur prasiddh ganon ko apani avaz di. unhonne n jane kitane hi anaginat ganon ko apani avaz se sajakar hamesha-hamesha ke lie zinda kar diya. unaki beti usha ka kahana tha ki- "meri man hamesha yahi kahati thin ki meri maut ke bad mere antim snskar ke bad hi kisi ko batana ki main ab is duniya se ja chuki hoon, aur main kahin nahin jaungi jahan se aee thi, vahin vapas ja rahi hoon, main sada sabake sath hoon. ye khanaki avaz ab apani juban se gaye ge ganon se hi sabake dilon ko sukoon degi."[3]

nidhan ka samachar vibhinn sroton par padhen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. shamashad begam (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 aprail, 2013.
  2. kya ap shamashad begam ke bare men ye khas baten janate hain? (hindi) in daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 26 apral, 2013.
  3. gayika shamashad begam ka nidhan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 aprail, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah