पंकज मलिक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pnkaj malik
pnkaj malik
poora nam pnkaj kumar malik
janm 10 mee, 1905
janm bhoomi kalakatta (vartaman kolakata)
mrityu 19 faravari, 1978
mrityu sthan pashchim bngal
abhibhavak pita- manimohan malik, mata- manamohini
karm bhoomi pashchim bngal
karm-kshetr sngitakar, gayak aur abhineta
mukhy filmen 'yantrik', 'mnjoor', 'meri bahan', 'nartaki', 'jindagi', 'daktar', 'dharati mata', 'devadas', 'yahoodi ki ladaki'.
shiksha 'bharatiy shastriy sngit'
vidyalay 'skaautish charch kaaulej', kalakatta vishvavidyalay
puraskar-upadhi 'padmashri' (1970) aur 'dada sahab phalke puraskar' (1972)
vishesh yogadan pnkaj malik ko nitin bos aur ar. si. boral ke sath bharatiy sinema men parshvagayan ki shuruat karane ka shrey prapt hai.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari ravindr sngit ko saphalatapoorvak filmon men lane vale pnkaj malik pahale sngitakar the, unhonne film 'mukti' men ravindr sngit ka prayog kiya tha, jisase taigor ke git am janata ke samane pahali bar sinema ke roop men ae.

pnkaj malik (angrezi: Pankaj Mullick, janm- 10 mee, 1905, kalakatta, british bharat; mrityu- 19 faravari, 1978, pashchim bngal) bangla sngit aur filmon men saphalata ke sath-sath hindi filmon men bhi apani kamayabi ka paracham laharane vale shastriy sngit ke visheshgy the. unaka poora nam 'pnkaj kumar malik' tha. ve aise sngitakar v gayak the, jinaki avaz ke jadoo ne aj bhi unake lakhon prashnsakon ko bandh rakha hai. bahumakhi pratibha ke dhani pnkaj malik ko sngit aur gayan ke alava abhinay men bhi kushalata hasil thi. vah jab bhi parade par avatarit hue kamayab rahe. unaki aisi hindi filmon men 'daktar', 'andhi', aur 'nartaki' adi vishesh charchit hain. jati pratha ki samasya ke khilaf sndesh dene vali film 'daktar' men pnkaj malik ne kee gane khud gae the, jo kafi hit hue. pnkaj malik ki apani vishisht gayan shaili thi, jisaki badaulat unhonne hazaron logon ko apana prashnsak banaya. unhen hindi filmon ke sarvochch samman 'dada sahab phalke puraskar' se bhi navaja gaya.

janm tatha shiksha

pnkaj malik ka janm 10 mee, 1905 ko kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) men hua tha. unake pita ka nam manimohan malik aur mata ka nam manamohini tha. unake pita paramparik bngali sngit men vishesh ruchi rakhate the. pnkaj malik ne durgadas bandhopadhyay ke snrakshan men 'bharatiy shastriy sngit' ki apani prarambhik shiksha paee thi. kam umr men hi unhonne khyal, dhrupad, tappa aur any shastriy sngit ka gyan hasil kar liya tha. unhonne kalakatta vishvavidyalay ke 'skaautish charch kaaulej' men adhyayan kiya. shiksha samapt karane ke bad hi unake jivan men ek aham mod aya. unaka sampark dinendranath taigor se hua, jo ravindranath taigor ke bhatije the. unhonne dinendranath taigor se ravindr sngit sikha. bangla bhashiyon men ravindranath taigor ki kavitaon ko lokapriy banane men malik ke gae giton ka bada yogadan mana jata hai.[1]

filmi saphar ki shuruat

pnkaj malik akashavani se judane vale shuruati kalakaron men the. pnkaj malik ka filmi saphar mook filmon ke daur men hi shuroo ho gaya tha, kintu unhen sahi pahachan 1930 ke dashak men bolati filmon ki shurooat ke sath mili. hindi aur bangla donon bhashaon ko milakar unhonne ek sau se adhik filmon men sngit diya aur kee men abhinay bhi kiya. unaki ullekhaniy sngit rachanaon men 'mahishasuramardini' bhi shamil hai. akashavani ke lie banae ge bangla aur snskrit mishrit is karyakram men hemnt kumar sahit us daur ke sabhi prasiddh gayakon ne apani avaz di. is karyakram ko aj bhi prativarsh chaitr mas ke navaratr se thik pahale mahalay ke avasar par akashavani dvara prasarit kiya jata hai aur log ise behad ruchi se sunate hain.

saphalata

pnkaj malik ke sngit nirdeshan vali shurooati hindi filmon men se ek 'dharati mata' kafi charchit huee. gramin bharat ke jivan par adharit is film men kisanon ki samasyaen aur unhen musibaton se joojhane ka rasta dikhane ka prayas kiya gaya tha. pnkaj malik ne is film men behatarin sngit diya aur unaki dhunon ke karan poori film men gramin parivesh jivnt hota dikhaee diya. 'dharati mata' film men ke. el. sahagal ne adarshavadi yuvak ki bhoomika nibhayi thi. is film ke git 'prabhu mohe bula ganv men duniya rngarngili baba duniya rngarngili' adi behad kamayab rahe. 'dharati mata' ke bad pnkaj malik ki kee filmen pradarshit hueen, jinhen samikshakon ke alava darshakon ne kafi pasnd kiya. aisi filmon men 'dushman', 'kashinath', 'zindagi', 'nartaki' aur 'meri bahan' adi shamil hain. 'nartaki' sngit ki drishti se ek aham film thi. devaki bos nirdeshit is film men pnkaj malik ne ek kavi ki bhoomika nibhayi aur kee git bhi gae the. in ganon men 'ye kaun aya sabere sabere kaun tujhe samajhae moorakh' vishesh taur par yad kie jate hain.[1]

amar sngit

nyoo thiyetars ki film 'yatrik' pnkaj malik ko vishesh roop se priy thi. isamen unhonne amar sngit diya hai. kailash, kedaranath, aur badrinath ki yatra par adharit is film men pnkaj malik ne snskriti ki kee mashahoor rachanaon ko apana svar diya aur apane vishesh sngit ko film ka ek khoobasoorat paksh bana diya. doosare vishv yuddh ke dauran 1940 ke dashak ki shuruat men nyoo thiyetars se jude adhikatar bade namon ne 'bnbee' (vartaman mumbee) ki rah pakad li, kintu pnkaj malik ko adhik rakam ka prastav akarshit nahin kar paya aur unhonne bnbee jane se saf inkar kar diya.

pramukh filmen

pnkaj malik ki kuchh pramukh filmon ke nam nimnalikhit hain-

  1. yantrik - 1952
  2. mnjoor - 1949
  3. meri bahan - 1944
  4. nartaki - 1940
  5. jindagi - 1940
  6. daktar - 1940
  7. dharati mata - 1938
  8. devadas - 1936
  9. yahoodi ki ladaki - 1933

puraskar

bharat sarakar ne sngit ke kshetr men pnkaj malik ke vishesh yogadan ko dekhate hue unhen 'padmashri' (1970) se sammanit kiya tha. film jagath ke sarvochch 'dada sahab phalke puraskar' (1972) se navaje ge pnkaj malik ko darjanon puraskar mile. isake sath hi unhen logon ka bharapoor pyar bhi mila.[1]

nidhan

nyoo thiyetars se apar prem karane vale pnkaj malik isake bnd hone tak isase jude rahe. 'jalajala' aur 'kastoori' unaki akhiri filmon men thi, jinaka sngit nirdeshan unhonne vishesh anurodh karane par hi svikar kiya tha. isake bad vah filmon se alag ho ge aur sngit ki shiksha ke kshetr men vishesh taur par sakriy rahe aur antat 19 faravari, 1978 ko vah is duniya ko alavida kah ge. pnkaj malik ko apane jivan kal men vah sab mila, jisaki hasarat kisi kalakar ko hoti hai.

pramukh tathy

pnkaj malik ke jivan se jude kuchh mahattvapoorn tathy is prakar hain-

  • ravindr sngit men dilachaspi rakhane vale shashadhar sen ke anusar- "gurudev ravindranath taigor ke git 'nemeche aj prothom badal' ki pahali kamarshiyal rikaaurding se pnkaj malik ne apane kairiyar ki shuruat ki thi. ravindr sngit ko pnkaj malik ne ek tarah se atmasat kar liya tha." sen ke anusar yah rikaaurding malik ne 1926 men kalakatta ki ek knpani ke lie ki thi aur tab unaki umr 18 sal ki thi. yah elabam hit raha aur malik ravindr sngit ka ek jana-mana nam ban ge. isake bad unhonne ravindr sngit ke kee elabam nikale, jinhen shrotaon ne behad pasnd kiya.[2]
  • varsh 1927 men pnkaj malik tatkalin kalakatta ke 'indiyan braaudakasting kaauraporeshan' se jude aur phir akashavani men sngitakar ar. si. boral ke sath kam karane lage. boral aur malik ka ek sngitakar aur kalakar ke taur par qarib 50 varsh ka sath raha tha. unhonne bangla, hindi, urdoo aur tamil bhasha ki filmon ke lie sngit diya aur film jagath ke lie unaka yogadan qarib 38 sal tak raha, jisaki shuruat unhonne 1931 se ki thi.
  • ke. el. sahagal, es. di. barman, hemnt kumar, gita datt aur asha bhonsale ko pasnd karane vale malik ne abhinay bhi kiya. abhinay ke saphar men unake sath ke. el. sahagal, pi. si. barooa aur kanan devi rahe. pnkaj malik ko nitin bos aur ar. si. boral ke sath bharatiy sinema men parshvagayan ki shuruat karane ka bhi shrey hai.
  • qarib 50 sal pahale 1959 ko jab dooradarshan ki shuruat huee thi, tab pnkaj malik aur vaijaynti mala ne ek vishesh karyakram pesh kiya tha.[2]
  • kaha jata hai ki malik ko apana git 'diner sheshe ghumer deshe' gate hue sunakar ravindranath taigor ne unhen gale se laga liya aur kaha ki ve unake giton ko sngit de sakate hain.
  • pnkaj malik ko bharat ke poorv pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo ne bhi rashtragan 'jan gan man' ke lie sngit dene ke lie kaha tha.
  • ravindr sngit ko saphalatapoorvak filmon men lane vale pnkaj malik pahale sngitakar the, unhonne film 'mukti' men ravindr sngit ka prayog kiya tha, jisase taigor ke git am janata ke samane pahali bar sinema ke roop men ae.
  • apane 50 salon ke sngit kairiyar men pnkaj malik ne 5,000 giton ki rachana ki thi.
  • bharatiy dak seva ne varsh 2006 men pnkaj malik ki janm shatabdi par ek dak tikat bhi jari kiya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 avaj ke jadoogar the pnkaj malik (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 sitambar, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 pnkaj malik (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 sitambar, 2012.

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