देवकी बोस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

devaki bos
devaki bos
poora nam devaki kumar bos
janm 25 navambar, 1898
janm bhoomi vardhaman zila, pashchim bngal
mrityu 11 navambar, 1971
mrityu sthan kolakata
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr film nirdeshan
mukhy filmen 'chndidas', 'pooran bhagat', 'mirabaee', 'sita', 'vidyapati', 'sonar kathi', 'meghadoot', 'sagar', 'sngam' aur 'aparadhi' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'padmashri' (1958)
prasiddhi film nirdeshak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari devaki bos hi pahale bngali film nirdeshak the, jinhonne 'bharatiy shastriy sngit' ke sath 'ravindr sngit' ko mila kar filmon men ek adbhut dhvani madhury paida kiya.

devaki kumar bos (angrezi: Debaki Kumar Bose , janm- 25 navambar, 1898, pashchim bngal; mrityu- 11 navambar, 1971, kolakata) 'mook yug' ke bad bharatiy sinema ke itihas men aye thiyetars yug ke behad kalpanashil film nirdeshak the. ve dhvani aur sngit ke adbhut janakar the. yahi karan hai ki unake dvara nirdeshit sabhi filmon men sngit ka madhury bikhara pada hai. unaki adhikatar filmon men ray chand boral ne sngit diya tha. devaki bos hi vah pahale bngali film nirdeshak the, jinhonne 'bharatiy shastriy sngit' ke sath 'ravindr sngit' ko mila kar filmon men ek adbhut dhvani madhury paida kiya. yadi devaki bos 'nyoo thiyetars' se n judate to snbhav tha ki 'nyoo thiyetars' ki vah prasiddhi nahin hoti jo aj hai.

janm

devaki bos ka janm 25 navambar, 1898 ee. ko vardhaman zila, pashchim bngal men hua tha. unake pita apane samay ke ek nami vakil the. jin dinon devaki bos apani kaaulej ki padhaee poori kar rahe the, us samay desh ko svatntrata dilane ke kee krantikari apani gatividhiyan chala rahe the. inamen rashtrapita mahatma gandhi sarvapramukh the.

gandhiji ka prabhav

bharat ki azadi ke lie mahatma gandhi dvara chalaya gaya 'asahayog andolan' apane charam bindoo par tha. is andolan se devaki bos svayn bhi bahut prabhavit the. isake parinamasvaroop andolan men hissa lene ke lie devaki bos ne kaaulej ki padhaee chhod di. padhaee chhodane ke bad vah kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) men rah kar ek chhote-se akhabar "shakti" ka snpadan karane lage.

film nirdeshan

inhin dinon patrakarita karate hue unaki mulakat dhiren ganguli se huee. devaki bos ne dhiren ganguli ki 'british dominiyan kampani' ke lie kee mook filmon ki patakatha likhi. isake sath hi kuchh filmon ka nirdeshan bhi kiya, choonki in tamam filmon ka chhayankan krishn gopal ne kiya tha, isalie devaki bos se unaki mitrata ho gayi. krishn gopal navabon ke shahar lakhanoo ke the, isalie vah chahate the ki lakhanoo men rahate hue hi film banayen. lakhanoo ki ek film kampani 'yoonaited film karaporeshan' ek film banana chahati thi, jisamen chhayankan ka kam krishn gopal ko saunpa gaya tha. unhonne film ko nirdeshit karane ke lie devaki bos ko kalakatta se bula liya.[1]

film ki asaphalata

varsh 1930 men 'd shaido aauf daid' film ban kar taiyar huee. lekin yah film buri tarah se asaphal ho gayi. devaki bos to lakhanoo se vapas kalakatta chale gaye, lekin film ke chhayakar krishn gopal ko kampani ne bndhak bana liya aur kaha ki 'vah kampani chhod kar tab hi ja sakate hain, jab poore ghate ki bharapaee karen'. yah krishn gopal ke bas men nahin tha. isalie vah kampani ke bndhak bane rahe aur ummid karate rahe ki devaki bos unhen chhudane ke lie paise lekar aenge. devaki bos ne prathamesh barooa se unhen apani film kampani men rakhane ki gujarish ki aur phir krishn gopal ko chhudavane ke lie bhi unase paisa hasil kar liya. is tarah krishn gopal devaki bos ki vajah se hi kampani ke bandhan se chhoot sake.

saphalata ki papti

'nyoo thiyetars' ki film 'chndidas' ki kamayabi se devaki bos ka nam achanak hi raton rat chamak utha. 'nyoo thiyetars' men unake pravesh ki kahani bhi filmi-si hai. jab 'nyoo thiyetars' ki ek ke bad ek sat filmen flaaup ho geen, tab devaki bos ne 'nyoo thiyetars' ke malik virendranath sarakar se milane ki koshish ki. virendranath sarakar unase mil to lie, lekin jab devaki bos apane sath laee huee ek patakatha unhen sunane lage to unhonne kaha ki ve yah patakatha chhayakar nitin bos ko sunaen. nitin bos se devaki bos tin dinon tak milane ki koshish karate rahe, lekin unhonne palat kar dekha tak nahin. itana avashy tha ki ve ye dekhate rahe ki koee safed rng ki dhoti-kurta pahane yuvak kee dinon se unake pichhe rahata hai. akhirakar chauthe din himmat karake devaki bos ne nitin bos ko apana parichay diya aur bataya ki unhen virendranath sarakar ne unase milane ke lie kaha hai.[1]

nitin bos ne dopahar men lnch ke samay devaki bos ke hath men maujood kahani ko suna aur sunate hi abhibhoot ho gaye. yah kahani aur koee nahin, balki film "chndidas" ki hi patakatha thi. 'chndidas' ke banate hi 'nyoo thiyetars' ki tootati sanse laut ayin. film suparahit ho chuki thi, aur isake sath hi devaki bos bhi 'nyoo thiyetars' ke mahattvapoorn vyaktitv ban gaye.

pramukh filmen

devaki bos ne char darjan se bhi zyada filmon ka saphal nirdeshan kiya, jisamen hindi se adhik bangla bhasha ki filmen thin. unake dvara nirdeshit pramukh filmon men se kuchh ninmalikhit hain-

devaki bos dvara nirdeshit pramukh filmen[1]
kr.sn. film kr.sn. film
1. d shaido aauf daid 2. aparadhi
3. nishir dak 4. chndidas
5. rajarani mira 6. pooran bhagat
7. mirabaee 8. dulari bivi
9. sita 10. jivan natak
11. inkalab 12. sonar snsar
13. vidyapati 14. sapera
15. nartaki 16. abhinav
17. apana ghar 18. shriramanuj
19. svarg se sundar desh hamara 20. meghadoot
21. krishnalila 22. alakannda
23. chndrashekhar 24. sar shnkaranath
25. kavi 26. ratnadip
27. pathik 28. bhalobasha
29. navajanma 30. chirakumar sabha
31. sonar kathi 32. sagar sngam
33. arghy 34. aparadhi

saral vyaktitv

devaki bos man ke bade udar aur saral vyaktitv ke insan the. vah hamesha unhin vishayon par film banate the, jo vishay unhen apane svabhav aur soch ke anukool lagate the. unaki jin filmon ne saphalata ke naye kirtiman sthapit kie the, unamen 'chndidas' aur 'pooran bhagat' ke sath-sath film 'sita' bhi shamil thi. unake dvara nirdeshit film 'sita' bharat ki pahali aisi film thi, jise 'venis film samaroh' men pradarshan ke lie chuna gaya tha. film 'sita' men ram ki bhoomika apane samay ke mashahoor abhineta prithviraj kapoor ne aur sita ki bhoomika durga khote ne nibhaee thi. devaki bos ki ek any film jisaki bahut charcha hoti hai, vah hai "vidyapati". is film ne bhi bharatiy janata ke bich achchhi saphalata prapt ki thi.

sngit ke parakhi

unaki filmon ki sabase badi nidhi unaka sngit hai. ye filmen apani dhvani aur sngit ke lie bharatiy sinema men mil ka patthar mani jati hain. devaki bos ko dhvaniyon ki adbhut samajh thi aur sngit men vah behad prayogadharmi shilpakar ke roop men jane jat the. unhonne 'bharatiy shastriy sngit' ke sath 'ravindr sngit' ko milakar filmon men dhvani aur sngit ka bahut hi madhury prayog kiya tha.[1]

antim film

devaki bos ne jis antim film ko nirdeshit kiya, vah thi bangla bhasha men bani film 'arghy'. yah film unhonne varsh 1961 men banaee thi. 'nyoo thiyetars' se alag hone ke bad devaki bos ne 1942 se 1961 ke bich yoon to bis se bhi adhik filmen banayi thin, lekin unamen se koee bhi film 'chndidas' ya 'pooran bhagat' jaisi saphalata arjit nahin kar saki, aur n hi 'sita' jaisi bauddhik prashnsa hi papt kar saki.

puraskar v samman

san 1958 men devaki bos ko bharat ki sarakar ne pratishthit "padmashri" se sammanit kiya tha.

nidhan

11 navambar, 1971 ko devaki bos ka nidhan kolakata men hua.


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adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 dhvani aur sngit ke prayogadharmi shilpakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 janavari, 2013.

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