ख़्वाजा अहमद अब्बास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

khvaja ahamad abbas
khvaja ahamad abbas
poora nam khvaja ahamad abbas
janm 7 joon 1914
janm bhoomi panipat, hariyana
mrityu 1 joon 1987
mrityu sthan munbee, maharashtr
abhibhavak gulam-us-sibatain aur masaroor khatoon
pati/patni muztabi begam
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr film nirdeshak, patakatha lekhak aur urdoo lekhak
mukhy filmen naya snsar, nicha nagar, avara, shri 420, daau. kotanis ki amar kahani, dharati ke lal, aj aur kal, sat hindustani adi.
shiksha bi.e., el.el.bi
vidyalay aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay
puraskar-upadhi padm shri, galib puraskar, film 'nicha nagar' ke lie antararashtriy kans film samaroh men palme di'or puraskar, filmapheyar puraskar
nagarikata bharatiy
pustaken inkalab, 'aee em naaut ऍn ayalaind: ऍn eksapairiment in aauto bayografi'
any janakari baaumbe kraaunikal men ye lnbe samay tak bataur snvadadata aur film samikshak rahe. inaka stnbh 'd last pej' sabase lnba chalane vale stnbhon men gina jata hai.

khvaja ahamad abbas (angrezi: Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, janm: 7 joon 1914 – mrityu: 1 joon 1987) prasiddh film nirdeshak, patakatha lekhak aur urdoo lekhak the. ve un kuchh gine chune lekhakon men se ek the, jinhonne muhabbat, shanti aur manavata ka paigam diya. ek patrakar ke roop men unhonne 'aligadh opiniyan' shuroo kiya. 'baaumbe kraaunikal' men ye lnbe samay tak bataur snvadadata aur film samikshak rahe. inaka stnbh 'd last pej' sabase lnba chalane vale stnbhon men gina jata hai. yah 1941 se 1986 tak chala. abbas ipta ke snsthapak sadasy the.

jivan parichay

khvaja ahamad abbas sahab ka janm 7 joon 1914 ko hariyana rajy ke panipat men hua. ve 'khvaja gulam abbas' ke pote the jo 1857 ke vidroh ke shahidon men se ek the. unake pita 'gulam-us-sibatain' the jo unhen pavitr quran padhane ke lie prerit karate, jabaki 'masaroor khatoon' unaki man thin. unake khanadan ka bakhan ayoob ansari tak jata hai jo paignbar muhammad ke sathi the. apani prarnbhik shiksha ke lie, abbas sahab 'hali muslim haee skool' gaye jise unake paradada yani prasiddh urdoo shayar khvaja altaf husain hali aur mirza galib ke shagird; dvara sthapit kiya gaya tha. panipat men unhonne 7vin kaksha tak adhyayan kiya, 15 varsh ki ayu hone par maitrik samapt ki aur bad men, aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay se angrezi sahity men bi.e. (1933) aur el.el.bi (1935) poori ki.[1] vah apane jivan men adhikansh karyon men saphal rahe the. unake sukomal premaprasng ke parinamasvaroop muztabi begam ke sath vivah ka ati sundar varnan unaki atmakatha 'aee em naaut ailaind' men kiya gaya hai. yah ek saphal prem vivah tha. kaha jata hai ki unaki samast ullekhaniy upalabdhiyon ke pichhe unaki patni ka bada tha. san 1958 men patni ki mrityu ke uparant akele rah gaye.[2]

indira gandhi ke sath khvaja ahamad abbas

karyakshetr

abbas sahab ne jald hi ek patrakar ke roop men apana kairiyar shuroo kar diya. unhonne 'aligadh opiniyan' nam ki desh ki pahali chhatr-prakashit patrika shuroo ki. isase pahale unhonne, turnt apane bie ke bad, neshanal kaaul nam ke akhabar men bhi kam kiya tha. sanh 1935 men, aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay se bahar ane ke bad, ve baaumbe kraaunikal men shamil ho ge jahan unhen jald hi film vibhag ke snpadak ke roop men padonnat kar diya gaya. vahan ve 1947 tak kam karate rahe. 1936 men, ve baaumbe taaukiz ke part-taeem pablisist ke roop men filmon men a gen jo himanshu ray aur devika rani ki praaudakshan kampani thi. unhonne 1941 men apani pahali patakatha 'naya snsar' bhi isi knpani ko bechi.

filmi safar

1945 men khvaja sahab ka ek nirdeshak ke roop men kairiyar shuru hua jab unhonne ipta (indiyan pipals thietar esosieshan) ke lie 'dharati ke lal' nam ki ek film banaee. yah 1943 ke bngal men pade akal par adharit thi. 1951 men, unhonne 'naya snsar' nam ki apani khud ki knpani khol li jo 'anahoni' (1952) jaisi samajik prasngikata ki filmon ka nirman karane lagi. abbas sahab ki film 'rahi' (1953), mulk raj annd ki ek kahani par adharit thi jisamen chay ke baganon men kam karane vale shramikon ki durdasha ko darshaya gaya tha. chetan annd ke lie 'nicha nagar' (1946) likhane se pahale, abbas sahab vi. shantaram ke lie 'daau. kotanis ki amar kahani' (1946) bhi likh chuke the. yah film khvaja sahab ki ek kahani 'end van did naaut kam baik' par adharit thi jise unhonne, daau. dvarakanath kotanis ke jivan par likha tha.

rajakapoor ke qaribi

khvaja sahab ne atisaphal film nirmata-nirdeshak rajakapoor ke sath ek lamba sath nibhaya aur 'avara' (1951), 'shri 420' (1955), 'jagate raho' (1956), 'mera nam jokar' (1972) aur 'baaubi' (1973) jaisi unaki kee saphal filmen likhi. ar. ke. bainar ki film 'hina' (1991) jise ranadhir kapoor dvara nirdeshit kiya gaya tha; bhi abbas sahab ki ek kahani par adharit thi. abbas sahab ne raj kapoor ki film 'ram teri gnga maili', ki shuruat aur ant bhi likha tha. yah ek aisi bat hai jise bahut kam log janate hain. rajakapoor khvaja sahab ke qaribi the aur unhen 'meri avaz' bulaya karate the. unake apane jivan par bani film 'mera nam jokar' ke baauks aaufis par phlaaup ho jane ke bad, rajakapoor vittiy snkat men phns gaye the. abbas sahab ne, sirf is asadharan nirdeshak ki madad karane ke lie, apane siddhanton se samajhauta kiya. unhonne ek masaledar kishoravastha ke romans ki film 'baaubi', likhi. yah ek suparahit film sabit huee aur raj kapoor phir se safalata ki lahar par savar ho gaye. lekin 'baaubi' men bhi, abbas sahab apane samajavadi drishtikon aur apane pragatishil vicharon ko sthapit karane men saphal rahe. unhonne ise film ki vishay-vastu men ropit kar diya. apani chamakadar satah se niche yah amir aur garib ke sngharsh ki kahani kahati hai. yah samajik vargabhed aur antarajatiy vivah ki bat karati hai. halanki abbas sahab bhi manate the ki unake aur rajakapoor ke kam karane ke andaz men kuchh fark zaroor tha. ve kaha karate, "agar main raj kapoor ke lie likhi huee apani filmon ko khud nirdeshit karata, to ve sabhi asaphal rahati." raj kapoor ke sath unaki jodi vyavasayik roop se saphal sabit hoti thin. raj kapoor ka drishtikon chizon ko larjar-dain-laif dikhane ka raha hai. abbas sahab ki yatharthavad men gahari jaden thin, lekin phir bhi raj kapoor ke lie unhonne jitani bhi filmen likhi, un sabhi men ek majaboot samajik mudda tha, chahe yah 'avara' ho ya 'shri 420'. unake lie sirf aur sirf film hi mahatvapoorn thin na ki usase jude arthik labh.[1]

film 'dharati ke lal'

adbhut nirmata evn nirdeshak

sinema ki takat ka ehasas karane ki kshamata rachanatmak aur thos irade vale nirmata nirdeshakon men hi hoti hai. khvaja ahamad abbas ke lie sinema samaj ke prati ek katibaddhata thi. abbas ne is pratibaddhata ko poora kiya. ve sinema ko bahuvidha kala manate the jo manovaigyanik aur samajik vastavikata ke sahare logon men vastavik badalav ki akanksha ko janm de sakati hai. rajakapoor ke filmi kairiyar men abbas ka pramukh yogadan hai. abbas ne samajik, arthik aur rajanaitik sthitiyon ke snbndh men apani bhavanaon ko vyakt karane ke lie lokapriy madhyam sinema ka bakhoobi upayog kiya. abbas sinema ko ek uddeshyaparak madhyam manate the. samakalin samasyaon jaise garibi, akal, asprishyata, sanpradayik vibhajan par unhonne karara prahar kiya. 'shahar aur sapana' (1963) phutapath par jivan gujarane vale logon ki samasyaon ka varnan hai aur 'do boond pani' (1971) rajasthan ke marusthal men pani ki vikaral samasya aur usake mooly ka varnan karata hai. 'sat hindustani' men sanpradayikata aur vibhajan ke dnsh ko vyakt kiya gaya hai. gauratalab hai ki sat hindustani sine star amitabh bachchan ki pahali film thi. 'd naksalait' naksal samasya ko ukerati hai. paintis varshon ke filmi kariyar men unhonne 13 filmon ka nirman kiya. unhonne lagabhag chalis filmon ki kahani aur patakathaen likhin jinamen adhikatar rajakapoor ke lie hain. ve sinema ko manovaigyanik aur samajik vastavikata ka varnan karate hue logon men vastavik sthiti ko badalane ke lie akanksha utpann karane ka bada sadhan manate the. abbas kee mayanon men advitiy the. 'shahar aur sapana', 'sat hindustani', 'jagate raho' ya 'avara' unaki pratibaddhata ke anupam udaharan the. ek bar abbas ne kaha bhi tha ki unhonne sinema ke sath har roop men prayog kiya. abbas ne maltistar, rngin, gitayukt, vaid skrin film, bina git ki film aur sah nirmata ke roop men ek videshi film ka nirman kiya. jab kabhi unhen avasar milata ve niyo rielijm (nav yatharthavad) ko majaboot karane se chookate nahin the. ve logon men akanksha utpann karane ka pharmoola janate the. unake bina filmon men neharoo yug aur roosi lal topi ki kalpana nahin ki ja sakati. 'paradesi' roos ke sahayog se bani film thi.[3]

bahuayami vyaktitv

film 'sat hindustani'

khvaja ahamad abbas jo na sirf filmon, balki patrakarita aur sahity ke kshetr men bhi bharat ke lie ek anamol ratn the. unaka bahuayami vyaktitv unhen ek film nirdeshak, upanyasakar, patakatha lekhak aur urdoo, hindi evn angrezi ka patrakar hone ki ijazat deta tha. unaka kaaulam 'last pej' (urdoo snskaran - 'azad kalam') baaumbe kraaunikal men 1935 men shuroo hua aur 1947 ke bad se blitz men chhapane laga. jahan vah unaki mrityu tak jari raha. abbas sahab koee sadharan adami nahin the. ve ek jvalamukhi the. unake qaribi aur priyajanon ke kanon men aj bhi unaki damadar avaz goonjati hai aur unake dilon men unaki yadon ki tis chala deti hai. ali pitar jaaun kahate hain "jab main unase pahali bar mila to ve mujhe ek sher ki tarah lage!". isake alava duniya unaki jis bat se tharrati thi vah tha unaka gussa. tinoo annd kahate hain "jab ve chillate the to divare kanpane lagati thin." patrakarita men bhi unaka kariyar 25 varshon se adhik ka raha. unake lekhon ka snkalan do kitabon 'aee rait es aee phil' aur 'bed byooti end rivolyooshan' ke roop men kiya gaya hai.

"svachhand, spasht aur bhayamukt (fri, fraink aur phiyaralais)" - "mujhe jo lagata hai vah main likhata hoon. -khvaja ahamad abbas"[1]
javaharalal neharoo ke sath khvaja ahamad abbas

neharooji se snbndh

khvaja ahamad abbas tatha bharat ke pratham pradhanamntri pndit javaharalal neharoo chhatr jivan ke samay se mitr the. san 1947 men desh vibhajan ke samay unaki man sahit sabhi nikat snbndhi pakistan chale gaye (pita ki mrityu 1942 men ho chuki thi), lekin vah pakistan nahin gaye tatha unhen dngagrast panipat se bahar surakshit nikalane ke lie javaharalal neharoo ne vyaktigat roop se hastakshep kiya tha.[2] inaki film 'munna' (1954) ko dekhane ke lie neharooji itane utsuk the ki unhonne isaka ek print dilli bhejane ke lie vishesh adesh de dala. isake bad pndit ji is film se itana prabhavit hue ki unhonne isake bal-kalakar mastar romi se milane ki mnsha bhi zahir ki.[1]

amitabh bachchan ki nazar se

khvaja ahamad abbas jab apane jivan ke antim dinon men gnbhir roop se bimar the aur arthabhav se joojh rahe the tab unhonne apani film 'sat hindustani' ke adhikar utani hi rashi men beche the jitani rashi unake ilaj ke lie zaroori thi. hindi sinema ke mileniyam star amitabh bachchan ne apane blag men abbas se judi yadon ko taja karate hue bataya ki abbas siddhanton par vishvas karane vale aise eemanadar vyakti the jinake man men vyavasayikata apani jad nahin jama saki. vah doosaron ke lie jine men vishvas karate the. lekin kisi se apeksha nahin karate the. unaka dil bahut bada tha. unhonne likha hai ki abbas itane svabhimani vyakti the ki jivan ke antim samay men bhi unhen kisi ki sahayata lena mnjoor nahin tha. unase bhi nahin, jinhen abbas ne hi khoja tha aur ek pahachan di thi. big bi ke anusar, gnbhir roop se bimar aur arthabhav se joojh rahe abbas ne tab sat hindustani ke adhikar sirph utani hi rashi men beche the jo unake ilaj ke lie zaroori thi. jabaki unhen achchhi rakam mil sakati thi. amitabh ne likha ki yah bat abbas ne kisi ko nahin bataee thi kyonki unhen dar tha ki yah sun kar log unaki madad karane ke lie age aenge. yah unake siddhanton ke khilaf hota. vah keval apani mehanat ki kamaee par vishvas karate the. big bi pahali bar khvaja ahamad abbas se tab mile the jab unhen abbas ne apani film sat hindustani men ek rol ke lie bulaya tha. yah film purtagaliyon ke kabje se gova ko mukt karane par bani thi. un dinon amitabh bachchan film jagath men pair jamane ke lie sngharsh kar rahe the. blag men amitabh ne likha hai ki tab abbas ka karyalay juhoo men ek imarat ki chauthi mnjil par tha. unhonne likha hai ki sat hindustani ke bare men to bahut kuchh likha gaya lekin us vyakti ke bare men kam hi likha gaya jo sath kam karate karate hamara mamoojan ban gaya. big bi ne likha hai ki film men main bilkul naya kalakar tha lekin abbas ka vyavahar sabake lie ek saman tha. unake lie koee naya ya koee jana mana nahin tha. film ki shooting ke lie poori yoonit tren ke tisare darje ke dibbe men baith kar munbee se gova gee thi. abbas bhi yoonit ke sath isi dibbe men the. unake lie samajavad keval kitabon aur adhyayan tak hi simit nahin tha balki vah us par amal bhi karate the. gova men poori yoonit ek chhote se sarakari atithigrih men rooki jahan suvidhaen nahin ke barabar thin. rat ko lalaten ka istemal hota tha kyonki vahan bijali nahin thi. lalaten ki roshani men hi abbas hathon men kagaz qalam le kar rat bhar patakatha aur sin ki taiyari karate, agale din shooting hoti thi.[4]

pustaken

abbas sahab ki atmakatha- 'aee em naaut ऍn ayalaind'

abbas sahab ne panch dashakon ki avadhi men 73 se adhik angrezi, hindi aur urdoo men pustaken bhi likhin. unhen aj bhi urdoo sahity ki ek vilakshan pratibha mana jata hai. unaki sabase prasiddh kitab 'inkalab' rahi hai, jo sanpradayik hinsa ke mudde par chot karati hai. inkalab sahit unaki kee pustakon ka anuvad kee bharatiy aur videshi bhashaon jaise roosi, jarman, italavi, phrench aur arabi men kiya gaya hai. unaki atmakatha 'aee em naaut ऍn ayalaind: ऍn eksapairiment in aauto bayografi' pahali bar 1977 men prakashit huee aur phir 2010 men ise punah prakashit kiya gaya.[1]

samman aur puraskar

'shahar aur sapana' ke alava, abbas sahab ki do filmon, 'sat hindustani' (1969) aur 'do boond pani' (1972), ne rashtriy ekata par bani sarvashreshth fichar film ke lie naragis datt puraskar jite. 'nicha nagar' (1946) antararashtriy khyati jutane men kamayab rahi aur isane kans film samaroh men palme di'or puraskar jita. doosari or 'paradesi' (1957) bhi isi puraskar ke lie namit hone men saphal rahi. in sab padakon aur puraskaron ke alava, unhen 1969 men bharat sarakar dvara padmashri se bhi sammanit kiya gaya. unako milen kuchh any puraskar then: sahityik upalabdhiyon ke lie hariyana stet rob aauf aaunar (1969), urdoo sahity men unake yogadan ke lie galib puraskar (1983), urdoo akadami dilli ka vishesh puraskar (1984) aur maharashtr rajy ka urdoo akadami puraskar (1985). [1]

nidhan

antim dinon men, do-do dil ke aghaton (hart-ataik) ke bavajood, abbas sahab apani film 'ek adami' (1988) ki dabing ko jari rakhe hue the. yah film unaki mrityu ke bad pradarshit huee. ve kaha karate the, "film kisi bhi kimat par rukani nahin chahie." yah ek smriti hai jo aj bhi ali pitar jaaun ke dil ko kuredati hai. khvaja ahamad abbas sahab ka munbee men 72 varsh ki ayu men 1 joon, 1987 ko nidhan hua. ve apane antim dinon tak blitj ke lie likh rahe the. abbas sahab ko bharat men samanantar (pairelal) ya nav-yatharthavadi (niyo-riyalistik) sinema ke rahanumaon men gina jata hai. ek patakatha lekhak aur nirdeshak ke roop men, bharatiy sinema men unaka yogadan vrihadh hai aur preranadayak bhi. ek patrakar ke roop men unaki rashtravadi vicharak ki ek bhoomika aur dooradarshita ka koee sani nahin hai. sahity men, urdoo ke ek pramukh lekhak ke roop men unaki chhap amit rahegi. abbas sahab apane ap men ek snsthan the aur jo jagah unhonne hamare dilon men banayin hai vah shabdon ke pare hai. ve apane pichhe jo rachanaen chhod kar gaye hain, chahe filmen ho ya pustaken ya unaka kaaulam; vah sab kuchh hamari rashtriy dharohar hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 khvaja ahamad abbas (hindi) film raitars esosieshan. abhigaman tithi: 16 sitambar, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 khvaja ahamad abbas (hindi) hariyana ki kala evn snskriti (googal buks). abhigaman tithi: 16 sitambar, 2013.
  3. samaj ke prati pratibaddh the khvaja ahamad abbas (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 16 sitambar, 2013.
  4. amitabh: sat hindustani ke adhikar beche the abbas ne (hindi) zi kraim. abhigaman tithi: 16 sitambar, 2013.

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