भानु अथैया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhanu athaiya
bhanu athaiya
poora nam bhanumati annasaheb rajopadhyey
prasiddh nam bhanu athaiya
janm 28 aprail, 1929

(ayu- 92 varsh)

janm bhoomi kolhapur, maharashtr
mrityu 15 aktoobar, 2020
mrityu sthan munbee, maharashtr
abhibhavak pita- annasaheb, mata- shantabaee rajopadhyey
pati/patni satyendr athaiya
karm bhoomi munbee, bharat
karm-kshetr filmon men dres dizainar
mukhy filmen 'gandhi', 'sahib, bibi aur gulam', 'vakt', 'reshama aur shera', 'lekin', 'lagan', 'daau, baba saheb ambedakar' adi.
shiksha snatak (gold medal)
vidyalay je. je. skool aauf arts, munbee
puraskar-upadhi 'aauskar avard' (1983), 'rashtriy film avard' (1991), 'laif taim achivament avard' (2009)
prasiddhi dres dizainar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari bhanu athaiya ne film 'gaid' men vahida rahaman, 'brahmachari' men mumataj, 'satyam shivam sundaram' men jinat aman ke vastr dijain kie the.
bhanumati annasaheb rajopadhyey (angrezi: Bhanu Athaiya; janm- 28 aprail, 1929, kolhapur; mrityu- 15 aktoobar, 2020, munbee) bharatiy sinema men mashahoor dres dizainar ke roop men jani jati thin. vah aisi pahali bharatiy mahila rahin, jinhen 'aauskar puraskar' se navaja gaya tha. bhanu athaiya sadhe panch dashak tak hindi sinema men sakriy rahin. is dauran unhonne dres dizaining ko nit naye ayam diye. unhen prasiddh film nirmata-nirdeshak richard etanabaro ki film "gandhi" ke lie sarveshreshth dres dizainar ka 'aauskar' mila tha. bhanu athaiya 100 se bhi adhik filmon ke lie dizaining kar rikaaurd buk men apana nam darj kara chuki thin. film jagath men apane khatte-mithe anubhavon ke sath kaaustyoom dizaining aur faishan men ae badalavon ko unhonne hal hi men prakashit pustak "bhanu rajopadhye athaiya-d art aauf kaaustyoom dizain" men sametane ki koshish ki thi.

janm tatha shiksha

bhanu athaiya ka janm 28 aprail, 1929 ko maharashtr rajy ke kolhapur men hua tha. inaka poora nam 'bhanumati annasaheb rajopadhyey' rakha gaya tha. inake pita ka nam annasaheb aur mata shantabaee rajopadhyey thin. apane mata-pita ki sat sntanon men bhanu athaiya tisare sthan par thin.[1] gauratalab hai ki azadi ke pahale us daur men kolhapur jaise chhote shahar men bhanu ke mata-pita ne apani beti ko khoob padhaya aur usaki ruchiyon aur pratibha ko dekhate hue use munbee ke je. je. skool aauf arts men shiksha ke lie bheja. yahan se unhonne snatak ki upadhi gold medal ke sath prapt ki. isake bad ve 'progresiv art grup' ki sadasy ke liye bhi namit hueen. mata-pita ne jab apani beti bhanu ko rekhachitr banate dekha tha to use protsahit kiya aur agrah kiya ki vah gandhiji ka rekhachitr banae. ise snyog hi kaha jayega ki bachapan men gandhiji ka rekhachitr banane vali bhanu ko hi kuchh dashak bad sar richard etanabaro ki antararashtriy film 'gandhi' ki veshabhoosha banane ke lie aauskar se navaja gaya.

vivah

hindi filmon ke jane-mane gitakar aur ek kavi ke roop men pahachane jane vale satyendr athaiya ke sath bhanu athaiya ka vivah sampann hua tha. athaiya dampatti ka yah rishta adhik dinon tak nahin chal saka. bhanu athaiya ne doosara vivah bhi nahin kiya. inaki ek beti bhi huee, jo ab apane parivar ke sath kolakata men rahati hai.

filmon ke dizaining ka kary

bhanu athaiya ne varsh 1953 men dres dizaining shuroo ki aur agale 56 varshon men unhonne hindoo sinema men dres dizain ke saundaryashastr ko paribhashit karane vali ek asadharan kary paddhati ka vikas kiya. mahila patrikaon ke liye ek faishan visheshgy ke roop men svatntr kary karane ke bad bhanu athaiya ne filmon ke liye bhi paridhan-dizain karana arnbh kiya. film 'shri 420' men abhinetri nadira ke liye "mud-mud ke na dekh..." gane ke liye taiyar kiye ge gaun ne unhen vishisht pahachan dilaee. yah gana kafi hit hua aur nadira hindi sinema ki sarvotkrisht abhinetriyon men shumar ho geen. abhinetra sadhana ki kasavadar salavar-kamij ko bhi bhanu athaiya ne hi dizain kiya tha, jisaka jadoo 1970 ke dashak tak faishan ke roop men chhaya raha.[1]

prasiddhi

dres dizainar filmon ki kahaniyon ke anuroop hi paridhan-vastr-anlakar taiyar karate hain aur sinema ke priy patr inhen pahan kar v odhaqar apani khas chhaviyan chhod jate hain. bhanu athaiya aisi hi dres dizainar hain, jinake paridhan charitron men jan dal dete hain. bhanu athaiya 1982 men prakhyat filmakar richard etenabaro ki film 'gandhi' men aauskar avard pane vali pahali bharatiy hain. unake utkrisht dizainon aur apane kam ke prati lagan ne bharatiy sinema ko kaaustyoom dizaining ke lie nee upalabdhiyan din. bhanu athaiya ne 100 se bhi adhik filmon men jane-mane filmakaron, jaise- gurudatt, yash chopada, raj kapoor, ashutosh govarikar, kaaunared rooks aur richard etenabaro adi ke sath kam kiya. 'si.aee.di.' (1956), 'pyasa' (1959), 'chaudahavi ka chand' (1960) aur 'sahab bibi aur gulam' (1964) jaisi saphal filmon ne bhanu athaiya ko ek vishisht pahachan dilaee.[1] bhanu athaiya charitr aur film ke kathanak ko dhyan men rakhakar paridhan dizain karati hain aur manamohak chhaviyan charitron men dhal deti hain.

puraskar v samman

inhin saphalatam koshishon ke phalasvaroop unhonne 'sahib bibi aur gulam', 'reshama aur shera' adi ke lie bhi prashnsa batori. bhanu athaiya ki sabase badi saphalata 'aauskar avard' (1983) prapt karana tha. yah avard unhen film 'gandhi' men vastr dizain ke lie diya gaya tha. gulazar ki film 'lekin' ke liye bhanu athaiya ko varsh 1990 ka sarvochch kaaustyoom dizainar avard mila. bhanu athaiya ki hal ki saphalatam filmen hain- jabb़ar patel ki 'daau. baba saheb ambedakar' aur amir khan 'lagan', jisane inhen doosara rashtriy puraskar dilaya. bhanu athaiya ne telivijan siriyals aur natakon ke liye bhi paridhan dizain kiye hain. isake atirikt varsh 1991 men 'lekin' ke lie 'rashtriy film avard' aur 2009 men 'laif taim achivament avard' bhi inhen mila.

pramukh filmen

ve pramukh filmen jinake lie bhanu athaiya ne vastr dizaining ki thi, nimnalikhit hain-

  1. shri 420 - 1955
  2. sahib, bibi aur gulam - 1962
  3. vakt - 1965
  4. reshama aur shera - 1971
  5. gandhi - 1982
  6. lekin - 1990
  7. daau. baba saheb ambedakar - 2000
  8. lagan - 2001

kitab ka prakashan

bhanu athaiya ne apani filmi yatra par kendrit ek kitab bhi jari ki hai. filmakar kumar shahani ne 'd art aauf kaaustyoom dizain' kitab ka lokarpan kiya. richard etanabaro ne bhi is kitab ki prashnsa ki hai. etanabaro ne lndan se apane sndesh men kaha ki "kisi vyakti dvara aise gyan, darshan aur utsah ke sath kie ge aitihasik kary ka dastavejikaran mahattvapoorn tha." bhanu athaiya ke sath apane kam ko yad karate hue etanabaro ne kaha ki "apane sapanon ki film 'gandhi' banane ke lie mujhe 17 varsh ka samay laga, jabaki is film men parde par dikhane vale hazaron logon ke bharatiy vastr taiyar karane ke lie sahi vyakti ke roop men bhanu athaiya ke chunav men keval 15 minat ka samay laga." is kitab men nau adhyay hain. jinamen bhanu athaiya ke kolhapur men bitae shuruati dinon, unaka munbee ana, unaki raj kapoor aur gurudatt se mulakat, filmon men gahanon ka jadoo, chalan vikasit karane vale vastron aur dizainar dvara prapt puraskaron aur sammanon ki janakari di gee hai.[2]

prasiddh hastiyon ke lie kary

bhanu athaiya ne film 'gaid' men vahida rahaman, 'brahmachari' men mumataj, 'satyam shivam sundaram' men jinat aman ke vastr dijain kie the. unhonne 130 filmon men vastr dijain kie hain aur raj kapoor, gurudatt, bi. ar. chopada, yash chopada, devannd aur ashutosh govarikar jaise filmakaron ke sath kam kiya hai. bhanu athaiya ne raj kapoor ki 'mera nam jokar' se lekar 'ram teri gnga maili' tak kee filmon ki dres dizaining ki. unhonne apane samay ki saphal film 'rajiya sultan' se lekar amol palekar ke natakon tak ke lie veshabhoosha banaee hai.

bhanu athaiya ka kahana hai ki film kalakar unake kolaba sthit ghar par chalane vale varkashaaup par apane kapade dizain karavane ate hain. varsh 1964 men 'sngam' men vaijaynti mala ke lie bhanu ki dizain ki gee krep silk sadiyon ko behad pasnd kiya gaya tha. bhanu kahati hain ki film 'satyam shivam sundaram' men ek gramin ladaki aur doosari taraf usi ladaki ko ek apsara ki tarah dikhane ke lie dres dizain karana kafi chunautipoorn kam tha. 1962 men film 'sahib, bibi aur gulam' men mina kumari ko unake charitr, zamindar ki patni ke roop men unaka prem hasil karane ki jaddojahad, ko darshane ke lie lait phletaring sadiyan dizain karani thin. film 'gandhi' ke lie bhanu athaiya ko shreshth kaaustayoom dizainar ka 'aauskar puraskar' mila. ve batati hain ki gandhiji ki bhoomika nibha rahe ben kingsale ko parnparik kathiyavadi kapade pahanane the, jo ki gandhiji ke paitrik ganv men pahane jate the. kastooraba ki bhoomika men rohini hatngadi ne haindaloom baaurdar ki sadiyan pahani thin. 2001 men film 'lagan' ki british abhinetri rashel ke lie topi, dastane aur doosari aisi chizen kharidane ke lie bhanu athaiya ko inglaind jana pada tha.[3]

aauskar ki suraksha

50 ke dashak se bharatiy sinema men sakriy bhanu athaiya ne 100 se zyada filmon ke lie kaaustyoom dizain kie. aauskar ke alava unhen do rashtriy puraskar bhi mile the. amir khan ki film 'lagan' aur shaharukh khan ki film 'svades' men unhonne akhiri bar kaaustyoom dizain kie the. sal 2012 men bhanu athaiya ne aauskar traauphi ko lautane ki ichchha jataee thi. vo chahati thin ki unake jane ke bad aauskar traauphi ko surakshit sthan par rakha jae. tab bibisi se batachit men bhanu athaiya ne kaha tha, "sabase bada saval traauphi ki suraksha ka hai, bharat men pahale kee avaaurd gayab hue hai. maine itane salon tak avaaurd ko injaauy kiya hai, chahati hoon ki vo age bhi surakshit rahe". unhonne kaha tha, "main aksar aauskar aauphis jati hoon, maine dekha ki vahan kee logon ne apane traauphi rakhe hain. amariki kaaustyoom dijainar edith hed ne bhi marane se pahale apane ath aauskar traauphiyon ko aauskar aauphis men rakhavaya tha".[4]

bhanu athaiya ne aauskar samaroh ki us sham ko yad karate hue kaha tha, "dorothi shindaleyar paveliyan men ho rahe samaroh men gadi se mere sath philm ke lekhak bhi ja rahe the. unhonne kaha tha ki unhen lagata hai ki avaaurd mujhe hi milega. doosare dizainars bhi yahi kah rahe the ki avaaurd mujhe hi milega. mainne poochha ki aisa itane vishvas se ap kaise kah sakate hain? is saval par un logon ne mujhe javab diya ki apaki philm ka dayara itana bada hai ki usase ham pratiyogita nahin kar sakate hai". avard lete vakt mainne sirph yahi kaha tha ki "main sar richard aautenabaro ka shukriya ada karati hoon ki unhonne duniya ka dhyan bharat ki taraph khincha... dhanyavad akadami".

bhanu athaiya chitrakari men gold medelist bhi thin aur yahi vajah thi ki richard aautenabaauro ne unhen apani film men chuna tha. bhanu athaiya ka manana tha ki agar unaki traauphi aauskar ke daphtar men rakhi jaegi to zyada log ise dekh paenge.

mrityu

bharat ki pahali aauskar vijeta aur sinema jagat ki jani-mani kaaustyoom dijainar bhanu athaiya ka 91 varsh ki ayu men nidhan 15 aktoobar, 2020 ko munbee, maharashtr men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 bhanu athaiya (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 16 faravari, 2013.
  2. bhanu athaiya ki filmi yatra par pustak (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 16 faravari, 2013.
  3. bhanu athaiya (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 16 faravari, 2013.
  4. bhanoo athaiya ne jita tha bharat ke lie pahala aauskar avaaurd (hindi) bbc.com. abhigaman tithi: 30 disnbar, 2020.

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