bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

गुलाब  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lal gulab
Red Rose

gulab ek bharatiy pushp hai. poore bharat men gulab ke paudhe pae jate hain. gulab ka vaigyanik nam roja haibrida hai. deshi gulab lal rng ka hota hai. parantu kalam karake kee rngo ke gulab ugae jate hain. gulab ek aisa phool hai, jisake bare men sab janate hain. gulab ka phool dikhane men jitana adhik sundar hota hai. usase kahin zyada usamen aushadhiy gun hote hain. yah sabase purana sugandhit pushp hai, jo manushy ke dvara ugaya jata tha. isake vibhinn prakar ke sundar phool jo ki arkashak, akriti, vibhinn akar, man ko lubhane vale rngon aur apane vibhinn upayogitaon ke karan ek mahattvapoorn pushp mana jata hai.

rng

gulab ka phool lal, gulabi, pila, narngi, nila, safed aur kala rng ka hota hai.

svad

gulab ke phool ka svad halka tikha aur khushaboodar hota hai.

svaroop

gulab ke ped phulavadiyon men lagaye jate hain. isaki dalon men kante lage hote hain, yah 2 tarah ka hota hai. ek mausami aur ek barahamasi. mausami gulab ka phool march-aprail men phoolata hai. isamen sugndh adhik hoti hai. barah mahine gulab ka phool barahon mahine tak phoolata hai.[1]

gulab ka vivaran

gulab ki kheti prachin samay se phrans, saipras, gris, bharat, eeran, itali, morakko, amerika aur bulgariya men itr utpadan ke lie hoti a rahi hai.

vibhinn prakar ke gulab ke phool

bharat men isaki bahut si prajatiyan himalay ki parvat shrrikhnlaon men jngali roop men payi gee hai. sugndhit gulab ki kheti mukhyatah aligadh, kannauj, gajipur, baliya aur jaunapur uttar pradesh men, rajasthan men haldighati, chanh‍digadh ke nikat aur tamilanadu men lagabhag 8000 hekteyar kshetraphal men ki jati hai. gulab ki kheti karane vale mukhy kshetr karnatak, maharashtr, pnjab, uttar pradesh, dilli aur chandigadh jabaki gujarat, hariyana, himachal pradesh, madhy pradesh, rajasthan, tamilanadu aur pashchim bngal ke kuchh bhago men isaki kheti ki jati hai.

gulab ka paudha

gulab apani upayogitaon ke karan sabhi pushpon men mahattvapoorn sthan rakhata hai. amataur par gulab ka paudha oonchaee men 4-6 phut ka hota hai. tane men asaman kante lage hote hain. gulab ki 5 pattiyan mili huee hoti hai. bahut matra men milane vala gulab ka phool gulabi rng ka hota hai. gulab ka phal andakar hota hai. isaka tana kantedar, pattiyan bari-bari se ghere men hoti hai. pattiyon ke kinare dantedar hoti hai. phal mansal beri ki tarah hota hai jise 'roj hip' kahate hain. gulab ka pushpavrint korimbos, penikulet ya solitari hota hai.

gulab ke fayade

  • gulab ke phoolon se thndak milati hai. sharir ke rng-rup men nikhar ata hai.
  • gulab thndak pradan karata hai.
  • gulab dil, dimag aur amashay ko balavan banata hai.
  • ayurved men gulab ke gunon ki charcha ati hai. ise vat-pittanashak dah, jalan, adhik pyas tatha kabj nashak kaha gaya hai.
  • yah garmi se hone vale unmad men labhakari hota hai. yah man ko prasann karata hai.
  • gulab men vitamin si kafi matra men paya jata hai.
  • pachan shakti (bhojan pachane ki kriya) ko badhati hai. gulab men hal kiya hua surama ankhon ke lie labhakari hota hai.
  • gulab ka prayog pat-poori, snrakshit padarth, roz vainagar, madira, jem aur jeli ityadi men kiya jata hai.

gulab ke any utpad

  • gulab jal:- yah ek vyavasayik utpad hai jo ki gulab ki pnkhudiyo se taiyar kiya jata hai isaka prayog itr men, davaiyon men, aur kanphaikshanari men kiya jata hai. yah thandak pradan karata hai aur isako prayah ankho ki dava ke roop men prayog kiya jata hai. isaka upayog pine ke pani tatha shadiyon men mehamanon ke oopar chhidakane men karate hain.
gulab ke phool ki mala
  • itr:- yah mukhy vyavasayik utpad hai jo ki gulab ki pnkhudiyon se banaya jata hai. sungadh ke alava isame aushadhiy gun hote hain. bulgeriyan gulab ko sugndhit sabun aur saundary samagri banane men prayog kiya jata hai.
  • gulakand:- sookhi gulab ki pnkhudiyon ko pnkhudi kaha jata hai aur gulab ki pnkhudi़yo se gulakand taiyar kiya jata hai jisame ki pnkhudiya aur chini ki matra rakhi jati hai. ye svasthyavardhak aur lakjetiv ke roop men prayog kiya jata hai.
  • pnkhudi:- isaka prayog mithaiyon evn shital pey padartho men kiya jata hai.
  • gularogan:- yah kesh tel hota hai jo gulab ke pnkhudiyon ke sath til ke tel men milakar banaya jata hai.
  • vitamin:- gulab ka phal eskorabik esid ka achchha shrot hota hai. 100 gram gulab ke phal ke sharabat men 150 miligram eskorabik esid paya jata hai jo ki 50 miligram sntare ke joos se 20 miligram tamatar ke ras se aur 5 mili gram seb ke ras se adhik paya jata hai.[2]

vithika


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gulab (hindi) janakalyan. abhigaman tithi: 23 agast, 2010.
  2. gulab (hindi) uttara krishi prabha. abhigaman tithi: 23 agast, 2010.

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