bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

दिल्ली की वास्तुकला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahatma gandhi, gandhi smriti sngrahalay, dilli

dilli ke vaividhyapoorn itihas ne virasat men ise samriddh vastukala di hai. shahar ke sabase prachin bhavan saltanat kal ke hain aur apani snrachana v alnkaran men bhinnata lie hue hain. prakritik rupaknnon, sarpakar belon aur quran ke aksharon ke ghumav men hindoo rajapoot karigaron ka prabhav spasht nazar ata hai. madhy eshiya se ae kuchh karigar kavi aur vastukala ki seljuk shaili ki visheshataen meharab ki nichali kor par kamal- kaliyon ki pnkti, utkirn alnkaran aur bari-bari se adi aur khadi eeton ki chinaee hai. khilazi shasan kal tak islami vastukala men prayog tatha sudhar ka daur samapt ho chuka tha aur islami vastukala men ek vishesh paddhati aur upashaili sthapit ho chuki thi jise pakhtoon shaili ke nam se jana jata hai. is shaili ki apani lakshanik visheshataen hain. jaise ghode ke nal ki akriti vali meharaben, jalidar khidakiyan, alnkrit kinare bel booton ka kam (barik vistrit roop rekhaon men) aur preranadayi, adhyatmik shabdankan bahar ki or adhikanshat: lal pattharon ka tatha bhitar safed sngamaramar ka upayog milata hai.

vastukala ki parnpara men badalav

tugalaqon ne vastukala ki parnpara men badalav kar alnkaran ka tattv samapt kar diya is kal men sleti pattharon vale sidhe sapat nirman ko prathamikata di gee unaki imaraton men ek doosare par adharit chhaton vali sadi meharabon quran ki ayat se khude kinaron aur bhatti men rngi tailon ko prabhavashali dhng se shamil kiya gaya. tugalaqon ne apane bhavanon men sajavat par kam, aur unaki akriti ki bhavyata par adhik zor diya. saiyad aur lodi kal men gunbadiy dhanche ki do jatil shailiyan prachalit hueen. nimn ashtabhujakar akriti vali shaili jisaka zamini kshetraphal kafi vishal hota tha. aur oonchi vargakar shaili jisamen bhavan ka agrabhag charo or se gujarane vali patti aur phalak shrinkhala roopi sajavati tattv se vibhajit hota tha, jo inhen do ya tin mnzil jaise hone ka roop deti pratit hoti thi. lodi kal men bagiche vale makabaron ka nirman bhi hua. is kal ki masjidon men minaren nahin hoti thi.

rashtriy rel sngrahalay, dilli
National Railway Museum, Delhi

vastavik gaurav

kala evn sanskritik snsthan aur kendr

  • aaul indiya fain artas end kraft sosaiti (e.aee.eph.e.si.es.)
  • indira gandhi rashtriy kala kendr
  • lalit kala akadami
  • bharatiy naty kala skool
  • naty baile sentar
  • sahity kala parishad
  • shri ram kala evn snskriti parishad
  • triveni kala sngam
  • amarika sentar/yoo.es.aee.es.
  • arab sanskritik kendr
  • frans sanskritik kendr
  • hngari sanskritik kendr
  • bharatiy hebitet kendr
  • indira gandhi rashtriy kala kendr
  • eeran sanskritik kendr
  • izarayal sanskritik kendr
  • japan sanskritik kendr
  • katthak kendr, bhavalapur bhavan
  • maiks moolar bhavan
  • rashtriy naty vidyalay
  • naty baile kendr
  • rajiv gandhi faundeshan
  • sahity kala parishad
  • shri ram bharatiy kala kendr
  • triveni kala sngam

dilli ki vastukala ka vastavik gaurav mugal kalin hai. dilli men humayoon ka maqabara mugal vastukala ka pratham mahattvapoorn namoona hai. humayoon ke makabare ko 1565 ee. men usaki begam hamida bano ne banavaya tha. isamen hamida ki qabr bhi hain. isake atirikt vibhinn kalon men bani dara shikoh furukhasiyar tatha alamagir dvitiy adi ki bhi qabren yahin sthit hain. kaha jata hai ki mugal parivar ke tatha usase snbndhit 90 se adhik vyaktiyon ki qabren yahan hain. 1857 ki rajyakanti men antim mugal samrat bahadurashah ko mugalon ne yahin qaid kiya tha. tajamahal ka agragami yah nirman bharat ka pahala poorn vikasit bagiche vala maqabara bhi hai. isane bharatiy vastukala men oonchi meharabon aur dohare gunbadon ki shuruat ki jo mugal vastukala ke pratinidhi namoone lal qile men dikhaee dete hain. isamen nirmit naqqarakhane, divar-e-am aur divar-e-khas, mahal tatha manornjan kaksh, chhajje, hamam, antarik naharen aur jyamitiy saundaryabodh ke sath nirmit bagiche tatha ek alnkrit masjid dekhate hi banate hain. jama masjid mugalakalin masjidon ki vastavik pratinidhi hai. yah pahali masjid hai, jinamen minaren bhi hain. adhikansh bhavanon men sngamaramar ka istemal hua hai. jinamen naqqashi tatha bahurngi pattharon ki sajavat ke nayab namoone hain.

angl vastukala

dilli ki angl vastukala aupaniveshik tatha mugalakalin kala ka pratik hai. yah vaisaraauy ke avas snsad bhavan aur sachivalay ke vishal bhavanon se lekar avasiy bngalon aur daftaron jaisi upayogi imaraton tak vaividhyapoorn hai. svatntr bharat men vastukala ne apani alag upashaili vikasit karane ka prayas kiya hai. deshaj tatha pashchimi shaili ke mishrit svaroop men sthaniy upashailiyon ki chhata dikhaee deti hai. sarvochch nyayalay bhavan, vigyan bhavan vibhinn mntralayon ke karyalay kanaaut ples ke asapas ki imaraten isake shreshth udaharan hain. hal hi men dilli men antarrashtriy khyati ke kuchh vastukar hue jinhonne dilli ke paridrishy men kuchh akarshan bhavan jode hain. jinhen uttar-adhunik kaha jata hai. tikakaran snsthan, bharatiy jivan bima nigam ka mukhyalay aur bahaee mndir isake ullekhaniy udaharan hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

‌‌

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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