पुरातत्वीय संग्रहालय, नागार्जुनकोंडा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

puratatviy sngrahalay, nagarjunakonda
puratatviy sngrahalay, nagarjunakonda
vivaran yah sngrahalay nagarjunasagar bandh men sh‍thit ek dvip par maujood hai. dvip par pahunchane ke lie nagarjunasagar bandh ke dakshin men vijayapuri men ek jeti sh‍than hai.
rajy andhr pradesh
nagar nagarjunakonda
bhaugolik sthiti akshansh 16° 31' uttar, deshantar 79° 14' poorv
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
avakash shukravar
khule rahane ka samay 9 baje se 5 baje tak
any janakari panch dirghaon men pradarshit vash‍tuon men choona path‍thar ke patiye, moortiyan, abhilekh tatha anh‍y puravash‍tuen shamil hain jo sabhi tisari-chauthi shatabh‍di ee. se samh‍banh‍dhit hain aur pradarshit vash‍tuon men adhikansh snkhh‍ya inaki hi hai.

puratatviy sngrahalay, nagarjunakonda andhr pradesh ke guntoor zile ke macherla mndal men sh‍thit hai. 24 kilomitar ki doori par macherla nikatatam relave sh‍teshan hai. yah sngrahalay nagarjunasagar bandh men sh‍thit ek dvip par maujood hai. dvip par pahunchane ke lie nagarjunasagar bandh ke dakshin men vijayapuri men ek jeti sh‍than hai.

itihas

nagarjunakonda (akshansh 16° 31' uttar, deshantar 79° 14' poorv) ka nam bauddh vidvanh aur pndit achary nagarjun bauddhachary ke nam par pada tha jisaka arth nagarjun parvat hota hai. yah ek mahanh dharmik kenh‍dr tha jahan se brahman aur bauddh maton ka prachar kiya jata tha aur unase judi kala aur vash‍tukala ke prarnbhik charanon ko sh‍varoop pradan kiya gaya. yah ek vish‍trit bauddh sh‍thapana thi jahan bauddhamat ke anek samh‍pradayon ka poshan hua jo ek poorn vikasit mahayan samh‍praday ke roop men parinat hue. vartaman men yah bharat men maujood ek adbhut dvip hai jisamen ek puratath‍viy sngrahalay aur poorv aitihasik kal se paravarti madhh‍yakalon ke nagarjunakonda ghati ke sh‍thanantarit aur punarnirmit sh‍marak maujood hain jinake nagarjunasagar pariyojana ke anh‍targat doobane ka khatara paida ho gaya tha.

visheshataen

  • khudaiyon se praph‍t puravash‍tuon ke sngrah, parirakshan aur pradarshan ke lie sh‍thapit yah sngrahalay snrachana men ek bauddh vihar jaisi dikhane vali ek vishal imarat men sh‍thit hai.
  • yah lagabhag 2.5 kilomitar poorv-pashh‍chim aur 1 kilomitar uth‍tar-dakshin men phaile hue dvip ke uth‍tari bhag men ek madhh‍yakalin kilebanh‍di ke avasheshon ke bich sh‍thit hai.
  • yah sngrahalay un sabhi sansh‍kritik avadhiyon ki bahumoolh‍y kalavash‍tuen prash‍tut karata hai jinase yah ghati aur kshetr gujare hain.
  • panch dirghaon men pradarshit vash‍tuon men choona path‍thar ke patiye, moortiyan, abhilekh tatha anh‍y puravash‍tuen shamil hain jo sabhi tisari-chauthi shatabh‍di ee. se samh‍banh‍dhit hain aur pradarshit vash‍tuon men adhikansh snkhh‍ya inaki hi hai.
  • mukhh‍y dirgha sarvavh‍yapak shanh‍t buddh, sunh‍dar moortikala vale ayaka patiyon, ayaka chabootaron ki adi kadiyon, jinamen mahath‍ma buddh ke jivan ke sare prakaranon ko bahut sunh‍darata se darshaya gaya hai aur prasanh‍n mithunon aur vaibhavashali vriksh pariyon ith‍yadi ke sath aur prabhavi banaya gaya hai ith‍yadi sh‍varoop ke ikshvaku kala aur vash‍tukala ki uth‍krishh‍t kritiyon ke lie prasiddh hai.
  • poori divaron par lagi pradarshan mnjooshaon vale ek prithakh khanh‍d men uth‍khanit kalavash‍tuon aur paryaph‍t drishh‍tanh‍ton ke madhh‍yam se pashan-yug se maha-pashan yug tak is kshetr men manav sabhh‍yata ke vikas ko ujagar kiya gaya hai. terakota aur gachakari ki moortikaon, mudraon aur sikh‍kon jaisi pratinidhi laghu puravash‍tuen bhi pradarshit ki gee hain.
  • ek vishal kaksh men sh‍thit do dirghaon men ikshh‍vaku aur paravarti avidhayon ke vibhinh‍n kish‍m ke mridabhand ke alava sajh‍jit dram patiye, gumh‍baj ke patiye, karanis kadiyan tatha sh‍toop ki anh‍y puratath‍viy yooniten aur kuchh brahman mat ki moortiyan pradarshit hain.
  • uth‍kirnit puratath‍viy moortiyon, jo kabhi vibhinh‍n sh‍toopon ki shobha badhati thi, mahath‍ma ke janh‍m se lekar unake maha-prash‍than, sadhana, gyanoday aur upadesh se hote hue mahaparinirvan tak unake samh‍poorn jivan ko darshati hain.
  • apane jivanakal men inake dvara kie ge prasiddh chamath‍kar tatha jatakon ke roop men prasiddh unake poorv janh‍mon ki kathaen yatha sasa-jatak, chnpey-jatak, sibi-jatak, mndhathoo-jatak, ith‍yadi bhi uth‍kirnit vishay hai.
  • yahan pradarshit akarshak brahmanamat ki moortiyon men kartikey aur unaki path‍ni devasena, shivaling, sati ka ek adbhut niroopan aur vidhadharon ki kuchh moortiyan shamil hain.
  • khelate hue bachh‍chon ki prasanh‍n mudraon, yuddh ke drishh‍yon tatha anh‍y dharm-nirapeksh bhavon ko darshane vale uth‍krishh‍t roop se uth‍kirnit mndap sh‍tnbh, vaibhavashali bhngimaon men hathiyon ko darshane vale golakar phalak tatha ek patiye par hash‍talekha ka ek udaharan bhi pradarshit kiya gaya hai.
  • khudaiyon se praph‍t (siremik) chini mitti ka rngapatal bhi pradarshit vash‍tuon ke ek anh‍y pahaloo ka nirman karata hai. nadiyon ki chikani mitti aur keolin se banaee gee upayogi ghareloo vash‍tuen chak par nirmit, palish ki huee, vishesh akaron vali or abhilikhit hai aur ye kumh‍haron ki takaniki aur kala uth‍krishh‍tata ko darshati hain.
  • tritiy dirgha men dharm-nirapeksh aur dharmik bhavanon ke namoona maaudalon ke sath-sath nimajh‍jit ghati ke maaudal bhi maujood hain. kaksh ke tal par ghati aur 120 khudaee sh‍thalon par maujood isake sh‍thaliy parivesh ka maaudal maujood hai.
  • charon or divaron par lagi pradarshan mnjooshaon men mahath‍vapoorn khudaee sh‍thalon aur avasheshon ke maaudal sh‍thit hain. inamen nav-pashan aur maha-pashan qabrish‍tan; mahash‍toop samet vibhinh‍n snrachanaon vale sh‍toop, mahishasak bahushrutiy aur kumar nanh‍di-vihar jaise vihar; sarvadev, kartikey, pushh‍pabhadrash‍vami, ashh‍tabhuj sh‍vami ith‍yadi ko samarpit brahman manh‍dir aur rngamnch (sh‍tediyam), sh‍nan-ghat ith‍yadi jaisi dharm nirapeksh snrachanaen shamil hain.
  • ek dirgha men puralekhon, susajh‍jit puratath‍viy avasheshon aur madhh‍yakalin moortiyon ke chayanit namoone pradarshit hain. sh‍tnbhon par abhilekh likhe hain jo snrachanath‍mak parisaron, moortiyon, pithikaon, sh‍marak sh‍tnbhon aur toote hue patiyon ke hish‍se hain. adhikanshat:, inaki lipi 3-4 shatabh‍di eesavi ki alnkrit brahmi lipi hai. inamen se adhikanshat: prakrit bhasha men hai aur kuchh snskrit men likhe ge hain.
  • pradarshit vash‍tuon men vijay shatakarni ke abhilekh, raja vashishh‍thiputr chamh‍tamula ko darshane vala sh‍marak sh‍tnbh, chamh‍ta shri ka ayaka sh‍tnbh, buddhapad abhilekh aur bhagavan pushh‍pabhadrash‍vami ka ahvan karane vala sh‍tnbh par likha snsh‍krit abhilekh ulh‍lekhaniy hai.
  • udisa ke raja purushoth‍tam dvara jari ek telugu abhilekh bhi pradarshit kiya gaya hai. pradarshit madhh‍y-kalin moortiyon men 14-17vin shatabh‍di ee. ki alnkrit yog narasinh, mahishamardini, durga, shiv aur yogamudra men baithe ek jain tirthnkar ki moortiyan shamil hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sngrahalay-nagarjunakonda (hindi) bharatiy puratatv sarvekshan. abhigaman tithi: 7 faravari, 2015.

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