करौली ज़िला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

karauli zila
karauli zila
rajy rajasthan
mukhyalay karauli
sthapana 1 march, 1997
janasnkhya 14,58,459
kshetraphal 5070 varg kimi
bhaugolik nirdeshank 26°3′ se 26°49′ uttari akshansh aur 76°35′ se 76°26′ poorvi deshantar ke madhy
tahasil 6 (karauli, hindaun, todabhim, sapotara, mndarayal, nadauti)
khandon ki snkhya 6
vidhan sabha kshetr 4 (karauli, hindaun, todabhim, sapotara)
lokasabha 1 (karauli-dhaulapur)
nagar palika 3 (karauli, hindaun, todabhim)
kul gram 881
vidyutikrit gram 765
mukhy paryatan sthal kaila devi, shri mahavir ji, madan mohan ji mandir
vanakshetr 1,72,459 haikh‍teyar
buaee kshetr 2,01,819 haikh‍teyar
sinchit kshetr 1,15,076 haikh‍teyar
rajasv gram 878
abad gram 836
gram pnchayat 223
ling anupat 1000/858 ♂/♀
saksharata 67.34 %
· stri 49.18 %
· purush 82.96 %
oonchaee 400 se 600 mi samudratal se
tapaman 2-49 °C
· grishm 49°C adhikatam
· sharad 2°C nyoonatam
varsha 668 mimi
vahan pnji. 34
pramukh nadiyan bhadravati, gambhir, barakheda, chambal
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait

karauli zila bharat ke rajasthan rajy ka pramukh zila hai jo aitihasik aur dharmik donon hi drishti se mahattvapoorn sthan hai.

itihas

zila karauli ka kshetr purane karauli rajy tatha jayapur rajy ki gngapur evn hindaun nijamaton men ata hai. kalyanapuri namak is kshetr ko vartaman svaroop pradan karane ka shrey yaduvnshi rajaon ko jata hai. karl marks aur karnal taaud ne apani pustak men bhi isaka varnan kiya hai. karauli rajy aprail 1949 ko matsy sngh men sammilit hua bad men jayapur rajy ke sath milakar vrihat snyukt rajy rajasthan ka bhag bana. rajasthan sarakar dvara 1 march 1997 ko savaeemadhopur zile ki panch tahasilon ko milakar ek alag zila karauli ka gathan kiya. 15 julaee 1997 ko karauli zila nirman ki adhisoochana jari karate hue tatkalin mukhyamntri shri bhainrosinh shekhavat ne 19 julaee 1997 ko is zile ka udghatan kiya. 2011 ki janaganana ke anusar zile ki janasnkhya 1458459 tatha kshetraphal 5043 varg kilomitar hai. rajy ki pramukh nadi chambal is zile ko madhyapradesh rajy se alag karati hai. is zile men bahusnkhya men paye jane vale qile evn gadh isake purane gaurav ki or snket karate hai. inamen se timanagadh, utagiri, mandarayal ke kilon ka desh ke madhyakalin itihas men pramukh sthan raha hai.

bhaugolik sthiti

karauli apani bhaugolik vishishtataon ke lie bhi vikhyat hai. yah zila prakritik saundary se bharapoor evn vidhyachnl v aravali parvat malaon se achchhadit hai. zile ka kuchh bhag samatal evn kuchh bhag ucha nicha evn pahadiyon vala hai. karauli mandarayal upakhand ko pahadi ilaka kaha jata hai jabaki baki kshetr samanyata samatal evn maidani hai. maidani kshetr upajaoo hai tatha yaha ki mitti halki evn retili hai. karauli evn mandarayal upakhand ka kshetr, jo sthaniy bhasha men dang kahalata hai, pahadiyon evn nadiyon se bhara hai. zile ki oonchaee samudr ki satah se 400 se 600 mitar tak hai. zile ke pashicham men dausa, dakshin pashchim men savaee madhopur, uttar poorv men dhaulapur tatha pashchim uttar men bharatapur zile ki simaen lagati hai. yah zila 26 digri 3 saintigred se 49 digri uttar pashchim akshansh tatha 76 digri 35 se 77 digri 26 poorv deshantaron ke madhy sthit hai. zile men alpakalin mausam ke alava shesh samay jalavayu shushk rahati hai. sardi navambar mah ke pratham saptah se march tak rahati hai, jabaki garmi march ke ant se joon ke tisare saptah tak rahati hai. zile ki samany varshik varsh 668.86 mi.mi. hai. zile men ausatan 35 din varsha hoti hai. zile ka dainik adhikatam tapaman ka ausat mee mah men 49 digri selsiyas rahata hai tatha nyoonatam 2.00 digri selsiyas janavari men rahata hai.

prashasanik vyavastha

prashasanik vyavastha ke antargat zila kalektar zile ka sarvochch adhikari hone ke sath-sath samast prashasanik evn qanoon vyavasthaon ke lie uttaradayi hai. zile ko chh: upakhando karauli, hindaun, sapotara, mandarayal, todabhim evn nadauti men vibhajit kiya hua hai. in upakhandon ko 5 pnchayat samiti evn 6 tahasilon men vibhajit kar kshetradhikari nirdharan kiya hua hai. zilen men tin nagarapalika kramash: karauli, hindaun evn todabhim hai. zile ke prashasanik svaroop men janabhagidari ke roop men ek lokasabha sadasy tatha char vidhanasabha sadasy hai.

bhoogarbh evn khanij

zila karauli ek taraph se chambal tatha tin taraph se maidanon se ghira hua hai. isake maidan kaimabirayan-poorv ki agney chattanon tatha unaki talachhat se bani chattanon ke roopantaran se bane hai. aravali ki poorv chattanen sphatik, abhrak, naisist, migma taitas adi ki bani huee hai. mahanh vindhy shreni ki chattane jinamen kaimool, riva, bhander pramukh hai, vibhinn prakar ke saleti patthar, baloo patthar tatha choona patthar se paripoorn hai. zila anek prakar ke dhatvik evn adhatvik khanijon se paripoorn hai. dhatuon men shisha, tanba, loh ayask adi tatha adhatuon men choona, patthar, chikani mitti, silika, sailarooda adi pramukh roop se paye jate hai. isake alava zile men letrarait, red aksarhid, bainetonarhit, berarhit, maiganij mitti tatha kali mitti paee jati hai. zile men vibhinn prakar ki chattanon se milane vale khanij jaise imarat banane ke patthar, sajavat ke patthar adi prachur matra men upalabdh hai. bhander shreni ka gulabi patthar evn saphed nishanon vala patthar karauli evn hindaun kshetr men kafi matra men paya jata hai. siment shreni ka choona patthar evn silikasaind sapotara, nadauti kshetr me paya jata hai. khanij abhiyanta karauli ke antargat is zile ki chh: tahasilon ke alava savaeemadhopur zile ki do tahasil gngapur evn bamanavas ati hai. is kshetr men mukhy roop se khanij, send ston, maishanari steshan, sop ston, silika send ityadi ka khanan hota hai.

vanaspati evn van sampada

zile men paye jane vale mahattvapoorn ped nim, babool, beri, dhaunk, ronjh, tendu, salar, khair, sanatha, jamun, am, ghaneri, bas, khejada, baragad, pipal adi hai. is kshetr men paee jane vali pramukh jadi bootiya odhijhada, chichada, polar, kalilamp, lapala, adi hai. zile men sthit vanon se imarati lakadi, eendhan, lakadi ka koyala, pashuon ke lie chara, ghas-phoos, tendoopatta, gond, dhauk ke patte, shahad, mom, jadi bootiya phal, kattha, knraj tatha doosari any upayogi vastupray prapt hoti hai.

jiv jantu

zila karauli vany praniyon ke mamale men sampann hai isamen vibhinn prakar ke vany jiv paye jate hai jinamen tenduen, jngali kutta, sanbhar, nil gay, chital, chinkara, jngali suar, richh pramukh hain. zile men kailadevi vany abhyarany san 1983 men sthapit kiya gaya tha, jisako san 1991 men ranathambhaur rijarv ke najadik manate hue snrakshit van kshetr evn vany jiv abhyarany ghoshit kiya gaya hai jisame yada kada bagh dekhe ja sakate hai. abhyarany ka kshetraphal 674 varg ki.mi. hai.

phasal paddhati

karauli zile me tinon mausamon men phasal ki bubaee ka kary hota hai. khariph varsha par adharit hai. jo julaee mah men prarambh hota hai. isamen boee jane vali mukhy phasalen bajara, makka, til, jvar, gvar adi hain. rabi ki buvaee aktoobar se prarambh hoti hai, jisamen mukhyataya jau, chana, gehoon, sarason ki buvaee hoti hai. yahan ke logon ka mukhy vyavasay krishi evn khanan kary hai. bhoomigat pani ki kami evn sinchaee suvidha ki kami ke karan krishi mukhyat: varsha par nirbhar hai. krishi vipanan ke lie zile men hindaun men krishi upaj mandi evn karauli, todabhim men gaun mndi hain.

hastakala

karauli ki hastakala men pramukh sthan lakh ki choodiyon ka hai lagabhag ek lakh rupaye ki choodiyon ka prativarsh any pranton men niryat kiya jata hai. choodiyon banane ka karabar zile men hindaun evn karauli shaharon men sthaniy lakhera evn musilam sampraday ke logon dvara kiya jata hai. is kary men qarib panch sau logon ko rozagar mila hua hai. isake alava karauli zile men lakadi ke khilaune, ghareloo upayog ki samagriyon men chakala-belan, dahi bilaune ki ree, lakake chammach evn charapaee v divan adi bhi banaen jate hain. vartaman men patthar tarashi kar moortiyon evn jali jharokhe banane ka kary bhi riko kshetr hindaun v karauli men kiye jane laga hai.

samajik evn sanskritik janajivan

zile me logon ke sanskritik, dharmik evn samajik jivan men mele evn tyauharon ka mahattvapoorn sthan hai. adhikansh mausami evn dharmik mahatv ke hai. in melon ka vyaparik, paryatan evn sanskritik drishti se ekata ke lie mahattvapoorn sthan hain. zile ke mukhy mele kailadevi mela, mahaviraji, mehandipur balaji evn madanamohan ji ke hai, jinamen lakhon ki snkhya men darshanarthi ate hai. rajy ke any hisson ki tarah is zile men bhi hinduon ke rakshabandhan, holi, dipavali, janmashtami, dashahara, ganagaur tatha musalamanon ke eed ul zuha, ramajan, eed-ul-fitar tyohar pramukh hain.

paryatan sthal

aitihasik evn puratativak sthal zile men nimnalikhit vishesh mahatv ke sthan hai. vartaman zila mukhyalay karauli rajapootanen ki prachin riyasaton men se ek pramukh riyasat thi. yahan ke shasakon ka san 1100 se lekar san 1947 tak ka gauravashali itihas raha hai. riyasat ke yaduvnshi rajaon ne apani garima ki suraksha, praja ke snrakshan v prakritik apadaon ke sndharan hetu anek mahal, qile v gadhiyon ka nirman karaya. in mahalon kilon v gadhiyon men vastu visheshgyta, sthapaty kala aur chitrakari ke durlabh namoone dekhane ko milate hai. ek prachin rajy hone ke karan karauli men aitihasik, dharmik v paryatak mahatv ke sthanon ki bahulata ke sath kshetr men pura vaibhav vikhara pada hai.

hindaun siti

hindaun nagar karauli zile ki sabase badi nagarapalika hai. is pauranik evn aitihasik nagar ki sthapana kisane ki isake sambandh men itihasakar ekamat nahin hain. sambhavat: yah bhoomi hiranyakashipu v bhakt prahlad ki karm bhoomi rahi hai. yahan par aj bhi nrisinh mandir, prahalad kund, hiranyakashyap ke mahal, bavadi़yon ke avashesh hain. yahan se kuchh doori par kundeva, jagar, danaghati pauranik sthan hai. janashrutiyo ke anusar mahabharat kalin hidimba namak rakshasi ki karmasthali bhi yahi kshetr raha tha. hindaun vartaman men zile ka pramukh audyogik vanijiyak nagar hai. yahan se uttar-madhy relave ka dilli mumbee marg gujarata hai. yahan par patthar tarashi, slet udyog ka karobar bade star par kiya jata hai.

timanagadh ka qila

yah qila zila mukhyalay karauli se 42 kilomitar door masalapur kasbe ke pas sthit hai. yahan bejod puratatv snbndhi moortiyan hain. prachalit manyata ke anusar snvat 1244 men yaduvnshi shasak timanapal ne is qile ka nirman karaya tha. kuchh itihasakar is qile ko 1000 varsh se adhik prachin batate hai qile ke andar kee shilalekhon, upalabdh prachin kritiyon se pata chalata hai ki ise kisi shilpi v kalapremi ne basaya tha, jo bad men shasakon ke kabje men chala gaya. qile ke charon or panch phit mota tatha qarib 30 phit ooncha parakota sthapaty kala ka anootha namoona hai. qile ke bhitar bazar, pharsh, bagichi, mandir, kune ke avashesh aj bhi maujood hain. poora qila apane andar ek poora nagar samete hue hain. pravesh dvar par aksar brahma, ganesh ki moortiyan najar ati hain, lekin yahan pret v rakshason ke chitr dekhane ko milate hai. qile men jagah jagah khandit moortiyon ko dekhane se aisa lagata hai ki yahan moortiyon ki bahut badi mandi thi. durg men chhote - chhote kamare bhi hain, jo snbhavat: snanaghar ke kam ate honge.

mandarayal ka qila

karauli shahar se 40 kilo mitar door dakshin poorv men pahadon ke madhy ek ayatakar pahadi ke niche basi ek madhyakalin basti hai, jo do pranton ko vibhakt karate hue chambal nadi ke kinare mandarayal nam se jani jati hai. etihasik drishti se ek gajitayar ke anusar yah durg yadavon ke is kshetr men pravesh se poorv ka hai. karauli riyasat ki ganv nirdeshika men isake nirmanakarta ke roop men bijabahadur ko darshaya gaya hai, jisaki kaum evn kal ka koee zikr nahin hai. kivadntiyon ke anusar poorv men is durg par miyan makan ka adhipaty hone ke karan usi ke nam se kalantar men apabhrnsh hokar durg ka nam mandarayal ho gaya. yahan mukhy daravaze ke roop men do golakar gubnd hai. doosara daravaza sooryapol nam hain, jo ranipura ilake ki taraph utarata hai. is daravaze ki khasiyat hai ki paur se prat: se sany tak soory ka prakash rahata hai. isake andar ek surakshit tnki aur bahar do talab hai. talab ke kinare tridev bhagavan ke mandir or barahadari hai. poorv men is qile ki divaron par urdoo men kuchh ghatanayen lipibadv thi, jo ab nasht ho chuki hai.

unt giri durg

15 vi shatabdi men sthapit yah durg karanapur ke kalyan pura ganv ki oonchi parvat shrinkhala ki surnganuma pahadi par sthit hai. lagabhag 4 ki.mi. kshetr men phele is durg men 100 phut ki oonchaee se niche shivalingon par pani girata hai. is pani men badi matra men shilajit milata hai. yah durg bhi samarik drishti se mahattvapoorn raha hai. 1506-07 ee. men sikandar lodi ne is par akraman kiya tha us samay ise gvaliyar qile ki kunji kaha jata tha. antim mugal saltanat tak is qile par yaduvnshiyon ka hi adhipaty raha.

dev giri

unt giri ke poorv men chambal nadi ke kinare sthit yah qila khandahar hote hue bhi atit ki anek ghatanaon ka sakshi hai. parakote ke nam par aj kuchh bhi nahin milata sath hi andar ke sabhi avasiy bhagon ko nasht kiya ja chuka hai. san 1506-07 ee. men sikandar lodi ke akraman ke samay is qile ko sabase adhik nukasan pahunchaya gaya. vartaman men yahan ek bavadi, jarjar hota shilalekh tatha kuchh haveliyon ke avashesh hai.

bahadurapur ka qila

karauli zila mukhyalay se 15 kilomitar door mandarayal marg par sased ganv ke pas jngal aur sunasan vatavaran men atal yodva sa khada bahadurapur ka qila mugalakalin sthapaty kala ka bejod namoona hai. do mnzila nrip gopal bhavan, saheli ki babadi kalatmak jharokhe 18 phit lambi chiriyon ki amakhas kachahari, pnchavir, magadharay ki chhatari darshaniy hai. yaduvnshi raja timanapal ke putr nagaraj dvara nirmit is qile ka vistar san 1566 se 1644 tak hota raha. jayapur ke raja savaee jayasinh ne is qile men tin mah tak pravas kiya tha.

shahar qila evn chhatari

nadauti tahasil ke gram shahar men yah qila unchi pahadi par bana hua hai tatha aj bhi surakshit evn abad hai. yahan ke thikanedar amer ke raja prithviraj ke putr pachchan ke vnshaj hai. isamen devi ka prachin mndir hai.

phatehapur qila

karauli zila mukhyalay se lagabhag 30 ki.mi. door knchanapur jane vale marg par sthit yah qila yadu shasakon ke ek bade jagiradar haranagar ke thakur ghasiram dvara 1702 ee. men nirmit kiya gaya. yah qila surakshit avastha men hai.

bhavaravilas pailes

karauli ke poorv shasak rahe raja bhnvar pal ke nam se poorv nareshon ka yah avas utkrisht vastu evn shilp samete hue nagar ke dakshin men mndarayal rod par sthit hai. vartaman men ise hotal ka roop diya hua hai.

sukh vilas bag evn shahi kund

zila mukhyalay sthit bhadravati nadi ke kinare ek sundar mahalanuma charadivari ke andar bag lagaya gaya tha jisaka upayog raniyan apane amod-pramod ke lie karati thin. at: ise sukh vilas bag kahate hai. shahar ke par kote ke bahar sukhavilas ke pas bhavy shahi kund bana hua hai. tin mnzila bavadinuma is kund ki banavat advitiy hai isamen pratyek mnzil par baramade evn utarane hetoo charo taraph sidhiyan bani hai. riyasat kal men is kund ka upayog shahar men peyajal saplaee ke lie kiya jata tha.

daragah kabirashah

karauli pashchim dvar par vajirapur get evn sayanath khidakiyan ke madhy aj se lagabhag 120 varsh poorv banaee gee ek soophi snt ki daragah utkrisht shilp ka namoona hai. isaki khasiyat yah hai ki isamen daravaze bhi patthar ke banaye hue hai. patthar par ki gee nakkasi barabas hi darshakon ka man moh leti hai.

raval pailes (rajamahal)

terahavin shatabdi men sthapit rajamahal (raval pailes) lal v saphed patthar ke shilp ka bejod namoona hai. naqqashi v kalatmak chitaram se susajijat vishal dvar, jalidar jharokhe, topakhana, nahar katahara, surri gurj, gopalasinh akhada, bhavar baink, najar bagichi, manik mahal, favvara kund, barah dari, gopal mandir, divan e am, phauj kachahari, kirakiri khana, gyan bagala, shish mahal, motimahal, haravilas, rngalal, gendaghar, teda kua, janani dayaudhi adi kushal sthapaty ke sath-sath yahan ki sabhyata v snskriti ke parichayak hai.

any

karauli men maharaja gopalasinh ji ki chhatari, ranagama talab, sukh vilas kund, evn shikaragnj adi karauli ke pura vaibhav pratik hai. sath hi zile ke sapotara men narauli dang ka qila, gadhamora (nadauti) men raja moradhvaj ka mahal v mandir, shahar sop ka oonchi pahadi par nirmit qila, hindaun ki purani kachahari v prahalad kund jaise darshaniy aitihasik sthal hamari snskriti ki pahachan hai.

dharmik sthal

shri mahavir ji

digambar jain snpraday ka bharat men ek pramukh sthan hai. yahan par bhagavan mahavir ki 400 varsh purani moorti hai. mahavir ji men nirmit mandir adhunik evn prachin shilpakala ka bejod namoona hai. mandir ko ek bahut bade pletapharm par saphed marbal se banaya gaya hai. isaki chhatari door se dikhayi deti hai, jo lal balua patthar ki hai. mandir par naqqashi ka kary bhi ati sundar hai. mandir ke thik samane man stambh bana hua hai. jisamen jain tirthnkar ki pratima hai. mandir ke pichh katala evn charan mandir hai, jahan par darshanarthi shradvapoorvak darshan ko jate hai. prativarsh chaitr sudi 11 se baishakh sudi 2 tak (march-aprail) mela lagata hai, jisamen lakhon log vibhinn kshetron se yahan ate hain. mele ke ant men rathaya़tra ka ayojan kiya jata hai.

kailadevi mandir

karauli se 24 ki.mi. door yah prasidv dharmik sthal hai. jahan prativarsh march - apral mah men ek bahut bada mela lagata hai. is mele men rajasthan ke alava dilli, hariyana, madhyapradesh, uttar pradesh ke tirth yatri ate hai. mukhy mandir sngamaramar se bana hua hai jisamen kaila (mahalakshmi) evn chamunda devi ki pratimaen hain. kailadevi ki ath bhujaain evn sinh par savari karate hue bataya hai. yahan kshetriy languriya ke git vishesh roop se gaye jate hai. jisamen laguriya ke madhyam se kailadevi ko apani bhakti-bhav pradarshit karate hai.

balaji

yah ek chhota sa ganv todabhim tahasil se 5 ki.mi. door hai tatha jayapur-agara rashtriy rajyamarg se juda hua hai. hinduo ki astha ka mahattvapoorn sthan hai. yahan par pahadi ki talahati me nirmit hanumanaji ka bahut purana mandir hai. log kafi door-door se yahan ate hai. aisi manyata hai ki histiriya evn dileriyam ke rogi darshan labh se svasth hokar lautate hai. holi evn dipavali ke tyauhar par kafi snkhya me log yahan darshan ke lie ate hai.

madanamohan ji

shri madan mohan devalay mukhyalay ke anchal men mahalon ke pas vrihad bhavy parisar ke dhere me sithat hai jahan bhagavan radha madanamohan ke sath shrigopalaji ki manamohani pratimaen pratishthit hai. jinaki seva gaud sampradayi gusaeeyon ke madhyam se bahut sundar tarikon se hoti a rahi hai. mngala se shayan tak hajaron bhakton ka samuh pratyek jhanki par upasthit rahata hai. madanamohanaji ki kul ath jhanki sakal manorath poorn karane vali hain. moolaroop se in dono pratimaon ko odisha aur vrindavan men pratishthit karaya gaya tha. kalantar men yahi pratimaen vibhinn sroton ke madhyam se aj is pavan nagari men bhakton ke vaste prerana ki srot bani huee hain.

shilp evn udyog

karauli zile men shilp ke utkrisht namoone paye jate hain. vastushilp ke roop men maharaja gopal sinh ke shasan kal se shilp ke kshetr men bhari vikas hua hai. jisaka sakshat praman karauli durg ke roop men hai. 14vin shatabdi men nirmit yah mahal jahan sadharan dikhaee dete hain. vahin is qile ka bahari hissa jo 17vin shatabdi men banaya gaya tha. shilp ka utkrisht udaharan hai. baiharadah men bauharon ki haveli evn karauli nagar ke kee kalapoorn evn bhavanon ka shilp darshan apani or akarshit kar leta hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

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