राजस्थान का भूगोल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"
bhoomi
thar marusthal, rajasthan

aravali pahadiyan rajy ke dakshin-pashchim men 1,722 mitar oonche guru shikhar[1] se poorvottar men khetadi tak ek rekha banati huee guzarati hain. rajy ka lagabhag 3/5 bhag is rekha ke pashchimottar men v shesh 2/5 bhag dakshin-poorv men sthit hai. rajasthan ke ye do prakritik vibhajan hain. behad kam pani vala pashchimottar bhoobhag retila aur anutpadak hai. is kshetr men vishal bharatiy registan (thar) nazar ata hai. sudoor pashchim aur pashchimottar ke registani kshetron se poorv ki or badhane par apekshakrit utpadak v nivas yogy bhoomi hai.

vividhatapoorn sthalakriti vala dakshin-poorvi kshetr apekshakrit ooncha[2] v adhik upajaoo hai. dakshin men mevad ka pahadi kshetr hai. dakshin-poorv men kota v boondi zile ka ek bada kshetr pathari bhoomi ka nirman karata hai aur in zilon ke poorvottar bhag me chambal nadi ke pravah ke sath-sath oobad-khabad kshetr[3] hai. age uttar ki or ka kshetr samatal hota jata hai. poorvottar bharatapur zile ki samatal bhoomi yamuna nadi ke jalodh besin ka hissa hai.

aravali rajasthan ke sabase mahattvapoorn jal vibhajak ka nirman karati hai. is parvat shrinkhala ke poorv men jal apavah ki disha poorvottar ki or hai, jaisa ki rajy ki ekamatr badi v barahamasi nadi chambal ka pravah hai. isaki pramukh sahayak nadi banas hai, jo kumbhalagadh ke nikat aravali se nikalati hai v mevad pathar ke samast jal pravah ko sngrahit karati hai. age uttar men, banagnga jayapur ke nikat se nikalane ke bad vilupt hone se pahale tak poorv disha men yamuna ki or bahati hai. aravali ke pashchim men looni hi ekamatr ullekhaniy nadi hai. yah ajamer ki pushkar ghati se nikalati hai aur 302 kimi. pashchim-dakshin-pashchim disha men bahati huee kachchh ke ran tak jati hai. shekhavati kshetr men looni besin ka poorvottar hissa antarik apavah v khare pani ki jhilon ke lie jana jata hai, jisamen sanbhar saault lek sabase badi hai. sudoor pashchim men vastavik marusthal, bnjar bhoomi v ret ke tilon ke kshetr hain, jo vishal bharatiy registan ki hridayasthali ka nirman karate hain.

jaisalamer, badamer, jalaur, sirohi, jodhapur, bikaner, gnganagar, jhunjhunoo, sikar, pali v nagaur zilon men vistarit pashchimottar ke retile maidanon men mukhyat: lavaniy ya kshariy mitti paee jati hai. pani durlabh hai, lekin 30-61 mitar ki gaharaee par mil jata hai. mitti ki ret kailshiyamayukt hai. mitti men naitret isaki urvarakata ko badhate hain, jaisa ki indira gandhi nahar (bhootapoorv rajasthan nahar) ke kshetr men dekha gaya hai, pani ki paryapt apoorti se khetibadi pray: sambhav huee hai. madhy rajasthan ke ajamer zile men mitti retili hai; chikani mitti ki matra 3-9% ke bich tak milati hai. poorv men jayapur v alavar zilon men balua domat se retili chikani mitti tak paee jati hai. kota, boondi v jhalavad kshetr men mitti samanyat: kali, gahari aur adhik samay tak nam rahati hai. udayapur, chittaudagadh, doongarapur, bansavada v bhilavada zilon ke poorvi kshetron men mishrit lal aur kali mitti hai, jabaki pashchimi kshetron men lal se pili mitti paee jati hai.

jalavayu

  • rajasthan ki jalavayu vividhata lie hue hai, ek or ati shushk to doosari or ardr kshetr hain. ardr kshetron men dakshin-poorv v poorvi zile ate hain.
  • aravali ke pashchim men nyoon varsha, uchch dainik evn varshik tapaman, nimn ardrata tatha tivr havaon se yukt shushk jalavayu hai.
  • doosari or aravali ke poorv men arddh-shushk evn up-ardr jalavayu hai, jahan varsha ki matra men vriddhi ho jati hai, tapaman apekshakrit kam, uchch tatha vayu men ardrata ki vriddhi ho jati hai sath men vayu ki gati men bhi kami rahati hai.

vany evn prani jivan

yahan ki pramukh vanaspatik visheshata jhadidar jngal hain. pashchimi kshetr men jhau aur jhau jaise shushk kshetr ke paudhe pae jate hain. ped viral hain aur ye aravali pahadiyon v dakshin rajasthan men hi thode-bahut milate hain.

aravali v anek zilon men bagh pae jate hain. parvaton v jngalon men tendua, richh, sanbhar aur chital pae jate hain. nilagay bhi kuchh hisson men paee jati hai. maidani kshetron men kale hiran v jngali hiran bahutayat men hain. registan ko chhodakar chaha, bater, titar aur jngali battakh har jagah pae jate hain. bikaner kshetr registani titar ki anek prajatiyon ke lie vikhyat hai.

van jiv abhayarany

rajy men anek abhayarany v vany jiv parkon ki sthapana ki gee hai. inamen sabase mahattvapoorn alavar ke nikat sariska van jiv abhayarany v jaisalamer ke nikat dezart neshanal park hai.  

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. maunt aboo
  2. samudratal se 100-350 mitar oopar
  3. bnjar bhoomi

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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