यदुनाथ सरकार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

yadunath sarakar
yadunath sarakar
poora nam yadunath sarakar
janm 10 disambar, 1870
janm bhoomi rajashahi zila, vartaman bangladesh
mrityu 15 mee, 1958
mrityu sthan kalakatta (ab kolakata)
pati/patni kadambini, ledi sarakar
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr itihasakar, prachary
mukhy rachanaen 'indiya aauf aurngazeb', 'histri aauf aurngazeb', 'shivaji end hij taim', 'nadirashah in indiya', 'haus aauf shivaji' adi.
vishay itihas
vidyalay presidensi kaaulej, kolakata
shiksha em.e. (angrezi sahity)
prasiddhi itihasavetta
vishesh yogadan mugal aur maratha itihas par kee granth likhe, in granthon ki pramanik samagri ne inhen khyatiprapt itihasakar bana diya.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

yadunath athava jadunath sarakar (angrezi: Jadunath Sarkar, janm- 10 disambar, 1870 ee.; mrityu- 15 mee, 1958 ee.) ko ek prasiddh itihasakar ke roop men jana jata hai. ye zamindar parivar se sambandh rakhate the. inhonne 1892 men angrezi sahity men em.e. ki pariksha pas ki aur jivan ka adhikansh samay granthon ke adhyayan aur lekhan men vyatit kiya. itihas aur angrezi ke profesar ke roop men bhi inhonne apani vishisht sevaen pradan ki thin. yadunath sarakar ne mugal aur maratha itihas par kee granth likhe, in granthon ki pramanik samagri ne inhen khyatiprapt itihasakar bana diya.

janm tatha shiksha

prasiddh itihasavetta yadunath sarakar ka janm 10 disambar, 1870 ee. ko rajashahi zila, bangla desh, ke karachhamariya ganv men ek sampann zamindar kayasth parivar men hua tha. 1892 men presidensi kaaulej, kolakata se 90 pratishat ank prapt karake unhonne angrezi sahity men em.e. ki pariksha pas ki. yadunath sarakar ne apana sampoorn jivan adhyapan aur granthon ki rachana men vyatit kiya. kuchh samay tak ripan kaaulej aur vidyasagar kaaulej men angrezi ke adhyapak rahane ke bad ve bngal prantiy shiksha seva men chun liye ge.

adhyapan kary

isake bad unhonne kolakata vishvavidyalay, patana vishvavidyalay aur utkal vishvavidyalayon men itihas aur angrezi ke profesar ke pad par kam kiya. patana men ve 1902 se 1917 tatha 1923 se 1926 tak rahe. 1917 men unaki niyukti 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' men itihas vibhag ke adhyaksh pad par huee. vahan se ye utkal vishvavidyalay chale ge. 1919 men unhen 'bharatiy shiksha seva' men niyukt kiya gaya. avakash grahan karane ke bad do varshon tak ve 'kolakata vishvavidyalay' ke avaitanik kulapati bhi rahe. is dauran yadunath sarakar kabhi bhi bharat se bahar nahin ge.

rachanaen

yadunath sarakar ki mukhy khyati unake aitihasik granthon ke karan hai. mugal aur maratha itihas par likhe unake shodhaparak granth aitihasik granthon men pramanik mane jate hain. unhonne apani aitihasik manyataon ki sthapana yatr-tatr bikhari huee mool samagri ke adhar par ki hai. unaki kuchh mukhy rachanaen hain-

  • enekadots aauf aurngajeb (1912, tisara snshodhit snskaran, 1949);
  • chaitanyaj laif aind tichigz (1922, mool lekh 1912),
  • stadij in mugal indiya (1919) mugal aidaministrenshan, (donon khnd 1925);
  • begam samaroo (1925);
  • indiya throo di ejez (1928);
  • e shart histari aauf aurngajeb (1930);
  • bihar aind udisa dyooring d phaaul aauv d mugal enpayar (1932);
  • haus aauv shivaji (1940),
  • masir-e-alamagiri (angreji anuvad, 1947);
  • histari aauf bngal (doosara bhag, snpa., 1948);
  • poona rezidensi karespaaundens[1] jild 1, 8 v 14 snpadit 1930, 1945, 1949)
  • aeen-e-akabari (jairet krit anuvad ka snshodhit snskan, (1948-1950);
  • dehali afeyars, 1761-1788" (1953);
  • militari histari aauf indiya (1960).

lekhan visheshata

yadunath sarakar ki pahali pustak "indiya aauf aurngajeb: taaupaaugraphi, stetistiks aind rods"[2]1901 men prakashit huee. "aurngajeb ka itihas" ke pratham do khnd 1919 men aur panchavan tatha antim khnd 1928 men chhapa. unaki pustak "shivaji aind hij taims[3] 1919 men prakashit huee. in pustakon men farasi, marathi, rajasthani aur yooropiy bhashaon men upalabdh samagri ka savadhani se upayog kar sarakar ne aitihasik khoj ka mahattvapoorn kary kiya aur moolabhoot samagri ke adhar par khoj karane ki parnpara ko dridh kiya. vishesh roop se jayapur rajy men surakshit pharasi akhabarat aur any abhilekhon ki or aitihasikon ka dhyan akarshit karane aur unako khoj kary ke lie upalabdh karane ka mahanh kary yadunath sarakar ne kiya. unaki drishti men aurngajeb ek mahanh vibhooti tha jisane bharat ko rajanitik ekatntr men bandhane ka prayas kiya, kintu apani yogyata aur athak parishram ke bavajood apane drishtikon ki snkirnata ke karan asaphal raha. shivaji ne bhi ek ne ekatntr ki ninv dali, kintu maratha samaj ki jativyavastha ki vishamata ko vah door n kar sake. any marathi netaon ne bhi maharashtr ke bahar rahane vale hinduon ko loot-patakar snkirnata ka saboot diya. uttar mugalakalin bharat ki or yadunath sarakar ka dhyan viliyam iravin krit "letar mugals 1707-1739" ka snpadan karate samay (1922) akarshit hua. 1739 se 1803 tak mugal samrajy ke vighatan aur soovaee riyasaton ke utthan ka itihas unhonne char khndon men 1932 aur 1950 ke bich (hin. mugal samrajy ka patan, 1961) prakashit kiya. aitihasik kala ki drishti se yah unaki praudhatam rachana hai. yadunath sarakar ki bhasha prabhavashali aur saragarbhit hote hue bhi bojhil nahin hoti. aitihasik ghatanaon se naitik nishkarsh bhi ve sthan sthan par nikalate hain.

nidhan

bharatiy itihas se sambandhit kee tathyon ko ujagar karane vale aur itihasakaron men prasiddhi prapt yadunath sarakar ka 15 mee, 1958 ko kalakatta men nidhan ho gaya.  


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 671 |

  1. Poona Residency correspondence
  2. India of Aurangzeb : Topography, Statistics and Roads
  3. Shivaji and His Times

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