टेस्सी थॉमस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tessi thaaumas
tessi thaaumas
poora nam daau. tessi thaaumas
any nam agniputri, bharat ki misail vooman
janm aprail, 1964
janm bhoomi keral
pati/patni saroj kumar
sntan putr- tejas
karm bhoomi bharat
shiksha bi. tek., em. tek.
vidyalay trichur injinaring kaaulej, kalikat; diphens instityoot aauf edavans teknolaauji, pune
puraskar-upadhi 'lal bahadur shastri neshanal avard' (2012), 'kalpana chavala puraskar', 'suman sharma puraskar', 'indiya tude vuman aauf d eeyar ka khitab' 2009.
prasiddhi misail vaigyanik
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh e pi je abdul kalam, agni prakshepastr, brahmos misail.
any janakari 2013 men bhuvaneshvar men ayojit 'bharatiy vigyan kangres' ke adhiveshan ko snbodhit karate hue tatkalin pradhanamntri manamohan sinh ne tessi thaaumas ko "bharat ki vaigyanik ratn" ki sngya dete hue desh ki mahilaon ko vigyan ke kshetr men akar kam karane ka ahvan kiya tha.

tessi thaaumas (angrezi: Tessy Thomas, janm- aprail, 1964, keral) bharat ki prasiddh mahila vaigyanik hain. unhen 'bharat ki agniputri' aur 'misail vuman aauf indiya' kaha jata hai. unhonne apana ab tak ka sara jivan bharat ki agni misail ke anek unnat evn parishkrit snskaranon ke lie anusandhan karake phir unhen vikasit karane men hi bita diya hai. bharat ki 3500 ki.mi. tak mar karane vali agni-4 misail ke saphal parikshan ke bad se hi raksha anusndhan evn vikas sngathan (diaradio) ki mahila vaigyanik daau. tessi thaaumas ko 'agniputri' ke nam se hi sambodhit kiya jane laga tha.

parichay

daau. tessi thaaumas ka janm aprail, 1964 men keral ke ek kaitholik parivar men hua tha. inaka nam shanti ki doot nobel puraskar vijeta madar teresa ke nam par rakha gaya. tessi thaaumas jab skool men padha karati thin, un dinon 'nasa' ka apolo yan chand par utarane vala tha. inhen rozana us yan ke bare men sunakar prerana mil rahi thi ki ye bhi ek din aisa ek raauket banayen, jo isi tarah asaman ki oonchaee ko chhoo sake. tessi thaaumas ka ye un dinon ek sapana tha. agni-5 ki saphalata se tessi thaaumas ki mehanat, lagan aur pratibha ka hi sapana poora nahin hua hai, balki ek vah sapana bhi poora hua hai, jo is desh ko svadeshi raauket aur misail takanik se vaigyanik aur samarik roop se apane pairon par khada dekhane ke lie barason pahale bharat ke shirsh vaigyanikon vikram sarabhaee aur satish dhavan ne dekha tha.

shiksha

tessi thaaumas ne trichur injinaring kaaulej, kalikat (keral) se bi. tek. kiya aur isake bad em. tek. ke lie pune sthit 'diphens instityoot aauf edavans teknolaauji' ki pravesh pariksha pas ki. ve ye pariksha uttirn karane vale tin chhatron men se ek thin aur pahali mahila bhi. unaki isi pratibha ke karan unhen 'gaided misail end vepan teknolaauji' ke vishesh kors ke lie chuna gaya. 1985 men rashtriy star ki pariksha men pratham akar tessi thaaumas ne 21 varsh ki ayu men hi desh ke 'raksha anusndhan evn vikas sngathan' men kadam rakha aur is kshetr men purushon ke prabhutv ko bhi toda.

agni-5 ki pariyojana nideshak

vishv ne daau. tessi thaaumas ko tab pahachana hi nahin balki inaka loha bhi mana, jab inhonne 19 aprail, 2012 ko desh ki samarik drishti se ati mahatvapoorn aur mahatvakankshi misail pariyojana men agni-5 ki projekt dayarektar ke roop men agni-5 ki straik renj 5,000 kilomitar ki misail ka saphal parikshan kar dikhaya. bharat ke lie matr yah ek vaigyanik upalabdhi hi nahin thi apitu yah desh ki samarik shakti aur raksha kavach ka bhi poore vishv ko parichay diya gaya tha. aj bharat 'antar mahadvipiy misail pranali'[1] ki kshamata se lais aisa vishv men panchava desh hai, jo 5000 ki.mi. tak apani misail ki mar se kisi bhi shatru ko usake ghar men hi dher kar sakata hai aur apane nagarikon ko surakshit rakhane men saksham hai. isaka sara shrey daau. tessi thaaumas ko hi jata hai.

agni-2 aur agni-5 tak ke sabhi snskaranon ko vikasit karane men daau. tessi thaaumas ki mahatvapoorn bhoomika rahi hai. kisi snskaran men unhen asistent dayarektar to kisi men esosiet dayarektar to kabhi edishanal dayarektar ke roop men kam karane ka mauka diya gaya aur agni-5 ke snskaran ke lie unhen mishan-dayarektar ke roop men kary karane ka mauka diya gaya, jise unhonne saphalata ke sath poora kiya. aj ve agni pariyojana ki nideshak hain. agni-5 ke parikshan ke lie daau. tessi thaaumas ko mishan dayarektar niyukt kiya gaya tha, jisamen isaka dijaeen, nirman aur achook parikshan ka poorn karyabhar unhin ke kndhon par rakha gaya tha. is jimmedari ko poora karane ke lie tessi thaaumas ne lagatar tin varshon tak kam kiya. is projekt men lagabhag darzan bhar desh men phaili raksha aur sarvajanik kshetr ki prayogashalaon ke chhote-bade lagabhag 1000 vaigyanikon ke sath samanvay karake jokhim bhari takanikon par kam ke sath unaka netritv daau. tessi thaaumas ne saphalata poorvak kiya.

agni misail pariyojana desh ki ek bahut badi vaigyanik pariyojana hai, jisamen desh ki darjanon prayogashalaen shamil hain. isamen ek hazar se bhi jyada vaigyanik shamil hain. lagabhag 200 mahila vaigyanik bhi apani visheshgytaon ke sath is pariyojana men shamil hain aur unamen se lagabhag adha darjan mahila vaigyanik, injiniyar to daau. tessi thaaumas ke sath sidhe usi prayogashala men karyarat hain, jahan se ye is mahatvapoorn pariyojana ka netritv kar rahi hain. unaki prayogashala haidarabad men 'edavans sistam leboretari', bharat hi nahin, duniya ki sabase snvedanashil prayogashalaon men gini jati hai. daau. tessi thaaumas vaise to misail pariyojana se 1988 men judi thin, lekin 2008 se is pariyojana ki dayarektar hain. jab agni-5 pariyojana par antim charan men kam chal raha tha to unaki kor tim ke kee sadasy aur ve svayn lagabhag mahinon tak apane ghar nahin ge the, jinamen adha darzan ve mahila vaigyanik bhi shamil thin, jo tessi thaaumas ke sath sidhe judi thin. isaka ek bada karan ye bhi tha ki agni-3 ka pahala parikshan viphal ho chooka tha aur us viphalata ki punaravritti ye vaigyanik dubara nahin hone dena chahate the.

ek vinamr aur sadharan si lagane vali daau. tessi thaaumas ke jab agni misail prayogashala se jude hone ka saval ata hai to ve apani prayogashala men apane vishay 'salid propelets sistam' (thos pranodak pranali) ki desh men choti ki visheshgy hain. isi visheshata ke karan hi ve is pariyojana ki nirdeshak hone ka gaurav pati hain. daau. tessi thaaumas ko agni ke parishkrit snskaran vikasit karane ki sampoorn jimmedariyan isalie bhi di gayin, kyonki unaki raauket (thos pranodak pranali) men jo visheshgyta hai, usake bina kisi raauket ya misail ko hava men nahin udaya ja sakata hai. sath hi tessi thaaumas ki 'gaided misail sistam' men bhi visheshgyta bhi hai, yahi visheshata kisi raauket ko misail men badalati hai aur use achook nishane ke lie taiyar karati hai. in donon visheshgytaon ka ek sath milan vishv ke ek do vaigyanikon men hi milata hai, unamen se ek daau. tessi thaaumas bhi hain. ye bharat ke lie labhanvit hone ka hi nahin, balki gauravanvit hone ka bhi vishay hai.

areevies takanik ka vikas

tessi thaaumas ke anusar ek garib desh ki janata ke gadhe khoon-pasine ki kamaee ko sabhi vaigyanik kisi bhi kimat par vyarth nahin hone dene ke lie kritasnkalpit the. unaki poori tim ne athak prayas kiye, ek-ek takanik ko kee bar kee alag–alag tim ne jancha-parakha, tab jakar sabhi men ek vishvas ka snchar ho paya. agni-5 ki har takaniki janch ki agnipariksha itani kathor thi ki isamen kabhi koee bhi takaniki dikkat nahin aee. lekin jis din isaka parikshan/lanch nirdharit kiya gaya, us din mausam ka hal bura ho gaya aur sabhi vaigyanikon ko nirasha ne gher liya. daau. tessi ke anusar, unaki man khud bar-bar fon karake poochhati rahin ki udan men deri ka karan kya hai? lekin mishan tim ka har sadasy 'mishan kamand kantrol sentar' se hila nahin, jo kee mahine se ghar nahin ge the. achanak un sabaki hath ke age mausam ne har man li aur mausam thik ho gaya. kuchh ghnton ki deri ke bad agni-5 ka saphal parikshan hokar raha, aur is saphalata ne desh ko aeesibiem kshamata dharak deshon ke klab ki pratham pnkti men lakar khada kar diya. ye sab desh ki agniputri daau. tessi thaaumas ke snkalp se hi snbhav ho paya.

tessi thaaumas ko is mausam ki mar ke anubhav ne ek aur prerana de dali aur usaka parinam yah hua ki tessi ne ek mahatvapoorn misail takanik 'Re Entry Vheical System' (areevies) ka bhi svadesh men hi vikas kar liya. jo bharat ko vishv ke ek-do deshon ke pas hone par isalie upalabdh nahin ho pa rahi thi ki un deshon ne pokharan paramanu parikshan ke bad bharat ki kee prayogashalaon ke prayogon ko upakaran aur takanik dene ke lie pratibndh laga die the. yah atyadhunik areevies takanik misail ko viparit mausam ki paristhitiyon men bhi anukool bana deti hai aur 3000 digri sentigred tapaman men bhi sakriy aur achook nishane tak pahuchane se nahin rok sakati hai. yah takanik lambi doori ki misail ko vayumndal se bahar jakar phir se vayumndal men akar apane lakshy ko bhedane men saksham banati hai, jisase shatru ko mausam kharab hone par bhi sardi, garmi aur barasat ke kisi bhi mausam men usi ke pale men jakar sabak sikhaya ja sake. ye sabhi misail takanik bharat ki keval ek vaigyanik upalabdhiyan hi nahin hain, balki ye sab milakar bharat ko ek samarik suraksha kavach pradan karati hain. jabaki bharat ek paramanu shastr snpann desh hai. use kabhi bhi kisi bhi sthiti men apane paramanu shastr ko in misailon ke jariye hajaron ki.mi. tak mar karane ke lie prayog karana pad sakata hai. tab yahi takanik is desh ke har nagarik ki suraksha ki garnti hogi, jo agniputri ke karakamalon se prapt huee hai.

agniputri

jis prakar daau. e pi je abdul kalam ko "bharat ka misail men" kaha jata hai, kyonki unhonne apana sara jivan desh ke misail karyakram ke antargat- prithvi, akash, agni, nag, dhanush, trishool aur brahmos jaisi misailon ke anusandhan aur vikas ko samarpit kiya hai, usi prakar daau. tessi thaaumas ke lie 'agniputri' ka nam ekadam upayukt hai, kyonki unhonne isi misail pariyojana men agni misail ke lagabhag sabhi snskaranon ko janm diya hai. ve daau. abdul kalam ko apana guru manati hain, jo bharat ke misail karyakram aur pariyojana ke janak rahe the.

apani pratibha, mehanat evn lagan se 1988 men daau. tessi thaaumas bharat ki misail pariyojana men shamil huee, tab daau. abdul kalam is pariyojana ka netritv kar rahe the. tessi thaaumas jo daau. kalam ko apana guru manati hain aur kahati hain- "midiya unhen agniputri ya misail vuman ki koee bhi sngya de ya isase snbodhit kare, lekin daau. kalam ki pratibha aur lagan ke sath deshaprem ke age ve ajivan natamastak hi rahengi." daau. kalam ke sath unhonne anek varshon tak kary kiya. vah anubhav hi unake lie aj bhi kam a raha hai, jo unhonne diaradio men daau. abdul kalam ke netritv men misail pariyojana men unake sath kam karate hue prapt kie the.

kushal grahani

daau. tessi thaaumas ek ka doosara roop aur bhi hai. ve ek kushal grihini bhi hain, jab bhi ghar par hoti hain to kam se kam ek samay khud khana banati hain. ek tivi chainal ko to unhonne samay bachane ke lie apani rasoee se hi intaravyoo de diya tha. unake pati komodor saroj kumar bharatiy nausena men tainat hain. putr ka nam tejas hai, jo bharat men svadeshi takanik se nirmit halke ladakoo viman 'tejas' ke nam par hi rakha gaya hai. tessi thaaumas ke mata-pita vigyan prishthabhoomi se nahin the. pita ek akauntent aur mata ek shikshika thin, lekin shuroo se hi tessi ko ganit aur vigyan men hi roochi thi, jisane unako aj is mukam tak pahunchaya hai.

puraskar v samman

ek mahila vaigyanik hone ke nate kisi bhi prakar ki vishesh chhoot ya suvidha ka tessi thaaumas har samay virodh karati hain. unaka manana hai ki- "vigyan men pratibha sarvashreshth hoti hai, yahan koee jendar kamazor ya mazaboot nahin hota balki pratibha hi use mazaboot banati hai aur vigyan men isalie koee jendar nahin hota hai."[2] ye unaki pnktiyan ya sookti vah vaky hai, jo duniya ki sabhi prayogashalaon men unake nam ke sath sunaee ya gaee jati hai.

2013 men bhuvaneshvar men ayojit 'bharatiy vigyan kangres' ke adhiveshan ko snbodhit karate hue tatkalin pradhanamntri manamohan sinh ne tessi thaaumas ko "bharat ki vaigyanik ratn" ki sngya dete hue hi desh ki mahilaon ko vigyan ke kshetr men akar kam karane ka ahvan kiya tha. daau. tessi thaaumas ki tulana unhonne nobel puraskar vijeta vijeta maidam kyoori se kar dali thi. daau. tessi thaaumas ko anek puraskaron se sammanit kiya ja chooka hai. bharat ke rashtrapati pranav mukharji ke hathon unhen 'lal bahadur shastri neshanal avard-2012' se navaja gaya hai. sath hi 2001, 2007, 2008 men diaradio ki or se unhen vishesh takanikon ke vikas ke lie panch bar puraskrit kiya gaya hai. 'kalpana chavala puraskar', 'suman sharma puraskar' jaise vaigyanik kshetr ke pratishthit puraskar aur 'indiya tude vuman aauf d eeyar ka khitab' 2009 men diya gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile System – ICBM
  2. No , Not At All. Science Has No Gender

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