शूरसेन महाजनपद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(शूरसेन se punarnirdeshit)

shoorasen / soorasen / shaurasenaee / shauri mahajanapad

shoorasen mahajanapad
Shursen Great Realm

shoorasen mahajanapad uttari-bharat ka prasiddh janapad tha jisaki rajadhani mathura men thi. is pradesh ka nam snbhavat: madhurapuri (mathura) ke shasak, lavanasur ke vadhoparant, shatrughn ne apane putr shoorasen ke nam par rakha tha. shoorasen janapad, mathura mndal athava brajamndal ka yah nam kaise aur kis ke karan pada? yah nishchit nahin hai. bauddh grnth anguttaranikay ke anusar kul solah 16 mahajanapad the - avanti, ashmak ya assak, ang, kamboj, kashi, kuru, kaushal, gandhar, chedi, vajji ya vriji, vats ya vnsh , panchal, magadh, matsy ya machchh, mall, surasen ya shoorasen . daau. vasudevasharan agraval ka mat hai ki lagabhag ek sahastr eesvi poorv se panch sau eesvi tak ke yug ko bharatiy itihas men janapad ya mahajanapad-yug kaha jata hai . kuchh itihasakaron ke matanusar yah ek qabila tha jisane eesa poorv 600-700 ke as-pas braj par apana adhikar kar liya tha aur sthaniy snskaron se mel badhane ke lie krishn pooja shuroo kar di.

valmiki ramayan

  • shoorasen ne purani mathura ke sthan par nee nagari basaee thi jisaka varnan valmiki ramayan ke uttarakand men hai.
  • shoorasen-janapadiyon ka nam bhi valmiki ramayan men aya hai- 'tatr mlechchhanpulindanshch soorasenanstathaiv ch, prasthalanh bharatanshchaiy kuroonshch yah madrakai:'.[1]
  • valmiki ramayan[2] men mathura ko shoorasena kaha gaya hai:-'bhavishyati puri ramya shoorasena n snshay:'.
  • mahabharat men shoorasen-janapad par sahadev ki vijay ka ullekh hai- 's shoorasenanh kartsnyen poorvamevajayath prabhu:, matsyarajnch kauravyo vashechakre baladh bali'.[3]
  • kalidas ne raghuvnsh[4] men shoorasenadhipati sushen ka varnan kiya hai- 'sa shoorasenadhipatin sushenamuddishy lokantaragitakirtimh, acharashuddhobhayavnshadipn shuddhantarakshya jagade kumari'.
  • isaki rajadhani mathura ka ullekh kalidas ne isake age raghuvnsh[5] men kiya hai.
  • shrimadh bhagavat men yaduraj shoorasen ka ullekh hai jisaka rajy shoorasen-pradesh men kaha gaya hai.
  • mathura usaki rajadhani thi- 'shoorasena yadupatirmathuramavasanh purimh, mathuranchhoorasenanshch vishayanh bubhuje pura, rajadhani tat: sabhoot sarvayadabhoobhujamh, mathura bhagavanh yatr nityn snnihiton hari:'.[6]
  • vishnu puran men shoorasen ke nivasiyon ko hi snbhavat: shoor kaha gaya hai aur inaka abhiron ke sath ullekh hai- 'tathaparanta: saurashtra: shoorabhirastatharbuda:'.[7]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kishkindha 43,11
  2. valmiki ramayan, uttar kand va॰ ra॰ 70,6
  3. sabha parv mahabharat 31,2
  4. raghuvnsh 6,45
  5. raghuvnsh 6,48
  6. raghuvnsh 10,1,27-28
  7. vishnu puran 2,3,16

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