लाला अमरनाथ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lala amaranath
lala amaranath
vyaktigat parichay
poora nam nanik amaranath bharadvaj
janm 11 sitambar, 1911
janm bhoomi kapoorathala, pnjab
sntan surindar amaranath aur mohindar amaranath
mrityu 5 agast, 2000
mrityu sthan dilli
khel parichay
ballebazi shaili daen hath ke ballebaz
gendabazi shaili dahine hath ke madhyam tez gendabaz
tim bharat
bhoomika ballebaj, gendabaz
kairiyar ankade
praroop test kriket ekadivasiy antarrashtriy ti-20 antarrashtriy
muqabale 24 186 0
banaye gaye ran 878 10,426 0
ballebazi ausat 24.38 41.37 0
100/50 1/4 31/39 0
sarvochch skor 118 262 0
phenki gee genden 4241 29,474 0
viket 45 463 0
gendabazi ausat 32.91 22.98 0
pari men 5 viket 2 19 0
muqabale men 10 viket 0 3 0
sarvochch gendabazi 5/96 7/27 0
kaich/stamping 13 96/2 0
puraskar 'padm bhooshan' (1991)

nanik amaranath bharadvaj (angrezi: Nanik Amarnath Bhardwaj ; janm- 11 sitambar, 1911, kapoorathala, pnjab; mrityu- 5 agast, 2000, dilli) bharat ke mahanh aur khyatiprapt kriketaron men se ek the. antararashtriy kriket men bharat ki or se pahala shatak lagane ka gaurav inhen prapt hai. lala amaranath bharat ke aise pahale alaraundar the, jinhonne balle ke alava gend se bhi apane virodhiyon ki nak men dam kiya. unhen 'bharat sarakar' dvara san 1991 men khel ke kshetr men 'padm bhooshan' se sammanit kiya gaya tha. unake nidhan par bharat ke tatkalin pradhanamntri atal bihari vajapeyi ne apane shok sndesh men unhen "bharatiy kriket ka aikan" karar diya tha. lala daen hath ke ballebaz aur madhyam gati ke tez gendabaz the.

parichay

lala amaranath ka janm 11 sitambar, san 1911 ko pnjab ke kapoorathala men hua tha. unaka mool nam 'nanik amaranath bharadvaj' tha. inake donon bete surindar amaranath aur mohindar amaranath bhi bharat ke prasiddh kriketar rahe hain. unake khel ke star aur charitr ko ankadon men nahin bandha ja sakata. inglaind, vestindij, aaustreliya aur pakistan ke khilaf unhonne 1933 se 1953 ke dauran kul 40 pariyan khelate hue qarib 25 ki ausat se 878 ran banae aur 45 viket bhi lie. lala amaranath ne apana kriket kairiyar ek viket kipar ballebaz ke taur par shuroo kiya tha, lekin unhen ballebazi ke alava sving gendabazi ke lie bhi jana gaya. doosare vishv yuddh ke karan unake khel jivan ke sunahare varsh barbad ho ge, jaisa ki mahanh ballebajon daaun bredamain aur len hatan ke sath bhi hua tha.[1]

pratham shatak

jab bharat men kriket apani jaden jama raha tha, jab 1933 men baaumbe jimakhana men 20 varsh ke lala amaranath ne apana pahala hi test maich khelate hue dagalas jardin ki angrez tim ke khilaf matr 180 gendon par 118 ran banakar apane jiniyas se sabaka dhyan apani taraph khincha tha. yah bharatiy kriket itihas ka bhi pahala test shatak tha aur hedali vairayati, stanale nikals, envard klark aur jems laingrij jaise dhurndhar gendabazon ke age banaya gaya tha. is pari ko aj bhi bharatiy kriket itihas ki shreshthatam pariyon men shumar kiya jata hai. tab unake samakalin roosi modi ne likha tha- "jin chuninda bhagyashali logon ne is pari ko dekha, ve ise kabhi nahin bhoolenge. jo nahin dekh pae, unhen hamesha malal rahana chahie."

vivad

varsh 1938 men mumbee men hue paintagular toornament men lala amaranath ne hindooj ki taraf se khelate hue 241 ranon ki ek behatarin yadagar pari kheli thi, jise lnbe samay tak yad rakha gaya. do sal pahale inglaind gee bharatiy tim ke kaptan maharaj kumar vijayanagaram ke sath huee asahamatiyon ke karan lala ko ek vivad men phnsaya gaya, jisake chalate unhen daura bich men hi chhodakar bharat vapas ana pada. is vivad ki janch ke bad maharaj kumar vijayanagaram ki kafi alochana huee aur lala amaranath ki sakh men ijafa hi hua.

bharatiy tim ka netritv

azad bharat ke pahale kaptan ke roop men lala amaranath ne aaustreliyaee daure men bharatiy tim ka netritv kiya. vahan unhonne kuchh jabardast pariyan khelin. viktoriya ke viruddh kheli gee unaki 228 ranon ki naaut aut ki pari par vik rirchadsan ne ek bharatiy samachar patr ke lie likha tha ki- "yah pari meri yadadasht men donald bredamain ki 1930 men lids men kheli gee 339 ki aur sidani men stain maikeb ki 182 ki pari ke sath hamesha ankit rahegi. in tinon pariyon ki visheshata yah thi ki vipakshi timon ki gendabazi apane shirsh par thi. sara aaustreliya lala amaranath ki charcha kar raha hai aur unake prati utani hi shraddha rakhata hai, jitani use daaun bredamain ke lie rahi hai."

yahan yah ullekhaniy hai ki vik rirchadsan iyan chaipal aur greg chaipal ke nana the. jaik phingaltan aur dilip sinh ji jaise khiladi़yon ke alochakon ne bhi lala amaranath ke khel aur unake karishmaee vyaktitv ke bare men qaside likhe. 1948 men vest indij ki tim ke daure ke vakt unaki tatkalin bisisiaee sachiv enthani dimailo se bahas ho gee thi, jisake phalasvaroop unhen agale dauron men tim men shamil tak nahin kiya gaya.[1]

ullekhaniy tathy

bhootapoorv kaptan lala amaranath ka kairiyar jitana shanadar raha, utana hi vivadit bhi raha. unase jude kuchh dilachasp tathy nimnalikhit hain[2]-

  1. lala amaranath test kriket men shatak lagane vale n sirph bharat ke balki eshiya ke bhi pahale balh‍lebaz the. unhonne yah shatak munbee ke jimakhana graund par inglaind ke viruddh jari test maich ke tisare din 17 disnbar, 1933 ko lagaya tha. unhonne doosari pari men 118 ranon ki pari kheli thi. lala amaranath ka yah shatak is lihaj se bhi khas tha, kyonki yah unaka pahala test maich bhi tha aur donon hi pariyon men unhonne apani tim ke lie sabase adhik skor kiya tha. halanki doosari pari men kheli gee unaki shatakiy pari tim ko har se tal nahin saki. bharat yah maich 9 viket se hara tha. lala amaranath ne pahali pari men bhi apani tim ke lie sabase jyada 38 ran banae the.
  2. lala amaranath n sirph behatarin balh‍lebaz the, balki vah ek shanadar ke gendabaz bhi rahe. unhonne 1946 men inglaind daure ke dauran ek test maich ki donon pariyon men 5-5 viket jhatake the. sath hi 3 bar 4-4 viket bhi nikale.
  3. bad men lala bharatiy kriket tim ke kaptan bane aur unaki aguvaee men hi bharat 1952-1953 men pahali bar koee test sirij jit saka tha. bharat ne 2-1 se yah sirij apane janemane pratidvndi pakistan ke khilaf jiti thi.
  4. lala amaranath ka test kairiyar 19 sal tak raha. unhonne apana antim test maich disnbar, 1952 men pakistan ke viruddh kolakata men khela tha. is dauran unhonne kul 24 test maich khele, jisamen ek shatak ke alava 4 ardhashatak lagae. sath hi unhonne ne kul 45 viket bhi jhatake.
  5. test kriket men bharat ki or se pahala shatak lagane vale poorv kaptan lala amaranath ke tinon beton ko bhi test kriket khelane ka mauka mila. inamen mohindar amaranath age chalakar bharatiy tim ke kaptan bhi bane.
  6. lala amaranath ekamatr aise gendabaz the, jinhonne kriket ke mahanatam balh‍lebaz aaustreliya ke sar daaun bredamain ko hit viket aut karane ka karanama kiya. bredamain apane bemisal kairiyar men sirph ek bar hi hit viket hue the.
  7. svatntr bharat men bharatiy kriket tim ke pahale test kaptan banane ka gaurav bhi lala amaranath ko prapt hai. unaki aguvaee men tim ne aaush‍treliya ka daura kiya tha. varsh 1936 men lala inglaind ke daure par ge the, lekin unhen vahan se bina maich khele hi vapas lautana pada tha.
  8. 1936 men inglaind daure ke dauran tim ke kaptan maharaj kumar ne lala amaranath ko anushasanahinata ke karan svadesh lauta diya tha. lala ek bhi test maich khel nahin sake the. bad men lala aur any kee logon ne arop lagaya ki aisa rajaniti ke karan kiya ja raha hai. maharaj kumar ko 1936 ke daure ke lie kaptan banaya gaya tha.
  9. lala amaranath ki kaph‍tani men bharat ne test kriket men pahali bar pakistan ko haraya tha. 1952 men bharat ke daure par panch maichon ki test sirij khelane aee pak tim ko tim indiya ne ‌dilli men khele ge pahale test maich men ek pari aur 70 ran se shikast di thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bharatiy kriket ki pahali senchuri amaranath ke nam hai (hindi) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 25 sitambar, 2014.
  2. milie, bredamen ko hitaviket aut karane vale bharatiy se (hindi) amar ujala.kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 25 sitambar, 2014.

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