मैनुअल आरों  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mainual aron
mainual aron
poora nam mainual aron
janm 30 disambar, 1935
janm bhoomi myanmar
karm bhoomi bharat
khel-kshetr shatarnj mastar
shiksha snatak
vidyalay ilahabad vishvavidyalay
puraskar-upadhi arjun puraskar
prasiddhi bharatiy shatarnj khiladi
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh parimarjan negi, vishvanathan annd
any janakari mainual aron ne bharat men shatarnj ke khel ki vastavik shuruat ki aur vishv-shatarnj men bharat ki ubharati huee shakti ka ahasas karane men mukhy bhoomika nibhaee.

mainual aron (angrezi: Manuel Aaron, janm-30 disambar, 1935, myanmar) pratham bharatiy shatarnj mastar hain. 1960 se 1980 tak bharat men shatarnj men unaka bolabala tha. mainual aron 1959 aur 1981 ke bich nau bar bharat ke rashtriy chaimpiyan rahe. vah bharat ke pratham khiladi hai, jinhen 'antararashtriy mastar khitab' se kiya ja chuka hai. ve pratham shatarnj khiladi hain, jinhen ‘arjun puraskar’ se sammanit kiya gaya hai.

parichay

mainual aron ka janm 30 disambar san 1935 ko barma (vartaman myanmar) men hua tha. unake mata-pita bharatiy the. mainual aron bharatiy rajy tamilanadu men pale badhe. yahin unhonne apani prarambhik shiksha bhi poorn ki. unhonne apani bi.es.si ki digri ilahabad vishvavidyalay se prapt ki.

shatarnj ki shuruat

yah kaha ja sakata hai ki mainual aron ne bharat men shatarnj ke khel ki vastavik shuruat ki aur vishv-shatarnj men bharat ki ubharati huee shakti ka ahasas karane men mukhy bhoomika nibhaee. unhonne behatarin khel pradarshan karake antararashtriy star par apani behad achchhi chhap chhodi. mainual aron ne bharatiy shatarnj ke paridrishy par varshon tak prabhutv banae rakha. 50ven dashak ke madhy se 70ven dashak ke ant tak mainual aron ka nam hi chhaya raha. vah ‘intaraneshanal mastar’ ka khitab jitane vale pratham bharatiy bane.[1]

aron ne shatarnj ka rashtriy khitab nau bar jita. 1969 se 1971 tak unhonne lagatar panch varshon tak rashtriy khitab par kabja banae rakha. tamilanadu jaise pradesh men, jahan shatarnj ki virasat paee jati hai, unhonne 11 bar rajy ki chainpiyanapaship jiti. 1961 men eshiyaee-aaustreliya jonal phainal men mainual aron ne aaustreliya ke si.je.es. pardi ko 3-0 se haraya tatha vest eshiyaee jonal men mngoliya ke suken momo ko 3-1 se hara diya aur vah ‘intaraneshanal mastar’ ban ge. yah shatarnj ke khel ki arambhik dinon ki bat thi, at: aron ki yah upalabdhi bahut badi thi.

arjun puraskar

isake pashchath 1962 men mainual ne ‘stakahom intar jonal’ ke lie kvaliphaee kar liya. parantu vahan lajos portish tatha volphagaing alamain jaise bade-bade graindamastar se unaka mukabala hua aur khel samapt karane ke samay vah antim sthan par rahe. unaki upalabdhiyon ke karan unhen ‘arjun puraskar’ se sammanit kiya gaya. mainual aron ‘arjun puraskar’ pane vale pratham shatarnj khiladi the.

bharatiy tim ka netritv

aron ke netritv men bharatiy tim ne kee bade mukabalon men hissa liya, jaise jarmani ke lipt men shatarnj ke 1960 ke olnpiyad men bharatiy tim ne bhag liya. 1962 ke balgariya ke varna men bhi bharatiy tim ne aron ki kaptani men bhag liya. aron ne 1964 men tel aviv shatarnj olnpiyad men bhi bhag liya.[1]

upalabdhiyan

  1. aron ne shatarnj ke khel men apani alag pahachan banaee tatha antararashtriy star par bharat ki is kshetr men ubharati shakti ka ahasas karaya.
  2. vah 9 bar shatarnj ka rashtriy khitab jit kar vijeta bane, jisamen 1969 se 1971 tak vah lagatar 5 varsh tak chainpiyan rahe.
  3. aron bharat ke pratham ‘intaraneshanal mastar’ bane. 1961 men unhonne yah upalabdhi hasil ki.
  4. unhonne 1961 men mngoliya ke suken momo ko ‘vest eshiyan jonal’ men 3-1 se hara diya.
  5. aron ne 1961 men ‘eshiyan-astreliyan jonal’ men astreliya ke si.je.el. pardi ko hara kar vijay prapt ki. usake bad ‘intaraneshanal mastar’ ka khitab hasil kiya.
  6. unhen 1962 men ‘arjun puraskar’ se sammanit kiya gaya.
  7. aron ne kee olnpiyad men bharat ki or se bhag liya tatha kee olnpiyad men unaki kaptani men bharatiy tim ne bhag liya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 ritvik bhattachary ka jivan parichay (hindi) kaise aur kya. abhigaman tithi: 24 sitambar, 2016.

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