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ranaji
ranajitasinhaji
vyaktigat parichay
poora nam kumar shri ranajitasinh
any nam ranaji, smith, ranajitasinhaji
janm 10 sitambar, 1872
janm bhoomi sarodar, kathiyavad, gujarat
patni avivahit
mrityu 2 apral, 1933 (ayu- 60 varsh)
mrityu sthan jamanagar, gujarat
khel parichay
tim inglaind, kaimbrij vishvavidyalay, lndan kaunti, saseks
bhoomika daen hath ke ballebaz
pahala test 16 julaee, 1896 viruddh aaustreliya
akhiri test 16 julaee, 1902 viruddh aaustreliya
kairiyar ankade
praroop test kriket ekadivasiy antarrashtriy pratham shreni
muqabale 15 307
banaye gaye ran 989 24,692
ballebazi ausat 44.95 56.37
100/50 2 / 6 72 / 109
sarvochch skor 175 285
phenki gee genden 97 8056
viket 1 133
gendabazi ausat 39.00 34.59
pari men 5 viket - 4
muqabale men 10 viket - -
sarvochch gendabazi 1/23 6/53
kaich/stamping 13
any janakari bharat men unaki smriti men 'ranaji taaufi' pratiyogita shuroo ki gee. ise kriket ki rashtriy pratiyogita mana jata hai.
bahari kadiyan Cricinfo
adyatan

kumar shri ranajit sinh ji (angrezi: Kumar Shri Ranjitsinhji, janm: 10 sitambar, 1872, kathiyavad, gujarat; mrityu: 2 apral, 1933) ko "bharatiy kriket ka jadoogar" kaha jata hai. unhen bharat ka sarvashreshth kriket khiladi mana jata hai. ranajit sinh pratham test maich khiladi the. unhonne inglaind se apane kriket khel ki shuruat ki thi. unhin ke nam par unhen samman dene ke lie bharat ke pratham shreni ke kriket toornament ka nam ‘ranaji traphi’ rakha gaya hai. is toornament ka shubharambh 1935 men patiyala ke maharaja bhoopindar sinh ne kiya tha. ranajit sinh bharat ke sarvashreshth ballebajon men se ek the. ve ek bharatiy rajakumar the, jinhen pratham bharatiy khiladi hone ka shrey bhi prapt hai.[1]

parichay

kumar ranajit sinh ka janm 10 sitambar, 1872 ko gujarat ke kathiyavad men sarodar namak sthan par hua tha. unaka janm ek dhani parivar men hua tha. apane chhatr jivan men ve kriket ke atirikt futabaaul v tenis bhi khelate the. ranajit sinh 'ranaji' se zyada lokapriy hue the. ranaji jivan bhar avivahit rahe. jab-jab bhi vivah ka prasng ata, tab-tab vah mazak men kahate ki- kriket hi meri jivan sngini hai.

shiksha

1888 men ranajit sinh triniti kaaulej, kainbrij men dakhila lene briten chale ge. vahin par padhate hue fainal varsh men vah kriket ‘bloo’ men shamil ho ge. vahan unhonne apana nam badalakar (nik nem) ‘smith’ kar liya aur usi nam se pahachane jane lage the. bad men unhen karnal ke nam se bhi jana jata tha. unhen karnal hij haines shri sar ranajit sinh ji vibhaji kahakar sambodhit kiya jata tha. vah navanagar ke maharaja jaim sahab ke nam se bhi jane jate the. apani snatak shiksha poori ho jane par ranajit sinh ne saseks ke lie kaunti kriket khelana arambh kar diya.

pratham bharatiy test kriket khiladi

ranajit sinh ne isase poorv sahi vyavasthit khel nahin khela tha, lekin phir bhi unhonne fainal varsh ki grishm men kriket khelate hue ‘bloo’ ko jit liya. unhonne khel ki aupacharik shuruat mee, 1895 men laaurds men ki. yahan unhonne saseks ke lie khela aur em. si. si. ke viruddh 77 v 150 ran bana dale. phir 1896 men inglaind ki or se unhonne pahala taist maich khela. is prakar vah kriket test maich khelane vale pratham bharatiy ban ge. 1896 men yah test maich ranajit sinh ne 16 se 18 julaee ke bich manchestar men khela. unhonne yah maich aaustreliya ke viruddh inglaind ki or se khela. unhonne apane is pahale taist maich men 62 tatha 154 ran banae aur aut nahin hue. is prakar vah dabloo ji. gres ke bad doosare aise khiladi ban ge, jinhonne inglaind ke lie khelate hue apane deboo maich (pratham maich) men shatak jamaya. ranajit sinh desh ke atyant kushal v tej ballebaj the. unhonne 1895 se 1905 ke bich taist maich khele. 1897-1898 men aaustreliya daure par unhonne poore daure men 1157 ran bana lie, jinaka ausat 60.89 tha. unaka v unake param mitr si.bi. phrai ka nam bhi haradam juda rahata tha.[1]

ranajit sinh ne lagatar 10 ghareloo maichon men (inglaind men saseks men) 1000 ran banae (1899 se 1900 ke bich unhonne 3000 se adhik ran banae). ve 1899 se 1903 tak saseks tim ke kaptan bhi rahe. us samay ranajit sinh ka nam saseks ki pahachan tha. 1904 men ranajit sinh bharat laut ae, kyonki un par anek ghareloo jimmedariyan thin. yahan unhonne keval do varsh poori tarah kriket kheli. 1908 men tatha 1912 men aur donon bar 1000 se adhik ran banae. bad men kisi ki galat salah par vah saseks vapas ge. yah 1920 ki bat hai. unhonne tin bar khelane ka prayas kiya, parantu vah 48 varsh ke ho chuke the, unaka vajan badh chuka tha aur vah ek shooting durghatana men apani ek ankh gnva chuke the. atah antim bar khelate vakt vah 39 ran hi bana sake.

ullekhaniy tathy

  • march, 1907 men kriket se alag vah navanagar ke maharaja jam sahab ban chuke the. vah is roop men har tarah se bahut lokapriy the aur dayalu shasak the.
  • ‘lig aauph neshans’ tatha ‘chembar aauph prinsej’ ke lie kiya gaya unaka kary bahut mahatvapoorn raha jo unhonne mahayuddh ke bad kiya. sar nevil kardas ne ranajit sinh ke bare men likha- "jab ranajit sinh ji ne kriket chhod diya, khel se sari chamak aur raunak hi hamesha ke lie gayab ho gee."
  • 1897 men ranajit sinh ne ek pustak likhi- ‘d jubali aauf kriket’. is pustak ko kriket ki duniya men ek atyant mahattvapoorn rachana mana jata hai. bad men ranajit sinh ke bhatije ke. es. dalip sinh ne bhi inglaind ke lie kriket khela.

vijh‌dan kriketar aauf d eeyar

ranajit sinh ne kul 15 test maich khele aur sabhi maich inglaind ke lie khele. unhonne pray: aaustreliya ke viruddh khela aur 44.95 ki ausat se 989 ran banae, jinamen 2 shatak tatha 6 ardhashatak shamil hain. unhen 1897 men ‘vijh‌dan kriketar aauf d eeyar’ chuna gaya tha. ranajit sinh kriket ki duniya ke jiniyas the, jinhonne ballebaji ki kala ko ne ayam die. unase poorv kriket khiladi phrnt phut par hi khelate the, parantu unhonne baik phut par bhi shanadar strok khele aur ne tarike se ‘kat’ lagane ki vidhi se khela.[1]

kirtiman

ranaji
ranaji ne apane jivanakal men kriket ke pratham shreni maichon men 72 shatak banaye. angrez unhen ranaji ke nam se hi pukarate the. unhonne sanh 1899 men 3,159 aur 1900 men 3,069 ran banae the. 1896 men manachestar men inglaind ki or se astreliya ke viruddh khelate hue inhonne pahale test men hi apana shatak poora kara liya tha. apani nirali ballebazi ke karan unhonne kriket ke itihas men ek naya adhyay jod diya. vishv-vikhyat kriket samikshak nevil kardas ne shri ranajitasinh ka khel dekhane ke bad likha tha-
"briten ke maidanon men pahali bar poorv ki kiran dikhaee di. un dinon kriket ka khel bilkul sidha khel mana jata tha. yani vah gud length ka gend aur sidhi ballebaji ka khel tha. tab kriket ke khel ko keval angezon ka khel hi mana jata tha. achanak inglaind ke maidan men poorv ke ek vyakti ne aisa rng jamaya ki sab ne ek mat hokar yah svikar kiya ki aisa khiladi to aj tak inglaind men bhi paida nahin hua. is vyakti ka khel sachamuch hi adbhut tha. apani nirali ballebazi ke karan vah sidhe baaul ko aise ghumata tha dekhane vale dekhate rah jate the aur kahate- 'lo... vah baaul aya aur lo...vah baundri bhi par kar gaya.' us adbhut ballebazi ka rahasy koee nahin jan saka. gendabaz stabdh khada ho jata aur apani donon banhon men baaul ko dabakar yah sochane lagata ki akhir yah kaise ho gaya?"

aitihasik varsh

san 1900 ranaji ke jivan ka aitihasik aur mahattvapoorn varsh mana jata hai. isi varsh unhonne panch avasaron par 200 se adhik (dohara shatak) aur chhah avasaron par sau se adhik ran banae. apane jivan men unhonne 500 pariyan khelin. inamen se 62 bar vah akhir tak aut nahin hue. unhonne 56.27 ki ausat se kul 24,642 ran banae. ran banane ki unaki ausat raftar 50 ran prati ghanta thi.

upalabdhiyan

  1. bharat ka pratham darje ka 'ranaji maich' sar ranajit sinh ji ke nam par unhen samman dene ke lie hi rakha gaya.
  2. sar ranajit bharat ke pratham taist maich khiladi the. unhonne inglaind kaimbrij vishvavidyalay, ladnn kaunti tatha saseks ka pratinidhitv kiya.
  3. 1907 men unhonne ‘hij haines shri sar ranajit sinh ji vibhajir, jam sahab aauf navanagar’ ki upadhi uttaradhikar men prapt ki.
  4. 1897 men unhen ‘vijadan kriketar aauf d eeyar’ chuna gaya tha.
  5. dabloo. ji. gres ke bad vah doosare aise ballebaj the, jisane apane pratham maich men shatak banaya tha.
  6. ranajit sinh ji ne khel ki takanik v barikiyan prastut kin. unhonne kul 15 taist maich khele.
  7. unhonne ‘d jubali aauf kriket’ namak pustak bhi likhi, jise kriket ke kshetr men klaausik mana jata hai.

mrityu

ranaji ki mrityu 2 apral, 1933 ko huee. bharat men unaki smriti men 'ranaji taauphi' pratiyogita shuroo ki gee. ise kriket ki rashtriy pratiyogita mana jata hai.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ranajit sinh ji ka jivan parichay (hindi) kaise aur kya. abhigaman tithi: 06 sitambar, 2016.

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