गेंदबाज़ी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gendabazi karane ka ek tarika
A Bowling Action

kriket ke khel men gend phenkane ki kala ya kriya ko gendabazi kahate hain. gendabazi karate samay gendabaz ke kisi n kisi pair ka kuchh n kuchh ang 'baauling qriz' ke pichhe aur 'ritarn qriz' ke andar hona chahie. yadi koee gendabaz in niyamon ka ullaghnn karata hai to use ampayar dvara 'no bal' ka ishara mil jata hai aur yadi vah gend ko oonchaee ya chaudaee men itani door phenkata hai ki ampayar ki drishti men vah gend ballebaz ki pahunch se bahar hai to use 'vaid bal' kaha jata hai. kriket men gendabazi karane ke bhi anek tariqe hain. jaise–

  • phast baauling (tez gendabazi)
  • midiyam pes baauling (madhyam gati ki gendabazi)
  • spin baauling (chakkaradar gendabazi)

tez gendabazi

tej gendabazi ko pes baauling ke nam se bhi jana jata hai jo kriket ke khel men gendabazi ke do pramukh prakaron men se ek hai. doosara prakar hai spin gendabazi. tez gendabazi karane vale khiladiyon ko aksar tez gendabaz (phast baaular), phastamen, pes baaular, ya pesamen kaha jata hai, halanki kabhi kabhi tez gendabazi ki vishesh takanik ka prayog karane vale gendabaz ko sving baaular ya sim baaular bhi kaha jata hai. tez gendabazi ka mukhy uddeshy hota hai kriket ki sakht gend ko tez gati ke sath dalana aur ise itana veg dena ki yah uchhal ke sath pich par bauns ho sake ya hava men hoti huee said se nikal jaye, taki ballebaz ke lie gend ko saphaee se hit karana mushkil ho jaye. ek praroopik tez gati se dali gayi gend ki gati 136 se 150 kilomitar/ghnta (85 se 95 mitar prati ghnta) hoti hai.

madhyam gati ki gendabazi

madhyam gati ki gendabazi athava sim gendabazi men gend ki sim ka upayog is prakar se kiya jata hai ki yah jab pich par takarati hai to apratyashit roop se bauns ho jati hai. ek achchha ballebaz is bat ka poorvanuman laga leta hai ki gend kahan par bauns hogi aur isase use is bat ka andaza ho jata hai ki jab gend us tak pahunchegi tab usaki unchaee kya hogi. bauns men men badalav paida karake, gendabaz is bat ki snbhavana utpann karata hai ki ballebaz apane anuman men galati kar baithe aur apana viket kho de. sim dilivari ko kisi bhi gati ke sath dala ja sakata hai, parantu sim gend dalane vale gendabaz madhyam, madhyam-tez ya tez-madhyam gati se gend dalate hain. in gendabazon midiyam pesar kaha jata hai. madhyam-dhimi aur dhimi-madhyam shreniyon men aksar spin gendabazon ko rakha jata hai, choonki tez gendabazi ki takanik ke sath is gati se dali gayi gend, spin hone ke bajay, aksar hit karane ke lie bahut asan hoti hai.

spin gendabazi

anil kumbale

spin gendabazi men gendabaz gend ko spin karata hai. is tarah ki gendabazi men gend tappa padane ke bad ek tarah mudati hai aur yadi ballebaz samay se pahale n samajhe to use aut karane men kamayab ho jati hai. spin gendabazi bhi do prakar ki hoti hai. jaise -

aauf spin

aauf spin gendabazi men gend tappa padane ke bad aauf stamp se leg stamp ki taraph mudati hai. udaharan ke taur par shrilnka ke muthaiya muralidharan, bharat ke harabhajan sinh vishv kriket men prasiddh aauf spin gendabaz hain.

leg spin

leg spin gendabazi men gend tappa padane ke bad leg stamp se aauf stamp ki taraph mudati hai. udaharan ke taur par aaustreliya ke shen varn, bharat ke anil kumbale vishv kriket men prasiddh leg spin gendabaz hain.

gendabazi ausat

gendabazi ausat kriket ke khel men gendabazi ka ek mahatvapoorn ankada hai jise gendabaz dvara diye gaye ranon ko usake khiladi dvara liye gaye viketon ki snkhya se bhag dekar prapt kiya jata hai. gendabazi ausat = khiladi dvara diye gaye ran / khiladi dvara liye gaye viket


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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