डक आउट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Duck-out.png

dak aut athava dak par aut hona. kriket men ballebaz ka bina koee ran banae shoony (0) par aut hona 'dak' kahalata hai. darasal, battakh ke ande ka akar 0 ank ki tarah hi hota hai, isalie shoony par aut hone ko 'dak aut' hona kahate hai.

kriket men 'dak' ki utpatti

dak shabd ki utpatti sal 1877 men inglaind aur aaustreliya ke bich duniya ke pahale antararashtriy test maich se pahale ho gee thi. yah bat 17 julaee 1866 ki hai jab ek kriket maich men vels ke rajakumar (jo bad men edavard VII bane) pahali hi gend par aut ho ge. is khabar ko ek akhabar ne ek behatarin shirshak ke sath chhapa. akhabar ne likha ki ('The prince had retired to the royal pavilion on a duck's egg') rajakumar batakh ke ande ke sath shahi paveliyan ki or ravana hue. yah mana jata hai ki ‘dak’ nam battakh ke ande ke shoony ke akar ke hone se pada. bad ke salon men kee akhabaron ne is shabd ko apanana shuroo kar diya aur yah shabd ab kriket shabdakosh ka hissa ban chuka tha.

dak ke prakar

kriket men jab ballebaz pahali hi gend par aut ho jata hai to use ‘goldan dak’ kahate hain. vahin agar vah doosari gend ya tisari gend par aut ho jata hai to ise kriket ki bhasha men ‘silvar dak’ aur ‘bronj dak’ kahate hain. vahin aisa ballebaz jo bina koee gend khele (naaun straiking chhor par khada hua ran aut ho jae, ya vaid gend par stnpd aut ho jae) to ise ‘dayamnd dak’ kahate hain lekin kuchh mahadvipon men ‘dayamnd dak’ kuchh any prakar ke aut hone ke tarikon ke lie bhi istemal kiya jata hai. jaise, agar pari ki shuruat ki pahali gend par salami ballebaz aut ho jata hai to use ‘goldan dak’, ‘pletinam dak’ ya ‘raauyal dak’ kahate hain. nirbhar karata hai ki kriket duniya ke kis bhag men khela ja raha hai. jab koee ballebaz apani pari ki doosari gend par aut hota hai to us tarm ko 'silvar dak' kaha jata hai aur jab koee ballebaz pari ki tisari gend par aut ho jata hai to use bronz dak bhi kaha jata hai.[1]

goldan dak

agar koee ballebaz apani pari ki pahali gend ka samana karate hue aut ho jata hai to ise 'goldan dak' kahate hain.

dayamnd dak

agar koee ballebaz naaun-straikar chhor par ho aur bina koee gend khele hi aut ho jae to ise 'dayamnd dak' kahate hain. jaise- ran aut ya vaid gend par stamping.

raauyal dak ya plaitinam dak

jab koee ballebaz maich ya pari ki pahali hi gend par apana viket gira de to ise 'raauyal dak ya plaitinam dak' kaha jata hai.

pear dak aut

agar koee ballebaz test maich ki donon pari men shoony par aut ho jae to ise 'pear dak aut' kahate hain.

king pear dak aut

agar koee ballebaz donon hi pari men pahali kheli gee gend par aut hokar paveliyan laut jae to yah 'king pear' kahalata hai.

baaumbe dak : ajit agarakar

bharatiy kriket tim ke tej gendabaz ajit agarakar ko 'baaumbe dak' ke nam se jana jata hai. agarakar ko 1999 ke dauran aaustreliya ke khilaf lagatar 7 bar 'dak' ka samana karana pada tha, jis vajah se unhen yah majedar nam diya gaya hai.[2]

kisake nam hai sabase adhik dak aut

test maichon men

vestindij ke mahanh tej gendabaz kaaurtani valsh ke nam test kriket ke sabase jyada 'dak aut' hone ka rikard hai. 1984 se 2001 tak vestindij ke lie kriket khelane vale antararashtriy ballebaz kaaurtani valsh ke nam 43 'dak' ka rikaaurd hai. vaaulsh ne apane kariyar men kul 132 test maich khele hain. bharat ki or se shirsh 10 men zahir khan ka nam ata hai. zahir is talika men chhathaven nnbar par hain. zahir ne kul 92 test maich khele hain jinamen vah kul 29 bar shoony par aut hue hain. vartaman men sakriy bharatiy kriketaron men eeshant sharma ka nam 12ven sthan par hai, 75 test maich khel chuke eeshant ab tak kul 24 bar shoony par aut ho chuke hain.[3]

ekadivasiy maichon men

shrilnka ke dhurndhar ballebaz sanath jayasoorya ke nam ekadivasiy maichon men sarvadhik dak aut hone ka rikaaurd hai. baen hath ke ballebaz jayasoorya 445 maichon men 34 bar shoony (dak) par aut hue. jayasoorya ke bad shahid apharidi ka nnbar ata hai jo 398 maichon men 30 bar 'dak' par aut hue. bharat ki or se sarvadhik dak marane ka rikard ashvaryajanak roop se vishv men sarvadhik ran banane vale ballebaz sachin tendulakar ke nam hai. sachin tendulakar apane vanade kariyar (463 maich) men kul 20 bar shoony par aut hue.[4]


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ballebaj ke aut hone ko 'dak' kyon kahate hain? ’ (hindi) kriket kntri daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 2 march, 2017.
  2. shoony par aut hone ko yoon hi nahin kahate ‘dak’ (hindi) sarita daaut in. abhigaman tithi: 2 march, 2017.
  3. Test matches / Most ducks in career (angrezi) krikinpho daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 2 march, 2017.
  4. One-Day Internationals/ Most ducks in career (angrezi) krikinpho daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 2 march, 2017.

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