खाशाबा जाधव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

khashaba jadhav
khashaba jadhav
poora nam khashaba dadasaheb jadhav
janm 15 janavari, 1926
janm bhoomi satara, maharashtr
mrityu 14 agast, 1984
karm bhoomi bharat
khel-kshetr kushti
puraskar-upadhi 'jivan gaurav puraskar' (1983), 'meghanath nageshvar avard' (1990-maranoparant), 'shiv chhatrapati puraskar' (1993-maranoparant).
prasiddhi pahalavan
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh kushti, kushti ka itihas, kushti ki paddhatiyan, olampik khel, gama pahalavan, sushil kumar pahalavan
any janakari pulis vibhag men khel kota khashaba jadhav ke olampik men padak jitane ke bad se hi shuroo hua. aj bhi khel kota se jo bharti hoti hai, vah khashaba jadhav ki hi den hai, is bat ki janakari aj ke pulis valon ko shayad hi ho.
adyatan‎ 01:14, 5 agast, 2016 (IST)

khashaba dadasaheb jadhav (angrezi: Khashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav, janm- 15 janavari, 1926, maharashtr; mrityu- 14 agast, 1984) bharat ke prasiddh kushti khiladi the. ve pahale bharatiy khiladi the, jinhonne san 1952 men helasinki olampik, finalaind men desh ke lie kushti ki vyaktigat spardha men sabase pahale kansy padak jita tha. vaise to 1952 ke helasinki olampik men bharatiy haauki tim ne phir se svarn padak hasil kiya tha, lekin charcha sone se adhik us kansy padak ki hoti hai, jise pahalavan khashaba jadhav ne jita tha. khashaba ko paauket dayanamo ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. bharat ko olampik ka padak dilane vala yah khiladi bad men gumanam banakar rah gaya.

parichay

khashaba ka janm satara zila, maharashtr men karad tahasil ke goleshvar namak chhote se ganv men maratha parivar men 15 janavari 1926 ko hua tha. unaki man ka nam 'putalibaee' tha aur unake pita ko sabhi 'dadasahab' kahate the. khashaba sabhi bhaee bahanon men sabase chhote the. unake ghar men kheti hoti thi. unake pita krishak the tatha pahalavani bhi karate the. ve kushti khelate the. khet se ghar ane par ve kushti kaise kheli jae isaka prashikshan khashaba ko dete the. kushti ka prarambhik prashikshan unhen ghar par hi mila.

shiksha

khashaba ki prarambhik shiksha unake ghar ke pas sthit pathashala men huee. unake mata pita ka un par vishesh sneh tha. vah jis prakar khelane men kushal the usi prakar padhaee men bhi hoshiyar the. unhonne 1940 men apani prathamik shiksha poorn ki aur pratham shreni men uttirn hue. phir karad ke 'tilak haee skool' men pravesh liya. khashaba ne maitrik ki pariksha pratham shreni men uttirn hue. age unhonne kolhapur ke 'rajaram mahavidyalay' men kala shakha men pravesh liya. kushti ki spardha ke karan vah niyamit roop se shiksha nahin le sake. san 1953 men unhonne 'padavi' pariksha utirn ki.

kushti ka prashikshan

khashaba ke ghar ka vatavaran kushtimay hone ke karan prathamik shiksha grahan karate samay vah roz subah vyayam ke lie akhade jate the. usake bad vah skool jate the. sham ko vah chaupal ke bahar sthit maidan par hootootoo, lngadi, daudana adi khel khelate the aur dnd, baithak, soory namaskar karate the. isalie unaka sharir gathila v chapal ho gaya tha. san 1934 men goleshvar ganv ke nikat rethare ganv men kushti ki spardha thi. us samay unaki ayu matr ath varsh thi. kushti shuroo huee aur doosare minat men hi khashaba ne pratispardhi ko hara diya. us samay unhen puraskar men badam aur shakkar mili thi. bete ke kushti jitane ki pita ko bahut khushi huee.

akhil bharatiy spardha

khashaba jadhav

kolhapur men krida shikshak purndare ke roop men khashaba ko sarvotkrisht guru mile. unake margadarshan men unhonne kushti ka jamakar abhyas kiya. unhonne khashaba ko 'akhil maharashtr' evn 'akhil bharatiy krida spardha' men utarane ka nirnay liya.

nasik men akhil maharashtr kushti spardha ayojit ki gee thi. khashaba prashikshak ke sath spardha ke lie nasik aye. vahan unhen koee zyada nahin janata tha. isalie shuruat men unake sath bura vyavahar kiya gaya. parantu khashaba ne maidan par ate hi apana kaushal siddh kiya. unhonne mumbee ke pahalavan rakshe ko parajit kiya. yahan ve ajey rahe. unaki kirti snpoorn maharashtr men phail gayi. yah kushti khashaba ke jivan ko ek naya mod dene vali siddh huee. unaka chayan rashtriy star par kushti khelane ke lie ho gaya. rashtriy kushti spardha men bhi khashaba ajey rahe. ve ab rashtriy star ke pahalavan, kushti khiladi ke roop men mashahoor ho gaye the. unaka chayan 1948 ke lndan olnpik ke lie hua tha. ve olnpik spardha ki taiyari karane lage.

akhil bharatiy evn akhil maharashtr mndal

san 1949 men akhil bharatiy evn akhil maharashtr mndal ki kushti spardha nagapur men ayojit kie jane ki ghoshana huee. is spardha men khashaba ki kushti bade samman se lagaee gayi thi. is kushti spardha men dakshin maharashtr ke snsthan sngh ki or se unhonne bhag liya. unhonne 11 disnbar 1949 ko nagapur ki kushti spardha men pratispardhi ko matr panch minat ke bhitar hi chit kar diya tatha apani bejod kushti kala ka kaushal nagapuravasiyon ko dikhaya.

antar mahavidyalay spardha

san 1950 se 1951, ye do varsh khashaba ke lie bahut achchhe rahe. is kalavadhi men unhonne lagatar char bar antar mahavidyaliy spardha men saphalata prapt ki. maharashtr men nasik, nagapur, pune men kushti spardha men bhag lekar vijayi rahe. unhonne akhil bharatiy vidyapith kushti spardha men bhi vijayi ho svarn padak jita.

akhil bharatiy vidyapith krida spardha, pune

san 1952 ke helasinki olnpik, finalaind men kansy padak jitane ke bad khashaba ne kolhapur ke rajaram mahavidyalay men kala shakha men tisare varsh ke lie pravesh liya. yah unaka mahavidyalay ka antim varsh tha. aktoobar 1952 men akhil bharatiy vidyapith krida spardha pune men snpann huee. is spardha men hariyana, pnjab, uttarapradesh, dilli ke pahalavanon ne kushti men varchasv dikhaya. baitamavet 57 kilo varg men keval khashaba ne apani jit ki parampara jari rakhi. unhonne apane pratispardhi ko asani se mat dekar akhil bharatiy vidyapith krida spardha, pune men vijay ka naya rikard darj karaya. is prakar unaki saphalata ki ghudadaud mahavidyaliy shikshan jari rahate samay bhi shuroo thi.

1948 ke lndan olnpik

khashaba jadhav (madhy men)

sanh 1948 ke lndan olnpik men phlayavet, 52 kilo varg men phri stail kushti ke lie khashaba ka chayan hone tatha unaki pratibha ko dekhakar angrej prashikshak ris gardanar ne unaka kushti ke lie margadarshan diya aur yogy prashikshan pradan kiya. olnpik men bhag lene ke lie protsahit bhi kiya. lndan ke eksapres haaul men 30 julaee, 1948 ko mait par kushti ki shuruat khashaba se hi huee.

pahala raund

aaustreliya ke bi. hems se khashaba ki 15 minat ki ladaee thi. khashaba ne kushti ka kaushal dikhakar pratispardhi ko 15 se 20 bar chit kiya, parntu pratispardhi ki bhujaen hath se tikakar rakhane ka niyam khashava ko maloom nahin tha, isalie pnch unhen vijayi ghoshit nahin kar rahe the. khashaba ne hems ko pratyek 10 seknd men uthakar patakana shuroo kiya. isase hems itana thak gaya ki use uthate bhi nahi a raha tha. ant men hems ko uthakar strechar par le jana pada is prakar khashaba ne pahala raund jit liya. usi prakar kushti samapt hone ke pashchath khashaba ko kushti ka ek mahatvapoorn niyam samajh men aya, vah yah ki pratispardhi ki pith jamin ko lagane ke bad kam se 2 seknd usake dnd jamin par dabakar rakhane padate hai.

doosara raund

doosare raund men khashaba ne amerikan pahalavan darning ko mulatani danv marakar 14 ven minat men jamin par lita diya tatha usaki bhujaen jamin par dabakar rakhi. khashaba ko vijayi ghoshit kiya gaya.

tisara raund

tisare raund men eeran ke shaktishali pahalavan ressi ke sath khashaba ki kushti huee. roling phaault hone ke karan khashaba akhade ki ring ke bahar ge. parntu pun: kushti lagane ka niyam hone par bhi nirnayakon ne khashaba ko hara hua ghoshit kar diya. nirnayakon ke galat nirnay ka khamiyaja khashaba ko bhugatana pada tatha unhen spardha se bahar hona pada akhir men ve chhathaven sthan par chale ge. ab tak bharat ka ek bhi pahalavan olnpik men itane oonche star tak nahin pahunch paya tha.

1952: helasinki olnpik ki taiyari

khashaba ko 1948 ke lndan olnpik men asaphalata prapt hone se ve antyat naraj the, unhonne agale olnpik ke lie joradar taiyari shuroo ki. ve roj subah uthakar 11 mil daudane ka abhyas karane lage. ek bar men ve 2000 dnd-baithak lagane lage. is prakar ve roj subah 3 ghnte vyayam karate the, unhonne apane vajan par niyntran rakhakar takat badhane ka kada abhyas kiya, usi prakar sham ko bharottolan (vetaliphting) ka vyayam bhi shuroo kiya.

madras men hone vali rashtriy spardha se helasinki olnpik ke lie bharatiy tim chuni jani thi , kolhapur sports esosieshan ki or se khashaba spardha men sahabhagi hue tatha baitamavet, 48 kilo‌ varg ke antim daur men pravesh kiya parntu nirnayakon ne madras ke rashtriy khel ki apeksha khashaba ko janaboojhakar ek ank kam dekar pratispardhi pahalavan ko vijayi ghoshit kiya.

olnpik ke lie chayan

khashaba matr chup nahin baithe unhonne khud par hue anyay ke lie olnpik sngathan ke adhyaksh ko patr bheja tatha pun: chayan janch men avasar dene ki vinati ki, ant men kalakatta men pun: chayan janch huee, usamen khashaba ne svarn padak jita tatha unaka helasinki olnpik ke lie chayan pakka ho gaya.

arthik samasya

khashaba jadhav ne sabase pahali bar olampik men 1948 men hissa liya tha. kolhapur ke maharaja ne unaki lndan yatra ka kharcha uthaya. tab ve koee vijayi pradarshan nahin kar sake. 1952 helasinki jana unake lie asan bat nahin thi. ve kvalifaee to kar chuke the, lekin vahan pahunchane ke lie unake pas paise nahin the. khashaba ne helasinki jane ke lie sarakar se madad mangi, lekin tatkalin sarakar ne unase palla jhad liya. sarakar ne kaha- "jab khel khatm ho jaen, tab ve unase a kar milen."

helasinki, finalaind men jane ke lie khashaba ke samane paison ki samasya utpann huee, 'rajaram mahavidyalay' ke prachary dabholakar ne apana bngala giravi rakhakar char hajar rupayon ki madad ki, khashaba ko kul 12 hajar rupayon ki avashyakata thi, parntu bharat sarakar ne khashaba ki dubali-patali dehayashti ko dekhate hue arthik madad karane se inakar kar diya. khashaba ne rasid buk chhapakar 1 rupe se chnda jama kiya, usi prakar ek sahakari baink se karj lekar paise ikatthe kie.

helasinki olnpik men pahala muqabala

khashaba jadhav ki pratima

khashaba ka akhirakar 11 julaee 1952 ko rat men bharatiy tim ke sath helasinki shahar men agaman hua. 20 julaee, 1952 ko khashaba ka kanada ke pahalavan qvin ke khilaf pahala muqabala hua, khashaba ne apane khoobasoorat danv ka pradarshan karate hue kshanardhat paauli ko chitapat kar diya tatha nirnayakon ne khashaba ko vijayi ghoshit kiya.

doosara raund

doosare raund men khashaba ka muqabala maiksiko ke pahalavan vasutila ke sath tha, khashaba ne pratispardha par poorn varchasv hasil karate hue dasaven seknd men hi danv dalane ka prayatn kar vasutila ko chit kiya tatha hath uthakar annd vyakt kiya.

tisara raund

tisara raund 21 julaee 1952 ko sham ko hua, yah raund bhi khashaba ne pratispardhi par sahaj mat karake jiti.

chauthi kushti

usake pashchath 22 julaee 1952 ko chauthi kushti jarmani ke smitja ke khilaph thi, smitj khashaba se thoda bada tatha motataja tha , parntu khashaba ne atmavishvas ke sath khelakar yukti ka prayog kar phataphat ank hasil kar badhat hasil kar li, khashaba ko nirnayakon ne vijayi ghoshit kiya.

qvartar phainal

khashaba ne ab qvartar phainal men pravesh kiya, antim charan men japan ke dushi, rashiya ke mamedabekad v bharat ke khashaba , ye tin pahalavan hi bache the, in tinon men hi pahale kramank ke lie ladaee thi. antim charan men khashaba ko do kushtiyan khelani thin.

khashaba ki kushti

khashaba ki pahali kushti japan ke pahalavan dushi ke sath thi, dushi ka roling phaault hone ke bad bhi nirnayakon ne khashaba ko ek bar niche giraya tatha ek ank hasil kiya, nirnayakon ka kaaul dushi ne hasil kiya yah ank nirnayak siddh hua, nirnayakon ne dushi ko vijayi ghoshit kiya, semiphainal men jane ka mauka chook gaya, yah kushti khelakar khashaba ke bahut thak jane ke bad bhi khashaba ki kushti janaboojhakar rashiya ke mamedabekad ke sath lagaee gee, is bar bhi khashaba par anyay hua unhonne pratispardha ke viruddh barabari ki takkar dekar 15 minat tak dam tikae rakhane ke bad bhi rasiyan pahalavan ko janabujhakar ek ank jyada diya gaya tatha rashiya ke mamedabekad ko vijayi ghoshit kiya gaya, khashaba rashiya ki rajaniti ki bali chadh gaya tatha ant men unhen kansy padak par sntusht hona pada , khashaba ne bharat ke khel itihas men bahut badi kranti ki.

japan ki kushti tim ka bharat daura

san 1953 men japan ki kushti tim bharat daure par kushti khelane ke lie aee thi, is mukabale ke lie kolhapur esosieshan ki or se khashaba chayan janch spardha men utare isamen unaka chayan hua , kolakata men bharat-japan antarrashtriy spardha hone vali thin,

baitamavet varg men mahatvapoorn kushti olnpik kansy padak vijeta khashaba jadhab viruddh vishv prasiddh pahalavan yunimori ke bich huee, isamen khashaba dvara takat lagakar yunimori ko oopar uthate samay khashaba ka sir jamin se chhoo gaya , tab unhonne hava men hi tang mari tatha pair ko jhataka dekar yunimoro ko niche mait par girakar chitapat kar diya. japan ke pahalavan bharat ke 23 pahalavanon se khele , unamen keval ek bar hi unhen har ka samana karana pada aur vah bhi keval khashaba ke khilaph‌.

pulis dal men naukari

khashaba jadhav

spardhatmak kushti se nivritt hone ka vichar khashaba ne kiya , olnpik kansy padak jitane ke bad bhi unhen naukari nahi mil rahi thi, arthik adachan hone ke karan unhen anek samasyaon ka samana karana pad raha tha , naukari dhoodhane ke dauran hi unhen pulis dal men naukari mili yah naukari unhen khel ke kshetr men bahumooly kaushal dikhane ke karan mili. khashaba 4 julaee 1955 ko sab inspektar ke roop men munbee men pulis vibhag men niyukt hue. pulis prashikshan lete samay doosara kramank hasil kar sarvotkrisht khiladi ke roop men samman ki talavar hasil ki.

khashaba ne pulis dal ki nishthapoorvak 28 varsh seva ki, ve nayagav pulis mukhyalay ke kridangan par prashikshan dete the. pulis dal ki pahali kushti spardha khashaba ne jiti. ghutane ke dard ke karan spardhatmak kushtiyon se unhen snnyas lena pada parntu ve pulis mukhyalay ke kridangan par pahalavanon ko kushti ka prashikshan dete the.

sevanivritt

khashaba ne krida kshetr men pulis ka nam ooncha kiya parntu padonnati ke samay matr unhen alag kar diya jata tha, rajanitik dabab ke karan unhen padonnati nahin mil rahi thi, unhonne isake lie daudabhag nahin ki ve sanh 1983 men sammanapoorvak niyam ayu anusar sevanivritt hue. nivritt hone ke pashchath khashaba apane ganv goleshvar vapas laute tatha kheti karane lage , unhen sarakar se nivritti vetan bhi mnjoor nahin kiya unaki nivritti ke pashchath ka samay bada kathin vyatit hua.[1]

kansy padak

khashaba jadhav

khashaba jadhav ne helasinki men kansy padak jitakar apana jalava dikha diya. helasinki ki mait sarphes par ve edajast nahin kar sake aur isi karan ve svarn padak se chook ge. un khelon men niyamon ke viruddh lagatar do baut rakhavae ge the. khashaba ke svarn padak se chookane ka yah bhi ek pramukh karan raha tha.

helasinki olnpik men yoon to bharatiy haauki tim ne phir se svarn padak hasil kiya tha, lekin charcha men sabase zyada khashaba dvara jita gaya kansy padak hi raha. yah pahali bar tha, jab kisi bharatiy ethalit ne vyaktigat padak hasil kiya ho. isake pahale 1900 men naaurman pichard ne do rajat padak jite the, lekin ve bharatiy mool ke nahin the aur tab bharat bhi angrezon ke adhin desh ke roop men hissa leta tha. itani badi upalabdhi ke bavajood khashaba ko kabhi 'padm puraskar' nahin mila. bentamavet varg (57 ki.gra. se kam) men ladane vale khashaba jadhav ki chapalata unhen apane samakalin pahalavanon se alag karati thi. isi karan angrez koch ris gardanar ne unaki pratibha ko pahachanate hue unhen prashikshan diya tha.[2]

bharat vapasi

padak jitane ke bad svadesh lautane par khashaba ka joradar svagat hua, lekin unake man men sirph ek hi bat thi, apane prinsipal ka vah karj chukana. bharat ane ke bad unhonne jo pahali kushti ladi, usaki poori inami rashi apane prinsipal kharadikar ko de di, taki ve apana giravi rakha ghar chhuda saken.

khel kota

indira gandhi sports kaaumpaleks men khashaba jadhav ke nam par resaling stediyam, dilli

munbee pulis ke lie khashaba jadhav ne 25 sal tak sevaen din, lekin unake sahakarmi is bat ko kabhi nahin jan sake ki ve olampik chainpiyan hain. pulis vibhag men khel kota khashaba ke olampik men padak jitane ke bad hi shuroo hua. aj bhi logon ki bharti khel kota se hoti hai, lekin yah khashaba jadhav ki hi den hai, is bat ki janakari aj ke pulis valon ko shayad hi ho.[3]

nidhan

san 1955 men shashaba jadhav ko munbee pulis men sab-inspektar ki naukari mili. agale kee varshon tak ve isi pad par bina kisi pramoshan ke bane rahe. 1982 men mahaj 6 mahinon ke lie unhen asistent pulis kamishnar ka pad diya gaya. isake bad ve sevanivritt ho ge. sevanivritti ke mahaj do sal bad ek sadak durghatana men unaka nidhan ho gaya. khashaba apani bahan se milane ke lie baharaganv ge hue the, bahan se milakar ve rethare ganv se paidal chalakar a rahe the tabhi ek durghatana ka shikar ho ge samane se ane vale trak ne unhen takkar mar di, usamen hi unaki 14 agast 1984 ko mrityu ho gee. aj dilli men khashaba jadhav ke nam se stediyam hai, lekin unake parivar ko koee arthik sahayata muhaiya nahin ho saki hai.

puraskar v samman

ke. di. jadhav stediyam, dilli

apane sevabhav se khashaba jadhav ne bahut-se khiladi taiyar kiye. 1983 men 'fay faundeshan' ne unako 'jivan gaurav puraskar' se sammanit kiya tha. 1990 men inhen 'meghanath nageshvar avard' se (maranoparant) navaja gaya. 'shiv chhatrapati puraskar' se ve 1993 men (maranoparant) navaje ge. khashaba jadhav bharat man ke mahanh sapoot the, jisane svatntrata andolan men bhi badh-chadhakar hissa liya tha. itana hi nahin pulis men bharti hokar desh ki seva ki aur sath hi desh ko pahala kansy padak dilakar bharat ka sar vishv men ooncha kiya.[4]

khashaba par film nirman

hindi filmon ke abhineta ritesh deshamukh film nirmata ke roop men apani agali film ‘paauket dayanemo’ ke nirman ke lie taiyari kar rahe hain. film ka nirman unaki kampani ‘mumbee film kampani’ (emefasi) ke bainar tale kiya jaega. film ki kahani kushti khiladi khashaba jadhav ki jivani par adharit hai. ek adhikarik bayan men pushti karate hue ritesh ne kaha ki hamane khashaba jadhav ke jivan par film banane ke adhikar kharid lie hain. main khush hoon ki jadhav ke bete rnjit jadhav ne hamen apane pita ki jindagi par film banane ke kabil samajha. ritesh ka kahana tha ki "khelon men khashaba jadhav ka pradarshan ullekhaniy raha tha. unhonne desh ko pahala antarrashtriy padak dilavaya, lekin durbhagy se unake bare men desh ke logon ko maloom nahin hai. vah desh ke nayak hain, unhen pahachan milani chahie aur unake yogadan ko yad kiya jana chahie."[5]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yngalavar, vijay. bharatiy olnpik vir (hindi) (html). . abhigaman tithi: 5 agast, 2016.
  2. 1952 helasinki olampik:bharatiy pahalavan jadhav ne desh ko dilaya pahala vyaktigat padak (hindi) jagran.com. abhigaman tithi: 05 agast, 2016.
  3. yngalavar, vijay. bharatiy olnpik vir (hindi) (html). . abhigaman tithi: 5 agast, 2016.
  4. bhula die ge bharat ko pahala olinpik medal dilane vale pahalavan dadasaheb jadhav (hindi) krantidoot.in. abhigaman tithi: 05 agast, 2016.
  5. akhir kyon bhula diya desh ne pahala olampik maidal dilane vale pahalavan dadasaheb jadhav ko ? (hindi) hindi.insistpost.com. abhigaman tithi: 05 agast, 2016.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah