तंत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(तन्त्र se punarnirdeshit)

tntr (snskrit shabd, arthath tntu) kuchh hindoo, bauddh ya jain snpradayon ke rahasyamay acharanon se snbndhit kee grnthon men se ek hai. hindoo dharmik sahity ke parnparagat vargikaran men puranon (pauranik kathaon, anushrutiyon aur any vishayon ke madhy kalin ativyapak snkalan) ki tarah uttar vaidik snskrit grnthon ke ek varg ko tntr kaha jata hai. is prayog men tntr saiddhantik roop se dharmashastr, mndiron evn moortiyon ke nirman tatha dharmik acharan ke pratipadak hain, kintu vastav men jadoo-tona, anushthanon aur pratikon jaise hindoo dharm ke lokapriy pahaluon se snbaddh hain. hindoo sanpradayik sarani ke anuroop ve shaiv agamon, vaishnav snhitaon aur shakt tntron men vibhakt hain.

shakt tntr

shakt tntron ki soochiyan ek-doosare se kafi bhinn hain, lekin snket milate hain ki prarnbhik pandulipiyan qarib satavin sadi ki hai. ve devi shakti ko devi sarjan shakti ya oorja ka nari svaroop manate hain. is avadharana ka manana hai ki apani shakti ke bina shiv shav hain. yog se snbaddh tntron men shakti ka tadamy kundalini se kiya gaya hai; vah oorja, jo (merudnd) ke adhar par tab tak kundali ke roop men rahati hai, jab tak ki yaugik sadhana dvara use sharir se guzarate hue oopar nahin laya jata. tntr paddhati yntron evn mndalon (anushthanik rekhachitr) aur mntron (goodh akshar ya pavitr sootr) par bhi zor dete hain. shakt tntron men pramukh hai : kularnav, jo ‘vam hast’ karmakandon, jaise anushthanik maithun ka pratipadan karate hain; kulachoodamani men anushthanon ki charcha ki gee hai aur sharadatilak men vishesh roop se jadoo-tone ka varnan hai.

tntrashastr

tntr ko tntrashastr shivapranit bhi kaha jata hai. tntrashastr tin bhagon men vibhakt hai,

(1)agam tantr

varahitntr ke anusar jisamen srishti pralay, devataon ki pooja, satkaryon ke sadhan, purashcharan, shatkarmasadhan aur char prakar ke dhyanayog ka varnan ho use 'agam' kahate hai.

(2)yamal tantr

tntrashastr men srishtitattv, jyotish, nity krity, kram, sootr, varnabhed aur yugadharm ka varnan ho use 'yamal' kahate hai.

(3)mukhy tantr

tntrashastr srishti, lay, mantr, nirnay, tirth, ashramadharm, kalp, jyotishasnsthan, vratakatha, shauch-ashauch, stripurushalakshan, rajadharm, danadharm, yugadharm, vyavahar tatha adhyatmik niyamon ka varnan ho, vah 'mukhy tntr' kahalata hai.

siddhant

tntrashastr ke siddhantanusar kaliyug men vaidik mntron, japon aur ygyon adi ka phal nahin hota is yug men sab prakar ke karyon ki siddhi ke lie tntrashastr men varnik mntron aur upayon adi se hi saphalata milati hai.

tntrashastr ke siddhant bahut gupt rakhe jate hai. aur isaki shiksha lene ke lie manushy ko pahale dikshit hona padata hai, ajakal pray: maran, uchchatan, vashikaran adi ke lie tatha anek prakar ki siddhiyon ke lie tntrokt mntron aur kriyaon ka prayog kiya jata hai. tntrashastr pradhanat: shakton (devi-upasakon) ka hai aur isake mntr pray: arthahin aur ekakshari hua karate hai. jaise- hnin,klin, shrin, ain, kroon adi. tantrikon ka pachch makar sevan (mady, mans, matsy adi) tatha chakr-pooja ka vidhan svatntr hota hai. atharvaved men bhi maran, mohan, uchchatan aur vashikaran adi ka vidhan hai, parntu kahate hain ki vaidik kriyaon aur tntr-mntradi vidhiyon ko mahadev ji ne kilit kar diya hai aur bhagavati uma ke agrah se hi kaliyug ke lie tntron ki rachana ki hai. bauddhamat men bhi tntrashastr ek grnth hai. unaka prachar chin aur tibbat men hai. hindoo tantrik unhen upatntr kahate hain. tntrashastr ki utpatti kab se huee isaka nirnay nahin ho sakata. prachin smritiyon men chaudah vidyaon ka ullekh hai kintu unamen tntr grihit nahin hua hai. inake siva kisi mahapuran men bhi tntrashastr ka ullekh nahin hai. isi tarah ke karanon se tntrashastr ko prachin kal men vikasit shastr nahin mana ja sakata.

atharvavediy nrisinhatapaniyopanishad men sabase pahale tntr ka lakshan dekhane men ata hai. is upanishad men mntraraj narasinh- anushtup prasng men tantrik mahamntr ka spasht abhas soochit hua hai. shnkarachary ne bhi jab ukt upanishad ke bhashy ki rachana ki hai tab nissandeh vah 8vin shatabdi se pahale ki hai. hinduon ke anukaran se bauddh tntron ki rachana huee hai. 10vin shatabdi se 12vin shatabdi ke bhitar bahut se bauddh tntron ka tibbatiy bhasha men anuvad hua tha. aisi dasha men mool bauddh tntr 8vin shatabdi ke pahale aur unake adarsh hindoo tntr bauddh tntron se bhi pahale prakatik hue hain, isamen sandeh nahin. tntron ke mat se sabase pahale diksha grahan karake tantrik karyon men hath dalana chahie. bina diksha ke tantrik kary men adhikar nahin hai. tantrik gan panch prakar ke acharon men vibhakt hain, ye shreshthata ke kram se nimnokt hain vedachar, vaishnavachar, shaivachar, dakshinachar, vamachar, siddhantachar evn kaulachar. ye uttarottar shreshth mane jate hain.

bauddh tntr

bauddh tntr satavin sadi ya pahale ke hain v tathagatahmaka ek prarnbhik evn utkrisht rachana hai. qarib nauvin sadi ke bad in rachanaon ka tibbati aur chini bhasha men anuvad kiya gaya aur kuchh to ab inhin bhashaon men snrakshit hain, kyonki mool snskrit rachanaen kho chuki hain. bauddh tntron men mahattvapoorn rachana kalachakr-tntr hai.


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adhar
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shodh

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