bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

शैव दर्शन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shaiv darshan bharatiy darshanashastr men atiprachin mana jata hai. is darshan ke anusar 36 tattv mane ge hain.

andhr ke kalamukh shaiv

varngal, 12vin sadi men utkarsh par rahe andhr pradesh ke kakatiyon ki prachin rajadhani tha. vartaman shahar ke dakshin–poorv men sthit varngal durg kabhi do divaron se ghira hua tha, jinamen bhitari divar ke patthar ke dvar (snchar) aur bahari divar ke avashesh maujood hain. 1162 ee. men nirmit 1000 stambhon vala shiv mandir shahar ke bhitar hi sthit hai. kalamukh y aradhy shaiv ke kaviyon ne telugu bhashaon ki abhootapoorv unnati kiyi. shaiv mat ke antargat kalamukh sampraday ka yah utkarsh kal tha. varngal ke snskrit kaviyon men sarvashastr visharad ke lekhak virabhallatadeshik aur nalakirtikamudi ke rachayita agasty ke nam ullekhaniy hain. kaha jata hai ki alnkarashastr ke prasiddh granth prataparudrabhooshan ka lekhak vidyanath yahi agasty tha. ganapati ka hastisenapati jayap, nrityaratnavali ka rachayita tha. snskrit kavi shakalyamall bhi isi ka samakalin tha. telagu ke kaviyon men rnganath ramayanum ka lekhak palakuriki somanath mukhy hai. isi samay bhaskar ramayanum bhi likhi gee. varngal naresh prataparudr svayn bhi telagu ka achchha kavi tha. aj ke prasiddh tirupati mndir men jo moorti hai, vah moorti virabhadr svami ki hai. kaha jata hai ki krishn devaray ke kal men ramanuj achary ne is mndir ko vaishnavikaran kiya aur virabhadr ki moorti ko balaji ka nam diya gaya.

kashmiri shaiv sampraday

vasugupt ko kashmir shaiv darshan ki parampara ka praneta mana jata hai. unhonne 9vin shatabdi ke utararddh men kashmiri shaiv sampraday ka gathan kiya. inake kallat aur somanand do prasiddh shishy the. inaka darshanik mat 'eeshvaradvayavad' tha. somanand ne "pratyabhigya mat" ka pratipadan kiya. pratibhigya shabd ka tatpary hai ki sadhak apani poorvgyat vastu ko pun: jan le. is avastha men sadhak ko anivarchaniy anandanubhooti hoti hai. ve advaitabhav men dvaitabhav aur nirgun men bhi sagun ki kalpana kar lete the. unhonne moksh prapti ke lie kore gyan aur niribhakti ko asamarth batalaya. donon ka samanvay hi moksh prapti kara sakata hai. yadyapi shuddh bhakti bina dvaitabhav ke snbhav nahin hai aur dvaitabhav agyan moolak hai; kintu gyan prapt kar lene par jab dvait moolak bhav ki kalpana kar li jati hai, tab usase kisi prakar ki hani ki snbhavana nahin rahati. is prakar is sampraday men katipay aise bhi sadhak the, jo yog-kriya dvara rahasy ka vastavik pata pana chahate the, kyonki unaki dharana thi ki yog-kriya se ham maya ke avaran ko samapt kar sakate hain aur is dasha men hi moksh ki siddh sambhav hai.

virashaiv

virashaiv vah parampara hai, jisamen bhakt shiv parampara se bndha ho. yah dakshin bharat men bahut lokapriy huee. ye vedon par adharit dharm hai aur bharat ka tisara sabase bada shaiv mat hai. isake adhikansh upasak karnatak men hain aur bharat ka dakshin rajyon maharashtr, andhr pradesh, keral aur tamilanadu me virashaiv upasak adhikatam hain. yah ekeshvaravadi dharm hai. tamil men is dharm ko shivadvait dharm athava lingayat dharm bhi kahate hain. uttar bharat men is dharm ka aupacharik nam shaivagam hai. virashaiv ki sabhyata ko dravid sabhyata kahate hain. itihasakaron ke anusar lagabhag 1700 eesapoorv men virashaiv afaganistan, kashmir, pnjab aur hariyana men bas gaye. tabhi se ve log apane bhagavan shiv ko prasann karane ke liye vaidik snskrit men mantr rachane lage.

tamil shaiv

chhathi se navin shatabdi ke madhy tamil desh men ullekhaniy shaiv bhakton ka janm hua, jo kavi bhi the. sant tirumoolar shivabhakt tatha prasiddh tamil grnth tirumantramh ke rachayita the. tamil shaiv siddhant yah ek mahatvapoorn dakshin bharatiy anekant yatharthavadi samooh tha. isake anusar vishv vastavik tatha atmaen anek hain. yah andolan anshat: adi shaiv snton ki kavitaon tatha anshatah nayanaron (7vin se 10vi sadi ke bich) ki uttam bhakti poorn kavitaon se vikasit hua. is pnth ke many grnthon ke char vargon men 2 ved, 28 agam, 12 timuree tatha 14 shaiv siddhant shastr shamil hain, yadyapi vedon ka uchch sthan hai. par ekyn shiv dvara apane bhakton ke lie varnit gopaniy agamon ko adhik mahattv diya gaya hai. 13vin tatha 14vin sadi ke arambh men chh: achary dvara siddhant shastr rache ge the.

kapalik shaiv

kapalik sampraday mahavrat sampraday ka hi namantar pratit hota hai. yamun muni ke agam pramany, shivapuran tatha agamapuran men vibhinn tantrik sampradayon ke bhed dikhay gaye hain. vachaspati mishr ne char maheshvar sampradayon ke nam liye hain. yah pratit hota hai ki shriharsh ne naishadh[1] men samasiddhant nam se jisaka ullekh kiya hai, vah kapalik sampraday hi hai. kapalik nam ke uday ka karan nar kapal dharan karana bataya jata hai. vastutah yah bhi bahirng mat hi hai. isaka antarng rahasy prabodh-chandroday ki prakash nam ki tika men prakat kiya gaya hai. tadanusar is sampraday ke sadhak kapalasth arthath ‍ brahmarandhr upalakshit narakapalasth amrit ya chandripan karate the. is prakar ke namakaran ka yahi rahasy hai. in logon ki dharana ke anusar yah amritapan hai, isi se log mahavrat ki samapti karate the, yahi vrataparana thi. bauddh achary harivarma aur asng ke samay men bhi kapalikon ke sampraday vidyaman the. sarabaratantr men 12 kapalik guruon aur unake 12 shishyon ke nam sahit varnan milate hain. guruon ke nam hain- adinath, anadi, kal, amitabh, karal, vikaral adi. shishyon ke nam hain- nagarjun, jadabharat, harishchandr, charpat adi. ye sab shishy tantr ke pravartak rahe hain. puranadi men kapalik mat ke pravartak dhanad ya kuber ka ullekh hai.

lakulish sampraday

vaidik lakulish ling, rudraksh aur bhasm dharan karate the, tantrik pashupat lingatapt chihn aur shool dharan karate the tatha mishr pashupat saman bhavon se pnchadevon ki upasana karate the. madhy kal ke poorvarddh men ( 6-10 shati) lakulish ke pashupat mat aur kapalik snpradayon ka pata chalata hai. gujarat men lakulish mat ka bahut pahale hi pradurbhav ho chuka tha. par pnditon ka mat hai ki usake tatvgyan ka vikas vikram ki satavin-athavin shatabdi men hua hoga. kalantar men yah mat dakshin bharat aur madhy bharat men phaila. lakulish sampraday ya nakulish sampraday ke pravartak ‘lakulish’ mane jate hain. lakulish ko svayn bhagavan shiv ka avatar mana gaya hai. lakulish siddhant pashupaton ka hi ek vishisht mat hai. isaka uday gujarat men hua tha. vahan isake darshanik sahity ka satavin shatabdi ke prarambh ke pahale hi vikas ho chuka tha. isalie un logon ne shaiv agamon ki nayi shikshaon ko nahin mana. yah sampraday chhathi se navin shatabdi ke bich maisoor aur rajasthan men bhi phail chuka tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 10, 88

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah