वारंगल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

varngal qila, andhr pradesh

varngal shahar, uttari andhr pradesh rajy, dakshin–poorv bharat men sthit hai. yah chennee–kazipett–dilli rajamarg par sthit hai. varngal 12vin sadi men utkarsh par rahe andhr pradesh ke kakatiyon ki prachin rajadhani tha. vartaman shahar ke dakshin–poorv men sthit varngal qila kabhi do divaron se ghira hua tha. jinamen bhitari divar ke patthar ke dvar (snchar) aur bahari divar ke avashesh maujood hain. 1162 men nirmit 1000 stambhon vala mandir shahar ke bhitar hi sthit hai.

utpatti

varngal ya varnkal–telugoo shabd orukal ya orugalsu ka apabhrnsh hai, jisaka arth hai 'ek shila'. isase tatpary us vishal akeli chattan se hai jis par kakatiy nareshon ke samay ka banavaya hua durg avasthit hai. kuchh abhilekhon se gyat hota hai ki snskrit men is sthan ke ye nam tatha paryay bhi prachalit the–ekopal, ekashila, ekopalapuri ya ekopalapuramh. raghunath bhaskar ke kosh men ekashilanagar, ekashaligar, ekashilapatan–ye nam bhi milate hain. talami dvara ullikhit korunakula varngal hi jan padata hai.

itihas

11vin shati ee. se 13vin shati ee. tak varngal ki ginati dakshin ke pramukh nagaron men thi. is kal men kakatiy vnsh ke rajaon ki rajadhani yahan rahi. inhonne varngal durg, hanamakonda men sahasr stambhon vala mandir aur palamapet ka ramappa–mandir banavae the. varngal ka qila 1199 ee. men banana prarambh hua tha.
varngal qila, andhr pradesh
kakatiy raja ganapati ne isaki ninv dali aur 1261 ee. men rudrama devi ne ise poora karavaya tha. qile ke bich men sthit ek vishal mandir ke khandahar mile hain, jisake charon or char toran dvar the. sanchi ke stoop ke toranon ke saman hi in par bhi utkrisht moortikari ka pradarshan kiya gaya hai. qile ki do bhittiyan hain. andar ki bhitti patthar ki aur bahar ki mitti ki bani hai. bahari divar 72 phut chaudi aur 56 phut gahari khaee se ghiri hai. hanamakonda se 6 mil dakshin ki or ek tisari divar ke chihn bhi milate hain. ek itihas lekhak ke anusar parakote ki paridhi tis mil ki thi. jisaka udaharan bharat men anyatr nahin hai. qile ke andar aganit moortiyan, alnkrit prastar-khnd, abhilekh adi prapt hue hain. jo shitavakhan ke darabar bhavan men sngrahit hain. isake atirikt anek chhote bade mandir bhi yahan sthit hain. alnkrit toranon ke bhitar narasinh svami, padyakshi, aur govind rajulusvami ke prachin mandir hain. inamen se antim ek oonchi pahadi ke shikhar par avasthit hai. yahan se door-door tak ka manoram drishy dikhalaee deta hai.

12vin 13vin shati ka ek vishal mandir bhi yahan se kuchh door par hai, jisake angan ki divar duhari tatha asadharan roop se sthool hai. yah visheshata kakatiy shaili ke anuroop hi hai. isaki bahari divar men tin praveshadvar hain, jo varngal ke qile ke mukhy mandir ke toranon ki bhanti hi hain. yahan se do kakatiy abhilekh prapt hue hain–pahala sataphut lambi vedi par aur doosara ek tadag ke bandh par ankit hai. varngal par prarambh men dakshin ke prasiddh andhr vnshiy nareshon ka adhikar tha. tatpashchath madhyakal men chalukyon aur kakatiyon ka shasan raha. kakatiy vnsh ka sarvapratham pratapashali raja ganapati tha jo 1199 ee. men gaddi par baitha. ganapati ka rajy gondavana se kanchi tak aur bngal ki khadi se bidar aur haidarabad tak phaila hua tha. isi ne pahali bar varngal men apani rajadhani banaee aur yahan ke prasiddh durg ki ninv dali. ganapati ke pashchath usaki putri rudrama devi ne 1260 se 1296 ee. tak rajy kiya. isi ke shasan kal men itali ka prasiddh paryatak markopolo motupalli ke bndaragah par utar kar andhr pradesh men aya tha. markopolo ne varngal ka varnan karate hue likha hai ki yahan par snsar ka sabase barik sooti kapada (malamal) taiyar hota hai. jo makadi ke jale ke saman dikhaee deta hai. snsar men koee aisa raja ya rani nahin hai jo is ashcharyajanak kapade ke vastr pahan kar svayn ko gauravanvit n mane.

varngal qila, andhr pradesh

shasan kal

rudramadevi ne 36 varsh tak badi yogyata se rajy kiya. use rudradev maharaj kahakar snbodhit kiya jata tha. prataparudr (shasan kal 1296-1326 ee.) rudrama dohitr tha. isane pandayanaresh ko harakar kanchi ko jita. isane chhah bar musalamanon ke akramanon ko viphal kiya, kintu 1326 ee. men ulugakhan ne jo pichhe muhammad bin tugalaq nam se dilli ka sultan hua, kakatiy ke rajy ki samapti kar di. usane prataparudr ko bandi banakar dilli le jana chaha tha kintu marg men hi narmada nadi ke tat par is svabhimani aur vir purush ne apane pran tyag kar die. kakatiyon ke shasanakal men varngal men hindoo snskriti tatha snskrit ki or telugu bhashaon ki abhootapoorv unnati huee. shaiv dharm ke antargat pashupat sampraday ka yah utkarshakal tha. is samay varngal ka door-door ke deshon se vyapar hota tha.

varngal ke snskakrit kaviyon men sarvashastr visharad ka lekhak virabhallatadeshik, aur nalakirtikamudi ke rachayita agasty ke nam ullekhaniy hen. kaha jata hai ki alnkarashastr ke prasiddh granth prataparudrabhooshan ka lekhak vidyanath yahi agasty tha. ganapati ka hastisenapati jayap, nrityaratnavali ka rachayita tha. snskrit kavi shakalyamall bhi isi ka samakalin tha. telagu ke kaviyon men rnganath ramayanum ka lekhak palakuriki somanath mukhy hain. isi samay bhaskar ramayanum bhi likhi gee. varngal naresh prataparudr svayn bhi telagu ka achchha kavi tha.
varngal qila ke avashesh, andhr pradesh
isane nitisar namak granth likha tha. dilli ke tugalaq vnsh ki shakti kshin hone par 1335-1336 ke pashchath men kapay nayak ne svatntr rajy sthapit kar liya. isaki rajadhani varngal men thi. 1442 ee. men varngal par bahamani rajy ka adhipaty ho gaya aur tatpashchath golakunda ke kutubashahi nareshon ka. is samay shitab khan varngal ka soobedar niyukt hua. usane shidhr hi svatntr rajy sthapit kar liya. kintu kuchh samay ke uparant varngal ko golakunda ke sath hi aurngazeb ke vistrit mugal samrajy ka ang banana pada. mugal samrajy ke antim samay men varngal ki nee riyasat haidarabad men sammilit kar li gee.

udyog aur vyapar

varngal ab ek vanijyik evn audyogik kendr hai. isake pramukh utpadan qalin, kambal evn resham hain.

shikshan snsthan

shahar men chikitsa, abhiyantriki, kala aur vigyan ke mahavidyalay hain.

janasnkhya

2001 ki ganana ke anusar varngal shahar ki janasnkhya 5,28,570 hai. aur varngal zile ki kul janasnkhya 32,31,174 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

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