अमरावती (राजधानी)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg amaravati ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- amaravati (bahuvikalpi)
amaravati (rajadhani)
gautam buddh, amaravati
vivaran andhr pradesh rajy ki prastavit rajadhani hai. guntoor zile men krishna nadi ke dahine tat par sthit yah nagar satavahan rajaon ke shasanakal men hindoo snskriti ka kendr tha.
rajy andhr pradesh
zila guntoor
bhaugolik sthiti 16° 32′ 27.6″ uttar, 80° 30′ 54″ poorv
snbndhit lekh haidarabad, telngana
adhikarik bhasha telugu
vahan pnjiyan snkhya AP-07
any janakari buddh ki moortiyon ko manav akriti ke bajay pratikon ke dvara gadha gaya hai, jisase pata chalata hai ki amaravati shaili, mathura shaili aur gandhar shaili se purani hai. yah yoonani prabhav se poornataya mukt thi.
adyatan‎

amaravati (angrezi: Amaravati) andhr pradesh rajy ki prastavit rajadhani hai. bharat ke pradhanamntri narendr modi ne udndarayan palam ilake men 22 aktoobar 2015 ko ninv ka patthar rakha tha. guntoor aur vijayavada ka mahanagariy kshetr mila kar amaravati mahanagar kshetr ka nirman kiya jayega. yah andhr pradesh ke guntoor zile men krishna nadi ke dahine tat par sthit yah nagar satavahan rajaon ke shasanakal men hindoo snskriti ka kendr tha. isaka prachin nam dhanyaghat ya dhanyakatak athava dharanikot hai. krishna nadi ke tat par base hone se is sthan ka bada mahattv tha kyonki samudr se krishna nadi se hokar vyaparik jahaz yahan pahunchate the. yahan se bhari matra men ahat sikke (pnch markd) jo sabase purane hain, mile hain.

itihas

dhammapad atthakatha men ullekh hai ki buddh apane kisi poorv janm men sumedh namak ek brahman kumar ke roop men is nagar men paida hue the. ashok ki mrityu ke bad se taqariban char shatabdiyon tak dakshin bharat men satavahanon ka shasan raha. andhravnshiy satavahan naresh shatakarni pratham ne lagabhag 180 ee.poo. amaravati ko apani rajadhani banaya. satavahan naresh brahman hote hue bhi mahayan mat ke poshak the aur unhin ke shasanakal men amaravati ka prasiddh bauddh stoop bana, jo terahavin shatabdi tak bauddh yatriyon ke akarshan ka kendr bana raha. mool stoop ghantakar tha. stoop ki oonchaee sau phut thi. adhar se shikhar tak takshit shila-patt lagaye gaye the. is prakar ka alnkaran anyatr nahin milata. chini yatri yuvanachvang ne us sthan ke bare likha tha ki baiktriya ke samast bhavanon ki shan-shauqat isamen nihit thi. buddh ke jivan ki kathaon ke drishy un par utkirn the. amaravati stoop lagabhag dvitiy shatabdi eesa poorv men karnal kalin maikenji ne hi sarvapratham is stoop ka pata lagaya tha.

prachin andhr ki rajadhani

krishna nadi ke tat par avasthit, prachin andhr ki rajadhani hai. andhr vnsh satavahan naresh shatakarni ne snbhavat 180 eesvi poorv ke lagabhag is sthan par apani rajadhani sthapit ki thi. satavahan naresh brahman hote hue bhi bauddh hinayan mat ke poshak the aur unhin ke shasanakal men amaravati ka prakhyat bauddh stoop bana tha jo 13vin sadi tak anek bauddh anuyayiyon ke akarshan ka kendr bana raha. is stoop ki vastukala aur moortikari machi aur bharahut ki kala ke saman hi sundar saral aur paramotkrisht hai aur snsar ki dharmik moortikala men usaka vishisht sthan mana jata hai. buddh ke jivan ki kathaon ke chitr do moortiyon ke roop men pradarshit hain, yahan ke stoop par saikadon ki snkhya men utkirn the. ab yah stoop bhi nasht ho gaya hai kintu usaki moortikari ke avashesh sngrahalay men surakshit hain. dhay katak ki nikatavarti pahadiyon evn shriparvat ya nagarjunikod namak sthan tha, jahan bauddh darshanik nagarjun kaphi samay tak rahe the. andhr vnsh ke pashchat amaravati men kee sadiyon tak ikshvaku rajaon ka shasan raha. unhonne is nagari ko chhod kar nagarjunikod vijayapur ko apani rajadhani banaya. amaravati apane samriddhi kal men prasiddh vyaparik nagari thi. samudr se krishna nadi hokar anek vyaparik jalayan yahan pahunchate the. vastav men isaki samriddhi tatha kala ka ek karan is ka vyapar bhi tha.[1]

telngana ke alag hone ke bad

satavahan kal men yah prasiddh sanskritik evn arthik kendr tha. telngana ke alag ho jane se haidarabad ab telngana ki rajadhani hai. isalie andhr pradesh ke dvara amaravati ko apani rajadhani banaya gaya hai. ‘hamari mitti, hamara jal aur hamari amaravati’ ke nare ke sath amaravati ko ‘pipuls kaipital’ (jan ki rajadhani) nam diya gaya hai. amaravati ko singapur ki tarj par banaya ja raha hai. nee rajadhani men navaratn ka kaaunsept rakha gaya hai. isake tahat naaulej siti, phainensiyal siti, helth siti, ilektraaunik siti, jastis siti, toorijm siti, gavarnament siti, sports siti evn ejukeshanal siti banane ki koshish hogi. bharat men pahali bar kisi rajy ki rajadhani ko poorv niyojit tarike se vikasit kiya ja raha hai, yah ek ati mahattvakankshi yojana hai. kendr sarakar ne bhi andhr pradesh ko har snbhav madad dene ki ghoshana ki hai. is yojana ke jarie aitihasik, rajanitik, dharmik evn sanskritik virasat ke bavajood najarndaj hue is shahar ko duniya men nee pahachan milegi.

nee rajadhani ka praroop evn parikalpana

  • 1 aprail, 2015 ko andhr pradesh sarakar dvara amaravati ko apani nee rajadhani ghoshit kiya gaya.
  • amaravati vijayavada evn guntoor ke madhy krishna nadi ke kinare sthit hai.
  • amaravati shahar ko svaynbhoo shivaling vale prasiddh amareshvar mndir se amaravati nam mila hai.
  • prachin kal men satavahan vnsh ke shasanakal men amaravati prasiddh sanskritik evn arthik kendr tha.
  • satavahan shasakon ke samay amaravati men prasiddh bauddh stoop ka nirman karavaya gaya tha, jo terahavin shatabdi tak anek bauddh yatriyon ke akarshan ka kendr tha.
  • amaravati ek prasiddh vyaparik nagar bhi tha. samudr se krishna nadi hokar anek vyaparik jalapot yahan pahunchate the.
  • andhr pradesh ki nee rajadhani amaravati ke vikas ke lie ek pradhikaran, ‘kaipital rijan devalapament athaauriti’ (CRDA) ka gathan kiya gaya hai.
  • rajadhani kshetr ka kul vistar 7420 varg kimi hai. isamen rajadhani shahar kshetr 122 varg kimi tatha kor kaipital kshetr (mukhy rajadhani kshetr) 16.959 varg kimi hai.
  • isake lie kul 33,000 ekad bhoomi laind puling skim ke madhyam se kisanon se li gee hai. isamen kul 17 ganv, jinamen 14 tulur mndal evn 3 managalagiri mndal shamil hain.
  • laind puling skim ke tahat kisan apani ichchha se jamin denge aur unhen, isake badale shahar men vikasit jamin di jaegi.
  • 8 disnbar, 2014 ko amaravati ko vikasit karane ke lie mastar plan taiyar karane ke lie andhr pradesh sarakar ne singapur ke sath samajhauta kiya tha.
  • singapur ki do knpaniyan surabana intaraneshanal knsaltent tatha jurang knsaltent praivet limited, rajadhani kshetr ke lie mastar plan taiyar karengi.
  • julaee, 2015 men singapur sarakar ne kor kaipital eriya ke lie mastar plan andhr pradesh sarakar ko saunp diya.
  • kor kaipital eriya ka vistar 16.959 varg kimi hoga jo rajadhani shahar ke uttari hisse men sthit hoga. isaka vikas panch charanon men kiya jaega.
  • amaravati ko ‘jan rajadhani’ (People’s Capital) nam diya gaya hai. is rajadhani shahar ko ‘smart, harit evn tikaoo shahar’ (Smart, Green and Sustainable) banaya jaega.
  • amaravati ko smart siti banane ke lie 6 ki phaiktars (Key Factors) nirdharit kie ge hain-
  1. svachchh evn harit (Clean and Green),
  2. gunavattapoorn rahan-sahan (Quality Living)
  3. vishvastariy adharabhoot dhancha (World Class Infrastructure),
  4. sabake lie rojagar evn ghar (Jobs and Homes for all),
  5. kushal snsadhan prabndhan (Efficient Resource Management) evn
  6. pahachan aur dharohar (Identity and Heritage)
  • amaravati ko ek taraph atyadhunik shahar banae jane ki koshish ho rahi hai, vahin doosari taraph usaki aitihasikata evn prachinata ko barakarar rakhane ke lie hadappa evn mohanajodado ki tarj par grid pranali ko apanaya ja raha hai. sadake sidhi disha men ek-doosare ko samakon par katati huee nagar ko anek vargakar athava chaturbhujakar khndon men vibhajit karengi.
  • vishvastariy nadi kinare sthit rajadhani banae jane ke sath-sath oorjadaksh, harit shahar evn audyogik kendr ke roop men amaravati ko vikasit kiya jaega.
  • amaravati ko rojagaraparak evn uchch audyogik kendr ke roop men vikasit kiya jaega. isake lie toorijm hab, phood prosesing hab, vailyoo eded ikonaaumik hab, malti maaudal lajistik hab, egro prosesing hab, lait indastriyal saport hab, haivi indastriyal hab evn heritej sentar sthapit kie jaenge.
  • rajadhani kshetr men 250 kimi. kshetr men dharmik evn paryatan sarkit vikasit kiya jaega.
  • kor kaipital eriya men uchch shreni ki parivahan suvidha ka vikas kiya jaega.
  • metro rel netavark – 12 kimi.
  • bas raipid netavark – 15 kimi.
  • daun taun rod – 7 kimi.
  • arateriyal evn sab arateriyal rod – 26 kimi.
  • kalektar rod – 53 kimi.
  • baik evn vaauk ve – 300 kimi.
  • intaranal rod netavark – 1000 kimi.
  • shahar men pravesh karane ke sthan par amaravati getave ka nirman kiya gaya hai. shahar agaman par hi shahar ki bhavyata evn gaurav ki jhalak getave ke pas mil jaegi.
  • amaravati shahar ka mahattvapoorn kshetr gavarnament kor hai, is sthan par vidhayi evn prashasanik bhavan nirmit honge.
  • kaipital siti ka hriday sthal amaravati taun daun hai. yahan vyaparik evn vanijyik gatividhiyan snchalit ki jaengi.
  • krishna nadi ke kinare amaravati vataraphrant sthit honge. yahan kainal park, baautanikal garden, sivik plaja adi sthapit kie ja sakate hain taki logon ko svachchh vatavaran evn aram talab sairagah mil sake.
  • amaravati ke vatavaran ko svachchh evn sundar banae rakhane ke lie 40 pratishat kshetr khula evn harit rakha jaega.
  • amaravati shahar ko eest kost par getave aauph indiya ke roop men sthapit kiya jaega.
  • amaravati se sate char neshanal haive, ek neshanal vatar haive, relave ka graind root, eyaraport evn si-port, isaki arthik mahatta ko badhane men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibha sakate hain.
  • gyatavy hai ki amaravati ka chayan kendr sarakar ki hriday yojana (Heritage City Development and Augmentation) ke tahat bhi kiya ja chuka hai.
  • andhr pradesh sarakar dvara kaimbrij vishvavidyalay ke sath amaravati men kaimbrij vishvavidyalay kainpas sthapit kie jane ka samajhauta kiya gaya hai.
  • ullekhaniy hai ki 2 joon, 2014 ko andhr pradesh se vibhajit hokar telngana naya rajy bana. ab haidarabad telngana ki rajadhani ban gee hai lekin 10 varshon tak donon rajyon ki snyukt rajadhani haidarabad hi hogi.[2]

kor kaipital kshetr vibhajan

prayukt bhoomi kshetr (hekteyar) pratishat
vikasit bhoomi 1449.29 85.55
gramin bastiyan 29.40 1.74
tapoo 182.13 10.75
krishna nadi ka kshetr 31.80 1.88
jal kshetr 1.43 0.08
kul 1694.65 100

vastukala aur moortikala

amaravati stoop ghntakriti men bana hai. is stoop men pashan ke sthan par sngamaramar ka prayog kiya gaya hai. stoop ke avashesh hi bache hain. isake bache-kuche avashesh british sngrahalay, landan, rashtriy sngrahalay, kolakata aur chennee sngrahalay men dekhe ja sakate hain. in avasheshon ke adhar par kaha ja sakata hai ki amaravati men vastukala aur moortikala ki sthaniy maulik shaili vikasit huee thi. yahan se prapt moortiyon ki komalata evn bhav-bhngimaen darshaniy hain. pratyek moorti ka apana akarshan hai. kamal pushp ka ankan is bade svabhavik roop se hua hai. anek drishyon ka sath-sath ankan is kal ke amaravati ke shilp ki pramukh visheshata mani jati hai. buddh ki moortiyon ko manav akriti ke bajay pratikon ke dvara gadha gaya hai, jisase pata chalata hai ki amaravati shaili, mathura shaili aur gandhar shaili se purani hai. yah yoonani prabhav se poornataya mukt thi. isamen koee sandeh nahin hai ki jis samay amaravati ka stoop apani akshunn avastha men raha hoga, us samay vah dakshin bharat ke moorti shilp ka apana dhng ka atynt bhavy udaharan raha hoga. amaravati moorti kala shaili, jo dakshin-poorvi bharat men lagabhag doosari shatabdi ee.poo. se tisari shatabdi ee. tak satavahan vnsh ke shasanakal men phali-phooli. yah apane bhavy ubharadar, bhitti-chitron ke lie jani jati hai. jo snsar men kathatmak moortikala ke sarvashreshth udaharan hain. andhr vnsh ke pashchath amaravati par kee shatabdiyon tak ikshvaku rajaon ka shasan raha. unhonne us nagari ko chhodakar nagarjunakonda ya vijayapur ko apani rajadhani banaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pustak- aitihasik sthanavali | prishth snkhya- 31| lekhak- vijayendr kumar mathur | prakashan- vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar
  2. amaravati andhr pradesh ki nee rajadhani (hindi) www.ssgcp.com. abhigaman tithi: 13 aktoobar, 2017.

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