bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

अणुवाद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

anuvad darshan men prakriti ke alpamat ansh ko anu ya paramanu kahate hain. anuvad ka dava hai ki pratyek prakrit padarth anuon se bana hai aur padarthon ka banana tatha tootana anuon ke snyog viyog ka hi doosara nam hai. prachin kal men anuvad darshanik vivechan ka ek pramukh vishay tha, parntu vaigyanikon ne ise svikar nahin kiya. isake viparit, adhunik kal men darshanik isaki or se udasin rahe hain, parntu bhautiki ke lie anu ki banavat aur prakriya adhyayan ka pramukh vishay ban gee hai . bharat men vaisheshik darshan ne anu par vishesh vichar kiya hai.

prachin darshanik vichar

prakriti ke vibhajan men anu param ya ant hai, vibhajan isase age ja nahin sakata. dimakritas ke anusar pratyek anu parinam aur akriti rakhata hai, parntu inamen kisi prakar ka jatibhed nahin. yahi lyusipas ka bhi mat tha. enpidokloj ne prithivi, jal aur agni ke anuon men jatibhed dekha. anuon ka snyog viyog gati par nirbhar hai, aur gati shoony men hi ho sakati hai. abhajy anuon ke sath prachin anuvad ne shoony ke astitv ko bhi svikar kiya.

adhunik vigyan aur anu

19vin shatabdi ke arnbh men jaaun daltan ne anuvad ka sabal samarthan kiya. use uchit roop se adhunik anuvad ka pita kaha jata hai. anuvad ki pushti men kee hetu die jate hain jinamen do ye hain:
(1) pratyek padarth dabav ke niche sikud jata hai aur dabav door hone par phail jata hai. gaison ki halat men yah snkoch aur phailav spasht dikhate hain. kisi vastu ka snkoch usake anuon ka ek-doosare ke nikat ana hai, usaka phailana anuon ke antar ka adhik hona hi hai.
(2) gunit anupat ka niyam (laau aauv maltiputr proporshas) anuvad ki pushti karata hai. jab do bhinn anu rasayanik snyog men ate hain, to unamen ek ke achal matra men rahane par, doosara anu 2,3,4 . . . ikaiyon men hi use milata hai, 212, 334 adi matraon men nahin milata. isaka karan yah pratit hota hai ki anu ka 12 ya 34 ansh kahin vidyaman hi nahin.

vaisheshik ka anuvad

vaisheshik darshan ka uddeshy maulik padarthon ya paratam jatiyon ka adhyayan hai. in padarthon men pratham sthan dravy ko diya gaya hai. nau dravyon men pahale panch dravy prithivi, jal, tej, vayu aur akash hain. isaka arth yah hai ki sabhi prakrit anu sajatiy nahin, apitu unamen jatibhed hai. is vichar men vaisheshik dimakritas se nahin apitu enpidokliz se milata hai. anuon men jatibhed pratyaksh ka vishay to hai nahin, anuman hi ho sakata hai. aise anuman ka adhar kya hai? vaisheshik ke anusar, karan ke bhav se hi kary ka bhav hota hai. hamare snvedanon (senseshns) men maulik jatibhed hai- dekhana, sunana, soonghana, chakhana, chhoona, ek-doosare men badal nahin sakate. is bhed ka karan yah hai ki in bodhon ke sadhak anuon men bhi jatibhed hai.

anuon ka snyog viyog nirntar hota rahata hai. samata ki halat men snyog ka arnbh srishti hai, poorn viyog pralay hai. anu nity hai, isalie srishti, pralay ka kram bhi nity hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

(vishesh dr. vaisheshik darshan)(dekhen- anu, paramanu)

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 88 |

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