bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

आन्वीक्षिकी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

anvikshiki nyayashastr ka prachin abhidhan. prachin kal men anvikshiki vicharashastr ya darshan ki samany sngya thi aur yah trayi (vedatrayi), varta (arthashastr), dndaniti (rajaniti) ke sath chaturth vidya ke roop men pratishthit thi[1] jisaka upayog lok ke vyavahar nirvah ke lie avashyak mana jata tha. kalantar men is shabd ka prayog keval nyayashastr ke lie snkuchit kar diya gaya. vatsyayan ke nyayabhashy ke anusar anviksha dvara pravritt hone ke karan hi is vidya ki sngya 'anvikshiki' pad gee. anviksha ke do arth hain: (1) pratyaksh tatha agam par ashrit anuman tatha (2) pratyaksh aur shabdapraman ki sahayata se avagat hone vale vishayon ka anu (pashchath‌) eekshan (paryalochan, arthat gyan), arthat anumiti. nyayashastr ka pradhan lakshy to hai pramanon ke dvara artho ka parikshan,[2] parntu in pramanon men bhi anuman ka mahatvapoorn sthan hai aur is anuman dvara pravritt hone ke karan tark pradhan 'anvikshiki' ka prayog nyayabhashyakar vatsyayan muni ne nyayadarshan ke lie hi upayukt mana hai.[3]

doosari dhara men pratyaksh, anuman, upaman tatha shabd, in char pramanon ka gnbhir adhyayan tatha vishleshan mukhy uddeshy tha. phalat: is pranali ko 'pramanamimansatmak'[4] kahate hain. isaka pravartan gngesh upadhyay (12vin shatabdi) ne apane prakhyat grnth 'tatvachintamani'men kiya. 'prachin nyay' (pratham dhara) men padarthon ki mimansa mukhy vishay hai, 'navyanyay' (dvitiy dhara) men pramanon ka vishleshan mukhy lakshy hai. navyanyay ka uday mithila men hua, parntu isaka abhyuday bngal men snpann hua. madhyayugin bauddh tarkikon ke sath ghor sngharsh hone se khndan mndan ke dvara yah shastr vikasit hota gaya. prachin nyay ke mukhy achary hain gautam, vatsyayan, udyotakar, vachaspati mishr, jaynt bhatt, bha sarvgy tatha udayanachary. navyanyay ke achary hain gngesh upadhyay, pakshadhar mishr, raghunath shiromani, mathuranath, jagadish bhattachary tatha gadadhar bhattachary. in donon dharaon men madhy bauddh nyay tatha jain nyay ke abhyuday ka kal ata hai. bauddh naiyayikon men vasuvndhu, dinh‌nag, dharmakirti ke nam pramukh hain.[5]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. anvikshiki trayi varta dndanitishch shashvati. vidya hyetashchatasrastu lokasnsritihetav:
  2. pramanairarthaparikshann nyay:-nyayabhashy 1.1.1
  3. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 382 |
  4. epistomolajikal
  5. sn.grn.-da. vidyabhooshan: histri aauv lajik, kalakatta, 1925

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