मोहिनीअट्टम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mohiniattam
mohiniattam
vivaran mohiniattam keral ki mahilaon dvara kiya jane vala ardh shastriy nrity hai jo kathakali se adhik purana mana jata hai.
itihas mohiniatatm ka pratham sndarbh majamngalam narayan nabh‍boodiri dvara snkalpit vh‍yavahar mala men paya jata hai jo 16vin shatabh‍di men racha gaya.
nrith‍y tal taganam, jaganam, dhaganam, samishram
mohini ka arth ek aisi mahila jo dekhane valon ka man moh le.
dharmik manyata yah bhagavan vishnu ki ek jani mani kahani hai ki jab unh‍honne dugh‍dh sagar ke mnthan ke dauran logon ko akarshit karane ke lie mohini ka roop dharan kiya tha aur bhasmasur ke vinash ki kahani isake sath judi huee hai.
veshabhoosha nrith‍yangana ko keral ki safed aur sunahari kinari vali sundar kasavoo sadi men sajaya jata hai.
any janakari yah anivaryat: ekal nrith‍y hai kinh‍tu vartaman samay men ise samoohon men bhi kiya jata hai.

mohiniattam (angrezi:Mohiniyattam) keral ki mahilaon dvara kiya jane vala ardh shastriy nrity hai jo kathakali se adhik purana mana jata hai. sahityik roop se nrith‍y ke bich mukhh‍y mana jane vala jaduee mohiniatatm keral ke mndiron men pramukhat: kiya jata tha. yah devadasi nrith‍y virasat ka uttaradhikari bhi mana jata hai jaise ki bharatanatyam, kuchi pudi aur odisi. is shabh‍d mohini ka arth hai ek aisi mahila jo dekhane valon ka man moh le ya unamen ichh‍chha uth‍panh‍n karen. yah bhagavan vishnu ki ek jani mani kahani hai ki jab unh‍honne dugh‍dh sagar ke mnthan ke dauran logon ko akarshit karane ke lie mohini ka roop dharan kiya tha aur bhasmasur ke vinash ki kahani isake sath judi huee hai. at: yah socha gaya hai ki vaishh‍nav bhakton ne is nrith‍y roop ko mohiniatatm ka nam diya.

itihas

mohiniatatm ka pratham sndarbh majamngalam narayan nabh‍boodiri dvara snkalpit vh‍yavahar mala men paya jata hai jo 16vin shatabh‍di men racha gaya. 19vin shatabh‍di men sh‍vati tirunal, poorv travan kor ke raja the, jinh‍honne is kala roop ko proth‍sahan aur sthirikaran dene ke lie kafi prayas kie. sh‍vati ke pashh‍chat ke samay men yadyapi is kala roop men giravat aee.
mohiniattam nrity, keral
kisi prakar yah kuchh prantiy jamindaron aur uchh‍ch vargiy logon ke bhogavadi jivan ki sntushti ke lie kamavasana tak gir gaya. kavi valathol ne ise ek bar phir naya jivan diya aur ise keral kala mndalam ke madhh‍yam se ek adhunik sh‍than pradan kiya, jisaki sh‍thapana unh‍honne 1903 men ki thi. kalamndalam kalh‍yanima, kalamndalam ki pratham nrith‍y shikshika thin jo is prachin kala roop ko ek naya jivan dene men saphal rahin. unake sath krishh‍na panikar, madhavi amh‍ma aur chinh‍namh‍moo amh‍ma ne is luph‍t hoti paramh‍para ki antim kadiyan jodi jo kalamndal ke anushasan men poshit anh‍y akankshi thin.

bhagavan ke prati samarpan

mohiniatatm ki vishay vash‍tu prem tatha bhagavan ke prati samarpan hai. vishnu ya krishn isamen adhikanshat: nayak hote hain. isake darshak unaki adrishh‍y upasthiti ko dekh sakate hain jab nayika ya mahila apane sapanon aur akankshaon ka vivaran golakar gatiyon, komal pad talon aur gahari abhivh‍yakti ke madhh‍yam se deti hai. nrith‍yangana dhimi aur madhh‍yam gati men abhinay ke lie paryaph‍t sh‍than banane men saksham hoti hai aur bhav prakat kar pati hai. is roop men yah nrith‍y bharatanatyam ke saman lagata hai. isaki gatividhiyon odisi ke saman bhavh‍y aur isake paridhan sade tatha akarshak hote hain. yah anivaryat: ekal nrith‍y hai kinh‍tu vartaman samay men ise samoohon men bhi kiya jata hai. mohiniatatm ki paramh‍para bharat natyam ke kafi qrarib chalati hai. chol ketu ke sath arnbh karate hue nrith‍yangana jathivaram, varanam, padam aur tilana kram se karati hai. varanam men shuddh aur abhivh‍yakti vala nrith‍y kiya jata hai, jabaki padam men nrith‍yangana ki abhinay kala ki pratibha‍ dikhaee deti hai jabaki tilana men usaki takaniki kalakari ka pradarshan hota hai.

nrith‍y tal

mohiniattam nrity

moolabhoot nrith‍y tal char prakar ke hote hain:

  • taganam
  • jaganam
  • dhaganam
  • samishram

ye nam vaittari namak vargikaran se uth‍panh‍n hue hain.

veshabhoosha

mohiniatatm men sahaj lagane vali saj sajh‍ja aur saral veshabhoosha dharan ki jati hai. nrith‍yangana ko keral ki safed aur sunahari kinari vali sundar kasavoo sadi men sajaya jata hai.

hash‍t lakshan dipika

anh‍y nrith‍y roopon ke saman mohiniatatm men hash‍t lakshan dipika ko apanaya jata hai, jaisa ki mudra ki pathy push‍tak ya hath ke hav bhav men diya gaya hai. mohiniatatm ke lie maukhik sngit ki shaili, jaisa ki amataur par dekha gaya hai, shash‍triy karnatak hai. isake git maharaja sh‍vati tirunal aur iraiman thamh‍pi dvara kie ge hain jo manipraval (snsh‍krit aur malayalam ka mishran) men hain. hal hi men thopi madalam aur vina ne mohiniatatm men prishh‍thabhoomi sngit pradan kiya. unake sh‍than par hal ke varshon men mridng aur vayalin a gaya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh


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