कबीर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(संत कबीर se punarnirdeshit)
kabir vishay soochi
kabir
snt kabiradas
poora nam snt kabiradas
any nam kabira, kabir sahab
janm san 1398 (lagabhag)
janm bhoomi laharatara tal, kashi
mrityu san 1518 (lagabhag)
mrityu sthan magahar, uttar pradesh
palak mata-pita niru aur nima
pati/patni loee
sntan kamal (putr), kamali (putri)
karm bhoomi kashi, banaras
karm-kshetr samaj sudharak kavi
mukhy rachanaen sakhi, sabad aur ramaini
vishay samajik
bhasha avadhi, sadhukkadi, pnchamel khichadi
shiksha nirakshar
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh kabir grnthavali, kabirapnth, bijak, kabir ke dohe adi
any janakari kabir ka koee pramanik jivanavritt aj tak nahin mil saka, jis karan is vishay men nirnay karate samay, adhikatar janashrutiyon, sanpradayik grnthon aur vividh ullekhon tatha inaki abhi tak upalabdh katipay phutakal rachanaon ke ant:sadhy ka hi sahara liya jata raha hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
kabir ki rachanaen

kabir (angrezi: Kabir, janm- sanh 1398 kashi - mrityu- sanh 1518 magahar) ka nam kabiradas, kabir sahab evn snt kabir jaise roopon men bhi prasiddh hai. ye madhyakalin bharat ke svadhinacheta mahapurush the aur inaka parichay, pray: inake jivanakal se hi, inhen saphal sadhak, bhakt kavi, matapravartak athava samaj sudharak manakar diya jata raha hai tatha inake nam par kabirapnth namak snpraday bhi prachalit hai. kabirapnthi inhen ek alaukik avatari purush manate hain aur inake snbndh men bahut-si chamatkarapoorn kathaen bhi suni jati hain. inaka koee pramanik jivanavritt aj tak nahin mil saka, jis karan is vishay men nirnay karate samay, adhikatar janashrutiyon, sanpradayik grnthon aur vividh ullekhon tatha inaki abhi tak upalabdh katipay phutakal rachanaon ke ant:sadhy ka hi sahara liya jata raha hai. phalat: is snbndh men tatha inake mat ke bhi vishay men bahut kuchh matabhed paya jata hai.

snt kabir das hindi sahity ke bhakti kal ke ikalaute aise kavi hain, jo ajivan samaj aur logon ke bich vyapt adnbaron par kutharaghat karate rahe. vah karm pradhan samaj ke pairokar the aur isaki jhalak unaki rachanaon men saf jhalakati hai. lok kalyan hetu hi mano unaka samast jivan tha. kabir ko vastav men ek sachche vishv-premi ka anubhav tha. kabir ki sabase badi visheshata unaki pratibha men abadh gati aur adamy prakharata thi. samaj men kabir ko jagaran yug ka agradoot kaha jata hai.

daau. hazari prasad dvivedi ne likha hai ki sadhana ke kshetr men ve yug-yug ke guru the, unhonne snt kavy ka path pradarshan kar sahity kshetr men nav nirman kiya tha.

jivan parichay

janm

  • kabiradas ke janm ke snbndh men anek kinvadantiyan hain. kabir panthiyon ki manyata hai ki kabir ka janm kashi men laharatara talab men utpann kamal ke manohar pushp ke oopar balak ke roop men hua. kuchh logon ka kahana hai ki ve janm se musalaman the aur yuvavastha men svami ramannd ke prabhav se unhen hindoo dharm ki baten maloom hueen. ek din, ek pahar rat rahate hi kabir pnchagnga ghat ki sidhiyon par gir pade. ramanand ji gnga snan karane ke liye sidhiyan utar rahe the ki tabhi unaka pair kabir ke sharir par pad gaya. unake mukh se tatkal 'ram-ram' shabd nikal pada. usi ram ko kabir ne diksha-mantr man liya aur ramanand ji ko apana guru svikar kar liya. kabir ke hi shabdon men-

ham kasi men prakat bhaye hain,
ramanand chetaye.

kabiradas
  • kabirapnthiyon men inake janm ke vishay men yah pady prasiddh hai-

chaudah sau pachapan sal ge, chandravar ek thath the.
jeth sudi barasayat ko pooranamasi tithi pragat bhe॥
ghan garajen damini damake boonde barashen jhar lag ge.
lahar talab men kamal khile tahn kabir bhanu pragat bhe॥[1]

mrityu

kabir ne kashi ke pas magahar men deh tyag di. aisi manyata hai ki mrityu ke bad unake shav ko lekar vivad utpann ho gaya tha. hindoo kahate the ki unaka antim snskar hindoo riti se hona chahie aur muslim kahate the ki muslim riti se. isi vivad ke chalate jab unake shav par se chadar hat gee, tab logon ne vahan phoolon ka dher pada dekha. bad men vahan se adhe phool hinduon ne le lie aur adhe musalamanon ne. musalamanon ne muslim riti se aur hinduon ne hindoo riti se un phoolon ka antim snskar kiya. magahar men kabir ki samadhi hai. janm ki bhanti inaki mrityu tithi evn ghatana ko lekar bhi matabhed hain kintu adhikatar vidvanh unaki mrityu snvat 1575 vikrami (san 1518 ee.) manate hain, lekin bad ke kuchh itihasakar unaki mrityu 1448 ko manate hain.[2]

samakalin samajik paristhiti

mahatma kabiradas ke janm ke samay men bharat ki rajanitik, samajik, arthik evn dharmik dasha shochaniy thi. ek taraph musalaman shasakon ki dharmanndhata se janata pareshan thi aur doosari taraph hindoo dharm ke karmakand, vidhan aur pakhnd se dharm ka hras ho raha tha. janata men bhakti- bhavanaon ka sarvatha abhav tha. pnditon ke pakhndapoorn vachan samaj men phaile the. aise sngharsh ke samay men, kabiradas ka prardubhav hua. jis yug men kabir avirbhoot hue the, usake kuchh hi poorv bharatavarsh ke itihas men ek abhootapoorv ghatana ghat chuki thi. yah ghatana islam jaise ek susngathit sampraday ka agaman tha. is ghatana ne bharatiy dharm–mat aur samaj vyavastha ko buri tarah se jhakajhor diya tha. usaki aparivartaniy samajhi jane vali jati–vyavastha ko pahali bar zabardast thokar lagi thi. sara bharatiy vatavaran snkshubdh tha. bahut–se pnditajan is snkshobh ka karan khojane men vyast the aur apane–apane dhng par bharatiy samaj aur dharm–mat ko sambhalane ka prayatn kar rahe the.

inhen bhi dekhen: kabirapnth, soofi andolan evn bhakti andolan

sahityik parichay

kabir sant kavi aur samaj sudharak the. unaki kavita ka ek-ek shabd pakhndiyon ke pakhndavad aur dharm ke nam par dhong v svarthapoorti ki niji dukanadariyon ko lalakarata hua aya aur asaty v anyay ki pol khol dhajjiyan udata chala gaya. kabir ka anubhoot saty andhavishvason par baroodi palita tha. saty bhi aisa jo aj tak ke parivesh par savaliya nishan ban chot bhi karata hai aur khot bhi nikalata hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kabir grnthavali (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) hindi samay daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 2 agast, 2011.
  2. snt kavi kabir (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya. abhigaman tithi: 4 agast, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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