गंगाजल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Warning-sign-small.png yah lekh pauranik grnthon athava manyataon par adharit hai at: isamen varnit samagri ke vaigyanik praman hone ka ashvasan nahin diya ja sakata. vistar men dekhen asvikaran

gngajal gnga nadi ke jal ko kahate hain. hindoo dharm is jal bahut pavitr mana jata hai. aisa mana jata hai ki is jal men jivanu paida nahin hote hain.

gngajal ki mahima

gngajal ki mahima ka gunagan kisi se chhipa nahin hai. hindoo dharm hi nahin balki duniya ke sabhi dharmo men mata gnga ka mahattvapoorn sthan hai. gnga ki mahima yugon yugon se chali a rahi hai. isake jal ko amrit ki sngya di gee. aj bhi haridvar ke gngajal ko lene ke lie desh duniya se shraddhalu pahunchate hai. sarvamany tathy hai ki yugon pahale bhagirath ji gnga ki dhara ko prithvi par laye the, bhagirath ji gnga ki dhara ko himalay ke jis marg se lekar maidan men ae vah marg jivanadayani divy aushadhiyon v vanaspatiyon se bhara hua hai. is karan bhi gnga jal ko amritatuly mana jata hai. dharm nagari haridvar men gnga ka apane vishesh adhyatmik mahatmy hai. haridvar, prayag, avantika tatha nasik in char sthanon par mahakumbh ki parnpara bhi sadiyon purani hai. aj bhi in char sthanon men mahakumbh ka virat svaroop dikhaee deta hai. puranon men bhi isaka ullekh milata hai. naradiy puran men tirthayatra ki vidhi ka ullekh karate hue prayag, kurukshetr tatha haridvar tirth ka vishesh mahatv bataya gaya hai. bharatiy snskaron, itihas evn snskriti se abhinn roop se judi gnga rigved se lekar gngalahari tak har grnth men mahimanvit hoti aee hai.

sinchaee men mahattvapoorn yogadan

krishi ki sinchaee ke sath desh ki arthik samriddhi men isaka mahattvapoorn yogadan hai. bharatavarsh men bahane vali nadiyon men to yah sabase badi hai. udgam gomukh se bngal ki khadi tak yah 2071 kimi ka saphar tay karati hai. isaka apravah kshetr 471,502 varg kimi men phaila hai. desh ki sinchit bhoomi ka 40 pratishat isi se sinchit hai. 37 pratishat janata isake besin men nivas karati hai.

pauranik mahattv

gnga mata
Ganga Mata
  • pauranik akhyan ke anusar svarg se gnga ka dharati par avataran vishesh prayojan se hua tha. is akhyan ke anusar raja sagar ke sath hazar putr apane kukarmon ki ag men jal rahe the. unaki kashtanivriti gngajal se hi ho sakati thi. sagar ke vnshaj bhagirath ke kathor tap evn purusharth se gnga dharati par aee. sagaraputr isake shital abhisinchan se tap mukt hue, sath hi asnkhyon ke lie gnga jivanadayani man bani.
  • apani is anupam mahima ke karan gita, gayatri, gau evn himalay ki hi tarah gnga bhi bharatiy snskriti ke adhar stnbhon men se ek hai. isake bina bharatiy snskriti evn itihas ki kalpana dushkar hai.
  • mahabharat ki kahani gngamata se arnbh hoti hai. gnga tat par sthit bithoor men rahakar maharshi valmiki ne mahagrnth ramayan ki rachana ki thi.
  • yahi vishv ki ekamatr nadi hai, jise mata ke nam se pukara jata hai. gita men bhagavan shrikrishn ne srotasamasmi jahanvi arthath jal sroton men main jahanvi; gngadhd hoon, kahakar ise apana svaroop bataya hai.
  • gnga ka mahimagan karate hue shastr kahate hain - gnga gngeti yo brooyat, yojanamh shatairapi. muchyate sarvapapebhyo, vishnuloke s: gachchhati॥ arthath jo gnga ka saikadon yojan door se bhi smaran karata hai, usake samast papon ka nash ho jata hai. dharmik evn sanskritik mahattv ke atirikt gnga ke kinare anek suramy sthal hain.
  • gngajal ki ek visheshata yah hai ki gnga ka pani kabhi sadata nahin hai. gnga ke pani men kabhi durgandh nahin ati aur isilie log apane gharon men hamesha gngajal rakhate hain. bharatiy hindoo dharm men yadi kisi ko mrityu ke samay gngajal pilaya jae to marane vale vyakti ko svarg ki prapti hoti hai, hindoo dharm men aisi manyata hai.
  • bharat men har shubh kary ke lie gnga jal ka prayog kiya jata hai. mandiron men charanamrit ke roop men diya jane vala dravy gngajal hi hota hai, jisako grahan karane se antar atma ki shuddhi hoti hai.
  • gngajal ko bharatiy hindoo dharm men brahmadrav aur amrit manate hain. bharatiy dharm shastron ki manyata ke anusar shastron men yadi gngajal ki vyakhya jitani likhane men ati hai, yadi un sabako thode se varnan ke sath likha jae to ek ´gnga puran´ ki rachana ho sakati hai.

aitihasik tathy

  • samrat ashok, vikramadity, harshavardhan se lekar tatya tope adi ke jivan ki anekon aitihasik ghatanaen gngatat se judi rahi hain. rajanitik asthirata evn ek ke bad ek rajavnsh badalane ke bavajood gnga kinare base shahar vyapar, shilp evn snskriti ke lie vishvavikhyat rahe hain.
  • gngajal ki vishishtata evn isake prati astha keval bharat tak hi simit rahi ho, aisi bat nahin hai. varjil v dante jaise mahanh pashchimi sahityakaron ne apani rachanaon men gnga ka ullekh kiya hai. sikndar mahan to gnga ke sammohan men bndh hi gaya tha. amerika ko khojane vala kolnbas gnga ki talash men bhatakate hue marg kho baitha tha.
  • prakhyat itihas lekhak abul phazal ne apani pustak 'aine akabari' men likha hai ki badashah akabar apane dainik jivan men pine ke lie gngajal hi prayog men late the. is jal ko vah amrit kahate the.
  • himalay vijeta edamnd hileri ne gngasagar se gngotri tak ke dharati se sagar tak abhiyan ki dev-prayag men samapti par gnga ko 'tapasvini' sngya di thi. usane kaha tha ki gngajal matr sadharan jal nahin hai. itihasakar 'sharada rani' ne mngoliya yatra ka varnan karate hue likha hai ki vahan ke nivasiyon ne unhen gngadesh se aee huee mahila ka kahakar sashtang pranam kiya. yah sab aitihasik tathy gngajal ke adhyatmik mahatmy ko pramanit karate hai.

gngajal kharab kyon nahin hota

himalay ki kokh gngotri se nikali gnga (bhagirathi), haridvar (devaprayag) men alakannda se milati hai. yahan tak ate-ate isamen kuchh chattanen ghulati jati hain jisase isake jal men aisi kshamata paida ho jati hai jo pani ko sadane nahin deti. har nadi ke jal ki apani jaivik snrachana hoti hai, jisamen vah khas tarah ke ghule hue padarth rahate hain jo kuchh qism ke jivanu ko panapane dete hain aur kuchh ko nahin. vaigyanik shodh se pata chala hai ki gnga ke pani men aise jivanu hain jo sadane vale kitanuon ko panapane nahin dete, isalie pani lnbe samay tak kharab nahin hota.

vaigyanik karan

vaigyanik batate hain ki haridvar men gomukh- gngotri se a rahi gnga ke jal ki gunavatta par isalie koee dushprabhav nahin padata, kyonki yah himalay parvat par ugi huee anekon jivanadayani upayogi jadi-bootiyon, khanij padarthon aur lavanon ko sparsh karata hua ata hai. vaigyanik shodh se pata chala hai ki himalay ki kokh gngotri se nikali gnga ke jal ka kharab nahin hone ke kee vaigyanik karan bhi hain.

  • gngajal men baitriya phos namak ek baiktiriya paya gaya hai jo pani ke andar rasayanik kriyaon se utpann hone vale avanchhaniy padarthon ko khata rahata hai. isase jal ki shuddhata bani rahati hai.
  • gnga ke pani men gndhak (salphar) ki prachur matra maujood rahati hai; isalie bhi yah kharab nahin hota. isake atirikt kuchh bhoo-rasayanik kriyaen bhi gngajal men hoti rahati hain, jisase isamen kabhi kide paida nahin hote.

yahi karan hai ki yah pani sada pine yogy mana gaya hai. jaise-jaise gnga haridvar se age any shaharon ki or badhati jati hai shaharon, nagar nigamon aur kheti-badi ka kooda-karakat tatha audyogik rasayanon ka mishran gnga men dal diya jata hai.

vaigyaniko ke mat evn shodh

  • vaigyanik parikshanon se pata chala hai ki gngajal se snan karane tatha gngajal ko pine se haija, pleg, maleriya tatha kshay adi rogon ke kitanu nasht ho jate hain. is bat ki pushti ke lie ek bar daau. haikins, british sarakar ki or se gngajal se door hone vale rogon ke parikshan ke lie ae the. unhonne gngajal ke parikshan ke lie gngajal men haije (kalara) ke kitanu dale ge. haije ke kitanu matr 6 ghnten men hi mar ge aur jab un kitanuon ko sadharan pani men rakha gaya to vah jivit hokar apane asnkhy men badh gaya. is tarah dekha gaya ki gngajal vibhinn rogon ko door karane vala jal hai.
  • phrans ke suprasiddh vaigyanik daau. hairen ne gngajal par varshon anusndhan karake apane prayogon ka vivaran shodhapatron ke roop men prastut kiya. unhonne antr shodh v haije se mare agyat logon ke shavon ko gngajal men aise sthan par dal diya, jahan kitanu teji se panap sakate the. daau. hairen ko ashchary hua ki kuchh dinon ke bad in shavon se antr shodh v haije ke hi nahin balki any kitanu bhi gayab ho ge. unhonne gngajal se 'baiktiriyasepaphej' namak ek ghatak nikala, jisamen aushadhiy gun hain.
  • inglaind ke jane-mane chikitsak si. ee. nelsan ne gngajal par anveshan karate hue likha ki is jal men sadane vale jivanu hi nahin hote. unhonne maharshi charak ko uddhrit karate hue likha ki gngajal sahi mayane men pathy hai.
  • roosi vaigyanikon ne haridvar evn kashi men snan ke uparant 1950 men kaha tha ki unhen snan ke uparant hi gyat ho paya ki bharatiy gnga ko itana pavitr kyon manate hain.
  • gngajal ki pachakata ke bare men oriyntal institayoot men hastalikhit alekh rakhe hain. kanada ke maikilan vishvavidyalay ke vaigyanik daau. em. si. haimiltan ne gnga ki shakti ko svikarate hue kaha ki ve nahin janate ki is jal men apoorv gun kahan se aur kaise ae. sahi to yah hai ki chamatkrit haimiltan vastut: samajh hi nahin pae ki gngajal ki aushadhiy gunavatta ko kis tarah prakat kiya jae.
  • ayurvedachary gananath sen, videshi yatri ibnabatoota varaniyar, angrez sena ke kaiptan moor, vigyanavetta daau. richardasan adi sabhi ne gnga par shodh karake yahi nishkarsh diya ki yah nadi apoorv hai.

gngajal men snan

gnga nadi men snan karate bhakt

gnga nadi men tairakar snan karane valon ko snan ka vishesh labh hota hai. gngajal apane khanij gunon ke karan itana adhik gunakari hota hai ki isase anek prakar ke rog door hote hain. gnga nadi men snan karane vale log svasth aur rog mukt bane rahate hain. isase sharir shuddh aur sphoortivan banata hai. bharatiy sabhyata men gnga ko sabase pavitr nadi mana jata hai. gnga nadi ke pani men vishesh gun ke karan hi gnga nadi men snan karane bharat ke vibhinn kshetr se hi nahin balki snsar ke any deshon se bhi log ate hain. gnga nadi men snan ke lie ane vale sabhi log vibhinn prakar ke rogon se mukti pane ke lie haridvar aur rishikesh akar matr kuchh hi dinon men keval gnga snan se poorn svasth ho jate hain. kee vidvanon ne gngajal ki pavitrata ka varnan apane nibandhon men poorn atma se kiya hai. bhautik vigyan ke kee acharyo ne bhi gngajal ki adbhut shakti aur prabhav ko svikar kiya hai.

gnga nadi men pradooshan

aganit janon ki shraddha ka kendr hone ke sath desh ko samriddhi evn vaibhav pradan karane vali gngamata apani sntanon ka pap dhote-dhote vishaili hoti ja rahi hai. jisaka jal kabhi udgam sthal se sagar parynt shuddh evn nirmal rahata tha, vah aj marg ke prathamik padavon men hi pradooshit ho raha hai. jisake aushadhiy gun evn shodhak-kshamata ko dekhakar vaigyanikon se lekar videshi tak ashchary karate the, usi ka jal aj pine layaq bhi nahin rah gaya hai. svatntrata ki pachasavin varshaganth mana chuke rashtr ke lie yah durbhagyapoorn bat hai ki jis gngajal ko ab pine yogy bhi nahin mana jata, pachchis varsh poorv tak vishvabhar ke vaigyanik yah dekhakar hairan the ki gngajal, jal nahin amrit hai. vishv men itana pavitra jal keval uttari evn dakshini dhruv men khoja gaya. halanki vaigyanik yah dekhakar ashcharyachakit hue ki dhruvon ke achhoote jal men bhi ek varsh bad krimi dikhaee dene lage, jabaki sau sal bad gngajal unhen usi tarah shuddh najar aya. lekin ise niyati ki vidnbana ke siva aur kya kahen ki gngajal ki svayn shuddh hote rahane ki adbhut kshamata ke bavajood aj gnga bharat ki sabase pradooshit nadiyon men se ek hai.

vaigyanik drishti se

neshanal envayaranamental injiniynring risarch institayoot ke do vaigyanikon ne apane parikshan ke uparant ghoshana ki ki vaigyanik drishti se rishikesh evn haridvar ka gngajal bhi pine ke yogy nahin rah gaya hai. unake anusar is pani men ab anekon roganu panap chuke hain. unhonne isaka karan gnga men badi matra men audyogik ikaiyon dvara chhode ge rasayanik avasheshon tatha badhati abadi ke karan hue pradooshan ko mana hai.

gomukh se nikalane ke bad gnga parvaton se utarati huee, maidanon men bahati huee bngal ki khadi men girati hai. marg men isake kinare base chhote-bade shaharon ka jal-mal sidh isi men bahata hai. upalabdh aaunkadon ke anusar lagabhag 200 karod litar kachara pratidin gnga men girata hai. akele varanasi men girane vale kachare ki kul matra 95 karod litar se adhik hai. jin karakhanon ka varjy padarth gnga men girata hai, unamen se kuchh to bahut hi khataranak kism ke hain. jaise, chamada udyog, distilari udyog, tharmal pavar evn rasayanik khadon ke karakhane hain. inake varjy padarthon ke gnga men girae jane ke parinamasvaroop gnga ke jalajntuon ka astitv khatare men pad raha hai. kul milakar gnga men pradooshan ki sthiti badi vikaral hai.

gngajal khatare men

vikas ki andhi daud men manushy ne paristhitiki tntr se jo khilavad kiya hai, usamen gnga nadi ka udgam sthal bhi achhoota nahin rah gaya hai. gnga ka udgam sthal aj se kee sau sal pahale vartaman gngotri mndir tak phaila tha. jo aj 17 kimi. khisak chuka hai. jiyolaaujik sarve aauph indiya ke sarvekshan ke anusar, gat pachas varshon men gnga ka gomukh glaishiyar prativarsh 10 se 30 mitar ki gati se sikudata hai. sthiti yahi rahi to ab se 125 salon bad gnga ka astitv khatare men pad sakata hai. bhoogarbhashastriyon ke anusar gnga ke udgam par pravah jis gati se ghat raha hai, use dekhate hue agale kuchh hazar varshon men isake rookane ki snbhavana hai.

aisa n ho, isake lie zaroori hai ki deshavasi gnga ko mata ka samman den, use pradooshit hone se bachaen. sach yahi hai ki vikas ki andhi daud men bhataki gngamata ki sntanon ko vishattaphata se tadapati-kalapati gnga maiya ki pida ko samajhana hoga. hamamen se har ek ko vrat lena hoga ki vah apane chintan v karm se gnga man ko pradooshit nahin karega. tabhi patitapavani gnga maiya, isase judi snskriti jivit rah paegi. pradooshan ke is vartaman snkat ke prati samay rahate hue n chete to kahin aisa n ho ki gnga nadi bhi ek din aryon ki pavan sarasvati nadi ki tarah vilupt ho jaen. ek manushy ne kisi mahatma se poochha, mahatmanh. meri jibh to bhagavanh ka nam japati hai, par man us or nahin lagata. mahatma bole, bhaee. kam-se-kam bhagavanh ki di huee ek vibhooti to tumhare vash men hai. isi par prasannata manao. jab ek ang ne uttam marg pakada hai, to ek din man bhi nishchit roop se thik raste par aega. shubharnbh chhota bhi ho to dhire-dhire man satpath par chalane ko raji ho jata hai.

manav jivan men gngajal ka mahatv

yadi karz nahin utar raha, vyavasay chalate chalate achanak ruk gaya hai. ghar se bimari pichha nahin chhod rahi hai ya man hamesha ashnkit rahata hai. ghar men ya aauphis men bina kisi karan ke tanav ki sthiti rahati hai. ghar ki barakat bilakul khatm ho rahi ho to gnga jal ko prathamikata de. apane samast samasyaon ka samadhan kare. kisi bhi somavar ya vrihaspativar ko gngajal kisi pital ya chandi ke bartan men poora munh tak bhar kar dhakkan achchhi tarah se bnd kar ke ghar uttar-poorv arthath eeshan kon men kamare ke bhi eeshan kon men rakh de. ek ya do mahine men ap dekhenge ki gnga jal ka star kam ho raha hai arthar ghat raha hai, to usi samay ise phir se bhar de. dhyan rakhe ki is gngajal ka kisi any kary men prayog na karen. jab tak gnga jal ghar ya bhavan men rakha rahega tab tak ghar men sukh sampada ka vas rahega. is karan se pratyek ghar men gngajal ka is prakar ka patr bahut upayogi hota hai.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

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