गुलाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

holi ke avasar par gulal se saji dukanen

gulal holi ke sookhe rngon ko kaha jata hai, jo rngin sookha choorn hota hai, jise holi ke tyohar men galon par ya mathe par tika lagane ke kam ata hai. isake alava isaka prayog rngoli banane men bhi kiya jata hai. bina gulal ke holi ke rng phike hi rah jate hain. yah kahana uchit hi hoga ki jahan gili holi ke liye pani ke rng hote hain, vahin sookhi holi bhi gulalon ke sng kuchh kam nahin jamati hai. yah rasayanon dvara v harbal, donon hi prakar se banaya jata hai. kee varsh poorv tak mool roop se yah rng vanaspatiyon se prapt rngon ya utpadon, phoolon aur any prakritik padarthon se hi isaka nirman hua karata tha, jinamen rngane ki pravritti hoti thi. kintu samay ke sath isamen badalav aya aur holi ke ye rng ab rasayanik bhi hote hain aur kuchh tez rasayanik padarthon se taiyar kie jate hain v unhen ararot men milakar tikhe v chatak rng ke gulal banaye jane lage. ye rasayanik rng hamare sharir ke lie hanikarak hote hain, vishesh taur par ankhon aur tvacha ke lie. inhin sab samasyaon ne phir se hamen idhar kuchh varshon se dobara prakritik rngon / harbal gulal ki or rukh karane ko majaboor kar diya hai. kee tarah ke harbal v jaivik gulal bazaron men upalabdh hone lage hain. harbal gulal ke kee labh hote hain. inamen rasayanon ka prayog nahin hone se n to elarji hoti hai n ankhon men jalan hoti hai. ye paryavaran ke anukool hote hain. inhen bhi dekhen: abir

rasayanik gulal

rngon ke parv holi men log utsah se ek doosare ko rng lagate hue shubhakamanaen dete hain lekin kuchh rng aise hote hain jo sehat ko nukasan pahuncha kar shubhakamanaon ko arthahin tatha rng parv ko badarng bana dete hain. milavati rngon ke karan hone vala nukasan kee bar ghatak bhi ho sakata hai.

gulal banane ke lie kee rasayanon ka prayog hota hai. inamen se kuchh rng, unamen prayukt rasayan v unaka svasthy par prabhav is prakar se hai.

  • kala rng 'led aauksaid' se banata hai, jisase gurde ko hani v 'larning disebiliti' ho sakati hai.
  • hara rng 'kaaupar salphet' se banata hai, jisase ankhon men elarji, jalan v asthayi andhata ho sakati hai.
  • baingani rng kromiyam ayodaid se banata hai jisase bronkiyal dama v elarji ho sakate hain.
  • chamakile / roopahala rng elyuminiyam bromaid se banata hai, jo kainsar ka karak ban sakata hai.
  • nila rng prashiyan bloo namak rasayan se banata hai jisase tvacha ki elarji aur snkraman paida kar sakata hai.
  • lal rng markari salphet se banata hai, itana zaharila hota hai ki jisase tvacha ka kainsar v mental ritardeshan snbhav hai.

rngon ki gunavatta

sookhe gulal men esbestas ya silika milaee jati hai jisase asthama, tvacha men sakrnman aur ankhon men jalan ki shikayat ho sakati hai. gile rngon men am taur par jenashiyan vayolet milaya jata hai jisase tvacha ka rng prabhavit ho sakata hai aur darmetaitis ki shikayat ho sakati hai. inake alava milavati v rasayanik ghatiya rngon men dijal, kromiyam, ayodin, injan aauyal, aur sise ka paudar bhi ho sakata hai jinase sehat ko gnbhir nukasan pahunch sakata hai. isase logon ko chakkar ata hai, siradard aur sans ki takaliph hone lagati hai. janakari ya jagarookata ke abhav men aksar dukanadar, khas kar chhote dukanadar is bare men dhyan nahin dete ki rngon ki gunavatta kaisi hai. kabhi to ye rng un dibbon men ate hain jin par likha hota hai keval audyogik upayog ke lie. zahir hai ki khatara isamen bhi hai. holi ke rng laghu udyog ke tahat ate hain aur laghu udyog ke lie nirdharit raigyuleshan aur kvaliti chek nahin hai.

bazar men vibhinn rngo ka drishy

harbal gulal

any parnparagat rasayanik rngon ki tulana men harbal gulal ne sabase zyada apana rng jama rakha hai. bazar men harbal samagriyon se banae ge sookhe rng upalabdh hain. tvacha par rasayanik rngon ke dushprabhav ko dekhate hue ath varsh poorv lakhanoo sthit 'rashtriy vanaspatik anusndhan kendr' ne aise harbal gulal ki zaroorat mahasoos ki thi. da. virendr lal kapoor ne holi ke lie vishesh roop se harbal gulal taiyar kiya tha. is gulal ki khasiyat hai ki ise n keval tvacha se asani se chhudaya ja sakata hai balki yah dushprabhavon se bhi koso door rakhata hai. 'en.bi.ar.aee. ke vaigyanik batate hai yah gulal, imali ke bij, bel, anar ke chhilake, yookeliptas ki chhal, amalatas ki phali ka gooda, pyaj ka oopari chhilka, chukndar aur haldi adi vanaspatik padarthon se rng taiyar karake unako ek nishchit anupat men gndhakon aur paudar ke sath milakar lal, pila, gulabi, hara, bhoora, nila ityadi rngon men harbal gulal taiyar kiya jata hai.

  • tihad jel ki mahila kaidiyon ne bhi gulab ke phool jaisi harbal samagriyon ki madad se rng gulal banae hain. tihad ki mahila kaidiyon ke sath pichhale pndrah salon se karyaratt divy jyoti jagriti snsthan (dijejees) ke pravakta vishalannd ne bataya ki is rng men ararot paudar, khane vale rng aur prakritik sugndh adi ka istemal kiya gaya hai aur inase tvacha ko koee nukasan nahin hota.
  • madhy pradesh ke van vibhag ka ‘snjivani’ vanaushadhi kendr ne holi ke tyohar ke liye iko phrendali rng taiyar kiye hain. ise vibhinn kism ke phoolon, vanaspatiyon aur ararot se taiyar kiya jata hai. tesoo ke phoolon tatha prakritik rng aur sugndh ke adbhut mel se bane vishesh harbal gulal lal, gulabi, pile, keshariya aur krim rng men upalabdh hai.
  • 'paryavaran mitr' harbal gulal ki yah rngabirngi saugat bhopal sthit laghu vanopaj prasnskaran evn anusndhan kendr barakheda pathani ne taiyar ki hai. yah kendr madhy pradesh rajy laghu vanopaj sahakari sngh dvara snchalit hai.
gulal
  • vindhy harbals shrinkhala ke antargat taiyar harbal gulal prachin parnparagat vaidik padyatiyon se banaya gaya hai jinhen tatkalin rajaparivaron dvara upayog kiya jata tha. harbal gulal ke zariye paramparik rajasi tarike se holi khelane ka annd ab am log bhi utha sakenge. yah rng pradooshan rahit hai sath hi arsenik, jasta, sisa, kaidamiyam, nikal tatha abhrak jaise hanikarak tatvon se mukt hai. in rngon ko chhudane men pani ka apavyay bhi nahin hoga jisase pani ki bachat bhi hogi. harbal gulal ki yah khasiyat hai ki sharir par inake upayog se koee viparit prabhav nahin hota hai.

prakritik rng / harbal gulal banane ki vidhi

holi rngon ka tyohar hai aur is mauke par ek-doosare ko rng-gulal se sarabor karana sabako achchha lagata hai, lekin kee bar jane-anajane men istemal kie ge kemikal yukt rng tvacha par viparit prabhav chhod jate hain. aise men holi ko surakshit banane ke lie phool-pattiyon aur ghareloo chizon ke istemal se banae harbal rngon v gulal se tyohar manaen. ham ghar par bilkul prakritik taur par gulal ke rng taiyar kar sakate hain. jo khoobasoorat lal-hara, nila-pila, kesariya-gulabi rng ka ho sakate hain. holi ke ye prakritik rng poori tarah sirf surakshit hi nahin balki chehare aur tvacha ke lie bhi labhadayak mane jate hain. tabhi to yadi holi khelate hue gulal ankhon men bhi chala bhi jae to ap aram se holi khelate rahie aur jab tyohar ka maza poora ho jae, tab aram se ghar jakar ankhen dho lijie.

lal gulal taiyar karane ki vidhi

  • pisa hua lal chndan jise raktachndan ya lal chndan bhi kaha jata hai, khoobasoorat lal rng ka srot hai. sath hi yah tvacha ke lie kafi fayademnd hota hai aur amataur par phes paik adi men bhi istemal kiya jata hai. yah sookha rng gulal ki tarah istemal kiya ja sakata hai tatha inamen sookhe lal gudahal ke phool ko pis kar mila sakate hain. isake alava gila lal rng banane ke liye char chammach lal chndan paudar ko panch litar pani men dalakar ubalen. ise 20 litar pani men milakar taiyar kiya ja sakata hai.
gulal
  • isake alava lal gulab ko sukhakar paudar bana len. isaki matra badhane ke lie ata milakar gulal ke roop men isaka istemal kar sakate hain.
  • chhaya men sukhae ge gudahal ya javakusum ke phoolon ke paudar se lal rng taiyar kiya ja sakata hai.
  • sindooriya ke eent se lal bijon ko bhi bataur rng ya gulal istemal kiya ja sakata hai.
  • lal anar ke chhilakon / danon ko pani men ubal kar bhi surkh lal rng banaya ja sakata hai.
  • adhe kap pani men do chammach haldi paudar ke sath chutaki bhar choona milaie. phir 10 litar pani ke ghol men ise achchhi tarah milaie aur apaka holi ka rng taiyar.
  • tamatar aur gajar ke ras ko bhi pani men mila kar rng taiyar kiya ja sakata hai.

prakritik roop se taiyar hara gulal

  • hara sookha rng banane ke lie mehndi ya hina paudar, bina anvala v ritha milae, prayog kar sakate hain tatha isamen besan ya ata bhi mila sakate hain. sookhi mehndi chehare par rng nahin chhodati hai aur ise brash se asani se jhad kar saf kiya ja sakata hai. agar mehndi paudar lagane ke bad chehara gila bhi ho jae, to bhi bahut halka rng chadhega. gila hara rng banane ke lie do litar pani men do chammach mehndi paudar dalakar achchhi tarah se ghol len, isamen dhaniya, palak, pudina adi ki pattiyon ka paudar milakar hara rng taiyar kar sakate hain, par is rng ke dag asani se nahin chhutate. yah digar bat hai ki yah rng balon ke lie bahut labhadayak (harbal kndishanar ka kam) hota hai.
  • gulamohar ke pattiyon ko achchhi tarah sukha kar pis len aur chamakadar prakritik hara gulal taiyar kiya ja sakata hai.
  • gehoon ki hari baliyon ko achchhi tarah pisakar gulal taiyar karen.
  • palak, dhaniya ya pudine ke pattiyon ko sukhakar pis len aur hare gulal ki tarah istemal sakate hain tatha pani men milakar gila rng taiyar kiya ja sakata hai.
gulal

gulabi / jamuni rng

ek kilo gram chukndar ko kaddookas karake ek litar pani men dalakar rat bhar chhod den. isase gadha jamuni rng taiyar ho jaega. phir rngin pani banane ke lie is ghol men pani milakar holi ka lutf uthaie.

pila / narngi rng

  • pila sookha rng banane ke liye do chammach haldi paudar ko panch chammach besan men milaen. haldi aur besan vaise bhi tvacha ke lie kafi gunakari hota hai aur amataur par nahane se pahale ise ubatan ki tarah istemal kiya jata hai.
  • isake alava gende ke phool ko sukhakar usake paudar se bhi pila rng taiyar kar sakate hain.
  • isake alava, ek chammach haldi paudar ko do litar pani men milakar thodi der ubalen ya pachas gende ke phool do litar pani men masalakar ubal len aur rat bhar chhod den. sntari rng taiyar ho jaega.

chatak kesariya gulal

  • parnparik taur par bharat men yah chatak kesariya gulal tesoo ke phoolon se banata hai, jise palash bhi kaha jata hai, holi ke khoobasoorat rngon ke parnparagat srot hain. tesoo ke phoolon ko pani men ubalakar rat bhar ke lie pani men bhigane ke lie chhod dijie, isase sntari rng taiyar ho jaega aur subah rng ka annd uthaie. is pani men aushadhiy gun hote hain. kaha jata hai ki bhagavan krishn bhi gopiyon ke sath tesoo ke phool se holi khelate the aur isaka istemal kee aushadhiyan banane men bhi hota hai.
  • chutaki bhar chndan paudar 1 litar pani men milane par 'kesariya rng' taiyar ho jata hai.
  • kesar ki pattiyon ko kuchh samay ke lie 2 chammach pani men bhigane ke lie chhod den. phir unhen pis len. apane ichchhanusar gadha rng pane ke lie dhire-dhire pani milaen, taki zyada pani se rng phika ya halka n ho jae. yah tvacha ke lie achchha to hota hi hai sath hi sath bahut mahnga bhi hota hai.
gulal

nila rng

  • nile rng ka gulal taiyar karane ke lie 'jakaranda ke phool' ko sukhakar paudar bana len.

kala rng

  • kale angoor ke joos ko pani men milaen ya haldi paudar ko thode se beking soda ke sath milakar katthee rng taiyar kiya ja sakata hai.
  • paryavaran ke prati snvedanashil kuchh snsthaon ne prakritik rngon ko paiketabnd kar ke bhi bechana shuroo kar diya hai. inhin men se ek snstha hai kalpavriksh jisake vishay men janana aur inase rng kharidana ek rochak anubhav ho sakata hai.

jaivik gulal

bahurashtriy knpani argenik indiya ne harbal gulal se ek qadam age badhate hue bazar men is jaivik gulal ko utara hai. yah gulal tulasi aur haldi ke vrikshon se banaya gaya hai. adikal se bharat men tulasi aur haldi ka aushadhi ke roop men istemal kiya jata raha hai. holi par bazar men rasayanik rngon ki bharamar rahati hai. ye rng hamari tvacha ke lie hanikarak hote hain. aise men jaivik gulal rasayanik rngon se bachane ke behatar vikalp hain. jaivik gulal banane ke lie jin aushadhiy paudhon ka istemal kiya gaya hai, unhen jaivik urvarakon ke jarie ugaya gaya hai. is vajah se tvacha par isaka koee dushprabhav nahin padata. argenik indiya ke ek visheshgy ne bataya ki jaivik gulal hare aur pile, do rngon men banae ge hain. hara gulal tulasi ki pattiyon se aur pila gulal haldi se banaya banaya gaya hai. jaivik gulal n sirf tvacha ke lie kndishanar ka kam karata hai, balki isake prayog se tvacha par dane bhi nahin nikalate. mahattvapoorn hai ki lakhanoo sthit bharatiy vish vigyan snsthan ne ek adhyayan men paya ki bazar men milane vale gulal men hanikarak kromiyam, nikil aur led jaise tatv maujood hain.


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