अभ्रक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

abhrak

abhrak ek bahupayogi khanij hai jo agney evn kayantarit chattanon men khandon ke roop men paya jata hai. abhrak ki tin mukhy kismen hain-

  1. shvet abhrak - yah roobi abhrak bhi kahalata hai. saphed dhariyon vala yah chakr abhrak uchch kism ka hota hai
  2. pit abhrak - ise phalogopait kahate hain
  3. shyam abhrak - ise bayotait kahate hain. bayotait abhrak ka rng halka gulabi hota hai.

utpadan

abhrak ke utpadan[1] men bharat ka vishv men pratham sthan hai. yahan se vishv men milane vali achchhi kism ka abhrak ka 60 pratishat se bhi adhik utpadan kiya jata hai aur bharat ke utpadan ka adhikansh bhag videshon ko niryat kar diya jata hai. abhrak ka pramukh ayask phimatait andhr pradesh, jharakhand, bihar aur rajasthan men paya jata hai. yooenephasi ke anusar bharat men abhrak ka kul anumanit bhndar 59,890 tan hai, jisamen 15 tan snrakshit varg men tatha shesh 59.875 tan snsadhan varg men hain. andhr pradesh men 67 pratishat snsadhan bhndar hai, isake bad bihar men 22 pratishat rajasthan men 8 pratishat tatha jharakhand me 3 pratishat hai. bharat ke jharakhand, bihar, andhr pradesh, rajasthan, keral, karnatak adi rajyon men abhrak nikala jata hai kintu jharakhand, andhr pradesh evn rajasthan hi kramashah isake sarvadhik mahattvapoorn utpadak rajy hain. jharakhand se bharat ke kul abhrak ka lagabhag 50 pratishat prapt hota hai aur yahan abhrak kshetr 4,160 varg kimi kshetr par phaila hua hai. yahan maskobait-bayotait kism ka abhrak hazaribag (kodarama), snthal paragana, sinhabhoomi v palamoo zilon men nikala jata hai.

prapti sthan

jharakhand ki abhrak peti 130 kimi lambi tatha 25 kimi chaudi hai. yahan abhrak nikalane ki lagabhag 600 khanen hain, jinaka adhikansh bhag kodarama ke jngali kshetron men hain. prasiddh khanen hain - kodarama, giridih, chakal, tisari, gavan, chatakari, singoor, domachanch, eesari, chakaee adi. isi prakar bihar ke gaya aur munger zilon se bhi abhrak nikale jate hain. andhr pradesh ki abhrak peti 96 kimi ki lambaee tatha 20 se 32 kimi ki chaudaee men vishakhapatanam, krishna, poorvi evn pashchimi godavari, khammam, anantapur tatha nellaur zilon men phaili hai. yahan sitaram, pallimata, telibadoo, kalicheh, rayapur adi pramukh kshetr hain. yahan ka abhrak kshetr 1,550 varg kimi men phaila hai. guntoor zile ki shahabad ki khan vishv men abhrak ki sabase gahari khan hai. rajasthan ki abhrak peti ka vistar uttar-poorv men jayapur se lekar dakshin-pashchim men udayapur tak 320 kimi ki lambaee evn 100 kimi ki chaudaee men paya jata hai. yahan sabase pramukh abhrak utpadak zila bhilavada hai jahan toonka, pratapapura, ghoras, banedi,lanbiya, shahapura, beliyan adi prasiddh abhrak khane sthit hain. isake atirikt ajamer, udayapur, tonk, alavar, bharatapur zilon men bhi kuchh abhrak nikala jata hai.

upayukt tin rajyon ke atirikt tamilanadu[2], keral[3], udisa[4], karnatak[5], madhy pradesh[6], pashchim bngal[7], hariyana[8] men bhi kuchh matra men 1807 tan abhrak ka utpadan hua hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. paratadar abhrak
  2. tiroonelavelli, koyambatoor, tiruchirapalli tatha maduree zile
  3. nayyoor, pannaloor, aleppi tatha kiklon zile
  4. snbalapur, koraput, katak tatha gnjam zile
  5. hasan tatha maisoor zile
  6. bastar
  7. bankuda tatha midanapur zile
  8. naranaul evn gudaganv zile

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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