गुरु अमरदास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

guru amaradas
guru amaradas
poora nam guru amaradas
janm 5 apral, 1479
janm bhoomi basaraka ganv, amritasar
mrityu 1 sitambar 1574
mrityu sthan amritasar, pnjab
abhibhavak pita- tej bhan bhalla ji aur mata- bakht kaur ji
pati/patni mnsa devi
karm bhoomi bharat
prasiddhi sikkhon ke tisare guru
vishesh yogadan chhoot-achhoot jaisi buraiyon ko door karane ke liye 'lngar parampara' chalaee.
nagarikata bharatiy
poorvadhikari guru angad dev
uttaradhikari guru ramadas
bahari kadiyan Sikhs.org

guru amaradas (angrezi: Guru Amardas, janm: 5 apral, 1479 basaraka ganv, amritasar - mrityu: 1 sitambar 1574, amritasar) sikkhon ke tisare guru the, jo 73 varsh ki umr men guru niyukh‍t hue. ve 26 march, 1552 se 1 sitambar, 1574 tak guru ke pad par asin rahe. guru amaradas pnjab ko 22 sikh‍kh pranton men bantane ki apani yojana tatha dharm pracharakon ko bahar bhejane ke lie prasiddh hue. vah apani buddhimath‍ta tatha dharmaparayanata ke lie bahut samh‍manit the. kaha jata tha ki mugal shnhashah akabar unase salah lete the aur unake jati-nirapeksh lngar men akabar ne bhojan grahan kiya tha. guru amaradas ke margadarshan men goindaval shahar sikh‍kh adhh‍yayan ka kendr bana.

parichay

guru amar das ji sikkh pnth ke ek mahanh pracharak the. jinhonne guru nanak ji maharaj ke jivan darshan ko v unake dvara sthapit dharmik vicharadhara ko age badhaya. tritiy nanak' guru amar das ji ka janm 5 aprail 1479 amritasar ke basaraka ganv men hua tha. unake pita tej bhan bhalla ji evn mata bakht kaur ji ek sanatani hindoo the. guru amar das ji ka vivah mata mnsa devi ji se hua tha. amaradas ki char sntanen thi.

samaj sudhar

guru amaradas ji ne sati pratha ka prabal virodh kiya. unhonne vidhava vivah ko badhava diya aur mahilaon ko parda pratha tyagane ke lie kaha. unhonne janm, mrityu evn vivah utsavon ke lie samajik roop se prasangik jivan darshan ko samaj ke samaksh rakha. is prakar unhonne samajik dharatal par ek rashtravadi v adhyatmik andolan ki chhap chhodi.[1] unh‍honne sikkh dharm ko hindoo kuritiyon se mukh‍t kiya, antarjatiy vivahon ko badhava diya aur vidhavaon ke punarvivah ki anumati di. unh‍honne hindoo sati pratha ka ghor virodh kiya aur apane anuyayiyon ke lie is pratha ko manana nishiddh kar diya.

lngar parampara ki ninv

guru amaradas ne samaj men phaile andhavishvas aur karmakandon men phnse samaj ko sahi disha dikhane ka prayas kiya. unhonne logon ko behad hi saral bhasha men samajhaya ki sabhi insan ek doosare ke bhaee hain, sabhi ek hi eeshvar ki sntan hain, phir eeshvar apani sntanon men bhed kaise kar sakata hai. aisa nahin ki unhonne yah baten sirph upadeshatmak rup men kahi hon, unhonne in upadeshon ko apane jivan men amal men lakar svayn ek adarsh banakar samajik sadbhav ki misal qayam ki. chhoot-achhoot jaisi buraiyon ko door karane ke liye lngar parampara chalaee, jahan kathit achhoot log, jinake samipy se log bachane ki koshish karate the, unhin uchch jati valon ke sath ek pnkti men baithakar bhojan karate the. guru nanak dvara shuroo ki gee yah lngar parampara aj bhi qayam hai. lngar men bina kisi bhedabhav ke sngat seva karati hai. guru ji ne jatigat bhedabhav ko door karane ke liye ek parampara shuroo ki, jahan sabhi jati ke log milakar prabhu aradhana karate the. apani yatra ke dauran unhonne har us vyakti ka atithy svikar kiya, jo bhi unaka prem poorvak svagat karata tha. tatkalin samajik parivesh men guru ji ne apane krantikari qadamon se ek aise bhaeechare ki ninv rakhi, jisake liye dharm tatha jati ka bhedabhav bemani tha.

gurupad

guru amaradas arnbh men vaishnav mat ke the aur kheti tatha vyapar se apani jivika chalate the. ek bar inhen guru nanak ka pad sunane ko mila. usase prabhavit hokar amaradas sikkhon ke doosare guru angad ke pas ge aur unake shishy ban ge. guru angad ne 1552 men apane antim samay men inhen gurupad pradan kiya. us samay amaradas ki umr 73 varsh ki thi. parntu agnd ke putr datoo ne inaka apaman kiya.

rachana

amaradas ke kuchh pad guru grnth sahab men sngrahit hain. inaki ek prasiddh rachana 'annd' hai, jo utsavon men gaee jati hai. inhin ke adesh par chauthe guru ramadas ne amritasar ke nikat 'sntoshasar' nam ka talab khudavaya tha, jo ab guru amaradas ke nam par amritasar ke nam se prasiddh hai.

nidhan

guru amaradas ka nidhan 1 sitambar, 1574 ko amritasar men hua tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

sharma, liladhar bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharat diskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, dilli, prishth 233.

  1. guru amar das ji (hindi) sngat snsar. abhigaman tithi: 17 navambar, 2011.

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