गुरु अंगद देव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

guru angad dev
guru angad dev
poora nam guru angad dev
any nam lahina ji (mool nam)
janm 31 march, 1504
janm bhoomi harike ganv, phirojapur, pnjab
mrityu 28 march, 1552
mrityu sthan amritasar
abhibhavak pheroo ji aur ramo ji
pati/patni khivi ji
sntan do putr- dasoo ji evn datoo ji aur do putriyan- amaro ji evn anokhi ji
guru guru nanak
karm bhoomi bharat
bhasha pnjabi
puraskar-upadhi sikkhon ke doosare guru
vishesh yogadan gurumukhi ki svatantr lipi di aur guru nanak dev ki jivani likhi.
nagarikata bharatiy
poorvadhikari guru nanak
uttaradhikari guru amaradas

guru angad dev (angrezi: Guru Angad Dev, janm- 31 march, 1504 ; mrityu- 28 march, 1552) sikkhon ke doosare guru the. ve guru nanak ke bad sikkhon ke doosare guru the. is pad par ve 7 sitambar, 1539 se 28 march, 1552 tak rahe. guru angad dev maharaj ji ka srijanatmak vyaktitv tha. unamen aisi adhyatmik kriyashilata thi, jisase pahale ve ek sachche sikh aur phir ek mahanh guru banen. guru angad dev 'lahina ji' bhi kahalate hain. ye pnjabi lipi gurumukhi ke janmadata hain, jisamen sikkhon ki pavitr pustak adigrnth ke kee hisse likhe ge. eeshvariy gunon se bharapoor mahanh aur prabhavashali vyaktitv ke svami the guru angad dev. inake vishay men sahar namak ek vidvanh ne likha hai -

amia drisati subh karai, harai adh pap sakal mal..

kam krodh aroo lobh moh, vasi karai sabhai bali..
sada sukhu mani vasai, dukhu snsarah khauvai..
guru nav nidhi dariau, janam ham kalakh dhauve..
su kahu tal guru seviaai, ahinisi sahaji subhae..

darasani parasiaai guru kai, janam maran dukhu jae..[1]

arthath guru dev jis manushy ke oopar amritamayi drishti dalate usake sab pap aur vikar door ho jate. guru angad dev ke hriday men men hamesha sukh hi basata tha. vah janm janmantaron ki kalikh dho dete the.

jivan parichay

guru angad sahib ji ka janm harike namak ganv men, jo ki phirojapur, pnjab men ata hai, vaisakh vadi 1, (pnchamh‌ vaisakh) samvat 1561 (31 march, sanh 1504) ko hua tha. guruji ek vyapari shri pheroo ji ke putr the. unaki mata ji ka nam mata ramo ji tha. baba narayan das trehan unake dada ji the, jinaka paitrik nivas matte-di-saray, jo mukhtasar ke samip hai, men tha. pheroo ji bad men isi sthan par akar nivas karane lage.

vivah

guru angad sahib ji ki shadi khadoor nivasi shri devi chnd kshatri ki saputri khivi ji ke sath 16 maghar snvat 1576 men huee. khivi ji ki kokh se do sahibajade dasoo ji v datoo ji aur do suputriyan amaro ji v anokhi ji ne janm liya.[2]

guru darshan

bhaee jodha sinh khadoor nivasi se lahina ji ko guru darshan ki prerana mili. jab ap sngat ke sath karatarapur ke pas se gujarane lage tab ap darshan karane ke lie guru ji ke dere men a ge. guru ji ke poochhane par ap ne bataya, "main khadoor sngat ke sath milakar vaishno devi ke darshan karane ja raha hoon. apaki mahima sunakar darshan karane ki ichchha paida huee. kripa karake ap mujhe upadesh do jisase mera jivan saphal ho jaye." guru ji ne kaha, "bhaee lahina tujhe prabhu ne varadan diya hai, tumane lena hai aur hamane dena hai. akal purakh ki bhakti kiya karo. yah devi devate sab usake hi banaye hue hain."

lahina ji ne apane sathiyon se kaha ap devi ke darshan kar ao, mujhe moksh dene vale poorn purush mil ge hain. guru angad sahib kuchh samay guru ji ki vahin seva karate rahe aur nam dan ka upadesh lekar vapis khadoor apani dukan par a gaye parantu inaka dhyan sada karatarapur guru ji ke charanon men hi rahata. kuchh dinon ke bad ye apani dukan se namak ki gathari hath men uthaye karatarapur a ge. us samay guru ji dhan men se nadin nikalava rahe the. guru ji ne nadin ki gathari ko gaye bhainson ke lie ghar le jane ke lie kaha. lahina ji ne shighrata se bhigi gathadi ko sir par utha liya aur ghar le aye. guru ji ke ghar ane par mata sulakhani ji guru ji ko kahane lagi jis sikh ko apane pani se bhigi gathadi ke sath bheja tha usake sare kapade kichad se bhig ge hain. apane usase yah gathadi nahin uthavani thi.

guru ji ne hns kar kaha, "yah kichad nahin jisase usake kapade bhige hain, balki kesar hai. yah gathadi ko aur koee nahin utha sakata tha. atah usane utha li hai." shri lahina ji guru ji ki seva men hamesha hajir rahate v apana dhayan guru ji ke charanon men hi lagaye rakhate.[2]

guru nanak ke uttaradhikari

guru nanak dev ne apane donon putron ko chhodakar unhen apana uttaradhikari niyukt kiya tha. unaki vani men jivon par daya, ahnkar ka tyag, manushy matr se prem, roti ki chinta chhodakar paramatma ki sudh lene ki bat kahi gayi hai. guru angad dev guru nanak dev ki un sat parikshaon men saphal rahe the, jinamen guru nanak ke putr aur any davedar nakam ho ge the. guru nanak dev ne unaki pahali pariksha kichad ke dher se lathapath ghas phoos ki gathari apane sir par rakhava kar li. doosari pariksha unaki tab huee jab guru nanak dev ne unhen dharmashala se uthakar mari huee chuhiya bahar phenkane ko kaha. us samay yah kam shoodron ka mana jata tha. tisari pariksha unaki tab huee jab maile ke ther men se katora nikalane ko kaha. unake donon putr is kary ko karane ke lie taiyar nahin hue.


isi tarah guru nanak ne lahana ko sardi ke mausam men madhy ratri ko dharmashala ki tooti divar banane ki hukm diya to vah tatkal taiyar ho gaye. thande mausam, rimajhim barasat aur tej hava ke bavajood unhonne rat ko hi divar khadi kar di. usi prakar guru nanak dev ne ek bar unhen ratri ko kapade dhone ka hukm diya to bhi bhaee lahana saharsh aisa karane ko taiyar ho gaye. sardi ke mausam men ravi nadi ke kinare ja kar unhonne adhi rat ko hi kapade dho dale.


ek bar guru ji ne unase poochha ki kitani rat bit chuki hai, to bhaee lahana ne uttar diya- parameshvar ki jitani rat vyatit honi thi ho gayi aur aur jitani baki rahani chahiye utani hi bachi hai. is uttar ko sun kar guru nanak dev samajh gaye ki unaki adhyatmik avastha charam sima par pahunch chuki hai. isi tarah ek bar guru ji unhen lekar shamashan par gaye. vahan ek kapade men lipata hua murda pada hua tha. guru nanak ji ne bhaee lahana se kaha ki tumhen use khana hai to bhaee lahana saharsh taiyar ho gaye. guru nanak dev ne unhe apane gale se laga kar kaha- ab tere aur mere men koee antar nahin raha. aj se tum ang hue mere angad. tabhi se unaka nam angad dev ho gaya jo sikh pnth ke doosare guru kahalaye.[1]

sikh pnth ki gaddi

lagabhag 7 varsh tak vah guru nanak dev ke sath rahe aur unake bad unhonne sikh pnth ki gaddi sabhali. ve is gaddi par sitambar 1539 se march 1552 tak asin rahe. unhonne khadoor sahib ko dharm prachar ka kendr banaya, nanak dev ki vani ki lekhan kiya. jati-pati ke bhed se hat kar lngar pratha chalaee, mallon ke akhade khole, humayoon ka ahnkar toda, pnjabi bhasha ka prachar shuroo kiya, gurumukhi ki svatantr lipi di, guru nanak dev ki jivani likhi aur baba amar das ko gaddi de kar apane sansarik uttaradayitvon se mukt ho gaye. bad men baba amar das ne guru angad dev ki vani ko bhi grnth sahab ke lie lipibaddh kiya.[1]

snkshipt parichay

  • sikkhon ke doosare guru the jo lahina ji (lahana) bhi kahalate hain.
  • guru angad dev ka janm harike namak ganv (pnjab) men vaisakh vadi 1, samvat 1561 (31 march, sanh 1504) ko hua tha.
  • ek hinndoo devi ke mandir ki tirthayatra ke dauran angad ki bhent sikkh dharm ke snsthapak guru nanak se huee aur unhonne unaka shishy banane ka phaisala kiya.
  • inako guru nanak ne hi is pad ke lie manonit kiya tha.
  • 1539 men vah guru ke pad par asin hue aur unhonne shastriy bhasha snskrit ki jagah yuvaon ko kshetriy bhasha pnjabi men shiksha dene ke lie vidyalayon ki sthapana ki.
  • guru nanak angad dev ko apane shishyon men sabase adhik manate the aur apane donon putron ko chhodakar unhonne angad ko hi apana uttaradhikari chuna tha.
  • guru angad shreshth charitravan vyakti aur sikkhon ke uchchakoti ke neta the, jinhonne anuyayiyon ka 14 varsh (1538-52 ee.) tak netritv kiya.
  • sharirik shiksha men unaka dridh vishvas tha aur svasth sharir tatha svasth mastishk ke adarsh par zor dete the.
  • guru angad ne sikkhon ke ek mahattvapoorn snsthan 'guru ka lngar' ko protsahan diya, jisase sahabhojita ko bal mila aur unamen parnparik hindoo jati-pratha toot gee.
  • guru angad dev 28 march 1552 ko is duniya se prayan kar ge.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 adhyatmik utkarsh ne "lahana" ko guru angad dev bana diya (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb varta. abhigaman tithi: 23 march, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 shri guru angad dev ji jivan - parichay (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) adhyatmik jagath. abhigaman tithi: 23 march, 2013.

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