दशम ग्रंथ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dasham grnth
dasham grnth
lekhak guru govind sinh
prakashak bhuvan vani trast
prakashan tithi 2002
ISBN 81-7951-005-0
desh bharat
prishth: 778
bhasha brajabhasha, hindi, farasi aur pnjabi
prakar granth
mukhaprishth rachana sajild

dasham grnth sikkh dharm ke anuyayiyon ka dharmik grnth hai. isaki rachana guru govind sinh dvara ki gee thi. yah poorn roop men dasaven padashah ka grnth hain.

yah grnth pnjabi men 10ven 'shahnshah' yani 'adhyatmik neta' ki pustak hai. dasam grnth sikkhon ke 10ven adhyatmik neta guru govind sinh ki kritiyon ka snkalan hai. yah prasiddh grnth brajabhasha, hindi, farasi aur pnjabi men likhe bhajanon, darshanik lekhon, hindoo kathaon, jivaniyon aur kahaniyon ka snkalap hai. vidvan is samooche lekhan ki pramanikata ko svikar nahin karate aur manate hain ki yah guru govind sinh ki rachanaon ke atirikt unake samakalin any kaviyon ki rachanaon ko ekatrit karake banaya gaya hai. halanki kuchh padon ka prayog sikkh pooja aur anushthanon men kiya jata hai.

dasam grnth ko sikh dharm ke “dasaven badashah ka grnth” kahakar bhi pukarate hain. is grnth men sikhon ke dasaven guroo gobind sinh ji ke shabdon (guru vachanon) ko sngrahit kiya gaya hai. guroo gobind sinh ji ke shabdon ko guroo grnth sahib men snkalit na karake alag se is grnth men snkalit kiya gaya hai. vir ras se bhari is pustak ko khalasa pnth ke vishay men janakari pane ka sarvottam strot mana jata hai.

dasam grnth ki bhoomika

jap sahib, benti chaupaee jaisi dasam grnth ki rachanaen sikhon ke nitanem yani unaki rojana ki prarthanaon men shamil hain. rojana hone vale aradas ka shurooati bhag bhi dasam grnth ke bhitar ki hi ek rachana hai. is grnth men khalasa pnth ki rachana ki bhoomika bhi shamil hai. yah pustak khalasa pnth ki visheshataon ka varnan karati hai.

dasam grnth ka snkalan

kaha jata hai ki bhaee mani sinh jo ki dasaven guroo ke sathi aur shishy bhi the, inhonne doosare khalasa bhaeeyon ki madad se guru ke shabdon ko dasam grnth men sngrahit kiya. yah shabd ya guru vachan pustikaon, lekh aur prarthanaon ke roop men logon ke bich men maujood thin. is grnth ko snkalit karane men bhaee mani sinh ko lagabhag nau varsh lag ge the.[1]

dasam grnth ke prishth

dasam grnth men kul 1428 prishth hain aur isamen guroo gobind sinh ji ke shabd, jap sahib, akal ustat, vichitr natak, chndi charitr ke do path, brahm avatar, roodr avatar, chndi ka var, gyan parabodh, chaubis avatar, shabd hajare, khalasa mahima, shastar nam mala, zapharanama, hikarat adi ke path hain. dasam grnth bharatiy snskriti ke samekit gahan adhyayan evn anushilan karane karavane vali anupam kriti mana jata hai.

  1. japu - 199 padon vali yah rachana das prakar ke vibhinn chhndon men rachi gee hai. is rachana men paramatma ke vibhinn namon ka byora prastut kiya gaya hai. sabase bada saphal prayog, jo is rachana men kiya gaya hai. vah snskrit shabdavali ko arabi-pharasi ki shabdavali ke sath-sath snyukt roop se rakha hai.
  2. akal usatati- 271½ padon ki yah rachana adhikatar varnik chhnd, savaiya aur kavitt men likhi gee hai. yah paramatma ke namon ke jap se agala kadam hai. isamen jagah-jagah par ekantavas karane valon, maun rahane valon, vrat rakhane valon aur sharir ko anekon prakar se kasht dene valon se vibhinn prakar ke jiv jntuon ki tulana karate hue dhongon aur pankhadon ki bhatrsana ki gee hai. yah bataya gaya hai ki prem ke madhyam se paramatma ko prapt kiya ja sakata hai.[2]
  1. bachitr natak- is grnth men mool roop se chaudah adhyay hain aur in adhyayon men guru gobind sinh ji ne svajivan vritant likha hai. braj bhasha men likhi gee yah pahali atmakatha hai, jisamen guru gobind sinh ji ne jivan ke pahale 25-26 varshon ka vivaran diya hai aur bataya hai ki kaise unake jine ka uddeshy pahale nau guru sahiban ke sath poorn roop se ek taratamy men juda hua hai.
  2. chndi charitr - markandey puran par adharit durga ki katha ka anuvad do bar brajabhasha men aur ek bar theth pnjabi men ‘var shri bhaguti ji’ ke shirshak ke antargat kiya gaya hai.
  3. gian prabodh - is rachana ke madhyam se bharatiy darshan ke char purusharthon ka varnan kiya hai. prastut rachana men keval dan dharm ki bat kahi gee hai. is rachana ke upalabdh 336 pad dasam grnth men sngrihit hai.
  4. chubis autar- yah ek aisi rachana hai, jisamen vishnu ke chaubis avatar brahma ke avatar, shiv ke avatar, durga adi ka ek sthan par varnan kiya gaya hai. krishn avatar ke kavitt savaiya chhndon men 2492 pad hain. ramavatar men sampoorn ramayan ki katha 864 padon men kahi gee hai.
  5. taintis savaiye- ‘taintis savaiye’ eeshvar bhakti evn vyaktigat acharan ko samarpit hain aur pahale hi savaiye men yah bataya gaya hai ki sikkh athava khalasa kaun hai.
  6. khalasa mahima- khalasa mahima ke tin savaiye hain jinamen jat, kahar, naee, dhobi adi se khalasa bane sikkhon ke prati guru ji ka apana samarpan bhav hai aur ve apani yuddhakala, apani vidya evn apane badappan ka sara shrey khalasa ko hi dete hain.
  7. sasatr mala- is rachana men shri guru gobind sinh ji shastron ko hi, sarvatishayi paramatma ka roop manate hain aur 1318 padon men kripan, chakr, tir, pash evn bndook ke vibhinn namon ke varnan drishtakoot shaili men karate hain. sainik drishti ye ek upayogi rachana hai.
  8. charitropakhyan- isase agali rachana hai, jise shuddh upayogitavad ko dhyan men rakhakar likha gaya hai. is rachana ke 405 bhagon men pnchatntr katha sarit sagar athava lokayan men prachalit kahaniyon ko adhar banakar likhi gee alag-alag rachanaen hain.
  9. japharanamah- dasam grnth ki antim rachana hai jise shri guru gobind sinh ji ne vijay patr ke roop aurngajeb ko likha hai. anndapur ko 1706 men chhodane aur ‘din kangad’ namak sthan par pahunchane par guru ji ne yah patr aurngajeb ko pharasi men likha tha. is patr men guru ji ne samrat ko kukrityon ke lie phatakara hai.

inhen bhi dekhen: sikkh, sikkh dharm, guru nanak evn zafaranama


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dasam grnth (hindi) es. ke. shiksha. abhigaman tithi: 26 julaee, 2017.
  2. dasham grnth kriti shri guru gobind sinh ji (hindi) bhaskar daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 26 julaee, 2017.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah