मदुरै  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

madurai
Meenakshi-Temple-Madurai.jpg
vivaran madurai ya maduree ya madura nagar tamilanadu ke dakshin men vaigoee nadi ke dahine kinare par sthit hai.
rajy tamilanadu
zila maduree
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 9°48′, poorv- 78°06
marg sthiti madurai mahabalipuram se lagabhag 436 kimi, kanchipuram se lagabhag 423 kimi, chennee se lagabhag 466 kimi ki doori par sthit hai.
prasiddhi madurai prachin kal se hi sundar sooti vastron tatha motiyon ke lie prasiddh raha hai.
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi
havaee adda madurai havaee adde
relave steshan madurai jnkshan relave steshan
bas adda madurai intigreted bas tarminas
yatayat saikil-riksha, aauto-riksha, taiksi, siti bas
kya dekhen minakshi mandir, rameshvar, gandhi sngrahalay, ajagar koil
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
es.ti.di. kod 0452
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
bhasha tamil, telugoo, hindi, angreji
any janakari madurai nagar ka doosara nam 'kadamb van' tha. chini paryatak yuvanachvang ne is nagar ka ullekh 'malakoot' nam se kiya hai.
adyatan‎

madurai ya maduree ya madura nagar tamilanadu ke dakshin men vaigoee nadi ke dahine kinare par sthit hai. yah dakshin bharat ka ek bahut prachin nagar hai, jo eesvi sanh ki pratham shatabdi men pandy rajaon ki rajadhani tha. venis yatri markopolo pandy rajy men 1288 ee. men aya tha, aur usane is bhoomi ki sampannata tatha usake vyapar ki samriddhi ka vivaran vistar se diya hai.

itihas

sngamayugin mahakavy shilappadikaram men madura ka ek susajjit nagar ke roop men varnan kiya gaya hai. madura nagar ka doosara nam 'kadamb van' tha. chini paryatak yuvanachvang ne is nagar ka ullekh 'malakoot' nam se kiya hai. yah kanjivaram se 3,006 li arthath 750 kilomitar door tha. tisari shatabdi eesvi men pandy desh men adhunik madurai, ramanad, tinnevelli tatha travanakor rajy ka dakshini bhag ata tha. maigasthanij ne pandy raja ka ullekh kiya hai. yah bat vishesh dhyan dene yogy hai ki pandy desh ke logon ke abhooshan samudri motiyon ke bane hote the. madura ke pandy shasak chhathi shatabdi ke bad agami tin sau varshon tak badami ke chaluky aur kanchi ke pallavon se sngharsh karate rahe. terahavin sadi tak tamil desh men cholon ko parast karake pandyon ne ek sashakt shakti ke roop men apana sthan bana liya tha. mabar ka soobedar ahasanashah jalaluddin ne madurai men apana svatntr musalamani rajy sthapit kiya.

malik kafoor ka akraman

alauddin khilaji ke samay malik kafoor ne pandyon ki rajadhani madurai par 1311 ee. men akraman kar diya. kafoor ne madura ke anek mandiron ko nasht kiya aur sampatti ko loota. loot men yahan se 512 hathi, 5,000 ghode tatha 500 man hire, moti, panna, maniky ratn loot le gaya. kalantar men vijayanagar samrajy ne 1370 ee. men madura par vijay prapt ki. vijayanagar ka patan hone par madura nayak vnsh ki rajadhani bani. prachin tamil sahity men madura ka vishadh varnan milata hai.

nagar snrachana

yah nagar devalay, prashast rajamargon, sabha-bhavanon mandiron tath sarovaron se yukt ek akarshak nagar tha. yahan ke bhavan vastushastriy paddhati par nirmit kiye gaye the. yahan do bazar lagate the. ek din men aur doosara ratri men. rajaprasad ke charon or amatyon, mahattvapoorn padadhikariyon, purohiton tatha dhanikon ke ghar bane hue the. nagar ke pradhan rajamargon par svachchhata ki paryapt vyavastha thi. nagar ke bahar veshyaen rahati thin. ek vidvanh ne madura ki nagar snrachana par tippani karate hue likha hai ki 'sadiyon ke nagar-nirman sambandhi anubhav ke adhar par nirmit aur siddhantakaron ke grnthon men suspashtatah pratipadit prachin bharatiy nagar ke nidarsh ham ayodhya, kaveripattanam aur madura jaise vastutah vidyaman nagaron ke un kalatmak binbon men sakar hua pate hain, jinaka ankan ramayan aur shilappadikaram men pate hain.'

prasiddhi

madurai prachin kal se hi sundar sooti vastron tatha motiyon ke lie prasiddh raha hai. kautily tatha taaulami ne madura ke vastron ki prashnsa ki hai. is nagar men anek bhavy mandir hain, jinamen minakshi mandir ullekhaniy hain. madurai ka gandhi sngrahalay bhi bahut prasiddh hai. is sngrahalay ka udghatan 15 aprail, 1959 men poorv pradhanamntri pndit javaharalal neharoo dvara karavaya gaya tha. gandhi ji ki kitabon aur patron ke alava dakshin bharatiy gramodyogon evn hastashilp ke sundar sngrah ko is sngrahalay men dekha ja sakata hai.

vastu rachana

minakshi mandir madura naresh tirumallaee nayak (1570 - 1642 ee.) tatha usake vnshajon ne banavaya tha. yah dohara mandir hai. isase ek sundareshvar ko tatha doosara usaki patni minakshi ko samarpit hai. oonchi divar se ghiri 850 phut lambi tatha 725 phut chaudi mukhy bhoomi men ye donon mandir vistarit hain. ghere ke char kinaron men se pratyek men madhy bhag ki or ek-ek gopur hai. mandir ka mukhy pravesh dvar poorv ki or hai. jo 200 phut lambe aur 100 phut chaude dhake hue stambh yukt marg se juda hai. antim, ghere ke bhitar tin khandon men mukhy mandir hai. bhitari kaksh ke oopar ek shikhar hai, jisaki chauras chhat is tarah age nikali huee ki mandir ke dakshin bhag men anulagn minakshi ka devalay hai, jo mukhy mandir ka laghu roop hai. minakshi mandir ke samane hi svarn kamal sarovar hai. bhavy sthapaty tatha sookshm shilp ke darshan hamen madura mandir men ek sath milate hain.

bhasha

madurai aur isake asapas ke kshetron men jo bhashaen boli jati hain, unamen mukhy hain-tamil bhasha, malayalam bhasha, kannad bhasha, hindi v urdoo.

janasnkhya

bharat ki janaganana 2001 ke anusar, yahan ki janasnkhya nagar nigam kshetr 9,22,931 tatha zile ki kul janasnkhya 25,62,279 hai.


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