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गगनेन्द्रनाथ टैगोर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gaganendranath taigor
gaganendranath taigor
poora nam gaganendranath taigor
janm 17 sitambar, 1867
janm bhoomi kalakatta, pashchim bngal
mrityu 1938
abhibhavak pita- gunedranath taigor
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr chitrakala
prasiddhi vyngy chitrakar (kartoonist)
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh rabindranath thakur, avanindranath thakur
any janakari pnjab ke jaliyanvala bag kand par adharit gaganendranath ki kartoon 'pis ristord in pnjab' ek kartoon kalakar ka atuly sahas tha aur samaj par ho rahe atyachar ko baradasht n karane ke bhav ne isane samakalin darshakon par chhap chhod diya.

gaganendranath taigor (angrezi: Gaganendranath Tagore, janm- 17 sitambar, 1867, kalakatta, pashchim bngal; mrityu- 1938) prasiddh bharatiy vyngy chitrakar (kartoonist) the. ve avanindranath taigor ke bade bhaee aur ravindranath taigor ke bhatije the. gaganendranath taigor aur unake bhaee avanindranath bharat ke adhunik kalakaron men agrani the. unhonne bharatiy chitrakala ki mahaphil men videshi rng bharakar use ghar-ghar men parichit karavaya. gaganendranath bharatiy kartoon jagath ke agradooton men ek the. chitrakari men to unhonne maharath hasil ki hi thi, vahin kartoon banane men bhi unake mukabale koee nahin tha. 1915 se lekar 1922 tak gaganendranath ke savashreshth kartoonon ka nidarshan poori duniya ko dekhane ko mila. unake kartoonon men us samay ki vidnbanaon ka atyadhik chitr ankit tha.

parichay

gaganendranath taigor ka janm 17 sitambar san 1867 ko britishakalin bharat men kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) men jorasanko (taigor avas) ke thakur parivar men hua tha. is parivar ki srijanashilata ne poore bngal ki snskriti ko naya roop diya. gaganendranath taigor ke pita gunedranath taigor yuvaraj dvarikanath taigor ke pote the. bngal ki pragati v vikas men dvarika ki aham bhumika rahi. dekha jae to gaganendranath ne kisi prakar ki skooli shiksha nahin li thi aur n hi unhonne kisi guni-gyani jaisi padhaee ki, lekin jalachhavikar harinarayan bndopadhyay se unhen prashikshan mila. isake bad ve kala men paripakv hote ge.[1]

'indiyan sosaiti aauf oriyntal art' ki sthapana

san 1907 men apane bhaee avanindranath ke sath mil kar gaganendranath taigor ne 'indiyan sosaiti aauf oriyntal art' ki sthapana ki. isake bad unaki ek patrika 'roopam' prakashit huee, jo logon ko achchhi lagi. 1906 se 1910 ke bich gaganendranath taigor ne japani brash takanik v apane kam men sudoor poorvi kala ke prabhav ka adhyayan kiya. kuchh sikhane ki jigyasa ne unhen vishesh gyan dilaya. vishv kavi ravindranath taigor ki jivani 'jivanasmriti' se unake kuchh kar dikhane ki jid v sikhane ki chah ne unhen shikhar par pahuncha diya. isake bad gaganendranath taigor ne apani disha badal li aur vyngyatmak snsar ki or kadam badha diya.

vyngy chitr shrinkhala

1917 men 'madarm rivyoo' men gaganendranath taigor ke kuchh vyng chitr prakashit hue. yah unaki jindagi men ek naya mod tha. us samay unake vyngy chitr kuchh pustakon ki shrinkhala men dikhaee die, jaise- 'ple aauf', 'rilm aauf d ebsard end ripharm sims'. 1915 se lekar 1922 tak gaganendranath ke savashreshth kartoonon ka nidarshan poori duniya ko dekhane ko mila. unake kartoonon men us samay ki vidnbanaon ka atyadhik chitr ankit tha. pnjab ke dardanak jaliyanvala bag ke kand par adharit unaki kartoon 'pis ristord in pnjab' (pnjab men aman ki vapasi) ek kartoon kalakar ka atuly sahas tha aur samaj par ho rahe atyachar ko baradasht n karane ke bhav ne isane samakalin darshakon par chhap chhod diya. gaganendranath taigor ki kartoon sirij 'di strim' mil ka patthar hai.[1]

hasy bhavana aur upahas

duniya bhar men unake kala abhyason ke aiksepojar se penting ke asal andaj ka srijan hua. ek taraph to gaganendranath taigor japani vash takanik se prerit the aur doosari or yooropiy kala abhyason ke ayam chitravad, bhavishyavadi aur abhivyaktivad se prerit the. apane drishtikon ke sarvottam bhavon ke grahan karane ke bavajood unaki drishti aur takanik bahut vyaktigat thi. gaganendranath ki gajab ki hasy bhavana aur upahas ko kuchh mahatvapoorn vyngy chitron men abhivyakti mili, jinaka prathamik uddeshy upaniveshiy shasan ke prabhav men samajik aur naitik moolyon ke kshay par tippani karana tha. unake upahas ne hippokresiz aur samaj ke bhitar virodh ki taraph bhi ishara kiya. jorasanko (taigor avas) thiyetar ki sthapana ka shrey bhi unako hi jata hai. ve dijaeening mnch sthapana evn vibhinn natakon ke lie veshabhoosha ko dijain karane men sakriy roop se snlagn rahe. unake pramukh art varks men is thiyetar ka ullekhaniy prabhav jhalakata hai.[2]

chitrakala adhyay

parth mittar gaganendranath taigor ke bare men kahate hain- "pashchim ke prabhav se lupt bngala snskriti sabhi ke vyngy ka mukhy vishay thi. to bhala gaganendranath isase kaise pichhe hatate. unaki asadharan chitrakalaon ko 1917 ke bad tin adhyay men snjoya gaya. ve hain-

  1. viroop bajr (ple aauf apojit)
  2. nav hullod (ripharm sims)
  3. adbhut lok (rilm aauf evasard)


isake alava unhonne kuchh rajanitik vyngy chitr bhi banae, halanki unaki samajik vyngy men itani sachchaee hoti thi ki vyngy ke tiron se koee bhi anyayi-atyachari ghayal ho jata tha. ve samaj ki sadi-gali ritiyon ka vyngyatmak tarike se varnan karate the. unamen pashchaty sajyata ki jhalak dikhaee padati thi. 1920 se 1925 ke bich unhonne adhunikatavadi chitrakala snsar men naye prayog kie. isalie parth mittar kahate hain ki 1940 ke dashak se pahale ve akele bharatiy chitrakar the, jinhonne bhasha ka istemal bade hi rochak dhng se kiya. unake kartoon ke sath shabdon ki yugalabndi nasoor ka kam karati thi. kitab: 'natyashala' ke sath unaka rishta bahut hi gahara evn behad atoot tha. bachchon ke lie unake man men apar sneh v shraddha thi.unhonne bachchon ke lie 'vondar bahadur' namak pustak ki rachana bhi kar dali.

mrityu

gaganendranath taigor ka nidhan 1938 men hua. ve pakshaghat ke shikar hue the. unake chitron aur rekhachitron men ab bhi unaki smriti aur samaj se samajik gndagi door karane ki lalak saph-saph dikhaee padati hai. unaki mrityu ke kee sal bit jane ke bavajood aj bhi ve pramanik prayogavadi chitrakar mane jate hain. bharatiy dak aur teligraph vibhag ne unaki 101vin jaynti par ek smarak dak tikat jari kiya tha.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 prakhyat bharatiy vyngy chitrakar gaganendranath taigor (hindi) deshbandhu.co.in. abhigaman tithi: 24 faravari, 2017.
  2. shokes -gaganendranath taigor (hindi) ngmaindia.gov.in. abhigaman tithi: 24 faravari, 2017.

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