जामिनी रॉय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jamini raauy
jamini raauy
poora nam jamini raauy
janm 11 aprail, 1887
janm bhoomi beliyator, bankuda zila, pashchim bngal
mrityu 24 aprail, 1972
mrityu sthan kolakata
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr chitrakari
vidyalay 'gavarnament skool aauf arts', kolakata
puraskar-upadhi 'vayasaraauy ka svarn padak' (1935), 'padm bhooshan' (1955)
prasiddhi chitrakar
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh amrita sheragil, raja ravi varma, nndalal bos, maqabool fida husain
any janakari jamini raauy ki rachanaen 'vain gaau', 'rembran' aur 'sejan' jaise mahanh yooropiy chitrakaron ki pratilipiyon se lekar unaki sv-nirmit shaili tak ka kalatmak vikas hai.

jamini raauy (angrezi: Jamini Roy; janm: 11 aprail, 1887, bankuda zila, pashchim bngal; - mrityu: 24 aprail, 1972, kolakata) bharat ke prasiddh chitrakaron men se ek the. ve 20vin shatabdi ki bharatiy kala ke prarnbhik aur ati mahath‍vapoorn adhunikatavadi un kalakaron men se the, jinh‍honne apane samay ki kala paramh‍paraon se alag ek nee shaili sh‍thapit karane men apani vishishh‍t bhoomika nibhaee. lagabhag 60 varshon ke unake kala-kary ki avadhi men kee mahath‍vapoorn badalav ae, jisase drishh‍y bhasha ki prash‍tuti men unaki pratibha ka pata chalata hai.[1]jamini raauy apani nirbhik rachanaon men chatakili rekhaon, sapat rngon, jisaki prerana parnparagat kolakala se mili; ke lie vikhyat chitrakar the.

janm tatha shiksha

jamini raauy ka janm 11 aprail, 1887 ee. men pashchim bngal ke bankuda zile men 'beliyator' namak ganv men ek samriddh zamindar parivar men hua tha. ganv men vyatit kiye ge raauy ke arnbhik varshon ka un par gahara asar pada. snthal aur unaki adi kala, kam karate gramin hastashilpi, prachin alpana (chaval ki leee se chitrakari) tatha patua ne roop evn rekha ke prati unaki prarnbhik ruchi jagaee. 1903 men 16 varsh ki ayu men jamini raauy ne kalakatta (adhunik kolakata) men 'gavarnament skool aauf arts' men dakhila liya, jisake pradhanachary parsi braun unake pramukh preranastrot the. jamini raauy ke shaikshanik prashikshan ne unhen chitrakari ki vibhinn takanikon men parngat hone men madad ki, unhonne pratikriti chitran evn prakritik drishy chitran se shuruat ki, jo turnt logon ki nazaron men aee.

siddhahash‍t chitrakar

20vin shatabh‍di ke shuroo ke dashakon men chitrakari ki british shaili men prashikshit jamini raauy prakhh‍yat siddhahash‍t chitrakar bane. kolakata ke 'gavarnament skool aauf arts' se grejueshan ke bad unh‍hen portret banane ka kam niyamit roop se milata raha, lekin 20vin shatabh‍di ke pahale tin dashakon men bngal ki sansh‍kritik abhivh‍yaktiyon men bahut jabardash‍t parivartan aya. rashh‍travadi andolan ke prabhav se sahity aur kalaon men sabhi tarah ke prayog hone lage. avanindranath taigor ne yooropiy prakritivad aur kala ke lie tail ke madhh‍yam ko chhodakar 'bngal sh‍kool' ki sh‍thapana se drishh‍y kalaon men bhi prayog sh‍pashh‍t dikhaee dene lage the.[1]

kala ke naye roop ki talash

jamini raauy ne shiksha grahan ki avadhi men jo kala shaili sikhi thi, use unh‍honne chhod diya. 1920 ke bad ke kuchh varshon men unh‍hen kala ke aise naye roopon ki talash thi, jo unake dil ko chhoote the. isake lie unh‍honne vibhinh‍n prakar ke sroton, jaise- poorv eshiyaee lekhan shaili, pakh‍ki mitti se bane mndiron ki kala valh‍lariyon, lok kalaon ki vash‍tuon aur shilh‍p paramh‍paraon adi se prerana li. 1920 ke bad ke varshon men jamini raauy ne gramin drishh‍yon aur logon ki khushiyon ko prakat karane vale chitr banae, jinamen gramin vatavaran men unake bachapan ke lalan-palan ke bhole aur sh‍vachh‍chhnd jivan ki jhalak thi. ve vartaman pashchim bngal ke bankuda zile ke beliyator ganv men janh‍me the, isalie yah ek prakar se unake lie sh‍vabhavik prayas tha. isamen koee shak nahin ki is kal ke bad unh‍honne apani jadon se najadiki ko abhivh‍yakti dene ka prayas kiya tha.

raauy ki prarnbhik rachanaon men 'plaumain', 'ait sanamet preyar', 'vain gaau' tatha 'self potret vid vain daik biyard' shamil hain. lekin raauy ne mahasoos kiya ki n to pashchaty takanik aur n hi avanindranath taigor dvara shuroo ki gee bngal shaili unhen akarshit karati hai. 1921 men 34 sal ki umr men raauy ke jivan men mahattvapoorn mod aya. 1920 ke dashak ke rashtriy andolan ne bhi unaki kala abhivyakti ki nee shaili ki khoj men yogadan diya. aisi shaili, jisase vah atmik v bhavanatmak roop se jud saken. yah kala unhonne lokakala ki sadagi men paee, jo apane roop-vidhay ki shuchita lie prakriti ki sarvabhaumikata men sthit thi. jaise-jaise vah mool roop-vidhan aur prathamik rngon se judate ge, unaki kala sarjanatmak pratikatmakata aur mitti ki mahak paravan chadhati gee. lokapriy bngali rngamnch men unaki gahari ruchi ne vastavikata evn bhram ke bodh ko aur painapan diya. vah kalighat ke chitrakaron dvara prayukt sashakt binbon se prerit hue.[2]

bhavukatapoorn chitr

varsh 1919-1920 ee. ke asapas jamini raauy ne logon ke portret chitr banane bnd kar diye. ve thoda-sa portret banate the aur phir unh‍hen andar se kuchh aisa mahasoos hota tha ki yah thik nahin hai aur ve use mita dete the, aisa kuchh din tak chala aur phir achanak ve apane man men uthane vale drishh‍y bhavon ko bilh‍kul naye roop men prash‍tut karane lage. agale kuchh varshon men unh‍honne snthal mahilaon ke kee chitr banae. in bhavukatapoorn chitron men mahilaen gramin mahaul men rojamarra ke kam karate dikhaee deti thin. apani brush se jamini raauy aisi sh‍pashh‍t koniy rekhaen banate the, jinase mohak chitr ban jate the, jo unaki nayi ubharati shaili ka pratik the. ye chitr unaki drishh‍y bhasha men ho rahe aur adhik natakiy parivartan ko darshate the. 1925 ke asapas unake chitron men lekhan shaili jaisi rekhaen ubhar kar ane lagin, jisase pata chalata tha ki kalakar ka apani koochi par kitana niyntran tha. unake chitron men rng ubhare dikhate the aur kee aise ekavarni chitron ki shrrinkhala bani, jisase snket milata tha ki chitrakar ne poorv eshiyaee chitr kala shaili aur kalighat paton se prerana li hai. chitr rojamarra ki jinh‍dagi se jude the, jaise man aur bachh‍che ke chitr, mahilaon ke chitr adi.[1]

prerana

1920 ke dashak ke ant tak jamini raauy apane zile ki lok kalaon aur shilh‍p paramh‍paraon se prerana lene lage. unh‍honne sadharan gramin logon ke chitr banae, krishnalila ke chitr banae, anh‍y mahanh grnthon ke drishh‍yon ko niroopit kiya, kshetr ki lok kalaon ki mahanh hastiyon ko chitrit kiya aur pashuon ko vinodath‍mak tarike se prash‍tut kiya. shayad unaka sabase sahasik prayog tha, eesa masih ke jivan se judi kathaon ke chitron ki shrrinkhala banana. eesaee pauranikata se judi kathaon ko unh‍honne is tarah se prash‍tut kiya ki vah sadharan bngali gramin vh‍yakti ko bhi asani se samajh men a jati thi.

gramin snsh‍kriti se lagav

adhunikata ke sath jamini raauy ka prayog ek tarah se kala ke roop ke lie khoj jaisa tha. unh‍hen lok kala ke muhavaron men vah kuchh mila, jo ve chahate the. unaki is khoj ki jhalak 1940 ke dashak ke shuroo ke varshon men unaki lakadi par nakkashi bani moortiyon men milati hai. unaki drishh‍y prash‍tuti men sh‍vabhavik bholapan nahin tha. unh‍honne apani pratimaon ke bahut hi sh‍pashh‍t aur vish‍trit rekhachitr banae the. ve sh‍vayn gramin snsh‍kriti se jude the, jinamen unaka bachapan bita tha aur graminon ki tarah duniya ka drishh‍y unake lie jatil nahin tha tatha paramh‍paraon ki avashh‍ynbhavitaon men unaka vishh‍vas tha. jamini raauy ki chitrakari men adhunikatavad ka ek pahaloo yah tha ki unh‍honne apane chitron men chamakadar rngon ka pramukhata se prayog kiya aur sh‍vabhavik rngon se parahej kiya.

nidhan

is mahanh chitrakar ka nidhan 24 aprail, 1972 ko kolakata men hua. yah dilachash‍p bat hai ki 1930 ke dashak tak apani lok shaili ki chitr kalakritiyon ke sath-sath jamini raauy portret bhi banate rahe the, jisamen unake brush ka prabhavi dhng se ish‍temal najar ata tha. ashh‍chary ki bat hai ki unh‍honne yoorop ke mahanh kalakaron ke chitron ki bhi bahut sunh‍dar anukritiyan banaeen. isase unaki drishh‍y bhasha ko snvarane men madad mili. raauy ki rachanaen 'vain gaau', 'rembran' aur 'sejan' jaise mahanh yooropiy chitrakaron ki pratilipiyon se lekar unaki sv-nirmit shaili tak ka kalatmak vikas hai. unaki apani shaili alnkaran vihin hote hue bhi apani rekhiy lay aur ojasvi rngon men chamatkrit karane vali tatha gatishil hai.[1]

puraskar v samman

jaimini ray ki 130vin jaynti par googal doodal

1926 men jamini raauy ki kalighat prabhavit chitron ki pahali pradarshani ki sarvajanik prashnsa huee. 1935 men unhen unake 'madar helping d chaild tu kraaus e pool' chitr ke lie vaisaraauy ka svarn padak diya gaya. 1955 men jamini raauy ko bharat sarakar ne 'padm bhooshan' se sammanit kiya. duniya ke sabase bada sarch injan googal ne 11 aprail, 1887 ko vishv prasiddh bharatiy chitrakar jaimini raauy ki 130vin jaynti manaee. googal ne jaimini raauy ko samarpit ek doodal banaya, jisamen jaimini raauy dvara banaee gee blaik haaurs penting se prerit ek skech ko dikhaya gaya. jaimini ki chitrakari men ganv, am adami, janavaron aur purani snskriti ki jhalak dikhati hai. sal 1972 men jaimini raauy ka nidhan ho gaya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 jaimini ray- ek pratibhashali prayogadharmi kalakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 11 julaee, 2014.
  2. bharat gyanakosh, khand-5 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 101 |

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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