अमृता शेरगिल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

amrita sheragil
amrita sheragil
poora nam amrita sheragil
janm 30 janavari, 1913
janm bhoomi budapest, hngari
mrityu 5 disambar, 1941 (umr- 28)
mrityu sthan lahaur, pakistan
abhibhavak umarav sinh sheragil aur meri entoni gotsaman
pati/patni daau. viktar igan
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr chitrakari
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari inaki chitrakari ko dharohar manakar dilli ki 'neshanal gaileri' men saheja gaya hai.

amrita sher-gil (angrezi: Amrita Sher-Gil, janm: 30 janavari, 1913 mrityu: 5 disambar, 1941) khoobasoorat chitrakari karane vale chitrakaron men se ek thin. amrita sheragil ne kainavas par bharat ki ek nee tasvir ukeri. apani pentings ke bare men amrita ka kahana tha- 'mainne bharat ki atma ko ek naya roop diya hai. yah parivartan sirph vishay ka nahin, balki takaniki bhi hai.' amrita ne is prakar ke yatharthavadi chitron ki rachana ki thi, jinaki sare snsar men charcha huee.

janm tatha shiksha

amrita sheragil majitha ke umarav sinh sheragil ki putri thin. unaka janm hngari ki rajadhani budapest men san 1913 men hua tha. unaki mata ek hngiriyan mahila thin. umarav sinh jab frans ge to unhonne apani putri ki shiksha ke lie peris men prabndh kiya. jab ve peris ke ek prasiddh art skool men shiksha prapt kar rahi thin to unake man men apane kuchh sambandhiyon ke karan bharat ane ki ichchha jagrit huee. 1921 men unhonne itali ke florens nagar men chitrakala ki shiksha li, vahan unhonne ek nagn mahila ka chitran kiya tha. isake karan unhen skool se nikal diya gaya. ve ab tak anubhav kar chuki thin ki unake jivan ka vastavik dhyey chitrakar banana hi hai. isalie ve peris men akar pun: shiksha prapt karane lagin. dhire-dhire unake jivan men hngari ki chitrakala ka prabhav kam hota gaya aur unaka rujhan vastavikata ki or badhane laga, jisaka praman unake chitron men spasht dikhaee deta hai. 'ek yuvak seb liy hue' aur 'aloo chhilane vala' adi unake pramukh chitr hain.

bharat agaman

amrita sheragil aur inaki bahan indira

bharat ane ke bad amrita ne shimala men apana stoodiyo prarambh kiya aur jis prakar apana svaroop badalakar use bharatiy nari ka banaya, usi prakar aise anyatam chitron ki rachana ki, jisake karan unaki khyati bahut jaldi phailane lagi. ve apane bharatiy mool ko jagrit karana chahati thin. 1936 men unhonne ajanta ka daura kiya, to unake chitran men phir se badalav aya. unhonne lambe chaude chitron ki bajae chhote vastavik chitran ka nirman prarambh kiya. is prakar unhonne 'bharatiy chitrakala' ko bhi ek nee disha dekar prabhavit kiya. unake bahut se chitr avanindranath thakur aur chugataee ke kary se prabhavit dikhaee dete hain.

yatharthavadi chitrakari

snsar men bahut thode vyakti hue hain, jinhonne apane chhote se jivan men apane karyakshetr ko ek nayi disha dene ke sath-sath aise kary kie, jinake karan unake nam ko itihas ke prishthon se prithakh karana atyant kathin hai. amrita sheragil ki visheshata yah hai ki unhonne chitrakala ke prarambhik kal men aise yatharthavadi chitron ki rachana ki, jinaki snsar bhar men charcha huee. unhonne bharatiy gramin mahilaon ko chitrit karane ka aur bharatiy nari ki vastavik sthiti ko chitrit karane ka jo prayatn kiya, vah atyant sarahaniy hai. unake chitron ki vividhata us samay aur bhi badh gee jab unhonne dakshin bharat ka daura kiya. 'dakshin bharatiy brahmachari' aur 'dakshin bharatiy gramin', 'bazar ki or jate hue', 'kele bechane vala' adi aise anek chitr is parivartan ko dikhate hain. unaka rujhan bharat ki vastavik adhunikata ki or tha, n ki us samay shanti niketan men chal rahe prachin kala andolan ki or.

nidhan

amrita sheragil ne apani mata ke ek sambandhi se vivah kiya tha, jisaka nam viktar igan tha jo aur peshe se daauktar tha, parantu unaka vaivahik jivan bahut hi alpakalin raha. keval 28 varsh ki ayu men ek rahasyapoorn rog ke karan amrita sheragil 'koma' men chali geen aur madhy ratri ke samay 5 disambar, 1941 ee. ko unaki mrityu ho gee. 28 varsh men hi unhonne itana vividhatapoorn kary kar diya tha, jisake karan unhen 20vin sadi ke mahattvapoorn kalakaron men gina jata hai.

upalabdhiyan

amrita ka janm bhale hi hngari men hua tha, lekin unaki pentings bharatiy snskriti aur usaki atma ka behatarin namoona hain. inaki chitrakari ko dharohar manakar dilli ki 'neshanal gaileri men saheja gaya hai. amrita jitani khoobasoorat thin, utani hi unaki pentings men naphasat bhi thi. unaki penting 'yng garls' ko peris men 'esosieshan aauf d graind sailoon' tak pahunchane ka mauqa mila. yahan par amrita ki chitrakari ki pradarshani lagi thi. yahan tak pahunchane vali vah pahali eshiyaee mahila chitrakar rahi thin. yah gaurav hasil karane vali vah sabase kam umr ki mahila chitrakar thin.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

chitr vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 44 |


snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah