मंजीत बावा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mnjit bava
mnjit bava
poora nam mnjit bava
any nam bava
janm 1941
janm bhoomi dhoori, pnjab
mrityu 29 disambar, 2008
mrityu sthan dilli
puraskar-upadhi rashtriy kalidas samman, rashtriy puraskar, lalit kala akadami, nee dilli
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari mnjit bava pahale chitrakar the, jinhonne pashchimi kala men prabhavi gre aur braun se hatakar lal aur baingani jaise rngon ko chuna.

mnjit bava (angrezi: Manjit Bawa, janm: 1941 - mrityu: 29 disambar, 2008) prasiddh chitrakar the. mnjit bava soofi gayan aur darshan men apani vishesh ruchi ke lie bhi jane jate the. mnjit bava pahale chitrakar the, jinhonne pashchimi kala men prabhavi gre aur braun se hatakar lal aur baingani jaise rngon ko chuna. unake chitron par prakriti, soophi rahasyavad aur bharatiy dharm ka gahara prabhav tha. kali aur shiv ko vah desh ka aikaaun manate the, isalie unake chitron men kali aur shiv ki maujoodagi pramukhata se rahi. mnjit bava, kala men nav andolan ka hissa the. rngon ki unaki samajh adbhut thi.

jivan parichay

pnjab ke chhote se kasbe dhoori men 1941 men paida hue mnjit bava ne dilli ke skool aauph arts men lalit kala ki talim hasil ki. yahan unhen somanath hore, rakesh mehara, dhanaraj bhagat aur bisi sanyal jaise shikshakon se prashikshan mila. lndan men 1964 men unhonne apana kariyar silkaskrin pentar ke taur par shuroo kiya tha. vah pahale chitrakar the, jinhonne pashchaty kala men bahulata rakhane vale bhoore aur dhoosar rngon ka varchasv khatm karake usaki jagah lal aur baingani jaise bharatiy rngon ko chuna. vah prakriti soophi rahasyavad aur bharatiy pauranik kathaon se kafi prabhavit the. mnjit bava ki jivani likhane vali ina puri ne kaha ki vah akash ko lal rng men ukerana chahate the. unhen lal rng behad pasnd tha. vah sahasik chitrakar the, jinamen lokapriy prachalan se beparavah hokar apane pratibaddhataon par age badhane ka sahas tha. lalit kala akadami ke tatkalin adhyaksh ashok vajapeee ne bava ko yad karate hue unhen pratibaddhataon vala aisa shakhsiyat bataya, jisane yuva kalakaron ki madad ki. unhonne kaha ki vah haraphanamaula hasti the. unhonne apani penting men pashu aur pakshi ko aksar ukera. isake atirikt bansuri bhi unaki pasnd rahi. unhonne prasiddh bansuri vadak pannalal ghosh se bansuri vadan sikha. unhonne hir-ranjha ki katha ki patr ranjha ki bhi tasvir banaee. isake atirikt unhonne kutton se ghire bhagavan shrikrishn ki bansuri bajate hue tasvir banaee. unhonne apani penting men bhagavan shrikrishn ko gayon se ghira nahin dikhaya.[1]

bharatiy chitrakala men yogadan

pahale bhi aur aj bhi bharatiy chitrakala men aise chitrakar hain jin par yooropiy kala ka asar saph dekha ja sakata hai, lekin inamen mnjit bava shamil nahin hain. mnjit bava ka bharatiy chitrakala men bada yogadan to yah hai ki unhonne apane phaaurm ka jyada kalpanashil dhng se distarshan kiya. phir manohari rngon ka snvedanashil istemal kiya aur apane akaron ke lie yoorop ki or kabhi takataki lagakar dekhane ki koshish nahin ki, balki unhonne mahabharat, ramayan, puran aur soophi kavita se apane chitron ki atma ko khoja, chitrit kiya aur hasil kiya. unake chitron par yadi sarasari nigah dali jae to ye tin-char baten asani dekhi ja sakati hain. unhonne kahin kaha bhi tha ki kala men tajagi aur nayapan zaroori hai, anyatha vah kala arthahin hogi. alag hone ka arth yah hai ki vah karane ki koshish ki hai jo isake pahale kisi ne nahin kiya ho. yah bina jhijhak kaha ja sakata hai ki mnjit bava ne jo bat kahi, use unhonne apane khoobasoorat chitron men abhivyakt kiya hai.

bharatiy rngon ka prayog

ek aise samay men jab bharatiy chitrakala men adhikansh chitrakar bhoore-dhoosar rngon ki taraph ja rahe the aur apane ko amoortata men vyakt kar rahe the, tab mnjit bava ne apane lie ek nee rah chuni. unhonne apane chitron ke lie theth bharatiy chatakh rngon ka chayan kiya. unake chitron men unhonne gulabi, baingani, pile, hare, nile aur lal rng ka samavesh kiya. mnjit bava un kalakaron men se the, jinhonne desh ke tamam ilakon men ghoomakar bharatiy logon auऱ unake rngon ki atma ko jana-boojha. ve himachal pradesh, gujarat aur rajasthan khoob ghoome. bharatiy logon ke saral jivan ne unhen akarshit kiya. logon ki saralata-sahajata unaka dil chhooti thi aur chatakh rng unhen khoob lubhate the. ve jahan jate vahan pepar bichhakar us jivan ko apane draing men dhadakata hua bana dete.

50 skaich roz

jab ve dilli men rahate hue kala ki shiksha le rahe the tab unake guru the somanath hor aur bisi sanyal, lekin unhonne apani pahachan banaee abani sen ki chhatrachhaya men. shri sen ne unhen kaha tha ki roj pachas skaich banao. mnjit bava roj pachas skaich banate aur unake guru inamen se adhikansh ko rijekt kar dete the. jahir hai yahin se mnjit bava ki skaich banane ki riyaj shuroo huee. unhonne apane un dinon ko yad karate hue kahin kaha bhi tha ki tab se meri lagatar kam karane ki adat pad gee. jab sab amoort ki or ja rahe the mere guruon ne mujhe akritimoolakata ka marm samajhaya aur us or jane ke lie prerit kiya.

gahari adhyatmikata

ve akritimoolakata ki or ae to sahi lekin apani nitant kalpanashil maulikata se unhonne ne phaaurms khoje, apani khas tarah ki rng yojana eejad ki aur mithakiy snsar men apane akar dhoondhe. yahi karan hai ki unake chitr snsar men theth bharatiyata ke rng akar dekhe ja sakate hain. vahan apako hir-ranjha bhi milenge, krishn, govardhan bhi milenge, devi bhi milengi tatha kee mithakiy aur pauranik prasng-sndarbh bhi. aur soophi snt bhi milenge. isake sath hi unake chitron men jitane jiv-jntu milenge utane shayad kisi any bharatiy kalakar men nahin. unaki man nahin chahati thin ki ve kalakar banen. unaki man kahati thin ki kala ke bal par jivan nahin jiya ja sakata lekin eeshvar men gahari astha aur vishvas ki badaulat mnjit bava manate the ki roji-roti to eeshvar de dega baki chijen ve khud hasil kar lenge. unake manohari kainavas ye batate hain ki is kalakar ne yooropiy kala ke asar se mukt hokar apane lie ek kathin rah khoji, banaee aur us par dridhata se chalakar dikhaya. kuchh samay ke lie unake chitron ko lekar vivad bhi hua tha. unake hi sahayak ne arop lagaya tha ki mnjit bava ke chitr mainne chitrit kie hain lekin ve isase avichalit rahe aur apani gahari adhyatmikata se isase bahar nikal ae. [2]

samman aur puraskar

nidhan

prasiddh chitrakar mnjit bava ka 29 disambar, 2008 somavar ko dilli men nidhan ho gaya. 67 varshiy bava bren haimarej ke bad se qarib tin sal se koma men rahe the. bava ke parijanon aur mitron ke anusar dakshin dilli ke grin park ilaqe men sthit apane avas par somavar subah unhonne akhiri sans li. mnjit bava ke parivar men ek putr aur ek putri hai. unaki patni ka kuchh varsh pahale hi nidhan ho gaya tha. unaki pentings ke kadradan poori duniya men hain. mnjit bava ki ek penting to qarib ek karod 73 lakh rupaye men biki thi.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mashahoor chitrakar mnjit bava ka nidhan (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 30 disambar, 2014.
  2. bharatiyata ka adbhut chitera manajit bava (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 30 disambar, 2014.
  3. http://navbharattimes.indiatimes.com/yearendershow11/3907980.cms chitrakar mnjit bava nahin rahe (navabharat taims)

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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