फ़िलिपीन्स  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

filipins dakshin-poorv eshiya men sthit desh hai, jisaka adhikarik nam 'filipins ganatntr' hai. is desh ki rajadhani manila hai. filipins desh karib sat hazar dvipon se bana hai, jisamen sabase bade dvip hain- loozon, visayas aur mindanav. jvalamukhiy prakriti ke karan yahan khanij bhndar bahutayat men hain. ek anuman ke anusar filipins men dakshin afrika ke bad doosara sabase bada svarn ka bhndar aur vishv ka sabase bada tanbe ka bhndar hai.

itihas

filipins ki rajadhani manila loozon dvip ke dakshin men sagar tat par hai. is desh ka itihas speni samrajyavad se juda hai. speni samrajyavad ka prarambh hua 1565 ee. men aur speni shasakon ne hi ise apane raja philip dvitiy ke nam se filipins ka nam diya. speni shasan se pahale yah dvip anek rajyon men bnte the, jahan vibhinn datoo, raja aur sultan shasan karate the. speni samrajyavadiyon ke ane se pahale in dvipon ki sabhyata par hindoo, bauddh tatha islam dharmon ka prabhav tha, jabaki speni shasan men yahan ke adhikansh logon ne eesaee kaitholik dharm ko apana liya. speni samrajy 1898 ee. tak chala, jab filipins ganatntr ki sthapana huee. lekin speni shasakon ne filipins ko amarika ko bech diya aur amariki filipino yuddh ke bad, amarika ne is desh par kabza kar liya. dvitiy mahayuddh men japani phauj ne filipins par kabza kiya aur desh ke bahut-se hisse is yuddh men bamabari se nasht ho gaye. dvitiy mahayuddh men karib das lakh filipin nivasiyon ki mrityu huee. ant men 1946 men filipins svatntr hua.[1]

dvip-samooh

filipins ek dvip-samooh hai, jisamen 7,107 dvip hain. isaka kul bhoo kshetraphal, antardeshiy jal nikay milakar, lagabhag 3,00,000 varg kilomitar hai. isaki 36,281 ki.mi. lnbi tatarekha ke karan yah vishv ka panchavan sabase lnbi tat rekha vala desh hai. adhikatar pahadi dvip jvalamukhiy mool ke hain aur ushnakatibndhiy varshavanon se dhnke hue hain. sabase oonchi choti maunt apo hai. yah samudr tal se 2,954 mi. (9,692 phit) oopar hai. poorvi eshiya men dakshin koriya aur poorvi timor ke bad filipins hi aisa desh hai, jahan jyadatar log eesaee dharm ke anuyayi hain.

bhaugolik dasha

jvalamukhiy prakriti ke karan yahan khanij bhndar bahutayat men hain. ek anuman ke anusar filipins men [[dakshin afrika ke bad doosara sabase bada sone ka bhndar aur vishv ka sabase bada tanbe ka bhndar hai. isake alava nikal, kromait aur jasta men bhi samriddh hai. kaigayan nadi filipins ki sabase badi nadi hai. bhoo-tapiy oorja, jo jvalamukhiy gatividhiyon ka ek any utpad hai, ise filipins ne achchhi tarah upayog kiya hai. filipins, snyukt rajy amarika ke bad, vishv ka doosara sabase bada bhoo-tapiy oorja utpadak desh hai.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. manila men ek ghnta (hindi) jo n kah saka. abhigaman tithi: 26 pharavari, 2015.

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