केनिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(कीनिया se punarnirdeshit)
keniya ka dhvaj

keniya poorvi afrika ka ek rajy, jo 12 disnbar, 1963 ko angrezon ke chngul se svatntr hua tha. is rajy ka kshetraphal lagabhag 2,25,960 varg mil hai. bhoomadhy rekha is desh ke madhy se jati hai aur isaka prabhav yahan ki jalavayu, vanaspati tatha krishi par padata hai. yahan pathar ka adhikansh bhag savana ghas ka pradesh hai. arthik drishti se yah afrika sarvadhik mahatvapoorn pradesh hai.

itihas tatha namakaran

svatntrata se poorv keniya british shasan ke antargat ek snrakshit rajy tha. yah 'eest afrikan protektoret' kahalata tha aur usaka shasan prabndh inglaind ka videsh vibhag karata tha. 1 aprail, 1905 ko usaka prabndh upanivesh vibhag ne apane hathon men liya. 1920 ee. men use 'kraun kaloni' bana diya gaya. tabhi usaka namakaran vahan ke pramukh parvat 'keniya' ke nam par kiya gaya.[1]

bhaugolik tathy

keniya ka kshetraphal lagabhag 2,25,960 vargamil hai. varsh 1969 ki janaganana ke anusar yahan ki janasnkhya 1,09,42 708 thi, jinamen 1,07,71,192 aphriki, 1,37,037 eshiyaee, 40,593 yooropiyan aur 27,886 arab the. nairobi isaki rajadhani hai. isaki pashchimi sima 'viktoriya jhil' tatha yooganda rajy banata hai. poorv, uttar, uttar-pashchim tatha dakshin ki or kramash: somaliya, ithiopiya, soodan tatha taingenika rajy hain. dakshin-poorvi sima arab sagar banata hai. bhoomadhy rekha is desh ke madhy se jati hai aur isaka prabhav yahan ki jalavayu, vanaspati tatha krishi par padata hai.

prakritik vibhag

keniya ko char prakritik vibhagon men vibhajit kiya ja sakata hai-

  1. tatiy maidan
  2. nil ka pathar
  3. poorvi ghati
  4. viktoriya jhil tak phaila pathar

poorvi tatiy bhagon men ausat varsha 40 se 60 inch tak hoti hai, jo uttar ki or kam hoti jati hai. charam uttar men keval 20 inch ausat varsha hoti hai. tatiy bhag tatha uttar ka maidan kntili jhadiyon aur sookhi vanaspati ka pradesh hai, at: manushyon ke liye adhik akarshak nahin hai. pathar ka adhikansh bhag savana ghas ka pradesh hai. arthik drishti se desh ka yah sarvadhik mahatvapoorn pradesh hai. desh ki adhikansh janasnkhya bhi isi pradesh men nivas karati hai. pathar ki ausat oonchaee 6000-7000 phut hai tatha keniya parvat (17,040 phut) sarvochch shikhar hai. oonchaee ke karan yah apekshakrit thndha hai.[1]

krishi tatha udyam

is pradesh ke vistrit bhagon men jvalamukhi ki upajaoo mitti paee jati hai. isi karan samay-samay par yooropiy log badi snkhya men yahan akar bas ge aur krishi arnbh ki. kahava, sisal, chay, makka aur gehoon yahan ki pradhan upaj hain. vanon se vibhinn vastuen ekatrit karana, nyanda prant se sona nikalana, magadi jhil se soda karbenet nikalana keniya ke any pramukh udyam hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 keniya (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 07 aprail, 2014.

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