पृथ्वी दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

prithvi divas
prithvi
vivaran prithvi ke paryavaran ke bare men prashnsa aur jagarookata ko prerit karane ke lie prithvi divas manaya jata hai.
tithi 22 apral
shuruat pahali bar sanh 1970 men manaya gaya.
uddeshy logon ko paryavaran ke prati snvedanashil banana
vishesh vishv prithvi divas mahaz ek manane ka din nahin hai. is bat ke chintan-manan ka din hai ki ham kaise apani vasundhara ko bacha sakate hain.
snbndhit lekh vishv jal divas, vishv paryavaran divas, vishv ozon divas
any janakari 20vin shatabdi ke arnbh se hi prithvi ke tapaman men badhottari ki shuruat ho gee thi. prithvi ke tapaman men pichhale sau salon men 0.18 digri sentigred tapaman ki vriddhi ho chuki hai.

prithvi divas (angrezi: Earth Day) poore vishv men 22 apral ko manaya jata hai. prithvi divas ko pahali bar sanh 1970 men manaya gaya tha. isaka uddeshy logon ko paryavaran ke prati snvedanashil banana tha. prithvi par aksar uttari dhruv ki thos barf ka kee kilomitar tak pighalana, soory ki parabaingani kiranon ko prithvi tak ane se rokane vali ozon parat men chhed hona, bhaynkar toofan, sunami aur bhi kee prakritik apadaon ka hona, jo bhi ho raha hai in sabake lie manushy hi zimmedar hain. global varmig ke roop men jo aj hamare samane hain. ye apadaen prithvi par aise hi hoti rahin to vah din door nahin jab prithvi se jiv-jantu v vanaspati ka astiv hi samapt ho jaega. jiv-jantu andhe ho jaenge. logon ki tvacha jhulasane lagegi aur kainsar rogiyon ki snkhya badh jaegi. samudr ka jalastar badhane se tatavarti ilake chapet men a jaenge.[1]

itihas

prithvi ke paryavaran ke bare men prashnsa aur jagarookata ko prerit karane ke lie prithvi divas manaya jata hai. prithvi divas ki sthapana sanh 1970 men ameriki sinetar jerald nelsan ke dvara ek paryavaran shiksha ke roop men ki gayi, aur ise kee deshon men prativarsh manaya jata hai. prithvi divas ki tarikh uttari golarddh men vasnt ritu aur dakshini golarddh men sharad ritu ka mausam hai. snyukt rashtr men prithvi divas ko har sal march ekvinoks (varsh ka vah samay jab din aur rat barabar hote hain) par manaya jata hai, yah din aksar 20 march ka din hota hai, yah ek parampara hai jisaki sthapana shanti karyakarta jaaun makkonel ke dvara ki gayi thi.

sinetar jerald nelsan ki ghoshana

Asheville-earth-day-Earth-Day-2013.jpg

sietal, vashingatan men ek sammalen men sitambar, 1969 men viskonsin ke ameriki sinetar jerald nelsan dvara yah ghoshana ki gee ki 1970 ee. ki vasnt ritu men paryavaran par rashtravyapi jan sadharan pradarshan kiya jayega. paryavaran ko ek rashtriy ejenda men jodane ke lie sinetar nelsan ne pahale rashtravyapi paryavaran virodh ki prastavana di.

eddi alabart

mashahoor film aur telivijan abhineta eddi alabart ne prithvi divas ke nirman men ek mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhayi. prithvi divas ke nirman ke lie alabart ne prathamik aur mahattvapoorn kary kiye, jise usane apane sampoorn karyakal ke dauran prabal samarthan diya, 1970 ke bad vishesh roop se ek riport ke anusar prithvi divas ko alabart ke janmadin 22 aprail ko manaya jane laga. ek srot ke anusar yah galat bhi ho sakata hai.[1]

paristhitik dhvaj ka nirman

poore vishv ke dhvajon ke anusar, kartoonist ron kobb ke dvara paristhitik dhvaj ka nirman kiya gaya. is dhvaj ko 7 navambar, 1969 ko los enjeles phri pres men prakashit kiya gaya, phir ise sarvajanik domen men rakha gaya. yah pratik "E" v "O" aksharon ke snyojan se banaya gaya tha, jinhen kramashah "vatavaran" v "jiv" shabdon se liya gaya tha. is dhvaj ka pratiroop snyukt rajy ameriki dhvaj se liya gaya tha aur isamen ek ke bad ek terah hari aur safed dhariyan thin. isaki kentan hari thi aur isamen pila thita tha. bad ke dhvajon men thita ka upayog aitihasik roop se ya to ek chetavani ke pratik ke roop men ya shanti ke pratik ke roop men kiya gaya. thita bad men prithvi divas se sambndhit ho gaya.

prithvi divas netavark ki sthapana

prithvi divas netavark ki sthapana 1970 men rashtriy aur antarrashtriy star par paryavaran nagarikata aur sal bhar unnati ko badhava dene ke lie prithvi divas ke ayojakon aur denis hayas ke dvara ki gayi thi. prithvi divas ke netavark ke madhyam se, karyakarta, rashtriy, sthaniy aur vaishvik nitiyon men parivartanon ko apas men jod sakate hain. antarashtriy netavark 174 deshon men 17,000 snsthanon tak pahunch gaya hai, jabaki ghareloo karyakramon men 5,000 samooh aur 25,000 se adhik shikshak shamil hain, jo sal bhar kee miliyan samudayon ke vikas aur paryavaran suraksha karyakartaon ki madad karate hain.[1]

denis hayas

denis hayas ko am vyakti ki tarah bachapan se prakriti se kafi lagav raha hai. lekin unake jivan ki ek ghatana ne unhen 'hiron aauf d plenet' bana diya. unake ghar ke samane ek pepar mil hua karati thi. chimani se uthate kale dhuen se ve vichalit nahin hue. par jab unhen yah pata chala ki vrikshon se unhen gahara lagav hai, unhen kagaz nirman men jalana padata hai to isase ve kafi ahat hue. usake bad unhonne prakriti ko kshati pahunchane vale aise kamon ka virodh karana shuroo kar diya. halanki usi mil men unake pita bhi karyarat the. paryavaran ke prati unaka lagav bahut gahara ho chuka tha. ve pradooshan ke khilaf ladane vale paryavaranavid hi nahin, balki andolanakari ban chuke the. unaki baton, bhashanon men itana dam tha ki bhid ko ikattha karake kisi badi muhim ko anjam de sakate the. unhonne isaki shuruat apane hi kaaulej kainpas se ki. takabarin 1000 stoodents ke sath milakar harvard yoonivarsiti sthit hathiyar risarch laib ko samapt karane ka andolan chheda.

prithvi divas ka ayojan

prithvi divas ke avasar bidies institayoot men vriksharopan

is bat ki khabar jab ameriki sarakar ko lagi, to unhonne unhen protsahan diya. isake bad unaki zindagi hi badal gee. ameriki sarakar ne paryavaran muddon par muhim chhedane ke lie unhen apane yahan bula liya. is samay tak denis kaaulej chhodakar raili ayojit karane aur paryavaran bachao muhim men poore manoyog se jut ge. ameriki sinet ne unhen pahale prithvi divas ko snyojit karane ke lie amntrit kiya. ullekhaniy hai ki pahali bar 22 aprail, 1970 ko manaya jane vala prithvi divas ek bada ayojan tha. ise vyapak janasamarthan mila. is andolan ke romanch ko varsh 2009 men pradarshit hone vali film 'arth dej' men bhi bayan kiya gaya hai. apani kamayabi aur usaki jabaradast lokapriyata ko dekhakar hayas ka utsah doguna ho gaya. isase prerit hokar unhonne arth de netavark ki sthapana ki. taqariban 180 deshon men isaka jal phaila hai. isake adhyaksh denis hayas hai. taim maiganij ne unaki pratibaddhata ko dekhakar unhen ek naya nam diya- 'hiro aauf d plenet'.[1]

prithvi ka khota prakritik roop

pradooshit vatavaran ke karan prithvi apana prakritik roop khoti ja rahi hai. prithvi ke saundary ko jagah-jagah pade koode ke dher v betaratib phaile kachare ne nasht kar diya hai. paryavaran pradooshan ki samasya vishv men badhati janasnkhya tatha audyogikaran evn shaharikaran men tezi se vriddhi ke sath-sath thos apashisht padarthon dvara vikaral hoti ja rahi hai. thos apashisht padarthon ke samuchit nipatan ke lie paryapt sthan ki avashyakata hoti hai. in padarthon men vriddhi ke nipatan ki samasya audyogik star par atynt vikasit deshon ke lie hi nahin balki kee vikasashil deshon ki bhi hai.

udaharan

nyooyark men pratidin 2500 trak bhar ke barabar thos apashisht padarthon ka utpadan hota hai, yahan pratidin 25,000 tan thos kachara nikalata hai.

paaulithin ka dushprabhav

paryavaran ko sabase adhik adhunik yug men suvidhaon ke vistar ne hi chot pahunchaee hai. manushyon ki suvidha ke lie banaee gayi paaulithin sabase bada siradard ban gee hai. bhoomi ki urvarak kshamata ko yah nasht n hone ke karan khatm kar rahi hai. inako jalane se nikalane vala dhuan ozon parat ko bhi nukasan pahunchata hai jo global varmig ka bada karan hai. desh men prativarsh lakhon pashu-pakshi paaulithin ke kachare se mar rahe hain. isase logon men kee prakar ki bimariyan phail rahi hain. isase zamin ki urvara shakti nasht ho rahi hai tatha bhoogarbhiy jalasrot dooshit ho rahe hain. paaulithin kachara jalane se karban daeeaauksaid, karban monoaauksaid evn daeeaauksins jaisi vishaili gaisen utsarjit hoti hain. inase sans, tvacha adi ki bimariyan hone ki ashnka badh jati hai.

Earth-day-stamp.jpg

paaulithin ka istemal karake ham n sirph paryavaran ko nukasan pahuncha rahe hain, balki gnbhir rogon ko bhi nyauta de rahe hain. paaulithin ko aise hi phenk dene se naliyan jam ho jati hain. isase gnda pani sadakon par phailakar machchharon ka ghar banata hai. is prakar yah kalara, taiphaid, dayariya v hepetaitis-bi jaisi gnbhir bimariyon ka bhi karan banate hain.[1]

bharat men prativarsh paaulithin ka upayog

bharat men prativarsh lagabhag 500 mitrik tan paaulithin ka nirman hota hai, lekin isake ek pratishat se bhi kam ki risaikiling ho pati hai. yah anuman hai ki bhojan ke dhokhe men inhen kha lene ke karan prativarsh 1,00,000 samudri jivon ki maut ho jati hai. zamin men gad dene par paaulithin ke thaile apane avayavon men tootane men 1,000 sal se adhik le lete hain. yah poorn roop se to kabhi nasht hote hi nahin hain. jin paaulithin ke thailon par bayodigredebal likha hota hai, ve bhi poornataya ikophrendali nahin hote hain.

  • is samay vishv men prativarsh plastik ka utpadan 10 karod tan ke lagabhag hai aur isamen prativarsh use 4 pratishat ki vriddhi ho rahi hai.
  • bharat men bhi plastik ka utpadan v upayog badi teji se badh raha hai. ausatan pratyek bharatiy ke pas prativarsh adha kilo plastik apashisht padarth ikattha ho jata hai. isaka adhikansh bhag koode ke dher par aur idhar-udhar bikhar kar paryavaran pradooshan phailata hai.
  • ek anuman ke anusar keval amerika men hi ek karod kilogram plastik pratyek varsh koodedanon men pahunchata hai.
  • itali men plastik ke thailon ki salana khapat ek kharab hai. itali aj sarvadhik plastik utpadak deshon men se ek hai.

Blockquote-open.gif ham sabhi jo ki is svachchh shyamala dhara ke rahavasi hain unaka yah dayitv hai ki duniya men qadam rakhane se lekar akhiri sans tak ham par pyar lutane vali is dhara ko bachae rakhane ke lie jo bhi kar saken karen, kyonki yah vahi dharati hai jo hamare bad bhi hamari nishaniyon ko apane sine se lagakar rakhegi. lekin yah tabhi snbhav hoga jab vah hari-bhari tatha pradooshan se mukt rahe aur use yah upahar ap hi de sakate hain. Blockquote-close.gif

global varming

Earth-day-pakistan.jpg

prithvi ke ausat tapaman men vriddhi hi global varming kahalata hai. 20vin shatabdi ke arnbh se hi prithvi ke tapaman men badhottari ki shuruat ho gee thi. prithvi ke tapaman men pichhale sau salon men 0.18 digri sentigred tapaman ki vriddhi ho chuki hai. vaigyanikon ka manana hai ki yadi dharati ka tapaman isi tarah badhata raha, to 21vin sadi ke ant tak 1.1-6.4 digri sentigred tapaman badh jaega.[1]

grin haus gaisej

hamari prithvi par kee aise kemikal kampaund pae jate hain, jo tapaman ko sntulit karate hain. ye grin haus gaisej kahalate hain. ye prakritik aur mainamed dono hote hain. jaise- vatar vepar, mithen, karban daeeaauksaid, naitras aauksaid adi. soory ki kiranen prithvi par padati hain, to inamen se kuchh kiranen (inphrared rej) vapas laut jati hain. grin haus gaisen in kiranon ko sokh leti hain aur vatavaran men hit badhati hain. grin haus gais ki matra sthir rahati hai, to soory se prithvi par pahunchane vali kiranen aur prithvi se vapas spes men pahunchane vali kiranon men sntulan bana rahata hai, jisase tapaman bhi sthir rahata hai. doosari or, ham logon (manav) dvara nirmit grin haus gais asntulan paida kar dete hain, jisaka asar prithvi ke tapaman par padata hai. yahi grin haus prabhav kahalata hai. dashakon poorv prithvi ke tapaman ko sthir rakhane ke lie kam shuroo ho gaya tha. lekin manav nirmit grin haus gaison ke utpadan men kami lane ke lie disnbar, 1997 men kyoto protokol laya gaya. isake tahat 160 se adhik deshon ne yah svikar kiya ki unake desh men grin haus gaison ke prodakshan men kami laee jaegi. yah ashchary ki bat hai ki 80 pratishat se adhik grin haus gais ka utpadan karane vale amerika ne ab tak is protokol ko nahin mana hai.[1]

mausam ki aniyamitata

samast manav jati dharati par ho rahe jalavayu parivartan ke lie zimmedar hai. samajik sarokaron ko suvidhabhogi jivan shaili men pichhe chhod diya hai. ham vikas ke sopan jaise-jaise chadh rahe hain, prithvi par ne-ne khatare utpann ho rahe hain. pratidin ghatati hariyali v badhata paryavaran pradooshan nee samasyaon ko janm de raha hai. is karan prakriti ka mausam chakr bhi aniyamit ho gaya hai. kisi bhi ritu ka koee nishchit samay nahin rah gaya hai. har varsh tapaman men ho rahi vriddhi se barish ki matra kam ho rahi hai. is karan bhoo-jalastar men bhari kami aee hai. pratyek manushy ko ekajut hokar prithvi ko bachane ke upay karane honge. isamen prashasan, samajik sngathan, skool, kaaulej sahit sabhi ko bhagidari nibhani hogi.

Earth-day-china.jpg
bachane ke upay
  • bazar jate samay sath men kapade ka thaila, joot ka thaila ya basket le jani chahie.
  • ham pratyek saptah kitane paaulithin thailon ka istemal karate hain, isaka hisab rakhen aur is snkhya ko kam se kam adha karane ka lakshy banaen.
  • yadi paaulithin thaile ke istemal ke alava koee aur vikalp n bache to ek saman ko ek paaulithin thaile men rakhane ke sthan par kee saman ek hi thaile men rakhane ki koshish karen.
  • ghar par paaulithin thailon ka kafi upayog kiya jata hai. jaise lnch paik karana, kapade rakhana ya koee any ghareloo saman rakhana, inamen se kuchh ko kam karane ka prayas kare.
  • paaulithin ke thailon se jitana bach sakate hain bachen. paaulithin ke thailon ko ek bar istemal kar phenkane ke sthan par unaka pun: prayog karane ka prayas kare.
  • sthaniy akhabaron men chitthiya likhakar, skool men postar ke dvara ya prajenteshan se is masale par jagarukata phailane ka kam karen.
  • bachchon ko protsahit karen ki ve apane purane khilaune tatha gems aise chhote bachchon ko de den jo ki isaka upayog kar sakate hain. ek tarah se yah risaikling prakriya hi hogi kyonki ek to apake ghar ki samagri nasht hone se bach jaegi, doosare jise vah milegi use bahar se paryavaran ke lie nukasanadayak samagri kharidani nahin padegi. isase bachchon men tyag ki bhavana bhi balavati hogi. keval bachchon hi nahin bade log bhi apane kapade, ilektraaunik saman tatha pustaken bhent kar sakate hain.

prithvi divas chintan-manan ka din

vishv prithvi divas mahaz ek manane ka din nahin hai. is bat ke chintan-manan ka din hai ki ham kaise apani vasundhara ko bacha sakate hain. dharati ko bachane men aise kee tariqe hain jise ham akele aur samoohik roop se apanakar yogadan de sakate hain. har din ko prithvi divas manakar usake snrakshan ke lie kuchh n kuchh karate rahana chahie, lekin apani vyastata men vyast insan yadi vishv prithvi divas ke din hi tho़da bahut yogadan de to dharati ke rin ko utara ja sakata hai. ham sabhi jo ki is svachchh shyamala dhara ke rahavasi hain unaka yah dayitv hai ki duniya men qadam rakhane se lekar akhiri sans tak ham par pyar lutane vali is dhara ko bachae rakhane ke lie jo bhi kar saken karen, kyonki yah vahi dharati hai jo hamare bad bhi hamari nishaniyon ko apane sine se lagakar rakhegi. lekin yah tabhi snbhav hoga jab vah hari-bhari tatha pradooshan se mukt rahe aur use yah upahar ap hi de sakate hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 soni, kamal. vishv prithvi divas par vishesh (hindi) (ech ti em el) abhivyakti. abhigaman tithi: 22 apral, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

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