विश्व विरासत दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv virasat divas
buddh stoop, sanchi
vivaran 'vishv virasat divas' pratyek varsh '18 aprail' ko manaya jata hai. yoonesko ne varsh 1983 ee. men ise manyata pradan ki thi.
tithi 18 aprail
shuruat 1982
prarambhik nam 'vishv smarak aur puratatv sthal divas'
uddeshy snyukt rashtr ki snstha yoonesko ne hamare poorvajon ki di huee virasat ko anamol manate hue aur logon men inhen surakshit aur sambhal kar rakhane ke uddeshy se hi 'vishv virasat divas' ko manane ka nirnay liya tha.
vishesh pahala 'vishv virasat divas' 18 aprail, 1982 ko tyoonishiya men 'intaraneshanal kaunsil aauph monuments end saits' dvara manaya gaya tha.
any janakari varsh 2011 tak sampoorn vishv men kul 911 vishv virasat sthal the, jiname 704 aitihasik evn sanskritik, 180 prakritik aur 27 mishrit sthal hain.

vishv virasat divas (angrezi: World Heritage Day) pratyek varsh '18 aprail' ko manaya jata hai. 'snyukt rashtr' ki snstha yoonesko ne hamare poorvajon ki di huee virasat ko anamol manate hue aur logon men inhen surakshit aur sambhal kar rakhane ke uddeshy se hi is divas ko manane ka nirnay liya tha. kisi bhi rashtr ka itihas, usake vartaman aur bhavishy ki ninv hota hai. jis desh ka itihas jitana gauravamayi hoga, vaishvik star par usaka sthan utana hi ooncha mana jaega. vaise to bita hua kal kabhi vapas nahin ata, lekin us kal men banin imaraten aur likhe ge sahity unhen hamesha sajiv banae rakhate hain. vishv virasat ke sthal kisi bhi rashtr ki sabhyata aur usaki prachin snskriti ke mahattvapoorn parichayak mane jate hain.

itihas

pahala 'vishv virasat divas' 18 aprail, 1982 ko tyoonishiya men 'intaraneshanal kaunsil aauph monuments end saits' dvara manaya gaya tha. ek antarrashtriy sngathan ne 1968 ee. men vishv prasiddh imaraton aur prakritik sthalon ki raksha ke lie ek prastav rakha tha. is prastav ko snyukt rashtr ke samane 1972 ee. men svidan ki rajadhani staaukahom men ek antarrashtriy sammelan ke dauran rakha gaya, jahan ye prastav parit hua. is tarah vishv ke lagabhag sabhi deshon ne milakar aitihasik aur prakritik dharoharon ko bachane ki shapath li. is tarah "yoonesko varld heritej sentar" astitv men aya. 18 aprail, 1978 ee. men pahale vishv ke kul 12 sthalon ko vishv virasat sthalon ki soochi men shamil kiya gaya. is din ko tab "vishv smarak aur puratatv sthal divas" ke roop men manaya jata tha. lekin yoonesko ne varsh 1983 ee. se ise manyata pradan ki aur is divas ko "vishv virasat divas" ke roop men badal diya. varsh 2011 tak sampoorn vishv men kul 911 vishv virasat sthal the, jiname 704 aitihasik evn sanskritik, 180 prakritik aur 27 mishrit sthal hain.[1]

mahattv v uddeshy

'vishv virasat divas' ka pratyek vyakti ke lie bada hi mahattv hai. hamare poorvajon aur purane samay ki yadon ko snjokar rakhane vali anamol vastuon ki kimat ko dhyan men rakhakar hi snyukt rashtr ki snstha 'yunesko' ne varsh 1983 se har sal '18 aprail' ko "vishv virasat divas" manane ki shuruat ki thi. bita hua kal kafi mahattvapoorn hota hai. yoon to bita hua samay vapas nahin ata, kintu atit ke pannon ko hamari virasat ke taur par kahin pustakon to kahin imaraton ke roop men snjo kar rakha gaya hai. hamare poorvajon ne hamare lie nishani ke taur par tamam tarah ke maqabare, masjiden, mndir aur any chizon ka sahara liya, jinase ham unhen ane vale samay men yad rakh saken. lekin vakt ki mar ke age kee bar unaki yadon ko bahut nukasan pahuncha. kitabon, imaraton aur any kisi roop men sahej kar rakhi gee yadon ko pahale svayn hamane bhi najarandaj kiya, jisaka parinam yah hua ki hamari anamol virasat hamase door hoti geen aur unaka astitv bhi snkat men pad gaya. in sab baton ko dhyan men rakhakar aur logon men aitihasik imaraton adi ke prati jagarukata ke uddeshy se hi 'vishv virasat divas' ki shuruat ki gee.

pahale pratyek varsh '18 aprail' ko 'vishv smarak aur puratatv sthal divas' ke roop men manaya jata tha, lekin yoonesko ne hamare poorvajon ki di huee virasat ko anamol manate hue is divas ko "vishv virasat divas" men badal diya.

imaraton adi ki dekhabhal

vakt rahate hi hamane poorvajon dvara di gee apani virasat ko snbhalane ki disha men kary karana shuroo kar diya tha. purani ho chuki jarjar imaraton ki marammat ki jane lagi, ujad bhavanon aur mahalon ko paryatan sthal banakar unaki chamak ko bikhera gaya. kitabon aur smriti chihnon ko sngrahalay men jagah di gee, kintu kisi bhi virasat ko snbhalakar rakhana itana asan nahin hai. ham ek taraph to in purani imaraton ko bachane ki bat karate hain to vahin doosari taraph unhin imaraton ke oopar apane nam aur kee prakar ke sandesh adi likhakar unhen gnda bhi karate hain. apane poorvajon ki di huee anamol vastu ko snjokar rakhane ki bajay use kharab kar dete hain. pratyek vyakti ko in dharohar men mili in virasaton ka vishesh dhyan rakhana chahie.

kaise manaen

  1. apane ghar ke as-pas ke kisi puratatv sthal ya bhavan par jaen, jahan entri phis na ho aur agar ho bhi, tab bhi vahan avashy ghoomen.
  2. apane bachchon ko itihas ke bare men bataen aur kisi sthal, qile, maqabare ya jagah par le jakar vahan ke bare men rochak tathy bataen, jisase ane vali pidhi bhi hamari snskriti aur itihas se parichit ho sake.
  3. sarakar ko is din kisi vishesh sthan ya vyaktitv ka jo bhi aitihasik virasat ke taur par dekha ja sake, usake sndarbh men 'dak tikat' jari karane chahie.
  4. puratatv sthalon par gndagi phailane valon men jagarukata phailani chahie taki vah aisa na karen.

vishv virasat ke bharatiy sthal

varsh 1983 ee. men pahali bar bharat ke char aitihasik sthalon ko yoonesko ne "vishv virasat sthal" mana tha. ye char sthal the- tajamahal, agara ka qila, ajnta aur elora ki guphaen. aj poore bharat men kee vishv virasat ke sthal hain, jo alag-alag rajyon men sthit hain. yoonesko ne bharat ke kee aitihasik sthalon ko vishv virasat soochi men shamil kiya hai. yoonesko dvara ghoshit yah vishv virasat sthal nimn hain-

vishv virasat sthal
lal qila, agara
lal qila, agara
ajnta ki gufaen, aurngabad
ajnta ki gufaen, aurngabad
elora ki gufaen, aurngabad
elora ki gufaen, aurngabad
tajamahal, agara
tajamahal, agara
pncharath, mahabalipuram
pncharath, mahabalipuram
kram vishv virasat sthal san
1 agara ka lalaqila 1983
2 ajanta ki guphaen 1983
3 elora guphaen 1983
4 tajamahal 1983
5 mahabalipuram ke smarak 1984
6 konark ka soory mndir 1984
6 kajirnga rashtriy udyan 1985
7 kevaladev neshanal park 1985
8 manas abhayarany 1985
9 gova ke charch 1986
10 fatehapur sikari 1986
11 hampi ke avashesh 1986
12 khajuraho mndir 1986
13 eliphenta ki guphaen 1987
14 chol mndir 1987-2004
15 pattadakal ke smarak 1987
16 sundaravan neshanal park 1987
17 nnda devi rashtriy udyan aur phoolon ki ghati rashtriy udyan 1988-2005
18 sanchi ka stoop 1989
19 humayoon ka maqabara 1993
20 qutub minar 1993
21 maunten relave 1999-2005
22 bodhagaya ka mahabodhi mndir 2002
23 bhimabetaka ki guphaen 2003
24 champaner-pavaragadh park 2004
25 chhatrapati shivaji tarminas 2004
26. dilli ka lal qila 2007
27 rigved ki pandulipiyan 2007
vishv virasat sthal

kajirnga rashtriy udyan men ek sing vala gainda soory mndir, konark bulnd daravaza, fatehapur sikari, agara hampi ke avashesh khajuraho mndir, madhy pradesh eliphenta ki guphaen, mumbee buddh stoop, sanchi humayoon ka maqabara, dilli qutub minar, dilli buddh pratima, bodhagaya, bihar bhimabetaka gufaen, bhopal chhatrapati shivaji tarminas, munbee lal qila, dilli


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishv virasat divas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 20 julaee, 2013.

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